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Medium 9781782205630

Chapter Six: Being Support Staff

Karnac Books ePub

Will you listen, will you hear,
We come to you with heightened fear,
We want to talk, we need to play
We need a better brightened day
We need you to fight for us
And to never make a fuss
Will you listen, will you care,
We so need you to just be there.

We cannot walk this path alone,
There's so much dark, and so much stone
Bad people are at every turn
And we need you to help us learn
Will you be the one that sees
Hear our cries and hear our pleas
If you are then all we need
Is to take the gauntlet and proceed.


This chapter has been woven together to give a flavour of what it is like to support someone with DID living in an ordinary house in the community. We work one to one, so there is always one of us there, but when there, we have to be the one who manages and keeps everything and everyone safe. None of us had worked with someone so complex before but we had worked for the employer so felt supported to do the work.

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Medium 9781782205630

Chapter Two: A Usual Bumpy Road to Treatment

Karnac Books ePub

What did I do wrong to deserve such abuse
Sometimes I wonder what is the use
In trying to understand people and world
Evil is the only plan that is unfurled
People are cruel and hurt and dismay
People are just there to ruin your day
I don't understand this world oh so cruel
Everyone tried to maim and to rule.

Life should not competitive be
It should be good and of abuse free
So I don't understand where this abounds
Just like I do not understand sound
People can hurt with words and not heal
People can be unjust and not real
And when you cant talk it just is not fair
To have dictatorial people there.

Lots of loud sound gets right in my face
Just like the making of life like a race
Be kind instead of horrid and wrong
Tune your mind into a different song
Do not be clipped but open your door
Be receptive and then you will soar
No abuse, no shouting, you frighten my world
And then a planet of peace can be unfurled.

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Medium 9781855751224

CHAPTER ELEVEN. Recovered memories: shooting the messenger

Karnac Books ePub

Ashley Conway

In this chapter, Ashley Conway provides six of the commonest implicit or explicit assumptions that are made concerning false memory and provides research-based answers to them. He focuses on the issues relating to adults apparently recovering memory of episodes of childhood sexual abuse after a period of complete or partial amnesia.

This brief chapter is a personal perspective, an attempt to identify and examine the allegations of the proponents of the concept of a false memory syndrome. It is not intended as a general review of the field. Issues of reliability of children’s reports and suggestibility of children, which form an important and distinct field, are not addressed here. Instead, the focus is on the issues relating to adults apparently recovering memory of episodes of childhood sexual abuse, after a period of complete or partial amnesia. Individuals have reported recovering such memories both within and without a therapeutic setting.

Examined here are a number of assumptions, explicit or implicit, that have been derived from material provided by the American and British false memory syndrome movements, the press, and other media and through various personal communications to the author. The assumptions may be summarized as follows:

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Medium 9781782203490

Chapter Four: Cross-Temporal and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Dissociative Disorders of Identity

Karnac Books ePub

Eli Somer

I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented. (Ellie Wiesel: Nobel acceptance speech, 10 December, 1986)

I first planned to write this chapter as a purely academic project aimed at reviewing culturally divergent manifestations of altered states of consciousness and identity that I saw as pertinent to dissociative identity disorder (DID). I knew, then, that the book was planned to include a first-person account of DID and that my chapter would be part of its scientific backdrop. However, when I read the memoir I realised not only the courage of the writer but also the atmosphere of secrecy, silencing, and scepticism that surround the experiences of victims of child abuse in general and ritual abuse in particular.

For a long time, an atmosphere of doubt and delegitimisation has haunted survivors, their therapists, and scholars of dissociation. Memories of childhood abuse, rooted in serious crimes, have been labeled false by the accused families, therapists have been charged with implanting false memories, and scholars have been attacked for propagating scientifically unfounded concepts, false diagnoses, and harmful therapies.

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Chapter Six: Variations in Identity Alteration—a Qualitative Study of Experiences of Psychiatric Patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder

Karnac Books ePub

Christa Krüger


The old norm of distinct-personality-state dissociative identity disorder (DID) does not apply universally, as was recently recognised in the DSM-5's inclusion of possession experiences in the main diagnostic criterion for DID (see below) (APA, 2013). This new nosological development around possession reflects underlying questions about identity, how a person's identity is constituted, how or from where identity is controlled, how rigidly it is controlled, and how it may be altered.

What was previously called possession trance—which involves replacement of the customary sense of personal identity by a new identity, attributed to the influence of a spirit, power, deity, or other person, and associated with stereotyped “involuntary” movements or amnesia, and which was classified as an example of dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) in the DSM-IV (APA, 1994)—was recently incorporated in the main diagnostic criterion for DID in DSM-5 (APA, 2013) as a cultural variant of DID, and an alternative to distinct-personality-state DID. The A-criterion of DID in DSM-5 now reads:

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