18 Chapters
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Photo Gallery

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Photo Gallery

Rangers and Popular Images

But one thing seems clear to everyone who returns from field work: other people are other. They do not think the way we do. And if we want to understand their way of thinking, we should set out with the idea of capturing otherness.

—Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre and

Other Episodes in French Cultural History.

Some Lone Star scholars insist that Texas, with its heritage of slavery, segregation, and historic dependence upon cotton, is southern. Another group of historians argue that Texas is western, as evidenced by its cowboys, cattle drives, mountains, and desert. Still others say that the Lone Star State is unique, winning its independence from

Mexico during the Texas Revolution and existing as an independent republic for ten years prior to joining the Union.

—Glen Sample Ely, Where the West

Begins: Debating Texas Identity.

He must have courage equal to any, judgment better than most, and physical strength to outlast his men on the longest march or hardest ride.

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The Jesse Evans Gang and the Death of Texas Ranger George R. Bingham

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

14

The Jesse Evans Gang and the Death of Texas Ranger

George R. Bingham

Chuck Parsons

The other three desperadoes were captured and lodged in jail at

Fort Davis. Among those captured is Jesse Evans, one of the most notorious highwaymen now living. He operated in Colorado and

New Mexico, and was known by all as a brave, daring robber, who defied the officers and took possession of whole towns when it suited his purpose. This was his first trip to Texas, and to be gobbled up by Gen. Jones’ men, has no doubt disgusted him with

Texas in general and the alert wide-awake Texas rangers in general.1

W

estern buffs readily recognize Jesse Evans, the desperado whose name will be forever linked with that of Billy the Kid.

Virtually every book dealing with the Kid devotes some space to Evans. We are concerned here not only with the Texas crimes of Jesse Evans, but also the man whose death placed him behind the unforgiving walls of Huntsville State Prison: George R.

Bingham, a Texas Ranger of Company D, Frontier Battalion, who was killed in action.

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The Callahan Expedition

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

6

The Callahan Expedition

Michael L. Collins

I

n the summer of 1855, Lipan Apaches, reportedly aided by

Seminoles, conducted some of their most daring raids yet. They crossed into Texas and struck settlements as far north as the

Blanco and Guadalupe rivers, taking horses, cattle, and scalps along the way. News of these depredations stirred the governor of Texas,

Elisha M. Pease, to action. Aware that Texas frontiersmen were frustrated with the inadequate defense afforded by the few federal garrisons scattered along the border, Pease authorized the formation of a company of Rangers to protect the frontier and punish the marauders. Pease apparently feared that, should he fail to respond decisively to the situation, Texas minutemen might take matters into their own hands and march off to Mexico.1

Ironically, Pease turned to one such impulsive Texas leader,

James Hughes Callahan. A native of Georgia, Callahan had come to

Texas during the revolution of 1836, a twenty-four-year-old volunteer in the Georgia Battalion of the Texian army assigned to Colonel

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The “Battle” at Pease River and the Question of Reliable Sources in the Recapture of Cynthia Ann Parker

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

10

The “Battle” at Pease River and the Question of Reliable

Sources in the Recapture of Cynthia Ann Parker

Paul H. Carlson and Tom Crum

“I

will venture to say that there have been more different erroneous stories written and printed about Cynthia Ann Parker than any person who ever lived in Texas,” wrote Araminta

McClellan Taulman, a member of the famous Quanah Parker family, to Frontier Times editor J. Marvin Hunter in 1929. She may have been right—especially about the December 19, 1860, “battle” along

Mule Creek near Pease River and the taking of Naudah (Cynthia

Ann Parker) from her Comanche family and friends. Because the

Comanches at Mule Creek were caught by surprise, were running away, put up no resistance except when cornered, and all but a few of them were killed in the village, the “battle” perhaps more accurately should be considered a massacre, as several historians have called it.1

Eyewitness reports of the fight—or more properly, “massacre”—and the recapture of Parker are often suspect and unreliable.

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The Deadly Colts on Walker’s Creek

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

4

The Deadly Colts on

Walker’s Creek

Stephen L. Moore

T

he key Indian agent in Texas from the U.S., Pierce Butler, had more resources and thus more negotiating power than Sam

Houston’s appointed agents. He found the Indians receptive when he called for a meeting of all Plains Indians to be held at

Cache Creek of the Red River in December 1843. Butler arrived with an escort of 30 U.S. dragoons and a large store of gifts.1

Butler spent 18 days with the Comanches and their associate tribes speaking of peace. He advised his superiors that the Indians would eventually need help in surviving as game became more scarce for hunting and the better farmlands were taken over by the

Anglo Texas settlers, Butler took great interest in documenting the demographics of the Indian tribes he met with. In his report of January 31, 1844, Butler counted 1,500 people in the two main Wichita towns on the upper Trinity River. He found that another 500 or

600 lived in two Wichita communities near the Wichita mountains.

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