508 Slices
Medium 9781475816495

Assessment of and Problems With the Support Campaign for National Education in Turkey

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Elife Dogan

On September 8, 2001, Semra Sezer—wife of Turkish Republic president Ahmet Sezer and a retired teacher—started the Support Campaign for National Education (2003, 2004, 2005). This campaign aimed at finding problems in national education and offering solutions. Assessment meetings about the campaign were held on May 5–6, 2003, in Istanbul; October 9–13, 2004, in Izmir; and November 16–18, 2005, in Antalya. Those who attended the assemblies came from 81 cities and included students, teachers, representatives of civil society organizations, authorities of the Ministry of National Education, wives of governors, and academicians. At the assemblies, the Support Campaign for National Education examined the Turkey’s economic, social, cultural, and educational dimensions and considered the relations between civil society organizations and the state.

This section discusses problems with the education of the educators, as well as economic, social, and cultural problems; in addition, it examines the problems regarding civil society organizations.

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Medium 9781475815887

America 2000 and the Politics of Erasure: Democracy and Cultural Difference under Siege

International Journal of Educational Ref R&L Education ePub

HENRY A. GIROUX and PETER McLAREN

Miami University

Department of Educational Leadership

School of Education and Allied Professions

350 McGuffey Hall

Oxford, OH 45056

President George Bush and Education Secretary Lamar Alexander have boldly intervened in the educational debates of the last decade with the launching of America 2000. Simply put, the reform proposal incorporates six primary goals and a number of strategies. The goals are of a highly generalized nature and state that by the year 2000: every child will start school ready to learn; the high school graduation rate will increase to 90 percent; competency will be demonstrated in five core subjects in grades 4, 8, and 12; American students will be ranked first in the world in both math and science; every American adult will be a literate and responsible citizen; and every school will be liberated from drugs and violence.1 The strategies that inform the document include calls for new national tests and standards, choice based educational policies, creation of a new generation of American schools, initiatives to privatize research and funding for the new American schools, and a limited number of proposals for Presidential awards to both individuals or groups as an incentive for improving academic performance. Unlike any other reform initiative produced during the Reagan era, America 2000 is a daring attempt on the part of the Bush administration to structure the meaning and purpose of educational policy around a set of values and practices that take as their paradigmatic model the laws and ideology of the marketplace.2

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Medium 9781475816792

Understanding School Voucher Program Research: A Failure of Theory or Implementation?

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Matthew Carr

Marc Holley

Nathan Gray

ABSTRACT: School choice research generally indicates marginal positive effects on student achievement for at least some students. In explaining results, researchers attribute positive findings to evidence that education markets are driving schools to improve, while others see null or negative findings as evidence that markets are not an effective reform. We examine whether findings are suggestive of theory failure or program design failures. Analyzing key policy components of seven publicly funded voucher programs, we find that the structures of programs generally have half the necessary components to create market forces among schools, suggesting program design failure, not a failure of the theory.

Since the enactment of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program in 1990, private school choice policies have continued to expand across the United States. In 2011–2012, there were 16 school voucher programs serving 80,000 students and 14 tax credit scholarship programs serving roughly 128,000 students, providing public funding for students to attend private schools. But the idea of using publicly funded vouchers as a form of school choice in the U.S. education system is much older, going back to Milton Friedman’s 195 5 article “The Role of Government in Education,” which would later be included in Capitalism and Freedom (1962). Not surprising, much of the evaluative literature on school vouchers since that time has continued to be examined through the economic lens created by Friedman. Building on Friedman’s work, Chubb and Moe (1990) are credited with popularizing the use of school vouchers as a systemic reform in the American policy agenda. In Politics, Markets, and America’s Schools, the authors cemented the market framework as the dominant perspective for conceptualizing and studying school voucher policies.

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Medium 9781475820348

The Role of Candidate Assessment Within Educational Leadership Doctoral Programs

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

The Role of Candidate Assessment Within Educational Leadership Doctoral Programs

Pamela D. Tucker

Cynthia L. Uline

ABSTRACT: Contemporary efforts to reform educational leadership preparation programs span more than three decades. As scholars have chronicled this critical examination of leadership practice and preparation, they have also proposed new directions, addressing the very fundamentals of preparation program design, including student selection, content, pedagogy, field-based learning, and assessment. This article reports findings from a larger national survey of doctoral-level educational leadership programs (n = 103) and is descriptive of assessment activities that are embedded in EdD and PhD leadership programs. Implications of findings and avenues for future research and development in the areas of student assessment are discussed.

Contemporary efforts to reform educational leadership preparation programs span more than three decades. Beginning with the 1987 National Commission of Excellence in Educational Administration papers and the 1989 National Policy Board for Educational Administration report, educational leadership professional organizations, the larger policy community, and scholars of the field have acknowledged the need to reform educational leadership as a profession, spurring close scrutiny of more traditional approaches to leadership preparation (Griffiths, Stout, & Forsyth, 1988; Murphy, Young, Crow, & Ogawa, 2009). As scholars (Murphy, 2001; Young & Peterson, 2002) have chronicled this critical examination of leadership practice and preparation, they have also proposed new directions, addressing the very fundamentals of preparation program design, including student selection, content, pedagogy, field-based learning, and assessment (Grogan & Andrews, 2002; McCarthy, 1999; Murphy, 1999, 2005, 2006; Murphy & Orr, 2009; Murphy & Vriesenga, 2004; Perez, Uline, Johnson, James-Ward, & Basom, 2011; Young, Peterson, & Short, 2002).

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Medium 9781475816099

Articles

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

WILLIAM LOUDEN

Edith Cowan University, Pearson St., Churchlands, WA 6018, Australia

JOHN WALLACE

Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6001, Australia

Introduction

The historian Simon Schama tells a story about China’s premier Zhou En-lai. Asked what he thought was the significance of the French Revolution, Zhou En-lai is reported to have answered, “It’s too soon to tell” (Schama, 1989, xiii). In many ways, Australia’s grand experiment with school restructuring is a bit like that. Even before it was over, officials from the unions, employers, and governments which sponsored the National Schools Project were looking for proof that it had succeeded in reforming work organisation in Australian schools. Our view is that it is too soon to tell about the impact of Australia’s National Schools Project. Schools are among society’s most stable institutions. Consequently, attempts to restructure schools ought to proceed on the understanding that the significance of a school reform strategy is unlikely to be known within a single budget cycle.

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