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Resource F: Energy Source Calculator

Mager, David Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781605094656

Resource C: Summary of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems

Mager, David Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

What follows are the section names and descriptions of the criteria within the global standards for environmental management systems.

1. Environmental Policy—Develop a policy statement of the organization’s commitment to the environment.

2. Environmental Aspects and Impacts—Identify the environmental aspects of products, activities, and services and their effects on the environment.

3. Legal and Other Requirements—Identify and ensure compliance with pertinent laws and regulations.

4. Objectives and Targets and Environmental Management Program—Set environmental goals for the enterprise and plan actions to achieve the objectives and targets.

5. Structure and Responsibility—Assign environmental roles and responsibilities within the organization.

6. Training, Awareness, and Competence—Make sure that employees are aware and capable of carrying out their environmental responsibilities.

7. Communication—Develop processes for internally and externally communicating environmental management issues.

8. EMS Documentation—Maintain information about the environmental management system and related documents.

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8 Carbon Quantifying and Reducing Your Carbon Footprint

Mager, David Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

In the near future, enterprises of all sizes will need to consider and address their carbon footprints—the amount of carbon dioxide that they produce. This chapter provides a short explanation of the greenhouse warming effect and indicates how upcoming regulations are likely to affect corporations. Then you’ll learn how to determine what your carbon footprint is and how to reduce it cost-effectively.

The glass roof of a greenhouse allows visible light to travel through, where it is absorbed and becomes heat (infrared), but the glass does not transmit infrared heat, so the heat stays trapped in the greenhouse. Carbon dioxide and certain other gases in the earth’s atmosphere have a similar effect. They trap heat near the earth’s surface.

The gases that have been officially identified by the UN under the Kyoto Protocol as greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, and certain fluorinated gases (CFCs) like Freon. Each molecule of methane traps 23 times as much heat as each molecule of carbon dioxide. Nitrous oxide traps 296 times as much. For CFCs, the numbers are even higher.

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2 Audits Measuring Where You Are

Mager, David Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Whatever sustainability target you have set for yourself, in order to hit the bull’s-eye you have to know where you are standing in relation to your target. The process for assessing your current sustainability performance is called a sustainability audit. In a sustainability audit, you try to quantify your energy and material use and your emissions and releases to the environment. You also seek objective evidence to assess whether you are in compliance with regulations and any voluntary commitments that you have made vis-à-vis the environment or sustainability. A sustainability audit is your environmental report card.

Every line item in your profit (and loss) statement, cash flow statement, general ledger, and balance sheet has a corresponding environmental impact. The sustainability audit quantifies that impact. While a sustainability audit is a look backward, it is a crucial step in moving forward toward sustainability. To get where you are going, you have to know where you are. Creating a plan helps you find what additional key measures you need to assess. After the audit, you may discover items that should be included in your plan.

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Resource D: Input/Output Mass Balance Analysis

Mager, David Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

As part of the input/output mass balance analysis (IOMBA), quantify each of the following input and output items:

Weight of incoming freight, including the weight of


Weight of incoming mail and packages

Weight of incoming office supplies

Weight of incoming water

Weight of items brought in by employees, customers,

and visitors that are left on-site

Weight of mail and product shipped to or carried off by

customers, including the weight of packaging

Weight of water leaving the facility

Weight of material leaving the facility for recycling

Weight of material leaving the facility for composting

Weight of material going to a proprietary wastewater

treatment facility

Weight of material leaving the facility for disposal,

including the weight of material leaving the company’s own wastewater treatment facility for disposal

Weight of total suspended solids (TSS), biological

oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and/or total oxygen demand (TOD) disposed of via the sewer to a municipal wastewater treatment facility

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