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3 Putting Numbers into Space: Place Names, Collective Remembrance, and Forgetting in Israeli Culture

Edited by Michal KravelTovi and Deborah Indiana University Press ePub

Yael Zerubavel

NATION-STATES CULTIVATE collective remembrances around a wide range of temporal and spatial commemorative sites.1 Temporal commemorative sites are primarily anchored in the calendar, which serves as a mnemonic framework for collective remembrances of specific events and figures that together contribute to the creation of an overall narrative about the nation’s origins and historical development. Anniversaries, memorial days, and holidays are among temporal commemorative sites that underscore key points in the nation’s collective memory.2 Their anchoring within the calendar ensures that the performance of memory will recur annually, thus serving as a major venue for mnemonic socialization.3 Spatial commemorative sites provide another venue among a range of locations such as cemeteries, memorial sites, monuments, and historical places around which various memorial practices may develop to underscore the significance of that past. The country’s map, encoded with names that evoke the past, thus emerges as an alternative site for cultivating a national memory.

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Human Circulation/Immunology: ASVAB Biology

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781576336748

Circles - Regular Polygons: SAT Geometry

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781782204015

Chapter Three: Davanloo's Discoveries, 2005–2015: an Overview of Important Terminology and Teachings

Catherine Hickey Karnac Books ePub

Davanloo's most recent publication was a chapter in the comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry (Davanloo, 2005). Since then, many other authors have written and published articles and books on Davanloo's technique. However, many of these authors have not attended Davanloo's Montreal closed circuit training programme. As such, their writings reflect Davanloo's older discoveries. While important, Davanloo's earlier discoveries have been greatly elaborated on and refined in his newest programme. In addition, many of these articles do not use the most up-to-date terminology. The purpose of this chapter is to define the most recent conceptual discoveries of Davanloo. This is essential before proceeding to further chapters, which will show these discoveries in operation.


The metapsychology of the unconscious is soundly based in attachment theory. Like Bowlby (Bowlby, 1944), Davanloo believes that attachment to important early life figures is essential for normal human development. At the core, or the nucleus, of the unconscious is love and attachment to these important early figures. Davanloo refers to these figures as genetic figures. At some point in human development, the love and attachment to these genetic figures is disrupted. This can be a relatively minor trauma, such as the birth of a younger sibling. Or it can be an extensive trauma, such as repeated and prolonged abuse. This disruption results in a myriad of painful feelings—these include rage (which is often of a murderous quality), guilt, and grief. These feelings are so painful that they remain unconscious in most people. Davanloo refers to this dynamic system as the pathogenic core of the unconscious (see Figure 1). The age at which this love and attachment is disrupted is critical. Like Bowlby (Bowlby, 1951), Davanloo believes that the earlier the disruption occurs, the more damaged the patient becomes. The age span from birth to five years, for example, is a particularly critical period for attachment.

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SuperLeadership in the Information Age—Leading By Creating Knowledge Self-Leaders

Manz, Charles C. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Vikas Anand and Don Harrison

As organizations enter the bold new world of the 21st century they are faced with multiple challenges. Foremost among these challenges is the need to better manage knowledge and information. Indeed, Peter Drucker has pointed out that firms that fail to effectively harness their knowledge are doomed to mediocrity or even failure. In this context, we believe that SuperLeadship provides a novel and effective approach to managing knowledge. While leadership is typically associated with individuals, the knowledge management approach defined below is an example of leadership expressed at the level of the organization, where an entire firm, through its systems, practices, and procedures, acts as a SuperLeader.

As an organization prepares to face the 21st century, it is confronted with a major challenge. One of its key resources—knowledge—is held in the minds of its various employees and scattered all over the organization. Collectively the organization may know a great deal; yet often, employees find that they personally possess inadequate or inappropriate knowledge. The knowledge they need may be known by someone thousands of miles away; obtaining such knowledge in quick time poses a significant challenge. As Dick Loehr, director of Ernst & Young’s Center for Business Knowledge points out, such problems can be addressed by implementing a knowledge management system that allows people to “interact, communicate, collaborate, and share information, no matter where they [are].”

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