17 Chapters
Medium 9781780643922

Conclusion

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

Conclusion

The first volume of Transformational Tourism:

Tourist Perspectives argues that tourism scholarship has not adequately explored the complexity of the tourism phenomenon. In particular, tourism studies have not sufficiently embraced the concept of human transformation. It notes that awareness of the impact of travel and tourism experiences and their meanings for tourists’ relationships with others and the world is important to enable better understanding of the phenomenon of tourism. While the first volume aims at developing understanding of the concept of human transformation from the tourist perspective, this second volume Transformational Tourism: Host Perspectives tries to develop understanding of the concept of human transformation from the host perspective. In particular, this volume discusses the impact of travel and tourism experiences on transformation of destination host communities.

This volume explores the principles and thoughts behind personal transformation, and argues that host communities could be transformed through the rich transformational experiences offered by travel and tourism.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643922

9 Transforming Nature’s Value – Cultural Change Comes from Below: Rural Communities, the ‘Othered’ and Host Capacity Building

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

9

Transforming Nature’s Value –

Cultural Change Comes from Below:

Rural Communities, the ‘Othered’ and

Host Capacity Building

Stephen Schweinsberg,1 Stephen Wearing1 and Michael Wearing2

1University

of Technology and 2University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Throughout history the transformative potential of tourism has impacted, for better or worse, tourism stakeholders and their environments.

The growth of mass tourism in the second half of the 20th century was characteristic of broader neoliberalist trends towards market based competition and corporate efficiency. Concern over the unchecked development of mass tourism was one of the catalysts for the development of academic interest in sustainable tourism. Early scholarship on the impacts of tourism often proposed a uniform progression of host community response to tourism development, identifying a correlation between carrying capacity, scale of development and resident perception.

However, more recently commentators have engaged with vagaries of tourism and its relationship to the social and physical environment.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643922

11 The Impact of Extreme Sports on Host Communities’ Psychological Growth and Development

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

11

The Impact of Extreme Sports on Host Communities’ Psychological

Growth and Development

Eric Brymer1 and Susan Houge Mackenzie2

1Manchester

Metropolitan University, UK, and 2California State Polytechnic

University, USA

Research on extreme and adventure sport is in its infancy. Studies in this area have primarily focused on individual participants and the psychology and sociology underpinning extreme and adventure sports participation. However, participation in extreme sports depends on the natural world and local communities to support this participation. Until recently these sports have been vilified and generally considered socially undesirable and destructive for host communities. In many parts of the world extreme sports are banned by potential host communities. This chapter presents a new perspective on the relationship between extreme sports and host communities by showing how these sports enhance host community psychological growth and development. Currently, there is a need for more research and new perspectives on the relationship between host communities and extreme sports that recognizes the potentially transformational benefits of these activities for host communities.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643922

12 Transformation and the WWOOF Exchange: The Host Experience

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

12

Transformation and the WWOOF

Exchange: The Host Experience

Adrian Deville

University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

The phenomenal growth and expansion of the

Willing Workers on Organic Farms (WWOOF) network in the mid-1990s, particularly in Australia, has been studied in a very limited fashion, but it is clear that young, mostly urban international long-term budget travellers have discovered a range of virtues in this labour exchange. Many such travellers undergo personal transformations as a result of their interactions with WWOOF hosts. It is of great interest also to consider what possibilities for similar transformation exist for hosts through engagement with WWOOFers. This chapter draws upon research conducted in Australia to explore

WWOOF hosts’ experiences during interactions with WWOOF travellers and the outcomes of these experiences. It is argued that the WWOOF exchange inherently offers transformative potential for participants and that this potential is frequently realized by hosts. Specific examples are presented. The chapter discusses the key underlying factors that recent research suggests are at play in fostering transformational processes and outcomes for hosts.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643922

10 Transformation of Local Lives through Volunteer Tourism: Peruvian and Thai Case Studies

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

10

Transformation of Local Lives through Volunteer Tourism: Peruvian and Thai Case Studies

Elisa Burrai1 and Jose Ignacio de las Cuevas2

1International

Centre for Research in Events, Tourism and Hospitality,

Leeds Beckett University, UK, and 2Graduate Institute of International and

Development Studies, Switzerland

Introduction

Volunteer tourism, because of its ambiguities and complexities, represents an interesting and controversial field of investigation. However, to date few empirical studies have been conducted on its transformative potential for the host populations. The literature on volunteer tourism focuses mainly on the volunteers, their motivations, expectations and the transformations they go through during volunteer tourism (Zahra and

McGehee, 2013). This chapter aims at bridging the gap in the literature and addressing the potential of volunteer tourism to shape and transform host communities’ perceptions and behaviours. Through a comparative study of two popular volunteer tourism destinations in

See All Chapters

See All Chapters