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14 Cats and Dogs International

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14

Cats and Dogs

International

Darci Galati*

President/CEO of CANDi

*  Corresponding author: dgalati08@gmail.com

132

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)

Cats and Dogs International

The idea for CANDi – Cats and Dogs International – was born when my three young daughters and I were on a family vacation in Mexico in 2006. We were literally astounded by the staggering number of stray cats and dogs in the vicinity. There did not seem to be any animal welfare laws in place to protect them, let alone humane shelters or even veterinary care. Most of the animals were emaciated and in desperate need of medical attention. This had a profound effect on my children, who were distraught at the notion that they would soon be flying back home and leaving behind the cats and dogs they had fed and helped to fend for themselves. I knew I had to do something and I promised my daughters that I would make a difference. That was the impetus behind the creation of CANDi, a non-profit global organization with a mission to save the lives of stray animals at tourist destinations.

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5 Public Aquariums in the 21st Century – What’s Next, Before It’s Too Late?

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5

Public Aquariums in the 21st

Century – What’s Next, Before

It’s Too Late?

Christopher Andrews*

California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, and Merlin

Animal Welfare and Development, Tennessee

*  Corresponding author: chris.andrews@merlinentertainments.biz

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)

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C. Andrews

The United Nations Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 is a key initiative . . . to halt and eventually reverse the loss of biodiversity. The very first target of this plan states that ‘by

2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to  conserve and use it sustainably.’ Zoos and aquariums worldwide, attracting more than

700 million visits every year, could potentially make a positive contribution to this target.

Moss et al. (2015, p. 537)

Public Aquariums: Their First 150 Years

The Age of Enlightenment emerged from the centuries-long Age of Exploration and developed into the Industrial Revolution, and Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species was published in 1859.

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17 Sport Hunting Tourism

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Sport Hunting Tourism

Dr Jane Goodall, DBE*

Founder – the Jane Goodall Institute and UN Messenger of

Peace (www.janegoodall.org)

*  Corresponding author: mlewis@janegoodall.org

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)

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J. Goodall

There is a section of tourism that is devoted to ‘sport’ hunters. Recently this became an

­international news item when a Minnesota dentist, Walter Palmer, killed Cecil the lion with a crossbow. Cecil was not killed outright but spent 40 hours wounded and in pain before he was found and finished off. Subsequently a rival male killed one of Cecil’s cubs who were abandoned by Cecil’s brother, Jericho. Almost certainly the other cubs have been killed as well. This is what lions do when they take over a pride, thus eliminating the genes of their rivals.

Palmer’s behaviour was despicable on many counts. But the reason that his behaviour b­ ecame the subject of anger and hatred around the world was because Cecil was a known individual.

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18 Ethical Hunting

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Ethical Hunting

Brent Lovelock*

University of Otago, New Zealand

*  Corresponding author: Brent.lovelock@otago.ac.nz

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)

147

B. Lovelock

Hunting is indefensible. That is, unless, for example, you are a Maasai youth hunting a lion as part of a centuries-old cultural rite of passage; or a Papuan highlander hunting boar to support the meagre protein diet that you and your clan manage to survive upon. Few of us, even those most adamantly opposed to hunting, would go so far as to criticize such hunting practices, undertaken for subsistence and cultural reasons. While these are not examples of touristic hunting, they do, however, have some similarities with it.

I was in my local hunting store the other day, as the ‘roar’, our hunting season, is soon upon us, that joyous time of year when we find excuses to linger for hours over hunting magazines, and buy new gear, a new rifle, perhaps a new scope, a knife, ammo, new boots.

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12 Lessons from Winnie-the-Pooh: How Responsible Bear Tourism Can Teach Us Respect and Compassion, and Benefit Bears

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12

Lessons from Winnie-the-Pooh: How

Responsible Bear Tourism Can Teach Us

Respect and Compassion, and Benefit Bears

Sara Dubois*

University of British Columbia and British Columbia SPCA Chief

Scientific Officer, Canada

*  Corresponding author: sara.dubois@ubc.ca

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)

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S. Dubois

Life is a journey to be experienced, not a problem to be solved.

A.A. Milne, Winnie-the-Pooh

The most famous bear tourist attraction to date is perhaps Winnie at the London Zoo from

1915 to 1934, who inspired author A.A. Milne’s collection of stories for his son Christopher

Robin. Named for the Canadian city of Winnipeg, the pet orphaned bear cub was purchased by a Canadian veterinarian in Ontario while en route to England to volunteer for cavalry service during the First World War (Walker, 2015). Later donated to the zoo, Winnie was a star attraction at a time when zoological collections were the only way most people could see a bear from a foreign and distant land.

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