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Medium 9781591201977

92. Snack and Sleep

Klatz M.D. D.O., Ronald Basic Health Publications ePub
Medium 9781780643960

5: Development of Next-generation TB Vaccines: Comparative Approaches in Humans and Animals

Edited by H Mukundan, Los Alamos National Laboratory CAB International PDF

5 

Development of Next-generation TB

Vaccines: Comparative Approaches in

Humans and Animals

Michael J. Brennan,1* Salma Samad1 and R. Glyn Hewinson2

Aeras, Rockville, USA; 2Animal and Plant Health Agency, Addlestone, UK

1

Although BCG vaccine remains useful for neonatal vaccination in human populations and for veterinary control of mycobacterial diseases in cattle and other animals, its inability to prevent global TB in adults (Kaufmann,

2006) has inspired a decades-long effort to discover new, more effective TB vaccines for human disease. There has been considerable progress in many aspects of TB vaccine development but many challenges remain. Mice, guinea pig and non-human primate TB challenge models are commonly used for testing

TB vaccine candidates (McShane et al., 2012), but cattle and other animals have also been used to investigate the host immune responses and effectiveness of certain vaccine candidates (see Chapter 10, this volume; Waters et al., 2012; Buddle et al., 2013). The development and use of animal challenge models for

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Medium 9781591200314

8. Combating Viral Infections and Mycotoxins

Yanick Jr Ph.D. N.D., Paul Basic Health Publications ePub

Viral threats to our well-being and survival have increased immeasurably. While most of us survive these daily threats without noticeable ill effects, damage is still occurring. By the time symptoms have appeared, however, they can often be difficult to reverse. The good news is that the response of the immune system can be enhanced and maintained, allowing us to cope effectively with these stresses and prevent them from causing illness.

Immunity involves all systems of the body in a dynamic interplay, which enables the body to recognize foreign invaders and neutralize and/or metabolize and eliminate them. Guiding and empowering this multifaceted response is the intelligence of the body’s QEF.

In order for the immune system to properly identify an invader, it must integrate information from the QEF. This energy field is constantly scanning our internal and external environment for dangerous organisms or chemical toxins. When operating efficiently, this surveillance system orchestrates the immune response with the other systems of the body into a harmonious and unified whole of great power and precision.

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Medium 9781591201090

8. Therapies for Managing Arthritis Pain

Mindell R.P.H. Ph.D., Earl Basic Health Publications ePub

The information contained in this book is based upon the research and personal and professional experiences of the author. It is not intended as a substitute for consulting with your physician or other healthcare provider. Any attempt to diagnose and treat an illness should be done under the direction of a healthcare professional.

The publisher does not advocate the use of any particular healthcare protocol but believes the information in this book should be available to the public. The publisher and author are not responsible for any adverse effects or consequences resulting from the use of the suggestions, preparations, or procedures discussed in this book. Should the reader have any questions concerning the appropriateness of any procedures or preparation mentioned, the author and the publisher strongly suggest consulting a professional healthcare advisor.

Basic Health Publications, Inc.

28812 Top of the World Drive

Laguna Beach, CA 92651

949-715-7327

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

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Medium 9781574413335

SECRET 1: READ POSITIVE STORIES

Kalena Cook, Margaret Christensen University of North Texas Press ePub

SECRET 1:
Read Positive Stories

The women you’ll meet in this book, over fifty varied professionals, moms, executives, teachers, and even physicians—from Anglo, Black or African American,Hispanic, and Native American to Asian cultures—chose natural birth. Why did they make that choice in this day of epidurals, inductions, and cesareans? Along with sharing what birth is like, these moms reveal key safety benefits you need to know for you and your baby.

Why Women Choose Natural Birt

After tabulating the results from several years of more than fifty revealing one-on-one interviews, four main influences emerged for why healthy women wanted natural birth.

1. Exposure to first-hand intimate stories,

2. Getting informed about labor,

3. Dislike of a medical environment or experience,

4. Faith in one’s own ability for the normal process of childbirth.

Exposure to First-hand Intimate Stories

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Medium 9781786392398

5: Health-related Studies of Tea in Africa

Hara, Y.; Yang, C.S.; Isemura, M. CABI PDF

5 

Health-related Studies of Tea in Africa

Zeno Apostolides*

University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Africa is one of the best places on earth to grow tea (Camellia sinensis). Africa has an abundant supply of labor and suitable land for tea production compared with other regions. Tea is a recent introduction to

Africa, thus local pests and diseases have not yet adapted to this crop, making chemical pesticides almost unnecessary. Almost all tea produced in Africa is from huge (500 ha) commercial estates with good record keeping. This makes origin tracing relatively easy. The two tea research institutes in Africa are developing new cultivars for local conditions. There are active replanting programs on most of the tea estates and about 20% of tea produced in Africa is clonal. This percentage is growing rapidly due to the higher yields and quality of the clonal cultivars. Tea production in Africa has a rosy future.

Keywords: anthocyanins, catechins, clonal, marker-assisted-selection, theaflavins

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Medium 9781591201595

7. Local Organic: Restoring the Vital Link

Roseboro, Ken Basic Health Publications ePub

Farmers markets are one of the saviors of the family farm. All those

barriers created by the conventional system are torn down. The consumer

sees it isnt just a commodityits a peach, or a carrot, or a cabbage.

David Mas Masumoto, peach grower and writer

Every Saturday morning from the end of April until the beginning of November, Capital Square in the heart of Madison, Wisconsin, transforms into a street festival teeming with thousands of people. There are street musicians performing for small crowds, artists and crafts people selling their creations, and nonprofit groups promoting their causes.

But all those activities are secondary to the main event: the Dane County Farmers Market. Held on the green, tree-lined grounds surrounding the spectacular Wisconsin state capital building, the farmers market attracts huge crowds that come to buy Wisconsin-made foods, many of them organic. People come to connect directly with the source of their food: farmers. They come to learn how their food is grown or made and to enjoy fresh, locally produced fruits, vegetables, meats, cheeses, and other foods.

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Medium 9781591201946

12. Case Histories with Successful Outcomes

Arneson B.S. M.S., Deborah Basic Health Publications ePub

The folks in this chapter “looked in the mirror,” took charge of themselves, and learned how to “eat, sleep, and excrete” properly. Use the knowledge and tools that follow and you can be the abundantly healthy, happy, lean person you want to be—when you take charge of you.

Frances, a thirty-three-year-old mother of a twenty-one-month-old boy, sought nutrition therapy with the goals of losing fifty pounds of pregnancy weight and improving her severe lack of energy. She complained of constipation, chronic pain, excessive urination, frequent dizziness, painful intercourse, and pesky PMS symptoms involving extreme moodiness and cravings for lots of chocolate (otherwise her life was perfect).

Her diet was packed with coffee, sugar, and daily chocolate treats. Seventy-three percent of her food choices of less than optimal sustenance consisted of 73 percent carbohydrates—way too high. These high-sugar, low-fiber, fat-storing carbohydrates, such as cookies, goldfish crackers, pasta, and white rice, were her doom. She averaged a 12-percent intake of proteins, far too low for a breastfeeding mama. Her healthy fatty-acid intake was 0 percent, while her saturated-fat intake rolled in at 14 percent of her total daily intake. Healthy fats were not even a concept. Her daily intake of fiber, 6–7 grams, was woefully under the ideal of 30-plus grams per day—small wonder that she moved toward the more constipated side of the fence. Her water intake was a measly six cups a day, while she needed a minimum of twelve cups daily to even begin bolstering her metabolism and lose weight.

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Medium 9781591200987

8. Index of Combination Drugs

Nitzi-George R.P.H., Diaove Basic Health Publications ePub

S

everal drugs are prescribed together in combination with other drugs to improve the overall treatment outcomes. When the combinations are given frequently, a drug manufacturer will begin making a product that contains more than one active drug ingredient. These products are commonly referred to as combination drugs.

Combination drugs do not have separate drug summaries in this book, but are listed in this index with cross-references to the individual drugs. Review each of the separate drug summaries in Chapter 6 to determine the warnings, precautions, and helpful comments associated with a combination drug. Note that the dosing information for combination drugs may differ from that for the individual drug ingredients. Also, not all active drug ingredients have a separate drug summary in Chapter 6. Ask your pharmacist if you would like more information about combination drugs.

Use this index by finding the name of your combination drug in the listing alphabetized by brand name. All the active drug ingredients are identified next to the brand name. If more than one strength of the product is available, the number of strengths is identified in parenthesis after the last drug. If the product is available as a generic, the combination drug is highlighted in bold.

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Medium 9781591203032

CHAPTER 3: Problems Or Just Questions?

Ralph K. Campbell Basic Health Publications, Inc. ePub

Iam going to anticipate, by thinking back to what got my attention as a new father, those conditions your child may experience that would prompt your curiosity and require reassuring answers. A newborn, in particular, can exhibit lots of unique conditions that are unfamiliar to new parents.

THE SKIN

We will start with skin conditions. Many of these are transient, so they can be described easily and then dismissedsimply noted during the well baby checkup. Not to worry! We will go from the transient and less worrisome to the more problematic conditions.

Skin Problems in New Infants

Many skin conditions are typical in new infants, while some are more common in older infants. We will discuss both. Many of these problems can usually be easily controlledand as you will see, some are not really problems at all.

Vernix Caseosa

If a just-new mother is alert enough, she might see her newborn covered with a white substance that resembles a night cream or a heavy-duty lotion. The substances official name is vernix caseosa due to its cheesy consistency. It is made up of skin oils and shed epithelial cells. In some birthing centers, the baby is immediately whisked off to be cleaned up. So mothers quick assessment causes her to ask, What on earth is that? This covering might not look appropriate for a beautiful new baby, but it is there for a good reason. The fatty coating is protective for the fetus who is being constantly bathed in amniotic fluid, in much the same way as lanolin is used to cover and protect the body of a channel swimmer. It has a mild antibacterial property, which is a real asset for a baby being born in less than desirable (not sterile) conditions (as babies were through most of history and even today, in a third-world country).

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Medium 9781591200499

2. What Is Cancer?

Milne MD, Robert D Basic Health Publications ePub

The cells that make up each of our organs are specialized in their structure and function. Heart cells are designed to contract and release again and again to pump blood. Liver cells are made to filter and neutralize toxins. Lung cells, uterine cells, testicular cells, prostate cells, bone cells, and breast cells are other illustrations of cellular differentiation (specialization).

When the DNA (genetic material) of a healthy, differentiated cell is altered in a way that transforms it into a cancerous cell, the expression of the genes of that cell is changed. This process is known as cancer initiation. The descendants of that cell lose their specialized structure and function, and no longer perform their duties in the body. These cells do not mature into norman cells and are called undifferentiated.

Genes carry the master instructions to the trillions of cells to function properly. One of the duties of genetic material is to modulate or adjust the growth and death of cells. Proto-oncogenes are genes that, when mutated or otherwise altered, become transformed into oncogenes, genes that promote cancer formation and growth. These proto-oncogenes are strongly affected by environmental influences, such as diet, ultraviolet light, radiation, and smoking. Once these oncogenes have formed, they no longer respond to normal physiological cues, and the stage is set for the development of cancer.

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Medium 9781591200475

Appendix: Nutritional Analysis of Foods

Clauatre Ph.D., Dallas Basic Health Publications ePub

APPENDIX

Nutritional Analysis of Foods

The following table is designed to be used in conjunction with Chapter 4. Those dieters who wish to practice food coupling will find that weight loss is greater with larger protein portions, as indicated in the text, coupled with more vegetables.The combination of carbohydrates and fats, to the contrary, tends to lead to the storage of calories.Therefore, if in this table the amount of fat for a given food is high, that food preferably should be eaten with protein and at least one portion of vegetables, and preferably two portions.The numbers below, for the most part, are based on cooked portions and are approximations that reflect average conditions. Finally, although in this age of “supersized” portions many of us need reminders regarding reasonable serving sizes, dieters should not fixate on total calories. Over the long run, it is a more successful strategy to avoid bad food combinations and to eat foods that provide plenty of filling bulk, such as vegetables and soups, than it is to pay too much attention to calories.

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Medium 9780253015778

Conclusion Costume as Elective Identity

Pravina Shukla Indiana University Press ePub

MY APPROACH TO DRESS, EXEMPLIFIED IN THIS BOOKS CASE studies of costume, is folkloristic, an approach that uses ethnographic methods to situate actions in the contexts of creation, communication, and consumption.1 If material culture is defined as “culture made material,”2 and dress is a form of material culture, then dress (or costume) can be read as material manifestations of culture. Costume requires creators, so study must recognize individuals and individual interpretations of the costume traditions, standards, and goals. In focusing on the individual in the creative act, material culture studies combine attention to the object—its form, technology, and aesthetics—with attention to contexts of production and performance, where influences, processes, and procedures of evaluation come together. In acknowledging the centrality of contexts, we note those that are visible and tangible and those that are hidden in the mind yet fill the acts and products with meaning.

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Medium 9781591202721

3. Toxin Reduction

Simpson M.D., Graham Basic Health Publications ePub

The current level of chemicals in the food and water supply and indoor and outdoor environment has lowered our threshold of resistance to disease and has altered our body’s metabolism, causing enzyme dysfunction, nutritional deficiencies, and hormonal imbalances.

—MARSHALL MANDELL, M.D.

THE SUBJECT OF DETOXIFICATION has been absent from mainstream allopathic medicine. During the past two decades, I have watched the devastating effects of toxins on the human body and the myriad health problems they produce as the overwhelming number of chemicals we are exposed to increases our total toxic body load each day. As the toxic load increases, so does silent inflammation and the incidence of chronic diseases like obesity, heart disease, and cancer.

Our Paleolithic ancestors did not have toxins in their world. Unfortunately, twenty-first century humans have overrun the world with pollution, and there are no places on earth where we have not left our footprint.

By definition, a toxin is “a poisonous substance” (the word comes from the Greek toxikon, which means “poison”). Today, we use the word to mean anything that doesn’t agree with us—a “toxic” spouse or work environment, a household or industrial pollutant, or pharmaceutical and recreational drugs (including alcohol and nicotine). Generally speaking, we can divide all toxins into two groups depending on their origin, either from external to the body (environmental toxins) or from various metabolic processes within the body (internal toxins).

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Medium 9781577311270

Chapter Two: Immunity Made Easy

Len Saputo and Nancy Faass New World Library ePub

Michael Rosenbaum, M.D.

Megan was the perfect kindergarten teacher, but she seemed to be sick all the time. In the beginning, she loved her work and was usually up early and out of the house by 6:30. She often devoted part of each evening to lesson planning or preparing projects for the children. Over time she noticed that she was becoming more and more susceptible to colds and infections. Her doctor indicated that she was probably working too hard and being exposed to a broad array of germs in the classroom. Still, she was able to keep up until the layoffs began at her school. The program was totally reorganized, and although her job survived the cuts, the tension at work placed her under severe stress. That winter, she noticed that her resistance was lower, and she seemed to catch everything that was going around. The infections became more frequent and lasted longer.

The holidays were the last straw. She got the flu, followed by strep throat, and then a stomach virus. Feeling tired and listless, she began having frequent low-grade fevers. She wondered if she would ever get her energy back. Her fatigue made it almost impossible to exercise, and some days it was difficult to function at work. It was also hard to concentrate. Somehow she avoided going out on disability leave — she was able to carry on, although it seemed as though she dragged through each day.

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