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59. A Striking Picture of the ‘Unconscious'. [1912]

Ferenczi, Sandor Karnac Books ePub
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5. Disease- or Patho-Neuroses. [1916/17]

Ferenczi, Sandor Karnac Books ePub

A STUDENT, aged twenty-two, came to see me complaining that he was much bothered by’ sadistic’ (in part, masochistic) phantasies. He also informed me that recently he had had a testicle removed because of tubercular degeneration. Months later he came again and asked me whether, on the advice of a surgeon, he should permit the second testicle, now also diseased, to be removed. It struck me that the patient’s mood was not, as one might have expected, depressed, but peculiarly excited, almost elevated. His request that I should give him psychoanalytic treatment after the operation—’ since, after removal of the organic libido, the pathological displacements in the mind can be resolved more easily and with less disturbance’ —seemed incongruous with the tragedy of the situation. He had conceived the idea after reading some psychoanalytical literature. I had to leave the decision about the operation to the surgeon, and could hold out no hopes of psychotherapy proving advantageous. The castration was carried out within the next few days.

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67. The Fan as a Genital Symbol. [1915]

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70. An Anal-erotic Proverb. [1915]]

Ferenczi, Sandor Karnac Books ePub
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6. The Phenomena of Hysterical Materialization. [1919]

Ferenczi, Sandor Karnac Books ePub

“ You have travelled the way from worm to human being and much in you is still worm “ (Nietzsche, Also sprach Zaral/irustra).

FREUD‘S psycho-analytic researches showed the symptoms of conversion hysteria to be representations of unconscious phantasies in bodily terms. For instance, an hysterical paralysis of the arm can signify — by a negative. representation— an intended aggressive activity, a wrestling of opposing emotions; a localized anaesthesia or hyperesthesia, the unconsciously retained and elaborated memory of a sexual contact at that place. Psycho-analysis has also given us unexpected explanations concerning the nature of the forces at work in the formation of hysterical symptoms; it shows us in each individual case that in the symptomatology of these neuroses erotic and egoistic impulses come to expression either alternately or, most often, in compromise-formations. Finally Freud’s latest decisive researches concerning the choice of neurosis have revealed in addition the genetic point of fixation in the history of the development of the libido which conditions the disposition to hysteria. He found the disposing factor to be a disturbance of the normal sexual development at the stage when complete primacy of the genital zone had already been reached. Those thus disposed react to an erotic conflict brought about by a psychic trauma by the repression of the genital impulses and eventually by the displacement of these impulses on to apparently indifferent parts of the body. I should like to express it thus: conversion hysteria genitalizes those parts of the body at which the symptoms are manifested. In an attempt to reconstruct the developmental stages of the ego, I was able to point out that the disposition to hysterogenesis presupposes also a fixation of the reality-sense at a given period of development at which the organism does not yet endeavour to adapt to reality by a modification of the external world, but by that of its own body—by magic gestures; and the hysterical language of gesture may indicate a regression to this stage.

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