593 Chapters
Medium 9781786392527

7 Globalizing Romani Culture: The Pilgrimage to the Sea in Les-Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer (France)

Giacalone, F.; Griffin, K. CABI PDF

7 

Globalizing Romani Culture:

The Pilgrimage to the Sea in Les-SaintesMaries-de-la-Mer (France)

Gaëlla Loiseau*

UMR6266 IDEES-LH, ED556 HSRT (Homme, Sociétés, Risques, Territoires),

Université du Havre, Le Havre, France

Introduction

Since the mid-twentieth century, the Camargue statue of ‘Sarah’, the black virgin, swathed in layer upon layer of brightly coloured lengths of material, has been an official symbol of identification and affiliation for the gypsy. It is in the light of her potential for commodification and globalization that I have chosen to examine the character of Sarah. In the manner of Kopytoff (2006),

I  have undertaken a biographical approach to this symbolic object, which, in the course of her journey as far as Brazil, appears to have passed through different ‘value regimes’ (Roitman and

Warnier, 2006, p. 208). Throughout our study, we shall see that it is not the value that gypsies attribute to this object today that d

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Medium 9781786392527

10 Mixing Sport and Religion in the Landes Area of France

Giacalone, F.; Griffin, K. CABI PDF

10 

Mixing Sport and Religion in the Landes Area of France

Mathilde Lamothe*

Laboratory ITEM EA 3002, University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour, France

Introduction

In the area of Landes (France), certain features offer a surprising bridge between religion and sport, materialized through road signs indicating sites such as the ‘Chapel of Our Lady of Rugby’ at

Larrivière-Saint-Savin, the ‘Chapel of Our Lady of the Course Landaise’1 in Bascons or the ‘Chapel of Our Lady of the Cyclists’ at Labastide-d’Armagnac. These chapels are real places of worship created in the middle of the twentieth century, where tributes are made to both sports and athletes, while attracting many visitors. But, since the local sports culture seems to undeniably influence the religious mesh of the territory, how can one build worship and religious pilgrimage through the phenomenon of this local sport identity? What role have members of the clergy

(and lovers of sport) been able to play in the organization of pilgrimages to places of worship dedicated to sports and athletes? In particular it is interesting to explore the action or influence of these priest-founders through their patronage, but also the work of various associations of culture and worship such as the ‘Friends of the

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Medium 9781786393647

16 Agrarian Transition, Adaptation and Contained Conflict in Cambodia and Vietnam since the 1990s

Zurayk, R.; Woertz, E.; Bahn, R. CABI PDF

16 

Agrarian Transition, Adaptation and Contained Conflict in Cambodia and Vietnam since the 1990s

Christophe Gironde*

IHEID, Geneva, Switzerland

Introduction†

Cambodia between 1967 and the late 1990s, and Vietnam from 1945 to the mid-1980s, suffered decades of mass destruction, economic stagnation and downturn caused by wars and agrarian collectivism, which culminated with atrocities and dramatic starvation under the

Khmer-Rouge regime. Although the two countries were a battlefield of the Cold War, these events undeniably had deep-rooted causes in long-­ standing agricultural stagnation and peasants’ struggle for land.1

Since then, both countries have witnessed rapid agrarian change, driven by an average 4% annual growth rate in crop output (World Bank,

2015) and economic diversification. The process has had a positive outcome when measured using economic growth and living standard indicators, which partly explains why rural areas in both countries have not recorded any major troubles or episodes of what historian Milton

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7. The First Revolution Is Internal

Mary Beth Rogers University of North Texas Press PDF

7

The First Revolution Is Internal

Austin, 1986

I wait for Sister Christine Stephens in the coffee shop at the

Ramada Inn, one block from the State Capitol building. She is about 20 minutes late for our appointment, and when she finally arrives, it is only to pause long enough to apologize for the delay of her airplane and to excuse herself for a few minutes more to make a telephone call. The call is to check with the lieutenant governor's office about his itinerary for an upcoming tour of the colonias in the Rio Grande Valley. Lieutenant

Governor William P. Hobby Jr. wants officials from the state's water agencies to see the neighborhoods where people live without adequate water and sewer systems, and Stephens is making arrangements for the trip. But at the last minute, Governor Mark White, who is facing a stiff challenge to his reelection bid, decides he wants to go along. l And now, with the governor's staff and press entourage, arrangements have to be made for 50 people. What started out as a simple visit by water officials has turned into a political circus, which Stephens must manage. As I watch the tall, no-nonsense, graying woman in a blue business suit, there is no doubt in my mind that she can handle it.

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Medium 9781780646824

1: The Sexual Revolution

Webber, R. CABI PDF

The Sexual Revolution

1

Origin of Life

The general consensus is that life originated in the oceans some 4 billion years before present from the heat and nutrients of hydrothermal vents.

Although the heat originated from volcanic processes and was intense, it was cooled by the surrounding ocean and a gradient of temperature was created that provided the ideal conditions for life to start. This first life was very simple, just a cell wall containing cytoplasm, and could quite easily have happened, as shown by Wagner in his book Arrival of the Fittest; it was termed a prokaryote.

All cell walls are made from amphiphilic lipids, which are so called because one end likes water and the other likes oils and not water. This property enables lipid molecules to be directionally arranged, a phenomenon that is seen if a thin film of oil is spread on to water, in which it naturally forms into globules, thereby separating the oily components from the water outside. This is thought to be how simple cell walls originated, to be subsequently improved upon by random mutations of their organic contents.

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