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CHAPTER 4: On group psychology and on culture

M. Leticia Franieck Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER FOUR

On group psychology and on culture

Cultural identity building and cultural transmission are intrinsically connected to the comprehension of group psychology and its dynamics, particularly in what way the concepts of ego ideal, cultural ideal, narcissism, and superego are related to one another. This chapter, which discusses these ideas, is therefore unquestionably central for this essay. First, we provide some notes on Freuds understanding of group psychology, followed by the comprehension of group psychology in the field of therapeutic work and culture by later authors.

4.1 Group psychology and culture: Cultural ideal, ego ideal, narcissism, superego

The main elements of Freuds contributions to social anthropology appeared for the first time in Totem and Taboo (1913). Going into questions of social control, instinct drives (incest, cannibalism, and lust for killing), and the use of prohibitions and social taboo in the achievement of this control, Freud turned to the origin of social and cultural demands.

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CHAPTER 7: Summary

M. Leticia Franieck Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER SEVEN

Summary

The aim of this essay was to bring up a number of relevant questions for a psychoanalytic understanding of some aspects of latency development which have not been focused on very much in psychoanalysis up to this point. In particular, to Freuds question (Freud, 1925: 37n) as to whether the latency period is an innate universal phenomenon connected to the prolonging of biological immaturity which characterizes human development or whether it is restricted to repressive cultures in which the infantile and immature sexual behaviour is subjected in order to be kept under control. The features of cultural identity formation, alongside the influences of cultural patterns, at the middle of latency (68 years old) were addressed. Establishing links between empirical data, psychoanalytical conceptual elaboration, and social psychology, opened up a new perspective on latency development. A new understanding of the Oedipus complex resolution was proposed and two new concepts were introduced: cultural idealdefined as an agency that replaces the ego ideal, and narcissistic impulse reminiscencean unconscious reminiscence of the dual orientation of narcissismone in the sense of achieving individuality, and the other towards fusion. These perspectives in our view can contribute to a further elaboration of psychoanalytic concepts for this period.

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CHAPTER 5: Research

M. Leticia Franieck Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER FIVE

Research

Mental Representations of Parents and Family Structure of First Grade Elementary School Children from Two CountriesBrazil and Germany: Similarities and Differences

(Franieck, 2005)

The study explored differences between German and Brazilian latency children (with a mean age of 7.4) in their socio-cultural identity, emotional organization, and the quality of their identification with parental figures, using a standardized semi-projective play assessmentMacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB). The main questions were whether German and Brazilian children differ in the way that they portray family processes in their play and whether these differences are paralleled in the attitudes of parents from the two countries. We hypothesized that there would be cultural differences in the attitudes of Brazilian children and their parents, compared with German children and their parents. The possible role of parents as a cultural filter in explaining cross-cultural differences was also examined. The aim of the design was to recruit children at the middle of the latency period from similar social backgrounds but from contrasting cultures.

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CHAPTER 6: Discussion

M. Leticia Franieck Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER SIX

Discussion

6.1 Answering the questions

The empirical data of this study reveals new aspects for the understanding of identity building in the transitional period of middle latency where the parents display a crucial role as a cultural transmission agency. In this process relevant questions were brought up (see the Introduction), mainly as regards the interfaces between cultural identity buildinggroup identityand individual identity, which includes the integration of individual psychological events,[1] cultural ideal,[2] and narcissistic impulse reminiscence.[3] Before we look into these questions in detail, it is essential to distinguish four central points.

First, it must be kept in mind that all of the discussion here is based on empirical data from non-clinical samples, and thus the core focus adopted is on cultural identity building and not based on any clinical approachdespite the awareness of the limitation to the application of the theoretical approach (Deutsch, 1964). We defend the idea that individual human psychology cannot be separated from group psychology, not only because the mind is needed to establish relationships with objects, but also because the individuals relationship to the object is an essential part of the mind itself (Caper, 2001):

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APPENDIX

M. Leticia Franieck Karnac Books ePub

APPENDIX 1

QuestionnaireFOPEI (Franieck and Gnter)

APPENDIX 2

Assessment of children

MSSB scales and factors

Table 2. Descriptive and comparative analyses of no difference between the groups.

Brazilian
(N = 41)
Mean  SD

German
(N = 41)
Mean  SD

*p-value
Mann-
Whitney

Representation
of threat and anxiety a =  0.89

1.057   0.618

0.918   0.494

p = 0.391

Weak parents a   =  0.76

0.423   0.580

0.458   0.507

p = 0.388

Narrative coherence

5.690   1.190

5.630   1.000

p = 0.549

Poor internal control a = 0.73

0.420   0.430

0.320   0.360

p = 0.493

Negative parents
representation  = 0.83

0.550   0.380

0.430   0.270

p = 0.202

a   =  Cronbachs Alpha Coefficient ( a   >  0.70). The significance level was set at 5% (p  <  0.05).

Note: Narrative Coherence doesnt have Cronbachs Alpha Coefficient due to its being composed of just 1 item.

Table 3. Descriptive and comparative analyses of significant difference between the groups.

Brazilian
(N = 41)
Mean  SD

German
(N = 41)
Mean  SD

*p-value
Mann-
Whitney

Narrative competence and
social empathy a   =  0.87

4.298   0.865

3.915   0.699

p = 0.028

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