113 Chapters
Medium 9781912573318

Eighteen

Ogden, Thomas ePub

It had been an unusually cold autumn and early winter, with the first heavy snow in October, and by November the temperature rarely rose above forty degrees. For months on end, the sky was gunmetal gray in the early morning, and seemed to grow only slightly brighter as the day progressed before collapsing back into sooty darkness in the late afternoon.

As Damien waited for Erin after school, he paced back and forth near the bicycle stand atop the hill that overlooked the weathered brick high school building. Damien stopped to look at the bicycle that was attached to the stand by a rusty chain. The bike was a beat-up, black Schwinn that reminded him of the one he'd had when Erin taught him how to ride a bike a few months after he returned to Rose's house. For Damien, where he had lived at that time was “Rose's house,” not “his house.” But now he thought of it as his house, most of the time.

His mind drifted to his life with Margaret and Sybil. As he pictured the house, it had no doors. He wondered where Sybil was living now. It was hard to imagine because Sybil didn't feel real to him; it was as if she had come into this world from nowhere and returned to nowhere when she left. Sometimes he felt she was a ghost who had haunted him, and no one else had ever seen her, not even Margaret.

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Medium 9781910444054

CAPÍTULO 2 - Instinto, fantasía y estructura psicológica profunda en la obra de Melanie Klein

Ogden, Thomas Ediciones Karnac ePub

Si está aplicando un tratamiento psicoanalítico a niños, debería conocer a Melanie Klein…. Ella dice cosas que puede que sean ciertas o no y usted debe averiguarlo por sí mismo, ya que no recibirá las enseñanzas de Melanie Klein en el análisis que yo hago con usted.

—Comunicado de James Strachey a su analizando Donald Winnicott

Apesar de que un porcentaje significativo de los analistas del planeta son kleinianos no se ha hecho un planteamiento serio de la obra de Melanie Klein como parte fundamental del diálogo que constituye el pensamiento psicoanalítico americano. Con demasiada frecuencia, cuando se estudia la teoría de Klein, se escrudiña únicamente lo suficiente como para descartarla basándose en una u otra idea “insostenible”, como, por ejemplo, la concepción de Klein del instinto de muerte, su calendario de desarrollo, o su teoría de la técnica.

Aunque yo no soy kleiniano y estoy en profundo desacuerdo con muchos aspectos de su obra, mi objetivo consiste en presentar el pensamiento de Klein de manera que pueda dar cuenta de la poderosa influencia que han tenido sus ideas en el desarrollo del pensamiento psicoanalítico fuera de los Estados Unidos. Concretamente, Klein ha ejercido una gran influencia en el desarrollo de la teoría británica de las relaciones de objeto, tanto por el rechazo de sus ideas como por la aceptación de las mismas. La obra de Winnicott, Fairbairn, Guntrip y Balint debe entenderse en gran medida como una reacción a la teoría kleiniana. Las ideas de Klein y la reacción contra las mismas constituyen buena parte de los diálogos en los que se basa el desarrollo de la teoría de las relaciones de objeto. La dinámica de este diálogo es incomprensible si nunca hemos adoptado las ideas de Klein ni tan siquiera un momento. Hay que entender la teoría kleiniana con el fin de poder ir más allá.

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Medium 9781855751019

6. Projective Identification and the Subjugating Third

Ogden, Thomas Karnac Books ePub

We are still in the process of discovering what projective identification “means,” not that Mrs. Klein meant all that in 1946, consciously or otherwise.

Donald Meltzer, 1978, p. 39

In this chapter, I shall offer some reflections on the process of projective identification as a form of intersubjective thirdness. In particular, I shall describe the interplay of mutual subjugation and mutual recognition that I view as fundamental to this psychological-interpersonal event.

In Klein’s (1946, 1955) work, projective identification was only implicitly a psychological-interpersonal concept. However, the concept as it has been developed by Bion (1952, 1962a) and H. Rosenfeld (1952, 1971, 1987), and further enriched by Grotstein (1981), Joseph (1987), Kernberg (1987), Meltzer (1966), Ogden (1979), O’Shaughnessy (1983), Segal (1981), and others, has taken on an increasingly complex set of intersubjective meanings and clinical applications. The understanding of projective identification that I shall propose is founded on a conception of psychoanalysis as a process in which a variety of forms of intersubjective “thirdness” are generated that stand in dialectical tension with the analyst and analysand as separate psychological entities. In projective identification, a distinctive form of analytic thirdness is generated in the dialectic of subjectivity and intersubjectivity that I shall refer to as “the subjugating third,” since this form of intersubjectivity has the effect of subsuming within it (to a very large degree) the individual subjectivities of the participants.

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Medium 9781855751019

5. The Analytic Third: Working with Intersubjective Clinical Facts

Ogden, Thomas Karnac Books ePub

And he is not likely to know what is to be done unless he lives in what is not merely the present, but the present moment of the past, unless he is conscious, not of what is dead, but of what is already living.

T. S. Eliot, “Tradition and Individual Talent,” 1919

On the occassion of the celebration of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis I shall endeavor to address an aspect of what I understand to be “the present moment of the past” of psychoanalysis. It is my belief that an important facet of this present moment for psychoanalysis is the development of an analytic conceptualization of the nature of the interplay of subjectivity and intersubjectivity in the analytic setting and the exploration of the implications for technique that these conceptual developments hold.

In this chapter, I shall present clinical material from two analyses in an effort to illustrate some of the ways in which an understanding of the interplay of subjectivity and intersubjectivity influences the practice of psychoanalysis and the way in which clinical theory is generated. As will be discussed, I consider the dialectical movement of subjectivity and intersubjectivity to be a central clinical fact of psychoanalysis that all clinical analytic thinking attempts to describe in ever more precise and generative terms.

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Medium 9781912573196

Seven

Ogden, Thomas Karnac ePub

SEVEN

Randy had asked Earl whether he would like to be the one to inform Marta's parents of her death, adding that he was going to have to talk to them to complete the Sheriff's Department “paperwork” connected with her death. Earl said that it would be fine with him if Randy let them know. He said that he had never met them and didn't know if they were still living in the same small town in the western part of the state where Marta grew up.

Two days later Randy told Earl that he had spoken to Marta's father who said he was sorry to receive the news, but the journey would be too taxing for him and Marta's mother. He said that Marta's older brother was living somewhere in upstate New York, but they had not heard from him in years. They also said that they had lost contact with Marta's younger sister, and did not even know if she was still alive. Randy said that it struck him as odd that Marta's father included in his response the possibility that his younger daughter was dead. She was only in her early thirties. Melody and Warren had never met their mother's parents, nor did they know that she had a sister and brother.

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