116 Chapters
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Crook, George, 2, 13, 17, 19,

24–25, 28–29, 31, 33, 39,

40–44, 48–50, 54, 57, 59,

60–62, 67, 72, 101, 103, 105,

107, 121–22, 134–35, 146, 154,

158–63, 168–70, 186, 215,

218, 222, 242, 265, 267, 271,

273–74, 292, 294, 298–99,

302, 311, 313, 316, 318, 325,

327, 331, 387, 397, 403, 413,

443–44, 448, 450, 453–54, 457,

464, 466, 468, 469–70, 471,

474, 475, 478, 480, 481, 482,

483, 484, 488, 494, 498–99,

500, 503, 507–8; Yellowstone visit, 13, 41, 75, 75 n15, 79,

83, 85, 87, 89, 93, 96–100, 102; and Hayes family 3–4, 64, 181; image 17 n5; and Great Sioux

War, 18, 160; and Murchie

Mine, 45 n2; and Uintah Utes,

56, 63; and Webb Hayes,

64–65, 64 n1, 114, 496; and

Indian scouts, 121, 121 n2–3,

124; Apache campaigns, 121,

121 n2–3; and Poncas, 153,

167–68, 170, 172, 174, 178–80,

187, 190–91, 195–97, 204,

212, 225–28, 234–36, 238–40,

245–47, 250–52, 255–56, 259,

283; opinion of O.O. Howard,

166 n9; and Bourke, 287–88;

Bannock and Shoshone expeditions, 340, 340 n16; opinion of

Nelson Miles, 473

Crook, Mary Dailey (wife), 64, 496

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he Cheyenne Outbreak and the Ponca Affair involved northern tribes that had been transported to the Indian Territory.

The Northern Cheyennes who surrendered to Crook as the

Great Sioux War drew to a close, were relocated to congregate them with their Southern Cheyenne cousins, who already were established in the Territory. The Poncas were victims of a bureaucratic error in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, in which their lands on the Missouri River were ceded to the Lakotas as part of the Great

Sioux Reservation. At the close of the Great Sioux War, the government decided to concentrate the Lakotas on those lands for ease of management. The Poncas, who never in history had opposed the government, then were removed to the Territory. In the cases of both the Cheyennes and the Poncas, the trauma of the move, the sudden change in climate, and the neglect of the government all contributed to suffering and death.1

1. The records of the Cheyenne Outbreak are found in RG 393. Special File. Military

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17. Downriver By Steamer

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 17

Downriver By Steamer

July 23d. We embarked on the steamer Silver City, a new boat, which had just completed its maiden trip. Before casting loose, the officers of the post, those of our Battalion, Mr. Moore and Mr. Mears, Frank

Gruard and Baptist[e] Pourier and our Indian guides, came aboard to shake hands and say good bye: then the gangway planks were run aboard, the hawsers undone and, with the customary amount of backing and filling, bell-ringing and puffing of smoke and steam, we swung into the narrow channel.

While running down the river, noticed its general dimensions and characteristics. At the post, it is perhaps, one hundred yards wide and has a depth in the main line of its current, of at least six feet.

The force of the water is very great, not less than six miles an hour which for so narrow and crooked a stream, one too having such a number of small islands to divide its waters, makes navigation very tedious and difficult.

Several times, the steamer butted against the points of land running out into the channel and each time our Captain swung the boat around and let her drift down with the current, until a good, wide reach was found where she could be turned.

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Appendix 15 • Orders of particular importance to Bourke's narrative—Dept. of the Platte

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF
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11. Belle Fourche to Fort Fetterman

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 11

Belle Fourche to Fort Fetterman

December 21st. Another snow storm last night: two inches on a level.

General Crook summoned the Indians to a council, at which all the principal chiefs of the Sioux, Cheyennes, and Arapahoe bands made their appearance. After dwelling upon the fact that our lack of forage for the animals prevented our continuing in the

field much longer and the non-return of our messengers from Red

Cloud Agency deprived him of any clue as to the whereabouts of the retreating Cheyennes, so that there was no use trying to do any more scouting for the present, the Commanding General went on to say:

“I understand they have been turning in their (the Indians’) horses and guns at the Agency. I don’t know by what authority. It was not by my order, but I don’t know whether it was by orders from

Washington or not.

[“]You are very lucky in having been out here with us, because if you had been at the Agency, you would have had to turn in your ponies; now, you have plenty.

[“]I want some of you to go on ahead pretty fast, as I want to send a letter through before the rest get in. Most of you have friends or

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