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Appendix C. Mapping the Depopulated Palestinian Villages over the Decades

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

Map 7. From Ramla Sheet (no. 9), Survey of Palestine, British Mandate, 1946, 1:100,000.

Source: © 2015. All rights reserved to the Survey of Israel. Maps 7–9 were printed by permission of the Survey of Israel.

Map 8. From Ramla Sheet (no. 9), Survey of Israel, the State of Israel, 1954, 1:100,000.

Map 9. From Beit Shemesh Sheet (no. 11-1), Survey of Israel, 2003, 1:50,000.

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Conclusion: The Remains of the Past, A Look toward the Future

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

THE LOWER GALILEE VILLAGE of Saffuriyya had over four thousand residents in 1948. In July of that year the village came under aerial bombardment and artillery attack by the IDF, which led most of its residents to flee, including the village’s armed defenders. The following year the villagers who remained were expelled. Some of the village refugees today live in nearby villages, and others live beyond Israel’s borders, mostly in Lebanon.1 The houses of the village were razed to the ground, and only a few public buildings remain. In 1949 a moshav was established next to the village site, on its land, by Jewish immigrants from Turkey and Bulgaria. A forest was planted over part of the village site by the Jewish National Fund. The rest was declared a national park by the Nature and Parks Authority, with the aim of preserving the site’s ancient history and the traces of the Jewish center that had existed there in the Roman period.

The official name given to the site where Saffuriyya stood was Tzipori—the ancient name of the place, preserved in the Arabic variant. The same name was also given to the Jewish moshav built nearby. The official Israeli map shows the village site with marks signifying a ruin and ruined houses, and a caption—Tzipori National Park. The signage at the JNF forest on the site mentions a convent that remains from the village, but not the village itself. The national park signs refer to the remains of the village and describe it as “small and miserable” for most of its days. The text is oblique as to the circumstances of the village’s depopulation, stating curtly that the village was conquered and “ceased to exist,” and that its residents “moved out.” The information leaflet handed to the park’s visitors speaks of the village only in the context of battles and conquest. It says that “gangs” inhabited the village, and that it was later conquered and “abandoned by its dwellers.” A publication by moshav Tzipori describes its own establishment as a revival of the local Jewish community on the site, after temporarily providing a home to Muslims who brought about its decline. The Arabic name of the village is absent from the text, which states that the village was conquered after its residents “ran for their lives.”

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Appendix A. Maps and Lists of the Depopulated Palestinian Villages

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

Maps 1–2. Palestinian villages depopulated following the War of 1948, within the boundaries of the State of Israel.

Source: The maps were produced by the author, with the assistance of Yuval Drier Shilo.


· Every village is assigned a number that represents it on all of the following maps. The numbering of the villages runs from northwest eastward and southward and refers to their built-up area.

· The maps and the tables that follow include villages referred to by Khalidi (All That Remains): villages depopulated during the War of 1948 and its aftermath, which had permanent structures; they do not indicate areas from which Bedouins were uprooted in the South.

Table 1. Key to Maps 1–6.

Number in map

Village name


Abil al-Qamh


al-Zuq al-Fawqani


Khan al-Duwayr


al-Shawka al-Tahta









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Appendix B. Official Names Given to Depopulated Palestinian Villages by the Government Names Committee

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

Table 11. Depopulated Palestinian villages whose official name is the name of the preceding ancient site.

Table 12. Official names given to sites of depopulated Palestinian villages due to sound resemblance to the Arabic name.

Table 13. Depopulated Palestinian villages whose original name was officially recognized by Israel.

Table 14. Depopulated Palestinian villages whose official name was based on a translation of their original name.

Table 15. Non-official names of depopulated Palestinian villages, which appear on official maps.

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2 National Identity, National Conflict, Space, and Memory

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

NATIONAL IDENTITY ATTACHES its bearer to a “nationality”—a defined political community driven by an ideology of social and territorial exclusivity. National identity evolves and consolidates through a prolonged and intricate process, involving a host of cultural and political forces grappling to shape its character. Part of the process is the creation of a hegemonic narrative that describes the history of the nation, establishes the link between the nation and the territory that it claims, stresses its uniqueness and unity, charts out its shared goals and mission, and cultivates the values and norms by which this nation abides. The national ideas expressed in the narrative are communicated to society through art (literature, painting, poetry), mass media, the education system (especially in the subjects of history and geography), and holidays and rituals. These fields of discourse and practice are performed by different institutions—governmental, social, political, and cultural—that bring nationalism into daily life, thus cultivating the individual’s identification with national ideas and reinforcing his or her national identity.1

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