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Medium 9781576755648

5 Pillar #3: Win the Hearts and Minds of the Make-or-Break Partners

Mooney, Tim Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Afew years back we were making a presentation to a group of Human Resources and Development (HRD) professionals at a conference about various issues we have described in this book: the low proportion of training that actually gets used by participants, the root causes of failure for training initiatives, the fact that senior managers and line managers must play a critical role if training is going to produce real business impact, and so forth. We remember vividly a gentleman from a company in Boston vigorously raising his hand and posing this challenge: “I believe everything you have said in your presentation. I think everyone in this room especially knows that we need line managers to support our training. You’re not telling us anything we don’t already know. But we’ve tried over and over to get them more involved and nothing works. What can we do differently?”

His comments summed up the challenge pretty well: even if we as HRD professionals are aware of the troubling state of training’s low impact, it is very difficult to get anyone outside of the training function to take the message to heart and actually do something to make a difference. But the reality remains: getting results from training is a whole-organization responsibility. Unless we get concrete and focused actions from the make-or-break players in the process, training is doomed to continue its pattern of marginal results, and the spiral of low expectations leading to mediocre results will gain speed. In this chapter we provide strategies and tools that Courageous Training leaders can employ to gain the constructive involvement of key stakeholders.

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Medium 9780253342935

41 Pursuit and Escape from Sobibor

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

Disorder and chaos prevailed in the camp until late into the night of October 14. The darkness that fell over the camp soon after the mass escape of the prisoners and the lack of electricity, which had been cut off by the rebels, made it very difficult for the few remaining SS men to take control and reinstate order in the camp. Only two of the five surviving SS men, Frenzel and Bauer, were active. Dubois was wounded, and the two others, Franz Wulf and Willi Wendland, were somewhere in hiding during those hours. It took Frenzel and Bauer two to three hours to organize the Ukrainians and to gather part of the prisoners who had remained in the camp and lock them up in a barrack under strong guard. In the camp there were still prisoners who continued to resist; some of them were armed with axes or firearms. Searches were conducted to locate the killed SS men and hours passed until their bodies were discovered and gathered in one place.

While all this was going on, efforts were also made to contact the German security forces, who were stationed in the vicinity of Sobibor, request their help in restoring order in the camp, and organize a pursuit after the escape. However, only close to eight o’clock in the evening did Frenzel and Bauer succeed in reestablishing telephone communication with the outside world and issuing a call for help.

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Medium 9780253348692

Three Operation Forager

Harold J. Goldberg Indiana University Press ePub

Admiral King was correct about the crucial nature of the battle for Saipan, and others also recognized the significance of the impending fight. Holland Smith called Saipan “the decisive battle of the Pacific offensive,” and according to the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, the Japanese understood the same reality: “Almost unanimously, informed Japanese considered Saipan as the decisive battle of the war and its loss as ending all hope for a Japanese victory.”1

For the assault on the Marianas, code-named Operation Forager, Admiral Nimitz chose to stay with the team that had worked so well for the U.S. offensive in the Pacific thus far. Admiral Spruance remained in command of the entire naval force known as the Fifth Fleet. Spruance was one of the best American leaders of the war, although most Americans today do not recognize his name. Unlike General MacArthur or General George Patton or Admiral “Bull” Halsey, Spruance was “inherently a quiet man” and decidedly not flamboyant. While some of his colleagues called him “old frozen face,” he was extremely competent and an excellent naval officer.2 Yet he remains one of the most underrated American military leaders of the war.

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Medium 9780253348838

Part 5. Nation, State, and Society in the Everyday

Jeff Sahadeo Indiana University Press ePub

Popular and scholarly conceptions of the everyday direct us towards the personal, the private, the mundane. Broader and larger concepts and institutions nonetheless intervene in almost all aspects of daily life. As across much of the world, nation and state have emerged as two of the most important structures in modern Central Asia. Both evolved from a complex interplay of local traditions and international innovations. Central Asian intellectuals began to imagine national communities in the late nineteenth century as a result of contacts with philosophies and practices across Europe and Asia. Moscow imposed a highly invasive model of the modern state on the region. Both legacies permeate Central Asia today. Ordinary citizens at once support, accommodate, and resist policies, initiatives, and identities imposed by national and state agents. The divide between public and private, the extraordinary and the everyday, emerges as extremely blurred in the contributions that follow.

Before the arrival of tsarist troops, the peoples of Central Asia identified themselves with their religion, kin group, neighborhood, or village. Such affiliations confused Western observers, who sought to apply nineteenthcentury models of European nationality, based on a common language, culture, and broader territory. Clusters of Central Asian intellectuals, many of whom became known as Jadids, or “new-method thinkers,” saw European nationhood as a source of strength for a region that had been so easily conquered. Jadids sought to blend Western-style education, knowledge, and philosophies with local practices and reformist ideas circulating across Asian and Islamic regions in the late nineteenth century. As Shoshana Keller and Victoria Clement show, Jadids sought radical changes in everyday life, from the way people communicated to the way they educated their children and considered themselves part of the wider world. Jadids remained a small minority, however, distrusted by imperial authorities and condemned as impetuous youth by Islamic religious leaders.

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Medium 9780253016928

5 The Summer Offensive and the Wedemeyer Mission: May–August 1947

Harold M. Tanner Indiana University Press ePub

As the ice-bound rivers of the Northeast thawed and spring mud of 1947 replaced the receding snows of winter, Chiang Kai-shek and his generals reassessed their situation. Chiang had placed his faith in a short war strategy of taking points and lines, extending out to capture the spaces in between, and annihilating Communist forces in quick, decisive battles. That strategy had failed. The Nationalists had captured a number of Communist positions in southern Manchuria and had even driven Mao Zedong out of his base area at Yan’an in North China, but Chiang’s commanders had never been able to outflank, pin down and annihilate Communist armies.

In accounting for this failure, Chiang’s generals pointed to a lack of coherent planning and preparation, a tendency to conduct too many broad offensives with too few troops, and a divided, chaotic command system.1 In light of the failure of the “first south, then north” strategy in the Northeast, Chiang’s advisor Chen Lifu urged the Generalissimo to abandon Manchuria for the time being and focus his military efforts on North China.2 Chiang’s response was to concentrate on a single theater: Shandong province. Following Chen’s advice, he would put Manchuria on the back burner. Du Yuming would have to remain on the defensive, holding the line on the south bank of the Songhua River, keeping control over the crucial Bei-Ning line and Rehe, and defending the area on either side of the China-Changchun line between Shenyang and Changchun.3 As of late June 1947, Chiang still believed that if his forces in the Northeast remained determined and held their positions, the situation would remain stable.

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Medium 9781855751187

14. Fairbairn. A Complete ‘Object-Relations’ Theory of the Personality. (1) Libido Theory

Guntrip, Harry Karnac Books ePub

(i) LIBIDO THEORY

W E have seen in Fairbairn’s early writings the signs of a particular point of view, implicit in his emphasis on object-relations rather than instincts, and becoming explicit in his development of a concept of endopsychic structure based on ego-splitting as a result of object-relations in infancy. The development of this point of view was hindered by the need to deal with the problem of aggression. He needed Mrs. Klein’s concepts of the ’internal object’ and the ’inner world’ to complete his own concepts of ego-splitting in such a way as to make possible a full theory of endopsychic structure in terms of internal object-relations, i.e. a psycho-dynamic theory of the personality that would be genuinely ’personal’. The issues, however, were obscured by the fact that aggression was presented, by both Freud and Mrs. Klein, as a problem of instinct, as an innate drive in the same sense as libido. A sharp intellectual conflict must have developed as a result of the struggle to reconcile ’Instinct psychology’ and ’Internal-objects psychology’, and it was borne in upon him that this was an impossibility. At the same time his attention was more and more arrested by the deep psychopathological significance of schizoid processes. These two factors coinciding in his thought about 1939-40 cleared the ground for an outburst of original and creative thinking. In five papers from 1940 to 1944 (see 1952a, p. 1) he achieved a far-reaching reformulation of the main body of psycho-analytic theory which changes it from a psychobiology based on the instinct-concept, into a truly psychodynamic theory of the development of the personality in and through the medium of personal object-relationships: (1) ’Schizoid Factors in the Personality’, 1940, a primarily clinical paper which was unfortunately not published at the time; (2) ’A Revised Psychopathology of the Psychoses and Psychoneuroses’, 1941 (Int. J. Psych-An., Vol. XXII, Pts. 3 and 4); (3) The Repression and Return of Bad Objects’, 1943 (Brit. J. Med. Psych., Vol. XIX, Pts. 3 and 4); (4) ’The War Neuroses, Their Nature and Significance’, 1943, then published, again unfortunately, only in a much abbreviated form in the British Medical Journal, 13 Feb., 1943; a clinical paper; (5) ’Endopsychic Structure Considered in Terms of Object-Relationships’, 1944 (Int. J. Psycho-Anal., VoL XXV, Pts. 1 and 2). It was an unhappy circumstance, first that the two clinical papers, which were essential to support the three theoretical ones, were not available to readers, and second that the entire body of material was produced in wartime when there was so much to distract people from calm thought.

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Medium 9781855754744

Chronic fatigue syndrome (myalgic encephalomyelitis [ME], or fibromyalgia, or post-viral fatigue syndrome)

Young, Courtenay Karnac Books ePub

Basic principle

Asection on this topic is included here as many people suffering from depression either have, or might think they have, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Whether they have got a clear diagnosis of this is somewhat irrelevant: the principles of working with overwhelming tiredness, fatigue, and debilitation are pretty much the same. Don’t do too much! The other reason for including a section here is that there is much one can do oneself: in fact, most of the treatment is almost totally self-help.

Symptoms

ME or CFS is now established as a recognized syndrome or illness. It is estimated that at least 300,000 people in the UK suffer from ME/CFS. The overwhelming symptom is long-lasting (chronic) and debilitating fatigue that is medically otherwise unexplained. Other symptoms often associated with this are muscle pains, tender neck or armpit glands, poor sleep, or mood disturbances. There may also be sickness, headaches (of a new type, pattern, or severity), nausea, tingling, shakiness, joint pain (without swelling), sweating, cold extremities (hands and feet), etc. Some people also have an intolerance to certain foods. Frequent sore throats or colds may indicate a run-down immune system. Mental symptoms may include concentration difficulties, memory problems, or the inability to find the right words.

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Medium 9781617452697

Preparing Images

Wen Redmond C&T Publishing ePub

The root of a fine digital art piece on any substrate is the photograph. Combining two or more photographs by layering or digitally fusing them using a photo-editing program can result in unique and highly expressive images for printing.

TAKING PHOTOS

The more photographs you have to choose from, the better. The more photographs you take, the more likely you’ll get some winners!

I used to carry a large, heavy SLR (single-lens reflex) camera around with me everywhere. Years later, I took a point-and-shoot camera.

Today, my cell phone is with me all the time. When you print on cloth and other substrates, you really don’t need a large-megapixel camera. While professional cameras have superior technical capabilities, the quality of any photo depends on the photographer’s intent and creative vision.

Current movements using smartphone photography (sometimes referred to as “iPhoneography”) extol the virtues of the immediacy and convenience of cell phone cameras. Take your camera/phone far and wide for a variety of images.

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Medium 9780253002358

3 An Age of Dinosaurs

Rudolf A. Raff Indiana University Press ePub

We left Canada for Pittsburgh, a mysterious city in Pennsylvania, during the fall of 1949. I know this move was an enormous break in the lives of my parents, hopeful for my father, wrenching for my mother. The trip was just a big adventure into the unknown for me, a train journey to the faraway exotic South. Rail service was efficient and comfortable in those days, with sleepers, dining cars, and authoritative conductors wearing neat blue uniforms. There were lots of windows to gaze out from. The trip was long, and not understanding just how near the equator we were headed, I watched for hours in hopes of seeing exotic creatures by trackside as we crossed into tropical Pennsylvania. Despite my hopes, I was to be disappointed by the scarcity of coiled rattlesnakes and waving palms – but not by Pittsburgh. How could it fail to satisfy? I had never seen a city before. We lived for a couple of months in the Webster Hall Hotel just across the street from Mellon Institute, where my father’s research lab was then located. At night the horizons were lit a lurid orange by the blast furnaces. The glow of the furnaces would fade out to extinction in Pittsburgh by the 1980s, and the steel industry would follow. Best of all, our first temporary home was also just two blocks from the Carnegie Museum with its wonderful gallery of dinosaurs. My first visit to that vast, gloomy exhibit hall was unforgettable. I was eight and had never been in such a cavern. The hall contained towering chocolate-colored skeletons, monsters like nothing living today, standing silent, mouths armed with impressive teeth, leg bones the size of trees. Like most children, I was enraptured by dinosaurs. Naturally, I knew none of the scientific drama and wonderful megalomania that lay behind those skeletons. The dinosaurs themselves were enough for my eight-year old sensibilities.

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Medium 9780253007254

4 “The Highlife Was Born in Ghana”: Politics, Culture, and the Making of a National Music, 1950–1965

Nathan Plageman Indiana University Press ePub

On July 1, 1960, the independent nation of Ghana became a republic, enshrined with a new draft constitution and office of the president, which was assumed by the prime minister and leader of the CPP, Kwame Nkrumah. That same day, his government made two important announcements concerning dance band highlife. The first was that highlife was Ghana’s “national” dance music: a pronouncement that many listeners interpreted as either a confirmation of its wide popularity among individuals of different ages, ethnicities, and occupations or recognition of its prominence in the years surrounding the country’s independence. The second declaration was that this national form needed to change. More specifically, the government called upon dance band musicians and patrons to relinquish their embrace of international elements and make the music into something that was more “Ghanaian” in composition and character. Nkrumah asked performers to enhance the genre’s local meaning by utilizing a regular tempo, by limiting, and over time eliminating, foreign numbers, and by encouraging a standardized set of dance steps that all residents could adopt. He also insisted that the music needed a new name. As an English-language title, “highlife” did not befit a musical genre that was essentially “Ghanaian in character and African in content.” Although he ultimately charged the National Association of Teachers of Dancing with the task of selecting a new moniker, Nkrumah proposed rechristening the music osibi, an Akan term that made explicit reference to osibisaaba, the proto-highlife that had flourished many decades earlier.1

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Medium 9780946439362

2. Psycho-Analysis and Child Care

John D. Sutherland Karnac Books ePub

By JOHN BOWLBY, M.A., M.D.

PERHAPS no other field of contemporary thought shows the influence of Freud’s work more clearly than that of child care. Although there had always been those who had known that the child was father to the man and that mother-love gave something indispensable to the growing infant, before Freud these age-old truths had never been the subjects of scientific inquiry; they were therefore readily brushed aside as unvalidated sentimentality. Freud not only insisted on the obvious fact that the roots of our emotional life lie in infancy and early childhood, but also sought to explore in a systematic way the connection between events of early years and the structure and function of later personality.

Although, as we all know, Freud’s formulations have met with much opposition—as recently as 1950 eminent psychiatrists were telling us that there was no evidence that what happens in the early years is of relevance to mental health—today many of his basic propositions are taken for granted. Not only do we find popular journals like Picture Post telling its public that ‘the unhappy child becomes the unhappy neurotic adult’ and that what is important is ‘the behaviour of those amongst whom a child grows up; … and, in the earliest years, especially the behaviour of the mother’ (1); but these views are echoed in the publications of Whitehall. The Home Office in describing the work of its Children’s Department notes that ‘A child’s past experiences play a vital part in his development, and continue to be important to him …’ and advises that ‘The aim should be to secure as far as possible that each baby is cared for regularly by the same person’. (2) Finally there is a report (3) prepared by a committee appointed by the Minister of Education which deals comprehensively with all the problems of the maladjusted child. It bases its recommendations uncompromisingly on such propositions as ‘Modern research suggests that the most formative influences are those which the child experiences before he comes to school at all, and that certain attitudes have by then taken shape which may affect decisively the whole of his subsequent development’, and ‘Whether a child is happy and stable in this period (later childhood), or unhappy and out of step with society or with his lessons, largely depends on one thing—the adequacy of his early nurture’. In celebrating the centenary of the birth of the founder of psycho-analysis it is fitting that we should record this revolution in contemporary thought.

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Medium 9780253006837

26: Alice

Abdourahman A. Waberi Indiana University Press ePub

26

ALICE

THE PENCIL OF LIGHT from the Balbala lighthouse will show you the road as soon as you cross the Ambouli wadi. Even if the night is pitch black, all you have to do is follow the intermittent beams from the beacon and, in the intervals, avoid the ruts in the road—no easy business. You'll rush into your concession and there will surely be a lot of people sleeping already, some of them snoring, others wriggling around on narrow mats, trying to find the sleep that eludes them after one hell of a khat party. Others rolled up on themselves like Labradors. Still others squeezed together shoulder to shoulder in rows, praying in a makeshift mosque. Once you're in your shack, you'll stretch out on your bed—“stretch out” is too big a word for a reduced- size bed more like a hammock than a tatami due to its worn- out springs on a base thin as a piece of cigarette paper—and finally you'll collapse. Sleep won't come right away, nor in the first hour, and you'll watch the film of your day in half-hour batches. You'll break down every action, every event. Nothing interesting to get from it, your life being what it is. You'll count sheep; you'll have plenty of time to try and catch the fleeing night. You'll raise your eyes toward the migrating stars. You'll imagine yourself traveling on the rump of a dromedary, arriving in mysterious Timbuktu, unless it's Palmyra and the surrounding desert. It's no good. Soon it will be day outside. The beam of the beacon will end its round. You'll get up, but not quite yet, waiting until your eyes can get rid of the surrounding darkness. Your willpower will sputter out like a candle, your muscles in disarray, your spine turning to jelly. All your efforts will be reduced to neon dust by an invisible force, a force you'll feel hiding there inside yourself, cutting away your efforts, undermining your spurts of energy. You'll feel your legs with your fingers, like someone trying to feel the pain in a phantom limb. Your legs are there, hooked up to your trunk, but they won't obey you. It will feel as if you're trying to size up the height, depth, and volume of your imprisonment. Desire is there, but not motion. You recognize your physical state as one of those déjà-vu feelings typical of sleepless nights. Is that what's called the douboab, the genie that's been let out of the bottle on a day without khat? Who knows. A new day is awaiting you, exactly the same as the day before. And that's not something to be happy about.

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Medium 9781567262391

Chapter 5 - Creating the Plan

Young, Ralph R. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Creating a plan can be an intimidating task if you’ve never done it before. You may find yourself defining processes you’ve never used before, using tools like the product breakdown structure (PBS) or work breakdown structure (WBS) for the first time, and fighting internal or external pressure to begin the project work before completing the plan. (How many times have we been encouraged by our managers to get going on “real work” and stop spending time planning?) If your project is in trouble and you’re replanning it, the pressure can be even more intense. In addition to the challenges noted above, you may be fighting to overcome the negative stigma of the project’s initial missteps. The project is probably already over budget and behind schedule, and many of the project’s stakeholders have lost confidence in you and the team. The very existence of the project may depend on the new plan you develop and the team’s ability to gain stakeholder buy-in.

How you and your team execute the process of planning or replanning sets the tone for the project as it moves forward. Your goal is to develop a realistic plan that will guide the project’s work. Stakeholders, including the project team, management, and the customer, must actively participate in the plan development process (PDP) and buy into the plan for it to be effective. Without the full support of all stakeholders, it is difficult, if not impossible, to execute the plan.

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Medium 9780253006318

9 The Central State in the Borderlands: Ottoman Eastern Anatolia in the Late Nineteenth Century

OMER BARTOV Indiana University Press ePub

ELKE HARTMANN

The borderlands paradigm offers a way of understanding the mass violence that characterized especially the borderlands or shatterzones of the German, Russian, Habsburg, and Ottoman Empires from roughly the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, when these multiethnic, multiconfessional, and multilingual empires underwent massive modernizing and homogenizing transformation processes. The borderlands paradigm perceives the violence in these regions as concomitant to, and a consequence of, this fundamental political, social, and cultural change which accompanied modernization.1 The borderlands paradigm further assumes that “ethnic violence in the modern period has become so much more frequent, systematic, and deadly precisely because of its dual character, that is, fomented by states and enacted by significant segments of the population at large.”2 This points to the problem of central state control, which was fundamental for the eastern borderlands of the Ottoman Empire, i.e. the Kurdish and Armenian provinces in the eastern parts of Asia Minor.

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Medium 9781855759411

CHAPTER EIGHT: “At the border between chaos and order”: what psychotherapy and neuroscience have in common

Karnac Books ePub

Roz Carroll

“Understandings that are derived at the border between chaos and order where, according to some, many of the problems of nature lie, may not provide exact solutions but rather those which can allow application and understanding to emerge”

Coveney & Highfield, 1995, p. xiii

“Psychotherapy and psychoanalysis appear to be far closer to forms of intermittent turbulence and uncertainty than to ordered systems … one of the goals of […] modelling is to discover the underlying order beneath the surface chaos of the psychotherapeutic interaction”

Langs, 1988, p. 206

We are at a point in history where re-convergence between psychotherapy and the rapidly developing field of neuroscience has immense significance and potential—a potential which is revolutionary in its implications. The neuroscience represented in this book really does reflect a cutting edge distinct from mainstream science. It offers psychotherapy a great deal more than just fragments of interesting information and alternative models of the mind. It highlights a new way of thinking in science which—I am going to argue—is not just a familiar way of thinking for psychotherapy but actually is fundamental to its inception.

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