18 Chapters
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Brief Biographies

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators University of North Texas Press PDF

BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF

Úrsula Calderón and Cristina Calderón

Cristina Zárraga

Úrsula Calderón Harban was born on the 7th of September, 1925 in Mejillones Bay, Navarino Island.

After the death of her mother, when she was barely 7 years old, she lived with her half-sister Dora and her brother Juan. When she was 14, she worked on the Róbalo Ranch, and at age 15, she married

José González. Together, they worked hunting sea otters, and during eight years they lived moving from one place to another by boat. They resided in their tent in Puerto Navarino or simply where they anchored at night. Later, they set up residence on Mascar Island, but, as their children needed to attend school, Úrsula moved to Puerto Williams with the children. José remained on Mascar, raising cattle and sheep. Later, he too lived in Puerto Williams, where he died in 1987, brought down by lung cancer. Today, Úrsula lives with her three children in her house in Villa Ukika in Puerto Williams, and she dedicated herself to handcrafted artistry—weaving baskets of rush, building canoes, needlepoint and knitting—in addition to speaking her native language.*

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V. Raptors of the Forests and Adjacent Habitats

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators University of North Texas Press PDF

RAPTORS

Yoskalía

Triwkü

Tiuque

Chimango Caracara

CD 1 / Track 43

The loud descending cries of the Chimango Caracara, “triiiiuuuu, triu, triu, triu, triu ....”, characterize the forests and other environments of southern Chile, and are the source of its onomatopoeic

Mapudungun name: triuki.

This is the most common raptor in and around the austral forests. The Chimango Caracara uses trees to sleep and nest, and builds its large nests with twigs and branches. Although it is mainly a scavenger, it is omnivorous, as well, hunting frogs, lizards, mice, small fish, insects, earthworms, larvae, caterpillars and even slugs. Therefore, it is a very beneficial bird for agriculture. When cows are browsing in the prairies or people are hoeing the land, groups of up to one hundred Chimango

Caracara are seen eating insects on the ground.

The Williche on Chiloé Island consider the Chimango Caracara or triuki a “suspicious bird” because witches use them and even transform themselves into them. When the Chimango Caracara lands on the roof of a house, is said that it may be a witch that listens to the conversations of the people inside.

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The Voices and Stories Must Continue

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators University of North Texas Press PDF
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III. Wetland Birds, Associated with Riparian, Coastal or Prairie Habitats

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators University of North Texas Press PDF

WETLAND BIRDS

Chéketej

Challwafe üñüm

Martín pescador

Ringed Kingfisher

CD 1 / Track 15

Ceryle torquata, formerly classified as Megaceryle (great = Gk. megas; kingfisher= Gk. ceryle) torquata, is the largest South American kingfisher, and it is the only one that reaches subpolar latitudes. Its distribution spans from Texas and Arizona in southern United States to Cape Horn in southern South America, where it receives the Yahgan name of chéketej.

It is a conspicuously colored species with an elegant white collar and a blue crest, especially marked in the male. It possesses a long, strong beak that permits it to catch fish in rivers, lakes, channels and fjords of the extreme south. It is frequently observed perched on branches or rocks that overhang rivers or the shoreline. On these, the Ringed Kingfisher waits for the appearance of marine and freshwater fish, crustaceans and larvae that it hunts on the surface of the water or by plunging itself into it. When it notices danger, it sweeps back and forth in the air, emitting its strong, repetitive calls kekereke- kekereke- kekereke.

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Participants

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators University of North Texas Press PDF

PARTICIPANTS

Lorenzo Aillapan

Poet, Mapuche Bird Man

Academia Mapuche Püllümapukimunweftuy

Puerto Saavedra, IX Región, Chile

Christopher B. Anderson

Ecologist, Ph.D.

Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program

University of North Texas - OSARA

Omora Ethnobotanical Park - Universidad de Magallanes, Chile

E-mail: Christopher.Anderson@unt.edu

Uta Berghöefer

Geographer, Ph.D.(c)

Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig,

Germany

E-mail: Uta.Berghoefer@ufz.de

Alejandra Calcutta

Graphic Designer

Studio Ochenta, Punta Arenas, Chile

E-mail: studio80@tie.cl

Úrsula Calderón

Artisan

Comunidad Indígena Yagán de Bahía Mejillones

She lived on Navarino Island, Chile, until January 2003.

Today she rests in the Cemetery of Mejillones Bay.

Plant Physiologist, Ph.D.

Omora Ethnobotanical Park

Universidad de Magallanes – Institute of Ecology and

Biodiversity, Chile

Puerto Williams, Chile

E-mail: massardorozzi@yahoo.com; francisca.massardo@umag.cl

Kurt Heidinger

Writer, Ph.D.

Omora Ethnobotanical Park

E-mail: kurtheidinger@yahoo.com

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