16 Chapters
Medium 9781574411737

4. 1828

Robert D. Wood University of North Texas Press PDF

4. 18285

T

he town of San Agustín de Laredo belongs to the State of

Tamaulipas in the Mexican federation. It was founded the 25th of August, 1755 and in the twelfth year of its existence it was given the land for six leagues around it from the center in all directions, recognizing at the same time as its jurisdictional limit the open territory of some 20 leagues: to the North, up to the Nueces river; to the south, along the banks of the Rio Grande to the 75 sections granted to the deceased

Citizen José Vásquez Borrego who at the time had three thriving ranches which today are deserted because of the devastation of the War. It

[Laredo] is located on the north bank of the Rio Grande, distant from the capital to the south by some 150 leagues, and from the closest town Ciudad Guerrero, also to the south, by some 20 leagues. Going southwest it is 30 leagues to the town of Vallecillo; to the west there are 35 leagues to Lampasos in the state of Nuevo León. To the northwest it is 40 leagues to the town of Guerrero in the state of Coahuila.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574411737

3. Changing Allegiances

Robert D. Wood University of North Texas Press PDF

3. Changing Allegiances

B

y the very fact that a person is born in a given place, that individual knowingly or unknowingly assumes an obligation of loyalty to the government and of responsibility to observe its laws, which are meant to protect the people and keep things functioning smoothly. How people view a government is often based on how effectively they think it is serving them. Sometimes citizens will feel that the government is incompetent or uncooperative, or worse, oppressive, and this can lead to rebellion or the desire to change the system or those who are exercising authority. The story of Mexico, particularly in the first half of the nineteenth century, is one of political turbulence, and even the most remote areas eventually became involved in the constantly changing situation. Political authority went from “I, the King” to “The Honorable Congress,” with various personalities taking the leadership or being deprived of it according to the acceptability of their actions. Some survived the storms better than others. Antonio López de Santa Anna managed to take over the presidency eleven times by changing from conservative to liberal as circumstances warranted. No one really ever knew what he stood for except desire for power. In that, he was not alone. Much of Mexico’s history revolves precisely around the fact that local leaders, caudillos, wanted to extend their authority and territory

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574411737

8. Communications

Robert D. Wood University of North Texas Press PDF

8. Communications

T

he history of Laredo found in the archives exists first of all because there were continuous efforts to preserve the documents, including those mentioned at the beginning of this book. Secondly, it exists because there was reasonably good communication between the various towns and particularly with the capital of the department or province, which transmitted its own official documents and those that came from

Mexico City. The local officials filed away the various contracts, deeds, wills, and other legal documents and each mayor passed these on to his successor. The vast majority of the documents, however, and especially in the earlier years, came from the Crown, federal, or state officials who also disseminated the decrees of the legislatures. The fact that they are still extant says something about the way in which they got from one place to another. People went from place to place, too, which is another kind of communication.

The Laredoans themselves did not live in a totally isolated world though they consistently complained of being neglected and forgotten. No one, of course, could move about freely in colonial times without permission. Those who came from Spain had to have permission to leave the country and the passenger lists provide wonderful genealogical information. But even in the American colonies it was necessary

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574411737

photo gallery

Robert D. Wood University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574411737

Appendix I Names of the original settlers of the town of Laredo

Robert D. Wood University of North Texas Press PDF

See All Chapters