291 Chapters
Medium 9782067182028

Sardinia

Michelin Michelin ePub

SARDINIA

Sardinia offers an almost primeval landscape of rocks sculpted by the wind and sea, forests of holm and cork oaks, oleander, aromatic plants and shrubs, the clear blue waters of the Mediterranean and the silence of an earlier age broken only by the sounds of nature.

SARDINIA TODAY

Sardinia, the Mediterranean’s second-largest island, owes its modern role as a tourism hot-spot to two foreign entities. After World War II, the Rockefeller Foundation helped the island eliminate mosquitoes. With malaria gone, Sardinia was ripe for development. In 1961 Aga Khan IV invested in a tourist complex on the northeastern coast.

This development, the Costa Smeralda (Emerald Coast), is today a playground of the jet set. Tourism to Sardinia’s beaches, as well as its wild interior, is a major component of the island’s economy. The military industrial complex also contributes to Sardinia’s coffers. Although Sardinia has undergone a long period of “Italianisation”, it is by definition one of the autonomous regions of Italy, which is evident in the island’s culture and language. People of the island still speak a variety of dialects, including Catalàn, a result of Spanish influence, and Gallurese, a language akin to Corsican. Sardinia is also known among Italians for its rebellious streak. The phenomenon of banditry still exists, particularly in the mountainous Barbagia region. In Orgosolo, a collection of political murals depict the struggles the natives have endured at the hands of the Italian government and fellow islanders.

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Medium 9782067182042

Must Eat

Michelin Michelin ePub

Cuisine

Salmon, shellfish, berries and wild game were the mainstays of life for the Northwest’s indigenous inhabitants, and this reliance on fresh, local ingredients infuses the region’s dining menu today. The prevailing cuisine is called Northwest Contemporary (shortened to Northwest in listings below) in Washington and Oregon; the term West Coast covers a similar approach in British Columbia (BC). In both cases, chefs rely heavily on ingredients available fresh daily from local growers and providers: seafood, vegetables, fruit, even meats and poultry grown sustainably at local farms. Many chefs start their day with a visit to a farmers’ market.

Fish and Seafood

Salmon remains the centerpiece of Northwest dining; although most salmon comes from Alaska or the upper BC coast, suppliers go to great lengths to ensure it is handled carefully and shipped speedily to restaurant kitchens. Most connoisseurs prefer king (chinook) or sockeye (red) salmon; other common types are silver (coho) and pink (humpy). Salmon is typically grilled over a gas or wood fire (the traditional presentation) or roasted, with simple seasonings. Crab is also ubiquitous—the main type is Dungeness, a sweet, meaty variety usually served steamed. Other regional seafood delicacies include spot prawns, oysters, clams and scallops; as for fish, lingcod, true cod, black cod (sablefish), rockfish and halibut are delicious and distinctive. Lobster is not native to the North Pacific, so when lobster appears on the menu, it has been shipped 3,000mi from New England or Atlantic Canada.

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Medium 9781907099557

HISTORY

Michelin Michelin ePub

History

Events in italics indicate milestones in history.

BC

1500 Engravings in the Vallée des Merveilles.

900 The Ligurians occupy the Mediterranean seaboard.

600 Founding of Massalia (Marseille) by the Phocaeans. They bring olive, fig, nut, cherry trees, the cultivated vine; they substitute money for barter.

5–4C The Greek settlers in Marseille introduce trading posts: Hyères, St-Tropez, Antibes, Nice and Monaco. The Celts invade Provence, mingling with the Ligurians.

GALLO-ROMAN PROVENCE

122 The Romans intervene to protect Marseille from the Celts, whom they defeat in 124.

102 Marius defeats the Teutons from Germania, near Aix.

58–51 Conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar.

49 Julius Caesar founds Fréjus.

6 Building of the Alpine Trophy at La Turbie.

AD

1, 2 and 3C Roman civilisation in evidence in some coastal towns (Fréjus, Cimiez, Antibes); the Via Aurelia (Ventimiglia-Brignoles-Aix) is the country’s main highway.

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Medium 9782067179844

Historic Sites

Michelin Michelin ePub

Fort Sumter National Monumentaaa

Accessible only by boat from Patriots Point or the Fort Sumter Visitor Education Center, located on Liberty Square (next to the aquarium at the east end of Calhoun St.). 843-883-3123. www.nps.gov/fosu. Open mid-Mar–mid-Aug10am–5:30pm; rest of the year, call for hours. Closed Jan 1, Thanksgiving Day & Dec 25. Fee for cruise includes admission to fort (see sidebar on next page).

Imagine this lonely outpost at the entrance to Charleston Harbor alive with cannon fire, men running and shouting, the powder magazines exploding in flames. This was the scene on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired the first shots of the Civil War.

When South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860, four forts guarded the entrance to Charleston Harbor: Fort Sumter on its manmade island, Fort Moultrie on Sullivans Island, Fort Johnson on James Island, and Castle Pinckney on Shutes Folly Island. The five-sided brick fort, named for South Carolina Revolutionary War hero Thomas Sumter, was 90 percent complete at the time, but only 15 of the fort’s more than 100 cannons stood mounted and ready.

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Medium 9782067197558

Koblenz

Michelin Michelin ePub

The West

 Cologne

 Aachen

 Ruhr Region

 Düsseldorf

 Sauerland

 Bonn

 Eifel

 Trier

 Moselle Valley

 Koblenz

 Rhine Valley

 Frankfurt am Main

 Wiesbaden

 Mainz

 Mannheim

 Heidelberg

 Pfalz

 Speyer

 Saar­brücken

The West

Germany’s western regions deliver a cornucopia of diverse and awe-inspiring sightseeing opportunities. Soak up cosmopolitan flair and stunning art and architecture in cities such as Düsseldorf, Cologne and Frankfurt or escape to historic villages in the hilly Sauerland or the gentle Eifel. Follow the mighty Rhine or the meandering Moselle rivers past a fairytale setting of medieval castles, steep vineyards and little towns that are veritable symphonies in half-timber. Walk in the footsteps of the Romans in Trier, check out Charlemagne’s legacy in Aachen and see for yourself the beauty of Heidelberg, which has inspired so many great poets and artists.

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