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Medium 9781591200857

B. Guided Tour of the Digestive System

Toews MPH, Victoria Dolby Basic Health Publications ePub

APPENDIX B

Heres a refresher about the basic process of digestion. The digestive system has several parts that all work in concert for the goal of digesting and absorbing food. The breakdown of food occurs in the stomach (gastro) and the intestine, which is why it is also called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The GI tract can be thought of as an approximately 16.5 feet long tube extending from the mouth to the anus. It includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and large intestine.

The whole system starts to work as soon as a bite of food enters the mouth. The process of chewing mashes the food into smaller, more manageable pieces. Next, the food is swallowed, meaning that it travels down the esophagusa tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. A series of wavelike contractions keep the food moving down to the stomach and through the rest of the GI tract.

Once in the stomach, the powerful muscles of the stomach churn the food, breaking it into smaller and smaller pieces. Gastric juices produced by the glands lining the stomach mix with the food particles. These juices contain pepsin, an enzyme that begins to digest proteins, and hydrochloric acid to acidify the stomach. Very few foods are actually absorbed in the stomachonly alcohol, simple sugars, and some medicationsthe rest of the nutrient absorption takes place later in the digestive tract.

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Medium 9781591200253

9. Supplements to Treat Depression

Schauss Ph.D., Alexander G. Basic Health Publications ePub

The most common assumption about the link between depression
and obesity is that being overweight is viewed negatively by
our society and this is internalized as self-rejection.

HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOLS CONSUMER HEALTH INFORMATION,
WWW.INTELIHEALTH.COM

There is considerable evidence that the consequences of obesity can range from a sense of lowered self-esteem to clinical depression. This does not mean that everyone obese has a lowered self-esteem or suffers from clinical depression. In fact, obesity is not associated with any specific personality type, but anxiety and depression are common. Many obese individuals who are diagnosed with binge eating disorder often are comorbid with depressive illness. Comordibity means that they are coexisting conditions, illnesses or disorders, that occur at the same time.

What is depression?

Depression is a medical condition that affects at least 20 million Americans each year. A persons mood, thoughts, physical health, and behavior all may be affected. Symptoms commonly seen in depression include:

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Medium 9781591201946

3. Diets, and Lies, and Thighs, Oh My!

Arneson B.S. M.S., Deborah Basic Health Publications ePub

Want to get rich quick? Come up with some kind of fad diet or magic weight-loss pill because Americans spend $40 billion a year dieting. That’s billions with a b! Why so much money? Because . . . diets don’t work.

Now, you all know this, but you keep trying new ones anyway, and every time you buy the quick-weight-loss books, pills, products, and programs, the diet industry expands and hauls in the bucks. Ca-ching—$$$. And what happens to you? You also expand by packing on more fat. One definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result each time. Does this make any sense? Of course not. So why keep trying new improved diets and insane fat-burning cures?

Almost half the women in this country are chronic dieters (CDs), women who are always trying to lose the same ten pounds, which turn into twenty and then thirty because they just keep getting bigger after each ride on the diet-go-round. OK, think about this. The two most enjoyed activities in life are sex and eating. Which ranks first for most women? Hint: You can’t get pregnant from doing it.

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Medium 9781608680924

Introduction: Healthy Sex Is Potent Medicine

Phd Brian R. Clement New World Library ePub

Sex is like air;
it’s not important unless you aren’t getting any.

— Anonymous

Sexual energy is a universal fuel of life. It nourishes the human mind, body, and spirit. Besides diet and exercise, nothing will naturally enhance your health throughout your life more than remaining sexually active. Healthy sex is one of nature’s most potent medicines.

This book takes a fresh scientific look at the physiological and psychological benefits of sexual intimacy, especially when it occurs in relationship with a committed partner. The information in this book will show you how to transform the sexual act from a mindless pleasure into a mindful health principle.

During our more than three decades directing the Hippocrates Health Institute, it has become increasingly clear to us that people who no longer have sexual intimacy in their lives tend to develop a range of health disorders, both physical and mental, more readily than those who remain sexually active. By contrast, our guests who have completed the Hippocrates program and continue its dietary regimen at home overwhelmingly report to us that their sex lives have improved beyond all measure.

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Medium 9781591200161

1. The Naturalist’s Promised Land

Halpern M.D., George M. Basic Health Publications ePub

M

adagascar is located in the southwest corner of the Indian Ocean, about 250 miles across the Mozambique Channel from the African mainland. The island is huge. At 1,000 miles in length and 350 miles in width, Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world (only Greenland, Borneo, and New Guinea are larger). It is roughly the size of Texas and twice the size of Britain. If you were to lay the island across the United States with the southernmost tip on San Diego, the northernmost tip would lie in the middle of Montana.

Madagascar is sometimes called a continent in miniature or the eighth continent because its flora and fauna stand apart from plant and animal species found elsewhere. Because the island has been geographically isolated for so long from the rest of the world, its native flora and fauna evolved according to their own rules. Eight of ten plants that grow in Madagascar grow only on the island. Madagascar has one of the highest rates of endemismthe existence of plant or animal species in only one restricted geographical areaon the planet. The islands plants and animals give a glimpse of what the world looked like 85 million years ago.

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Medium 9781591202455

27. Putting It All Together

McLeod M.D., Malcolm Noell Basic Health Publications ePub

We [now] devote more attention to the patient’s diet and habits, and more often send him away with good advice [rather] than with hastily written prescriptions.

—ROBERT HALL BABCOCK (1851–1917), physician who recognized the importance of diet in the treatment and prevention of disease

Now that we’ve journeyed together through most of the book, at this point, I want to offer some practical, actionable steps you can take. Before you take the steps, though, first ask yourself the following two questions.

If you’re down, blue, or discouraged, please answer the next five questions:

• Do you crave sweets and other carbohydrates or tend to gain weight, especially around your abdomen?

• Are you tired for no obvious reason, or do your arms and legs feel heavy, as if made of lead?

• Do you tend to nod off or to be excessively sleepy?

• Are your feelings easily hurt by rejection from others?

• Did your depression begin before age thirty?

If you answered “yes” to one or more of the five questions above, you may have atypical depression.

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Medium 9781591201663

LEVEL 4 — Supplemental Matters

Adelé, Stephen Basic Health Publications ePub

Supplement Timing

What you do before, during, and after your workout can make all the difference in terms of gaining strength and muscle mass. It’s easy to build muscle, right? Train hard, eat smart, and you’re there. We all wish it was that simple. “Intensity builds immensity” and so you train super hard, but what if you aren’t making the gains you are capable of? Maximizing pre-workout, workout, and post-workout nutrition can lead to much greater gains in muscle mass and strength, so much so that everyone at the gym may wonder what “you’re on.” There are advanced nutritional and supplementation strategies employed by the highest caliber athletes that can create astronomical gains in your physique. It’s time to shed some light on this sometimes confusing subject and set the record straight. Please keep in mind that there are supplements that combine many of these ingredients into one product. All the best nutrients are mentioned for each specific time, but it is not necessary to take them all to have good effects. You can take some or a majority of them and still make gains.

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Medium 9781591200659

9. Pain in the Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot

Sehgal, Angela Basic Health Publications ePub

Chapter 9

Pain in the Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot

Tony had competed in track and field at the highest level for six years when he tore his Achilles tendon (he had a 50 percent tear) while training for the 2000 Olympic Games. He flew back from Japan and came to see me (Kim). He started his rehabilitation immediately with regular massage and acupuncture treatments. In the following weeks, I worked with Tony to improve flexibility in the calf and lower-leg area as well as to realign the fibers in the tendon itself. The rehabilitation was a long one, but Tony was able to compete at the next Olympics in Sydney, Australia.

LOWER-LEG PAIN

Lower-leg pain may be the result of direct trauma, a complete or incomplete break of the tibia (shin bone), overstretching, or overexertion of the muscles or tendons. Conditions associated with lower-leg pain include:

• Calf strain: strain or injury to the muscles or tendons in the back of the lower leg

• Calf “cramping”: muscle spasm in the back of the lower leg causing severe pain and discomfort; occurs commonly in the evenings but may occur anytime

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Medium 9781591201779

8. Eating with Lyme Disease

Gormley, James Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 8

EATING WITH LYME DISEASE

The previous chapters have focused on treatment, holistic approaches, and supplements to improve health and ease the symptoms associated with chronic Lyme disease. It’s now time to look at lifestyle and dietary changes that are helpful in managing the disease and its symptoms.

You already know that what you eat can affect your body’s immune and inflammatory status and, in the process, either minimize or exacerbate some of the everyday symptoms of this disease. First and foremost, Lyme disease is considered a disease involving inflammation, which can be beneficial (as when you bump your elbow or cut yourself and the area being healed gets swollen), or harmful (as when you have an infection, or when the body is overcompensating for something it sees as a threat).

It’s really important to keep in mind that everyone is different and that, because of individual differences in both the disease and each person’s biochemistry, dietary approaches that work for one person with Lyme may not work for another. There is no one-size-fits-all diet, no matter what, so it is important to understand that you have unique nutritional needs and that you need to carefully monitor how you are doing with your diet. This is true whether or not you have Lyme, although getting your diet right is even more critical if you have the disease. In reading through this chapter, keep in mind what you might already know about yourself regarding foods that you feel work for you, and foods to which you may be sensitive or allergic.

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Medium 9781591200147

11. The Art of Standing

Donkin Dr., Scott W. Basic Health Publications ePub

Standing seems like the most natural posture. After all, we had to learn to stand before we could walk. Anyone who must stand for a living or who has stood for long periods of time knows that standing can quickly become uncomfortable and tiring. You find yourself looking for the closest wall or post to lean on.

In the standing position, the body is completely vertical, and the same concepts of balance that apply to the upright-seated position also apply to the standing body. Examine your posture and form in the mirror and see how it compares to optimum standing posture.

AN UPHILL BATTLE

What happens frequently with standing, particularly with standing in place, is that the blood must flow from the feet to the heartuphill. Imagine water trying to flow naturally up Niagara Falls. It can do so only because gravity gets defied with a pump. Likewise, in upright positions, there is a pump in the form of the leg muscles. The body depends on movement of these leg muscles to help squeeze the blood back up through the legs to the heart. Since blood does not move as efficiently uphill against gravity, circulation is affected when the form is not balanced, so you must first make changes in balance when you are standing.

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Medium 9781591201939

Glossary of Physiological Effects

Mars A.H.G., Brigitte Basic Health Publications ePub

Abortifacient. Can stimulate miscarriage.

Adaptogen. Increases the body’s resistance to stress and normalizes immune system.

Adrenal tonic. Strengthens and nourishes the adrenal glands.

Alterative. Alters one’s condition. Usually increases blood flow to tissues, normalizes body functions, aids digestive assimilation, stimulates metabolism, and promotes waste excretion.

Anabolic. Builds the muscles and tissues of the body.

Analgesic. Relieves pain.

Anaphrodisiac. Curbs sex drive.

Androgenic. Increases levels of the hormone androgen.

Anesthetic. Deadens sensation.

Anodyne. Relieves pain by lessening nerve excitability at nerve centers.

Antacid. Brings an overacidic condition back to neutral.

Anthelmintic. Destroys or expels intestinal worms.

Antiabortifacient. Works to prevent threatened miscarriage.

Antiallergenic. Relieves the symptoms of allergies.

Antiandrogenic. Decreases levels of the hormone androgen.

Antiarthritic. Relieves the inflammation of arthritis and protects the joints from further degeneration.

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Medium 9781591200840

7. Home Remedies for Colds and Flus

Vukovic MSW, Laurel Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 7

When I came down with a cold or flu as a child, my mother fed me hot homemade chicken soup to bolster my energy and had me gargle with warm salt water to ease my sore throat. Simple home remedies such as these are often the most effective treatment for relieving the symptoms of a cold or flu. If you do come down with a cold or flu, try these safe, gentle, and effective treatments for easing your discomfort and speeding your recovery.

While most colds and flus can be safely treated at home, you should contact your healthcare practitioner for guidance if you experience the following symptoms, because they may indicate a more serious infection:

Warming herbs such as ginger (Zingiber officinalis) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum zelandicum) make delicious teas for helping to chase the chills that often accompany a cold or flu. Ginger, cinnamon, and licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra) have in fection-fighting properties, and lemon adds a healthy dose of vitamin C. Honey has expectorant action and helps to loosen congestion.

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Medium 9781591201625

3. Healthy Aging

Passwater PhD, Richard Basic Health Publications ePub

There is no physical or mental condition directly attributed to the passage of time. It is not the passage of time that ages us, it is the accumulation of deleterious chemical events that deteriorates our bodies into the condition we call aged. Some of the diseases or disorders associated with aging can also occur in the young. Children can have cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis, and the like, so it is not simply the number of years that ages us. What, then, is aging?

Aging is the process that reduces the number of healthy cells in the body. The most striking factor in the aging process is the bodys loss of reserve due to the decreasing number of cells in each organ. For example, fasting blood glucose (blood sugar) levels remain fairly constant throughout life, but the glucose-tolerance measurement shows a loss of response in aging. Glucose tolerance measures the bodys ability to respond to the stress of the glucose load used to challenge the system in the test. The same diminishment holds true for the recovery mechanisms of other systems. Simply stated, aging is the bodys loss of ability to respond to a challenge to its status quo (homeostasis). The mass of healthy active cells in each organ declines as a person ages, thus the organs function is diminished.

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Medium 9781591200048

13. Sulfur, Silicon, and Vanadium

Challem, Jack Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 13

SULFUR, SILICON, AND VANADIUM

Relatively little is known about the minerals sulfur, silicon, and vanadium, but they do play crucial roles in health. For example, sulfur is one of the most abundant minerals in the body, but most nutrition textbooks do not discuss it at all. Without sulfur, life simply would not be possible. Why it has been so ignored is a mystery.

Sulfur for Skin and Maybe More

Sulfur is a component of amino acids and thiamine, biotin, lipoic acid, and some hormones, including insulin. It has been used therapeutically for thousands of years to treat skin disorders, such as eczema and psoriasis. Sulfur baths are still recommended to people with these conditions.

Like benzoyl peroxide, sulfur is an antiseptic, but it is gentler on the skin. The FDA has even approved sulfur for treating acne. Sulfur is also very safe. Look for topical products containing at least 3 percent sulfur for the best results. (Vitamin E, vitamin A, and other nutrients might alleviate acne, too.)

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Medium 9781591200468

7. Vitamins, Minerals, and Other Nutrients

Knittel M.A., Linda Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 7

VITAMINS, MINERALS, AND OTHER NUTRIENTS

Cutting-edge scientific research has now revealed that many people suffering from depression have low levels of certain vitamins such as B1, B12, C, folic acid, and niacin, as well as deficiencies of minerals such as magnesium and zinc. Since these vitamins and minerals play a major part in the creation and maintenance of mood-regulating neurotransmitters in the brain, as well as in many chemical reactions in the body, their supplementation is a key to treating depression. For many individuals, simply boosting levels of these vitamins is all it takes to improve mood.

Vitamins and a Healthy Diet

Many foods do contain high levels of certain vitamins. For example, organ meats such as kidney and liver are high in the B vitamins, while leafy green vegetables are good sources of folic acid. However, the average American diet—low in complex carbohydrates and high in fat and refined sugar—is deficient in numerous vitamins and minerals, which can affect mood. Even individuals who eat a healthy balanced diet have difficulty meeting the optimum vitamin and mineral levels needed to promote health, which are quite a bit higher than the Recommended Dietary Allowances listed on food products in the United States (which are simply the minimum levels needed to ward off illness). Therefore, in addition to eating a healthy balanced diet, it is highly recommended that one supplement with certain vitamins and minerals.

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