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Medium 9781855751118

CHAPTER SEVEN. Different uses of the countertransference with neurotic, borderline, and psychotic patients

Karnac Books ePub

Anne Alvarez

The Laplanche and Pontalls dictionary of psychoanalysis defines counter-transference as “The whole of the analyst’s unconscious reactions to the Individual ana-lysand—especially to the analysand’s own transference” (1973). Like Hlnshelwood’s A Dictionary of Kletnian Thought (1989), It comments on the controversy about how wide to make the definition—for example, whether to Include the analyst’s own private emotional contribution or whether to narrow the definition to only those feelings aroused or evoked in the analyst by the patient. I give my own definition a little later, and then go on to discuss the importance, for our clinical work, of considering, a particular question: namely, the effect of our counter-transference responses on the patient. We receive signals, but we also transmit them. The patient may project into us, but we then project something back into him. How does he lntroject this? The counter-transference, I suggest, may be unconscious, or conscious but not yet processed: either way, It needs, as Irma Brenman-Pick (1985) has pointed out, working through In rather the same manner as does the patient’s transference. What Is taking place Is a duet, not a solo. I do not here go into changes in the theory of transference as a result of the work of Blon, but partly also as a result of the findings from infant observation and Infant development research. Now, for example, a fascination with lighting fires might not necessarily be seen as expressing sexual or bodily fantasies, but at least partly as representing a need to make an Impact, to bring a light to some imaginary figure’s eyes—that is, to interest someone.

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Medium 9780253353856

Part 6 Central Asia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Scott C Levi Indiana University Press ePub

The people of Central Asia have long benefited from their position at the center of the Eurasian landmass. Throughout much of their history, Central Asians have enjoyed bilateral commercial relations with the neighboring civilizations of China, Russia, the Middle East, and India. And Central Asia’s location, beyond the frontiers of the larger agrarian civilizations, has also made it an infrequent target for military conquest. Indeed, in those instances when military conflicts did occur, geographic obstacles and a virtually unlimited supply of horses and nomadic manpower generally placed the advantage in the Central Asians’ favor. But in the rapidly changing world of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Central Asia’s geographical position proved to be far less advantageous than it had in the past.

This transition was underway well before 1758–59, when the armies of the Manchu Qing dynasty (1644–1911) established Chinese control over East Turkestan, later designated as Xinjiang (New Province). This victory extended Qing authority further to the west than any Chinese dynasty had achieved since the Tang era (618–907), and for those in Central Asia it represented a traumatic event. Several million Muslim Turks found themselves subjects of the distant non-Muslim Qing emperor, and many more were left wondering how such an unfortunate development could come about. This was compounded as the Russian Empire concomitantly encroached from the north and subsumed the steppe. The legendary biographies of Timur, included here in original translation, illustrate some of the ways that Central Asians grappled with their altered position in eighteenth-century Eurasia.

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Medium 9781626561984

How’s Your Credibility?

Blanchard, Ken; Miller, Mark Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Planning was now in full swing, and everyone was involved in the process. The members of the team had decided that some of the performance issues they wanted to work on couldn’t wait, so they called a special meeting and determined what they could do to attack these problems immediately. Debbie was proud of them. The initiative was refreshing, and the idea of the team solving a performance problem was amazing. To top it all off, performance continued to improve.

Debbie wanted her team to know how much she appreciated their efforts, so she decided to take them all out to lunch. She had never done this before, but it felt like the right thing to do. They all shared their favorite childhood memories while they waited for the food to arrive. This was Jill’s idea. She said she wanted to get to know more about people than she would typically learn at work. It was just one more reason Debbie felt good about hiring Jill. She could help Debbie and the entire group with the Valuing Relationships idea. She was a natural. It was obvious that she loved people and people loved her. This realization prompted Debbie to invite Jill out to lunch again a few days later.

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Medium 9780253301321

5. Between the World Wars, 1919–39

Larry H. Addington Indiana University Press ePub

The years between the world wars saw the greatest effort to that time to control armaments and to discourage war through treaty. The approach varied in form all the way from the dictated armament clauses in the Treaty of Versailles with Germany to the voluntary renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy under the Paris Peace Pact of 1928. The greatest practical progress in limiting armaments during the interwar years was made through naval treaties, though ultimately even those efforts failed of their purpose. The fault lay not with the treaty approach itself, or even with the terms of the treaties, but with the unwillingness of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan to abide by the status quo after World War I. Their revisionist policies in the 1930s finally resulted in a global war even worse than the first World War.

In June 1919 a German delegation was summoned to the Palace of Versailles outside Paris to sign, not to negotiate, a treaty of peace with Germany’s enemies in World War I. Although the Imperial German government that had waged the war had been replaced by the democratic Weimar Republic, the peace terms were no less severe for that fact. They stripped Germany of its overseas empire and a seventh of its territory in Europe. The Germans had expected the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to France, and the small territorial losses to Belgium and Denmark were tolerable, but they resented the large loss of territory in the east to the new state of Poland. In addition, the Saarland was transferred to France for fifteen years, its return subject to a local plebiscite. Under the War Guilt Clause, Germany was also saddled with a heavy reparations bill. The German Rhineland was converted into a demilitarized zone in which Germany was forbidden to station troops or build fortifications, but in which the Allies could station troops for up to fifteen years. Germany was also denied membership in the new League of Nations, founded at the Paris Peace Conference.

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Medium 9781574410297


Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

After Much Thought


During the summer of 1966 mass murder frequented the news. Truman Capote's In Cold Blood ushered in a “new journalism,” where real events were reported with fictional techniques. Capote engaged in a prolonged investigation to detail the mass murder of the Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, by two wanderers on 15 November 1959. Although first serialized in The New Yorker magazine in 1965, In Cold Blood was still the year's most talked about bestseller in 1966.

Mr. Herbert Clutter, an affluent wheat farmer, employed several farm hands. Floyd Wells, a former employee, later served time in the Kansas State Penitentiary where he became friends with a fellow prisoner named Richard E. Hickock, who made repeated efforts to learn as much about the Clutter family as possible. Specifically, Hickock was interested in finding out if the Clutters had a safe in their home. Wells either suggested or Hickock conjured up a nonexistent safe located in a wall behind Herb Clutter's office desk. Eventually, Hickock was paroled. Shortly afterwards he and a friend named Perry E. Smith headed for the Clutter home, where they expected to steal at least ten thousand dollars. They did not know that Herbert Clutter had a well-known reputation for not carrying cash; anyone in Holcomb could have told the pitiful fools that Herb Clutter paid for everything by check.

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