12 Chapters
Medium 9781780644639

2 Analytical Framework and Methodologies for Analysing Farm-level Vulnerability

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

2

Analytical Framework and

Methodologies for Analysing

Farm-level Vulnerability

N.P. Singh,1* K. Byjesh,1 C. Bantilan,1 V.U.M. Rao,2

S. Nedumaran,1 B. Venkateswarulu,2 F. Niranjan,3

W. Jayatilaka,1 U.K. Deb,1 P.Q. Ha4 and P. Suddhiyam5

1International

Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

(ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India; 2Central Research Institute for

Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, India; 3Sri Lanka Council for

Agricultural Research Policy, Colombo, Sri Lanka; 4Vietnam Academy of Agriculture Sciences (VAAS), Hanoi, Vietnam; 5Department of

Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract

A comprehensive and well-thought-out framework of analysis is a pre-requisite in analysing pathways in improving resilience to climate change. This chapter discusses the analytical framework that includes macro data analysis, modelling, social analysis, etc., with an inclusive Q2 approach. All information gathered is from primary data collected through questionnaire surveys, focus group discussions and personal interviews. The analytics adopted include: climatic analysis; vulnerability analysis; farmers’ perceptional analysis and matching perceptions with reality; social analysis including gender and social networks; and regional assessment of climate change impacts on agriculture using an integrated modelling approach.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780644639

9 Sociological Signifi cance: Enhancing Resilience to Climate Change Among Communities

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

9

Sociological Significance:

Enhancing Resilience to Climate

Change Among Communities

N.P. Singh,* C. Bantilan, W. Jayatilaka and R.

Padmaja

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

(ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India

Abstract

Interesting sociological dimensions of enhancing resilience to climate change among communities were observed for formulating viable policy interventions. This chapter applied a comprehensive approach appealing to principles, methodologies, tools, validation and evaluation techniques for understanding the social dimensions of responses and adaptation to climate change. The analyses were undertaken at the individual and systems level with particular attention to the role of networks. The case studies from India revealed deeper sociological insights on i) farmers’ perceptions of climate change or variability; ii) binding constraints to adaptation and vulnerability; and iii) coping mechanisms to enhance their adaptive capacity. Three case studies of the villages of Dokur, Kanzara and Shirapur in the semi-arid regions of India, complemented by comparable observations from three additional villages from the longitudinal Village Level Studies panel data (ICRISAT 2014), highlighted significant findings. The first is that farmers perceive climate variability rather than climate change. Second, the critical constraints are not just the lack of access to financial resources, but that human and social capital as well as institutional and governance challenges are equally binding. Lastly, collective action and institutional arrangements effectively mediate the adaptive capacity and resilience of communities to climate change.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780644639

8 Sustainable Land and Water Management Approaches in Sub-Saharan Africa: Farm-level Analysis of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation from Sub-Saharan Africa

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

8

Sustainable Land and Water

Management Approaches in

Sub-Saharan Africa: Farm-level

Analysis of Climate Change

Mitigation and Adaptation from

Sub-Saharan Africa

Jupiter Ndjeunga,1* Marou A. Zarafi,2 Albert

Nikiema,1 P.S. Traore,1 Abdou Amani,2 Sabiou

Mahamane,2 A.M. Ibro,1 Souleymane Amadou3 and

Ephraim Nkonya4

1International

Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

(ICRISAT), Niamey, Niger; 2Institut National de la Recherche

Agricole du Niger (INRAN), Niamey, Niger; 3Forest Ecologist,

Direction Départementale de l’Environnement et de la Lutte Contre la Désertification (DDE/LCD); 4International Food Policy Research

Institute, USA

Abstract

Climate change is increasingly recognized as a worldwide phenomenon that impacts people’s livelihoods in many ways. This is especially important in rural areas where households are heavily dependent on rainfed agriculture and natural resources in general for their livelihoods. Farmers’ perception and the household level data were collected and analysed to understand the determinants of adaptation to climate change and the impacts of sustainable land and water management practices on agricultural productivity and climate change vulnerability. Rainfall has been showing a decreasing trend and increased variability so there have been new practices adopted by farmers to minimize the impact. Using the case study of Niger, this chapter explores the question of what drives adaptation to climate change in the region, including the adoption of land and water management practices using econometric analysis. Context-specific policy recommendations were drawn from the results that enhance the adaptation to climate change and reduce vulnerability through integrated land, water and soil management practices.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780644639

10 Policy Options Towards Climate Resilience: Agent-based Assessment of Farm Households in West Africa

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

10

Policy Options Towards Climate

Resilience: Agent-based

Assessment of Farm

Households in West Africa

T. Wossen,1* S. Nedumaran2 and T. Berger3

1International

Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) Hanoi,

Vietnam; 2International Crops Research Institute for the

Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India; 3Institute of

Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and

Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany

Abstract

This chapter will present the impacts of farm-level adaptation strategies on farm household income and food security under the changing climate in Northern region of Ghana using a bio-economic modelling approach. The modeling approach captures the heterogeneity of important resources of farm households such as access to credits, irrigation and non-farm income sources under the context of climatic change.

10.1 Introduction

While reducing poverty and ensuring food security is a major priority of many governments of developing countries, the complex and ever-changing impacts of climate variability coupled with dependencies on weather-sensitive agriculture has become a major threat for poverty and food insecurity reduction efforts. According to the Food and

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780644639

1 Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Strategies at Farm-level: A Retrospection

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

1

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Strategies at

Farm-level: A Retrospection

N.P. Singh,* K. Byjesh and C. Bantilan

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

(ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India

Abstract

This chapter introduces current and future climatic implication on national, regional and sub-regional agro-socioeconomy. It focuses on the growing recognition of the climate change studies that are being considered inevitable.

Authors argue that better understanding and assessment of adaptation and/or coping strategies at farm-level are prerequisite in the long-term development planning of the country or the region towards climate resiliency. The arguments were put forward to emphasize the vital link between agriculture, rural livelihoods and climate in the semi-arid tropics for the majority of the population in Asia and Africa. This chapter confines itself to various discourses on the past and present efforts on assessing impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to climate change particularly in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. It also discusses the global efforts on improving resilience against climatic risks in agricultural sector and also poor smallholder farmers of the semi-arid tropics. The chapter briefly reviews the current state of knowledge related to farmers’ strategies and determinants of decision in the choice of adaptation at farm-level. The chapter further discusses the organization of the book and also identifies potential uses of the book and the audience for whom this information is valuable.

See All Chapters

See All Chapters