8652 Chapters
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Medium 9781780645681

5 Implementing the Principles of Conservation Agriculture in Malawi: Crop Yields and Factors Affecting Adoption

Kassam, A.H.; Mkomwa, S.; Friedrich, T. CABI PDF

5

Implementing the Principles of Conservation Agriculture in

Malawi: Crop Yields and Factors

Affecting Adoption

W. Trent Bunderson,1* Zwide D. Jere,1 Christian

Thierfelder,2 Mphatso Gama,3 Blessings M. Mwale,1 Spencer

W.D. Ng’oma,1 Richard M. Museka,1 John M. Paul,1

Brand Mbale,1 Obedi Mkandawire1 and Phillip Tembo1

Total LandCare, Lilongwe, Malawi; 2CIMMYT, International Maize and Wheat

Improvement Center, Zimbabwe; 3Machinga Agricultural Development

Division, Malawi

1

5.1  Introduction

Malawi faces complex social, economic and environmental problems that threaten a steepening dependency on foreign aid. The critical issues have been well documented (UNICEF, 1993; Bunderson and Hayes, 1995; World

Bank, 1995; Bunderson et al., 2002; Ellis et al., 2003; GoM, 2007a,b; UNDP, 2007;

Denning et al., 2009; Thierfelder and Wall, 2011; Thierfelder et al., 2013a; Wall et al., 2013). The heart of the crisis is the nation’s high and growing population, which is placing increased pressure on agricultural land, the country’s most important natural resource. One result is that land holdings are shrinking and becoming more fragmented. Marginal areas have been brought under cultivation and fallowing has been replaced by continuous cropping under the destructive and labour-intensive tillage practice of ridging. Recurrent drought, reduced export earnings and declining terms of trade have magnified these problems.

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Medium 9781945349157

Chapter 7

Marzano, Robert J.; Norford, Jennifer S.; Ruyle, Mike Solution Tree Press PDF

CHAPTER 7

Record Keeping and Reporting

In previous chapters, we consider the specifics of a new paradigm for classroom assessment. That paradigm involves new ways of viewing, designing, and interpreting assessments, all of which combine to form the measurement process. Of course, that new paradigm must exist within the context of traditional systems for record keeping and reporting. In this chapter, we examine the new paradigm within both systems, including record keeping using technology and reporting overall grades.

Keeping a Record

Traditionally, record keeping is one of a teacher’s most important jobs. In the current system, a teacher typically records scores for the following: quizzes, tests, homework assignments, and extra-credit points, to name a few. Let’s assume that in a nine-week period, a middle school teacher averages two homework assignments per week. This represents eighteen scores per student. Also, let’s assume the teacher averages a quiz every other week starting with the first. This represents another five entries per student. The teacher has a midterm test and a final test. This represents two more entries per student. Finally, the teacher averages an extra-credit entry or loss-of-credit entry about every other week for each student, which amounts to yet another five entries per student. In general, then, the teacher is making thirty entries per student per grading period.

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Medium 9781786392787

1 Introduction

Andriotis, K. CABI PDF

1

Introduction

The limited links between tourism studies and history have led frequently people to believe that tourism is a new phenomenon. However, over millennia, people have travelled with the aim of seeing the world. This is proven from the remains of the earliest hostel placed alongside the highway from the north coast of Crete, just at its approach to the palace at Knossos, dated sometime around 1500 bc (Casson, 1974: 38). In effect, the history of tourism can be traced back thousands of years and tourism has passed through different stages, from the Olympic Games (the first organized form of athletic tourism), first held in 776 bc in Greece; via the world’s first recorded international tourist, the geographer and historian Herodotus (480–421 bc); the explorer Christopher

Columbus (1451–1506); to the Grand Tour journeys established in the 18th century as an aristocratic tradition of Gentlemen’s ‘intelligent wandering’ in

Europe; and the day trippers of the late 19th century.

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Medium 9781786392343

5 Religious Tourism in Azerbaijan: Current Challenges

Yasuda, S.; Raj, R.; Griffin, K. CABI PDF

5 

Religious Tourism in Azerbaijan:

Current Challenges

Darius Liutikas*

Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Lithuania

Introduction

Despite secularization, the phenomenon of religious tourism becomes more and more important; it involves people consuming narratives of places, which encapsulate their need for cultural and personal experiences. This chapter deals with the analysis of religious tourism possibilities in Azerbaijan. The potential for international travellers is presented. Analysis includes historical background and a reflection on the contemporary challenges of visiting religious places in relation to the themes of the country’s history and heritage development.

Azerbaijan is a country in south Caucasus, located near to the largest lake in the world, the

Caspian Sea, which is to the east of this almost

10 million-population country. Today Azerbaijan is a secular country, which has predominant

Muslim religious communities, but also some

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Medium 9781574414479

Caravaggio’s Peter

Gibson Fay-LeBlanc University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574416411

Chapter 5: La Familia

Richard J. Gonzales (author) UNT Press PDF

Chapter 5

La Familia

The blue-eyed Latina yearned to find the Mexican heritage that her parents had hidden from her. She told me after a speech to her professional library association that her parents decided that a total dip in the melting pot was the American baptism needed for success in this country.

They didn't want any of that second-class, hyphenated American status— they sought the full loaf of white-bread respectability, not half.

Yessirree, they wanted her to become a Yankee Doodle Dandy, too, but their wishes didn't stick. Now, as an adult with children, she longed to form soft vowels and roll r's.

She had a wistful desire to walk in the forbidden Latin Quarter; she wanted to live the Mexican American life and savor its history and culture.

She sought to reattach the hyphen and cross over as an Americana to become a Mexicana. She wanted to mambo to the cultural rhythms that were denied her but that she felt intuitively. With the growing Chicano presence in the country and state, she'll find plenty of opportunity to fulfill this cultural attraction.

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Medium 9781574411805

Fifteen—“You don’t treat women that way.”

William T. Harper University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Fifteen

July 27, 1974 • Day Four

“You don’t treat women that way.”

— TDC Director, Jim Estelle, Jr.

In the early morning hours of Saturday, Aline House— awake because of a painful back ache from sleeping on the library floor—saw some strange goings on in the room. Even at that hour, it was not dark in the complex because the overhead lights glared twentyfour hours a day. The first thing she noticed was Rudy

Dominguez and Ignacio Cuevas, using electrical cord wrapped around the door handles, had locked shut the two staff restrooms in the library. They were afraid prison guards could enter their fortress through those rooms so they closed them off, leaving only the inmates’ restroom to serve the needs of all seventeen people. Then she saw the four extremely busy but quiet hostage inmates moving a study carrel (an enclosed, partitioned table often used for individual study in libraries) to the middle of the floor.

They were building an interior barricade to further protect themselves from their expected TDC attack.

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Medium 9781945349560

Chapter 2

Boogren, Tina H. Solution Tree Press PDF

CHAPTER 2

The Survival

Phase

D

uring the survival phase, which typically occurs around the second or third month of school, you begin to fully realize the sometimes harsh realities of a teacher’s daily work and demands. You may have little time for planning or reflection and struggle to simply stay afloat. Maybe you’re spending an incredible amount of time at school, feel like you have hardly any time for yourself, family, or friends, and your self-care practices are starting to slip. You might have your first cold of the year but not want to stay home and take care of yourself (or deal with planning for a substitute teacher). The papers might be stacking up on your desk and you might dread department, grade-level, or faculty meetings because you seem to get twenty new to-do items every time you attend one. You may be uncomfortable working with parents and, by this point in the year, you may be talking with them quite a bit.

Do not despair. I am here to help!

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Medium 9781574415049

Ashes

Matt Miller University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781780643328

Introduction: Addressing the Chronic Non-communicable Disease Burden in Low-and Middle-income Countries

Aikins, A.de-C.; Agyemang, C. CABI PDF

Introduction: Addressing the

Chronic Non-communicable

Disease Burden in Low- and

Middle-income Countries

AMA DE-GRAFT AIKINS* AND CHARLES AGYEMANG

Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are non-infectious diseases that progress over the lifetime of affected individuals and require long-term treatment and care [1, 2].1 Left undiagnosed, untreated or poorly managed, they often progress into serious disabling and life-threatening conditions. The four major types of chronic NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. Other types include musculoskeletal conditions like arthritis, neurodegenerative conditions like dementia, mental health disorders and injuries.

Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean bear a significant proportion of the global burden of NCDs. We define burden as the cumulative medical, economic and psychosocial costs of the conditions. For example, 90% of people dying under the age of 70 from NCDs live in LMICs and 80% of deaths attributable to CVDs occur in LMICs [3]. The majority of new cases of some conditions like cancer and dementia are found in LMICs. The cost of NCD care in LMICs is higher compared with the cost in high-income countries (HICs) for individuals, health systems and governments [1, 2, 4, 5]. Globally, long-term illnesses cause complex disruptions to the lives of affected individuals and their families. However, in LMICs, NCDs create a vicious cycle of ill-health and poverty that undermines psychological health, social support and other psychosocial outcomes for affected communities [1, 6, 7].

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Medium 9781780644639

5 Climate Change and Food Security in Asia and Africa: Agricultural Futures

Singh, N.P. CABI PDF

5

Climate Change and Food Security in Asia and Africa: Agricultural

Futures

S. Nedumaran,* P. Jyosthnaa, N.P. Singh, C. Bantilan and K. Byjesh

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

(ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India

Abstract

This chapter presents the regional level (Asia and Africa) projected impacts of climate change on yield, production, prices, net trade of major crops and food security through to 2050. It also presents the modelling framework that integrates the economic, crop and climate models to assess the impact of climate change scenarios and socioeconomic pathways in 2050 at the country level.

5.1 Introduction

Climate change, in terms of both climate means and variability, poses a great threat to the resource-poor farmers the world over, especially in the tropics and semi-arid tropics.

The possible impacts include reduced yields, lower farm incomes and reduced welfare. There is increasing awareness of these threats among national and international governments.

Agriculture is vulnerable to climate change in a number of dimensions. Higher temperatures eventually reduce yields and tend to encourage weed and pest proliferation. Greater variations in precipitation patterns increase the likelihood of short-run crop failures and long-term production declines.

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Medium 9781574415643

Cavebunny

Stefanie Wortman University of Northern Texas PDF
Medium 9781780641607

1 Situating the Study: A Review of Relevant Literature

McVay L.A. CABI PDF

6

Chapter 1

Introduction

In the past two decades, sociological research in the West has witnessed a poststructuralist cultural turn that has opened new avenues of research to gender studies (Little and Panelli, 2003). Work influenced by this turn has not been received without criticism, particularly in the area of practical applicability

(Cloke, 1997). However, the cultural turn’s contribution to gender studies is evident in its rejection of any essentialist thinking that would lead towards masking differences between people of a given community (Little and Panelli, 2003). Thus, in order to properly introduce the context within which this study’s participants experience their identities as ‘rural’, ‘women’ and ‘leaders’, this review of relevant literature begins first with a discussion of work from the broader realm of women’s studies, narrowing to a more specific exploration of literature on rural and farm women. This is followed by a discussion of organizations and the constraints within which women operate in many organizational milieus, and an addressing of leadership as a sociological concept, including a discussion of the literature on rural women in leadership. Finally, the study is put into context with a portrait of women from rural areas of Northern Ireland.

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Medium 9781574411546

4 There’s a Cardinal Knocking on My Window

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Four

The woman panicked. She even thought the bird was possessed. I thought at first that this had to be a prank call, but as she screamed on and on, I realized this was indeed a real situation!

I’ll admit that I didn’t know what to tell her. This was the first time

I had taken a call like this at the sanctuary, and I had to put the woman on hold and ask my boss, the wildlife expert and veteran rehabilitator, what to do.

I found out that the cardinal was only trying to protect his territory. This was a male cardinal and he chose this woman’s yard as his place to mate and nest. Each time the cardinal got near the woman’s home, he would see his own reflection in her windows. He was interpreting this as another male cardinal in his territory, and he was attacking the windows to try and drive him away. What he didn’t understand was that he was just attacking his own reflection.

Cardinals, like many other species of birds, are very territorial.

In order to fix this temporary problem, the woman was going to have to find a way to break up the reflection in the windows. We told her she could do this by putting towels or newspapers over the windows so that the cardinal would no longer see himself. Another option was to pull down the shades, close the blinds, or pull curtains across the windows. We also told her she could try putting a bright light in front of the window. All of these things will help break up the reflection. If you’re not sure if that’s happening, go outside and check. You may have to alter the outsides of your windows temporarily.

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Medium 9781574415094

20. Oasis Ranch and Needmore Creek

John R. Erickson University of North Texas Press PDF

192 -

Through Titne and the Valley

painted red guest houses at the headquarters of the Big Bull Ranch.

Established in 1893 by Tom Conatser's father and J. H. Hopkins, the Big Bull was acquired by Gene "Old Tack" Howe during the

Depression. Howe, an avid sportsman, constructed dams and lakes, built the guest houses, and made it into something of a hunting resort. Among the guests he entertained at the Big Bull were Robert Taylor and Clark Gable.

Around sundown we topped a hill and enjoyed a full view of what some people call the most beautiful ranch in the Panhandle.

The Oasis Ranch lay on both sides of Oasis Creek, and the headquarters was located in a green valley overlooking a spring-fed lake. The creek was named by Colonel Nelson Miles during the

Indian Wars of 1874. In a letter dated August 25,1874, Colonel Miles wrote,

With a possibility of this campaign lasting during

Autumn and Winter, I would suggest the propriety of establishing a supply camp on a beautiful creek, which I have denominated Oasis Creek, about ten miles west of

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