291 Chapters
Medium 9782067182042

Historical Site

Michelin Michelin ePub

The Willamette’s loamy soil gives rise to a feast of foods that enrich the plates of the finest restaurants in Portland. The climate and soil are ideal for vineyards, and more than 500 wineries, mostly west of Interstate 5, draw visitors from around the world to wine-country tasting rooms. Charming small towns, bucolic countryside and farm stands provide additional reasons to stop and savor Oregon’s wine country.

A string of cities, including the state capital of Salem and the free-spirited town of Eugene, are situated along I-5, which runs north to south through the center of the valley. To the west, the forested Coast Range cradles the valley, and 30mi to the east, waterfalls plummet down mossy Cascade Range hillsides alongside wooded hiking trails whose vine maple trees turn crimson and orange in the fall.

SALEMa

The capital of Oregon is the state’s third-largest city (pop. 156,000). Salem traces its founding to 1840, when Jason Lee moved the headquarters of his Methodist mission to this mid-Willamette Valley location. Lee’s house and other early buildings still stand at the Willamette Heritage Center at the Millaa (1313 Mill St.; t 503-585-7012; www.willametteheritage.org; open year-round Mon–Sat 10am–5pm ;$6), a five-acre historical park that includes the 1889 Thomas Kay Woolen Mill. A millstream courses beneath the main mill building, and inside, massive looms operate with water-powered turbines. Four buildings, filled with period furnishings, were moved to this site, and are considered the oldest in the Northwest, dating to the 1840s.

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Medium 9781907099427

Skyscrapers

Michelin Michelin ePub

Chrysler Buildingaaa

405 Lexington Ave. at E. 42nd St. 4, 5, 6 or 7 train to Grand Central Terminal. See map opposite.

When you have money, you can do anything; or so Walter P. Chrysler must have thought when he commissioned architect William Van Alen to design the world’s tallest building. One of the first large buildings to use metal extensively on its exterior, the 77-story Art Deco landmark pays sparkling homage to the car. It was briefly the world’s tallest building in 1930, after its architect secretly ordered a 185-foot spire attached to its crown, edging out the Bank of Manhattan, which was two feet taller. Alas, the distinction lasted only a few months; the Empire State Building blew both buildings away when it opened in 1931.

Stylistically the Chrysler Building has stood the test of time: the

six semi-circular arches of its stainless-steel pinnacle, patterned after a 1930 Chrysler radiator cap, glimmer majestically during the day and are dramatically lit at night.

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Historical Site

Michelin Michelin ePub

Open year-round daily. Visitor center at 3029 Spirit Lake Hwy., Toutle; t 360-274-0962; www.parks.wa.gov/stewardship/mountsthelens; open May–mid-Sept daily 9am–5pm, rest of the year 4pm; closed major holidays. t 360-449-7800. www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens. $5.

One of the world’s most famous volcanoes, Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980 with the intensity of 500 atomic bombs, destroying its northern flank and blasting away more than 1,300ft of elevation. In 1982 the US Congress declared Mount St. Helens a National Volcanic Monument. Today the eviscerated mountain, surrounded by a 172sq-mi preserve, is a leading visitor attraction.

Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
©MountStHelens.com

Practical Information

When to Go

July is the best time to see flower-filled alpine meadows at Mt. Rainier, but any summer day through September offers the best opportunity for clear weather and great views at both Rainier and Mount St. Helens. Summertime frequently brings fog to the Washington coast, so the best times to visit are the shoulder seasons or winter-storm season.

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Excursions

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Woodland Park Zoo aaa

Phinney Ave. N. t 206-684-4800. www.zoo.org. Open May–Sept daily 9:30am–6pm. Rest of the year daily 9:30am–4pm. $17.75, $11.75 children.

Covering 92 acres, this world-class zoo is highly acclaimed for its conservation ethic (the zoo is home to 35 endangered species) and naturalistic habitats. It offers dynamic glimpses of 1,100 animals engaged in natural behavior: grizzly bears fish for trout in a stream on the Northern Trail, orangutans shimmy up trees in Trail of Vines, zebras dash about in African Savanna, and jaguars peer warily from behind a kapok tree in Jaguar Cove.

Pacific Science Centeraa

200 Second Ave. N. t 206-443-2001. www.pacificsciencecenter.org. Open year-round Mon–Fri 9:45am–5pm (til 6pm Sat–Sun). Closed Tue Sept–May. $16, $11 children (ages 6-15).

Pacific Science Center
©John Keatley/Pacific Science Center

Grizzly bear, Woodland Park Zoo
©Ryan Hawk/Woodland Park Zoo

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Medium 9781907099229

ARCHITECTURE

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Architecture

Shaped by Celtic beginnings, the early influence of invading Norsemen and the recurrent colonisation – peaceful or otherwise – by the English, the nation’s culture has developed into a fascinating hybrid that is impossible to pin down. Rugged and romantic, traditional and modern, it is always evolving, yet manages to remain true to its roots.

ECCLESIASTICAL

CELTIC FOUNDATIONS

Mainland Scotland retains two of the earliest buildings erected by the Celtic clergy, the round towers of Brechin and Abernethy. Dating from the late 10C to early 11C these refuges or belfries are outliers of an Irish tradition. Although tangible remains are few, the Christian faith was an important unifying factor in Dark Age Scotland.

ANGLO-NORMAN PERIOD

Scotland of the mid-11C with its Celtic and Norse influences was soon to undergo a new and gradual Anglo-Norman colonisation. It was the west and north, the strongholds of the old cultures, that resisted the new imprint.

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