8 Chapters
Medium 9781936763290

Chapter 8 Role Over! New Roles in the CCSS School

Cheryl Zintgraff Tibbels Solution Tree Press ePub

While doing a standards implementation review for a state in New England in the late 1990s, a group of U.S. educators, at the request of the state superintendent of instruction, visited schools to gather evidence about how effective the state department’s efforts were in assisting teachers in implementing the state’s standards. The state superintendent also wanted to know if the visiting educators could see and hear the state standards as they visited the schools. Were the state standards prevalent in the classrooms and in what ways?

When several of the educators on the state review team entered a second-grade classroom in one school, the students were all industriously working on a project. Some students were working at desks, some on the floor, and some on a rug by the classroom library; but all were very busy and engaged in their work. The teacher was walking around the room, stopping to ask the students questions specific to the task they were working on, answering questions the students asked, and providing specific feedback always directly related to the students’ work. The teacher often phrased this feedback in the form of a question, the answer to which caused the students to evaluate their work against the criteria for the anticipated end product.

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Chapter 2 Back to the Future: Road to the Core

Cheryl Zintgraff Tibbels Solution Tree Press ePub

This chapter offers a brief synopsis of the historical, societal, and educational influences and events that led up to the Common Core State Standards. The events are not necessarily in chronological order. The intent is to reveal some of the reasons, tensions, and discontent that prompted the creation of the Common Core State Standards.

Some educators reading this chapter might think, “We’ve been there. We know. We lived through this era. We don’t need to hear this again. Let’s move on.” However, when we move on, we drag the past with us. Therefore, if we want to make significant changes in anything we are doing, we must first think about what we did. As popular author Michael Crichton (1999) writes in the book Timeline, “The purpose of history is to explain the present—to say why the world around us is the way it is” (p. 480).

Knowing our past empowers us to create new roads that will take us in the directions we really want to go. In this technology/information century, roads may not even be the correct term. Perhaps, as in the movie Back to the Future, “where we’re going, we don’t need roads,” at least, not roads as we have known them in the past.

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Chapter 6 A Deep Dive Into the CCSS

Cheryl Zintgraff Tibbels Solution Tree Press ePub

The Blind Men and the Elephant by John Godfrey Saxe

It was six men of Indostan,

To learning much inclined,

Who went to see the Elephant

(Though all of them were blind),

That each by observation

Might satisfy his mind.

The First approach’d the Elephant,

And happening to fall

Against his broad and sturdy side,

At once began to bawl:

“God bless me! but the Elephant

Is very like a wall!”

The Second, feeling of the tusk,

Cried,—“Ho! what have we here

So very round and smooth and sharp?

To me ’tis mighty clear,

This wonder of an Elephant

Is very like a spear!”

The Third approach’d the animal,

And happening to take

The squirming trunk within his hands,

Thus boldly up and spake:

“I see,”—quoth he—“the Elephant

Is very like a snake!”

The Fourth reached out an eager hand,

And felt about the knee:

“What most this wondrous beast is like

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Chapter 5 A Core That’s Not So Common—Are the CCSS Really That Different From Recent State Standards?

Cheryl Zintgraff Tibbels Solution Tree Press ePub

Just as Dorothy developed insight traveling down the yellow brick road to Oz, our journey through the history, economics, social, political, and education background that seeded the development of the CCSS will provide us with a deeper understanding of the Core. When asked if the Common Core is really so different from past state standards, the information we have garnered on our trek, coupled with what we learn in this chapter, will enable us to answer emphatically: “Yes.” These standards are unique in noteworthy ways.

Whether we are far down the road to implementation of the CCSS or just past the starting line, a review of the organization and structure of the CCSS reminds us of important facets of the standards, brings deeper insights into how they support the shifts, and how they are directly bound to the college and career readiness anchor standards that pave a student’s way to academic success and good jobs in the 21st century workplace. As we focus on teaching a particular grade-specific standard, we need to remind ourselves constantly of how that standard fits, like a puzzle piece, into the overall picture of the Common Core. Each time we teach a particular grade-specific standard, we should put it in context for students. How important is this skill? How will it help students with college and careers? How can students use this knowledge and skill in their studies today, tomorrow, and next week? We need to help students see these connections. This is how we make instruction relevant.

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Chapter 1 Where Are We Now? Standards Déjà Vu

Cheryl Zintgraff Tibbels Solution Tree Press ePub

After implementing state standards since the 1990s, U.S. educators now using the Common Core State Standards may be feeling a little standards déjà vu. Been there, done that. So why did we change standards again?

Before we decide to engage in a long journey anywhere, we need a good reason. The reason can be as simple as wanting to take a vacation, to take a new job, to visit a loved one, to learn a new skill, to regenerate, to gain a new perspective, or to get home to Kansas. Before we start down a path to change substantially what and how we teach our youth, we also need a good reason. We need a rationale for making major changes that goes beyond just being told to do so, as that rationale does not bode very well for achieving the hoped-for results.

Since the decision to adopt the Common Core came at the state level (top down), it is important that educators at the local level, who are implementing these standards, understand the rationale that undergirds the standards and see the value of the CCSS as a tool to guide instruction in 21st century classrooms. This book begins by laying out some of the economic and societal reasons for the rise of the Common Core, in the hopes that a deeper understanding of the “why” behind the CCSS will generate ideas and enthusiasm for implementing them successfully. After all, the reform efforts that work are the ones that people make their own.

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