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Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF


This book is the result of a decade of research, educa on, conserva on and ecotourism work at the Omora Ethnobotanical Park. We thank the numerous friends of the park, volunteers, authori es, teachers, journalists, ar sts, graduate and undergraduate students who each year have taken the biocultural conserva on class at the Universidad de Magallanes since

2003, and have helped to build the Trail of the Miniature Forests, and to create the narra ve of ecotourism with a hand lens. We especially thank Mauricio Zárraga, Carlos Catrin, and Jaime Godoy who made possible the early expedi ons in Cape Horn on board of the

“Maroba” in 2000, and 2001, and the teachers María Anguita, Carlos Soto, Fernando Saldivia,

Francisco Fernández, and Nelson Cárcamo with whom we have maintained the workshop on the “miniature forests of Cape Horn” for over a decade at the local school of Puerto Williams.

Photography was primarily done by Adam M. Wilson (adamwilson.us) and Oliver Vogel with the collabora on of Gonzalo Arriagada, Javier Etayo, Ricardo Garille , Bernard Goffinet, Kris n

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Serendipity in the Origin of Ecotourism with a Hand Lens /Serendipia en el Origen del Ecoturismo con Lupa - Ricardo Rozzi

Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF






Ricardo Rozzi

In March 2000, I embarked on an expedition to the Cape Horn Islands at the southern end of the Americas, guiding a group of bryologists led by Bernard Goffinet in the search of Splachnaceae or “dung” mosses that Bernard thought might grow on the bones of whales beached on the south shores of the island. We experienced several storms while navigating on the

“Maroba”, a tiny fishing boat, but we survived! We were determined to find these mosses and began a long hike across a vast peatland. I soon became separated from the group and fell into one of the numerous scattered pools. I started to sink, sure that this would be a quiet natural death. While sinking I observed the astonishing diversity of mosses around the pond, and thought “if I am a biologist and do not have knowledge of this diversity of plants, what about the decision makers and teachers in Chile?” Some years earlier, I had participated in committees charged with identifying priority sites for conservation in Chile and Latin America, based only on vertebrate and vascular plant diversity.

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II. Introduction to the Bryophytes and Lichens of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve / Introduccion a las Briofitas y Liquenes de la Reserva de Biosfera Cabo de Hornos

Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF





Bernard Goffinet, William Buck & Ricardo Rozzi

The green cushions that sheath the trunks and branches and carpet rocks and soil are composed of a diversity of miniature plants known as bryophytes

(Figure 2.1). These little plants differ from the trees that dominate the landscape in the Magellan Archipelago by not having flowers and seeds. Bryophytes also differ from the majestic trees in many aspects of their architecture; however, they share with them fundamental aspects of their life cycle, a testimony of their common, ancient, evolutionary history.

Los cojines verdes que cubren los troncos y ramas, lo mismo que las alfombras sobre las rocas y el suelo, están compuestos de una diversidad de pequeñas plantitas, conocidas como briofitas (Figura 2.1). Éstas difieren de los árboles que dominan el paisaje del archipiélago magallánico en la ausencia de flores y semillas. Además, las briofitas se diferencian de los árboles en muchos aspectos de su arquitectura; sin embargo, comparten con ellos aspectos fundamentales del ciclo de vida que expresan una ancestral historia evolutiva común.

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Afterword "On Seeing-As" / Epilogo "Ver Como" - J. Britt Holbrook

Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF





There are, no doubt, somewhat surprising and important scientific facts presented in this book. These facts, if they are understood and incorporated into the scientific record, may have implications for the ways in which conservation biology is taught and conservation policy is enacted around the globe. If preserving the diversity of species around the world is of the highest value for conservation biology, then conservation biology must turn its attention to all the species of the world.

Existen, sin duda alguna, importantes hechos cien ficos algo sorprendentes que se presentan en este libro. Estos hechos, si es que son comprendidos e incorporados al registro cien fico, pueden tener implicancias para las formas en las que se enseña la conservación biológica y para la implementación de las regulaciones de conservación en el mundo.

Si la preservación de la diversidad de especies del mundo es del mayor valor para la biología de la conservación, entonces la biología de la conservación debe poner atención a todas las especies del mundo.

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Bibliography / Bibliografia

Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF



Ecology and Conservation in the Magellanic Sub-Antarctic Ecoregion / Ecología y

Conservación en la Ecorregión Subantártica de Magallanes

Alaback, P.B. 1991. Comparison of temperate rain forests of the Americas. Revista Chilena de Historia

Natural 64: 399–412.

Armesto, J.J., D. Manuscevich, A. Mora., C. Smith-Ramírez, R. Rozzi, A.M. Abarzúa & P.A. Marquet.

2010. From the Holocene to the Anthropocene: A historical framework for land cover change in southwestern South America in the past 15,000 years. Land Use Policy 27: 148-160.

Armesto, J.J., R. Rozzi, C. Smith-Ramírez & M.T.K. Arroyo. 1998. Effec ve conserva on targets in South

American temperate forests. Science 282: 1271-12.


Armesto, J.J., C. Villagrán & M.T. Kalin (eds.). 1995. Ecología de los Bosques Nativos de Chile. Editorial

Universitaria, San ago, Chile. 469 pp.

Arroyo, M.T.K., M. Riveros, A. Peñaloza, L. Cavieres & A.M. Faggi. 1996. Phytogeographic rela onships and regional richness pa erns of the cool temperate rain forest of Southern South America.

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