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Guidelines for a Changing World

Relations, Journal of School Public Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

JO NELL WOOD

KAREN BRACK

ABSTRACT: This article investigates the issues surrounding teachers’ use of social networking media and their First Amendment rights. It focuses on the need to develop a school district policy outlining specific guidelines for the use of technology and social networking. It also focuses on the changing world of technology and social networking as well as the legal consideration for teachers. The article reviews some cases in which teachers have been dismissed, and it outlines the method by which to determine whether the postings are protected speech. Finally, it provides questions that should be considered and guidelines for constructing a quality social networking policy.

As the worst winter storm of the decade raced across the United States at the beginning of February 2011, people rapidly began to access the Internet and their social networks to check what was happening across the area, to see where friends and family were, and to share their current weather issues. During the following days, when travel was not easy, it became evident that a majority of adults, as well as teenagers, were communicating via social networks, as news broadcasters discussed the information they were receiving on Facebook and Twitter. While communicating about weather and road conditions does not fall under concerns of legal rights, it is not just the weather that a majority of Americans now blog or post on Facebook. Social networks have become the communication mode of choice.

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5.11. Management by Exception (MBE)

G. Murugesan Laxmi Publications PDF

130

PRINCIPLES

OF

MANAGEMENT

5.11. MANAGEMENT BY EXCEPTION (MBE)

One of the most important ways of tailoring controls for efficiency and effectiveness is to make sure that they are designed to point out exception. In other words, by concentrating on exceptions from planned performance, controls based on the time-honored exception principle to allow managers to detect those places where their attention is required and should be given. This implies the use of management by exception particularly in controlling aspect. Management by exception is a system of identification and communication the signals to the manager when his attention is needed.

Management by exception has six basic ingredients: Measurement, projection, selection, observation, comparison and decision-making.

(i) Measurement assigns values to past and present performances. This is necessary because without measurement of some kind, it would be impossible to identify an exception.

(ii) Project analyses those measurements that are meaningful to organizational objectives and extends them into future expectations.

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Medium 9781782202837

Chapter Three: East and West

Janet Sayers Karnac Books ePub

Prevented by Durham from writing a book at Lower Stonehams, Adrian instead began writing it in the form of a diary during his voyage east to Bombay. As though he were the Greek hero, Theseus, following a thread provided by Ariadne as a means of retracing his footsteps in a labyrinth away from the monster Minotaur, he called the resulting book, The Thread of Ariadne. For him the monster seems to have been the “Victorianism” and “Mathematical Thought” of Durham and his generation cutting up experience with numbers, words, and future-oriented ideals.1

Against this monster Adrian championed “the realization of Youth” and “the art of creating a harmony of emotions and states of mind, diverse in themselves but incapable of standing alone, pure, and without contrast, and so, interdependent from their very nature”. He called it “the art of concocting a mixture of jostling ingredients” through the method of attending to whatever free associations were suggested by the world around him.2

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3. Nature and Flesh

Christina M. Gschwandtner Indiana University Press ePub

Instead of examining a phenomenon that Marion already depicts as saturated, this chapter focuses on one he does not discuss. I will suggest that nature and various nonhuman beings can appear to us as saturated phenomena, both on Marion’s own terms and in the sense in which I have argued in respect to the first two types of phenomena examined: as displaying degrees and requiring hermeneutic context. Hence this chapter is not specifically about Marion’s discussion of the third saturated phenomenon, that of the human flesh. Yet, as we see later in this chapter, there might be some connections between “nature” and “flesh.” I use “nature” here loosely to refer to what are generally understood to be “natural phenomena”: the land, the weather, the habitat of species, and so forth, including nonhuman animal and plant life and perhaps even our own “animality.” Nature is distinguished, however, from what Marion calls “technical objects.” As emerges near the end of the chapter, technology often subverts and covers over nature, making us forget our intrinsic connection with it and dependence upon it, often even destroying it. While a discussion of nature need not necessarily have “environmental” or “ecological” concerns, such concerns are not excluded in this discussion.1

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Medium 9781741796025

Country Map

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

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