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A POW in Vietnam: “Smart People, Dumb War”

Edited by Peter B. Lane and Ronald E. Marcello University of North Texas Press PDF





Born in Austin, Minnesota, July 20, 1923, David Winn entered the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II and earned his wings and commission as a 2nd lieutenant pilot in

February 1943. He served in North Africa, Sardinia, and Italy during the war. In 1948 he separated from the Air Force.

Recalled to active duty for the Korean War, Winn chose to make the Air Force a career and subsequently served in

Germany, Thailand, Canada, and the United Kingdom as an exchange officer with the RAF. U.S. assignments included duty in Texas, Arizona, Michigan, Colorado, Minnesota, and

Washington, DC. He saw staff duty at the Pentagon with the

Joint Chiefs of Staff. A graduate of the University of Minnesota, he later earned a master’s degree in international relations from George Washington University. He also is a graduate of the National War College.

While on a combat mission in a F-105 out of a base in

Thailand, Winn was shot down over North Vietnam and captured in August 1968. He was a prisoner of war in Hanoi until his release in 1973. As one of the senior POWs, he played an important role in establishing camp policies and conduct

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B-29 Operations Against Japan: A Survivor’s Story

Edited by Peter B. Lane and Ronald E. Marcello University of North Texas Press PDF





Born in Dallas, Texas, in 1924, David Braden was a freshman aeronautical engineering major at North Texas Agricultural

College when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Shortly thereafter, he enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Forces Reserve, a program that allowed him to stay in school until called to active duty. His call came in February 1943. Much to his disappointment, he was designated for navigator training rather than pilot training due to vision problems. Nevertheless, he quickly adapted, finishing in the top 10 percent of his class and then going forward to qualify as a radar bombardier.

On January 28, 1945, Braden’s B-29 landed on Saipan,

Mariana Islands, with the first replacement crew for the 870th

Bomb Squadron, 497th Bomb Group, 73rd Bomb Wing, 20th

Air Force. During his thirty-five missions, Braden participated in the incendiary raids on Japanese cities in March 1945. As a result of damage caused by enemy fire, his planes made one crash landing at sea and four emergency landings on Iwo

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North Texas State College, 50

Northern Ireland, 243


Nagasaki, 48, 98

Naktong River, 135

Nanimo, British Columbia,

Vancouver Island, 51

National Liberation Front

(Vietcong), 193, 199n15

National Political Department

(North Vietnamese Army), 195

National Security Act of 1947,

105n1; unification, 131

National Security Council, 173

National War College, 110,

114–15, 192; Dougherty assessment, 118

NATO, 111

Navajo Code Talkers, 60

Nedderson, Gordon, 71-72

“New Guy Village,” 196n10

New Look defense strategy,


New York Times, 239–40

New Zealand, 50, 52; Wellington,


Nichols, Terry, 230

Nimitz Museum, 48, 82

Nimitz, Chester; strategy Central

Pacific, 88

Nixon, Richard, 199n16, 204

Nizam-al-Mulk, 233

Norden bombsight, 35, 42; bombing of Japan, 68

Normandy, 88

Norstad, Lauris, 122

North Korea, army (NKPA), 125,

129 ; invasion of South Korea,

129; Inchon, 136

North Korean Invasion,

Truman’s response, 134

North Texas Agricultural College,



O’Donnell, Emmett “Rosie,” 68

Oak Ridge, 96

Oder River, 23

Official Statistical Summary of the 8th, 9th, and 15th Air Forces

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The Reluctant Warrior: LBJ as Commander-in-Chief

Edited by Peter B. Lane and Ronald E. Marcello University of North Texas Press PDF





George Herring, a professor of history at the University of

Kentucky, is one of the nation’s foremost scholars of the Vietnam War. He is the author of three books on that war, and his monograph, America’s Longest War: The United States and

Vietnam, 1950–1975, is acknowledged as one of the best general works about that conflict. In addition to his books on

Vietnam, Professor Herring has published three other books as well as scholarly articles in the Journal of American History, Political Science Quarterly, Diplomatic History, and Military Affairs.

On several occasions during his academic career, Professor Herring has been called to serve as chair of the Department of History at the University of Kentucky. His other honors at Kentucky include: Alumni Professor (1990); Distinguished Professor (1988); University Research Professor (1986–87); and Hallam Professor of History, (1985–87, elected by colleagues). Professor Herring also has served as president of the Society for Historians of Foreign Relations

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Hungnam evacuation, 140

Huntington, Warren, 74

Hurley, Alfred F., vi

Hussein, Saddam, 231, 241, 257

Japanese Naval Academy, Sasebo,

60, 63

Japanese Special Naval Landing

Forces (SNLF), 53

Japanese, military strength and resistance, 1945, 87

JASCO (Joint Assault,

Communications Company),

50; casualties, 63

Jenkins, Harry, 203 jet stream, 69

Jihad against U.S., 244

Johnson, Lady Bird, 173, 179

Johnson, Louis, 131

Johnson, Lyndon, 170, 172,

172n8, 173–75, 177, 188–89,

192n2; assessment of his leadership as war president,

187–89; attitudes toward military, 180–81; Gulf of

Tonkin Resolution, 193n5; management of Vietnam War,

172–73, 179-182, 183–85; orders bombing pause, 200,

200n17; public support for

Vietnam War, 175–76, 178-179; reaction to dissent, 177–78,

184–86; record in World War II,

172n8; self-pity, 174–75

Joint Chiefs of Staff, 88, 182–83; new institution, 131n3;

Chinese intervention, 139

Joint War Plans Committee, 81

Jones, David, 122

Joy, C. Turner, 134


Iassy-Kishinev Offensive, 23

ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles), 113

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