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7. Making a Living


7. Making a Living


ordsworth wrote, “Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers.” Most people have no trouble with spending. Getting is another matter. According to the reports from city officials over the years, it would seem that the Laredoans had a hard time earning a living and

“wealth” was not a word applicable to most of them. Like anywhere else in the world, there were the few who were well off and had even abundant possessions, and the majority who struggled in various ways to survive and provide for themselves and their families. This was true from the beginning of Laredo. Tomás Sánchez started his settlement owning more horses and mules than all of the other residents put together.2 This wealth was eventually shared by his descendants who were the “nobles” of the town. In a sense, everyone started out equally when the distribution of land was made in 1767, receiving sections of the same size, except that Sánchez received a section on each side of the river.3 The common pasture lands were also open to everyone. As time went on and the colony expanded, more land became available, but not simply for the taking. The Spanish Crown and later the national and state (provincial, departmental) governments were always concerned about land. There are numerous decrees about ownership, registry, and payment for lands.

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The quality of a case history study begins with the quality of the interviewing by which the data have been obtained. If, in lieu of direct observation and experiment, it is necessary to depend upon verbally transmitted records obtained from participants in the activities that are being studied, then it is imperative that one become a master of every scientific device and of all the arts by which any man has ever persuaded any other man into exposing his activities and his innermost thoughts. Failing to win that much from the subject, no statistical accumulation, however large, can adequately portray what the human animal is doing. However satisfactory the standard deviations may be, no statistical treatment can put validity into generalizations which are based on data that were not reasonably accurate and complete to begin with. It is unfortunate that academic departments so often offer courses on the statistical manipulation of human material to students who have little understanding of the problems involved in securing the original data. Learning how to meet people of all ranks and levels, establishing rapport, sympathetically comprehending the significances of things as others view them, learning to accept their attitudes and activities without moral, social, or esthetic evaluation, being interested in people as they are and not as someone else would have them, learning to see the reasonable bases of what at first glance may appear to be most unreasonable behavior, developing a capacity to like all kinds of people and thus to win their esteem and cooperation—these are the elements to be mastered by one who would gather human statistics. When training in these things replaces or at least precedes some of the college courses on the mathematical treatment of data, we shall come nearer to having a science of human behavior.

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4. “A Strong Democrat of the Stephen A. Douglas School”


The first months of 1857 suggested a bright future lay ahead for the Union. Federal troops had restored a semblance of peace to Kansas and there was hope that the incoming president, James Buchanan, who had run as the candidate of sectional conciliation, would bring the territory into the Union without further strife. Although the strength of the Republican Party remained a source of concern for those who wished the sectional conflict would go away, with peace in Kansas the party appeared to have lost its greatest propaganda weapon. Some even ventured to hope that Frémont’s defeat marked the beginning of their end, which would help blunt the appeal of secession in the South. After all, the past decade had seen the Liberty, Free-Soil, Whig, and Know-Nothing Parties disappear from the scene—who was to say the Republicans would not follow them into the ash bin of history?1

The months between the 1856 elections and Buchanan’s inauguration in March 1857 also marked a turning point in George B. McClellan’s life. On November 26, 1856, he tendered his resignation from the army to the War Department, “with the request that it may take effect 15th Jany 1857.” It was accepted on January 17, 1857, to take effect the previous day.2

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19: Case Study 8: Pilgrimages toward South Lebanon: Holy Places Relocating Lebanon as a Part of the Holy Land



Case Study 8: Pilgrimages toward

South Lebanon: Holy Places

Relocating Lebanon as a Part of the Holy Land

Nour Farra-Haddad*

�St Josef University (USJ-FSR) and AUST, Beirut, Lebanon


The sacred geography of Lebanon testifies to the importance of the ‘cult of saints’. The so-called ‘pilgrimage phenomenon’ is deeply rooted in Lebanese culture, and involves a multitude of different religious communities. This chapter introduces the pilgrimage sites to provide a reflection on the presentation and the construction of South Lebanon as a Holy Land. The Virgin, her son, her father and Saint Peter would have preached in, lived in and would have even been established in this region. This chapter seeks to understand the desire of integrating the religious sites in the biblical and evangelical tradition supported by the renewed interest towards these shrines and above all the establishment of facilities and programmes to organize visits to such sanctuaries. Local communities visit and surround these holy places with a popular religiosity by transmitting their reputation and the stories of the miracles attributed to them, while

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CHAPTER 9: Time Management


There never seems to be enough time to do an IT project. The IT project manager’s greatest worry often seems to be the project’s schedule, as if there are not enough things to fret about already.

Laying out a well-thought-out and realistic schedule for a project can be a challenge for any project manager. Identifying all the tasks required to construct a new system, modify an existing system, or install infrastructure upgrades is a complex task. Estimating the duration of those tasks, laying them out in a logical order, and assigning resources to each task require discipline and rigor. About the time the team completes that complicated effort, the boss shows up with a new schedule constraint. Now the team has 12 months to complete the project rather than the 16 they had planned on.

The discipline of time management is a key skill set project managers and their teams must master. In a fast-paced world, opportunities are presented and extinguished at a rapid rate. Having the right solution in place to leverage those opportunities when the time is right can make the difference between occupational survival and disappointment.

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The Great Comanche Raid of 1840



The Great Comanche

Raid of 1840

Donaly E. Brice


he Great Comanche Raid of 1840 was the boldest and most concerted Indian depredation in the history of Texas. It embodied two of the bloodiest Indian battles Texas has ever witnessed.

More significantly, it represented a turning point in Texas history, marking the end of the Indian threat to frontier expansion, the decline in Mexico’s ability to exploit Indians as agents in its schemes to re-conquer Texas, and the rise of Texans’ military prowess in defending their frontiers. After a brief review of relations between

Texans and Indians preceding the raid, the paper will explore the

Great Comanche Raid in each of its facets.

To understand the reasons for this destructive raid upon the settlers of the Texas frontier it is necessary to look back to the early years of the Republic of Texas. During the first administration of Sam Houston, practically no Indian trouble existed because of Houston’s understanding and benevolent action toward the Indians. Houston realized that to establish a stable government, it was necessary to make and keep peace with the Indians and the

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2. Matricide and the Oedipus Complex


In Plato’s Symposium, Aristophanes describes the emergence of humankind, and of sexual difference and sexuality as part of the same process:

First of all, you must learn the constitution of man and the modifications which it has undergone, for originally it was different from what it is now… each human being was a rounded whole, with double back and flanks forming a complete circle; it had four hands and an equal number of legs, and two identically similar faces upon a circular neck, with one head common to both faces, which were turned in opposite directions. It had four ears and two organs of generation and everything else to correspond. These people could walk upright like us in either direction, backwards or forwards, but when they wanted to run quickly they used all their eight limbs, and turned rapidly over in a circle, like tumblers who perform a cartwheel and return to the upright position… Their strength and vigour made them very formidable, and their pride was overweening; they attacked the gods, and Homer’s story of Ephialtes and Otus attempting to climb up to heaven and set upon the gods is related also to these beings. (Plato 1951: 60)

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2 “Dream Flowers”


“Taste every word, Meggie,” whispered Mo’s voice inside her, “Savor it on your tongue. Do you taste the colors? Do you taste the wind and the night? The fear and the joy? And the love. Taste them, Meggie, and everything will come to life.”

Cornelia Funke, Inkheart

The first time I went to the Bag End campsite at Lothlorien, to stack firewood, I had the impression of being immersed in one of the Tolkien stories I had grown up with. It was a cool day with intermittent clouds, there were elm and oak trees around me and it felt like English weather. As a teenager, I had especially enjoyed the descriptions of Bag End, which is Bilbo and Frodo’s house in the Shire in The Lord of the Rings. The Shire is a kind of idealized England; not much like the real thing, but rather what many of its inhabitants wished it was. The associations stirred up by the name Bag End were evocative of this fictional world.

In the Tolkien novel, the forest of Lothlorien and the elvin community there are described in impressionistic rather than specific ways. There is a Council, presided over by Queen Galadriel and Lord Elrond. There are song lyrics, descriptions of music and food and of the natural surroundings and structures, but little detail as to how things work. What the reader comes to know of it is that it is a hidden oasis of beauty and goodness and that it is a magical place where no evil can come. It is the last earthly home of the elves, who protect and are protected by the trees. It is a sanctuary. The novel also describes a small fellowship of diverse beings—an elf, a dwarf, a wizard, several humans, and several hobbits—who are closely bonded in a common goal.

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Chapter 9 Dislodge Log-Jamming Directives



Leaders especially want to make their mark on operations, stamp their philosophical footprint on minds, and leave their legacy on hearts and in hallways. They hope their work will be unique, pleasant, and profitable. Understandable goals. No leader intentionally creates a logjam. They want to set clear goals and increase productivity. No one intentionally delays or stops work that needs to be done.

All too often, however, new leaders (or seasoned leaders taking over in a new position) start out with directives or statements that set their team up for disappointment rather than the intended positive reaction and productivity boost. No matter the intention, the result is often delay, disillusionment, disengagement, and even derision.

“Give me your wish list, as if money were no object.” Generally tossed out during strategic planning meetings or retreats, this comment—meant to start a brainstorming exercise—sounds like a generous gesture. The leader wants input on needs: What resources do staff members need to get the job done faster or better? Equipment? Tools? More people? Space?

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5 Ora’s Kitchen


[Rahsaan Roland Kirk] was not
going to let me say no to making
Todd a kitchen. So I did. I basically
did it as a favor to Rahsaan.

Ora Harris

Ora Harris

I came to California from Boston where myself and a girlfriend had started an organization called the Black Avant Garde. ’70, ’71 – about like that. A minister allowed us to have the basement of his church on Friday nights and Saturday nights, and we made ourselves a jazz club. We put in tables and made tablecloths; we shopped and made food; and it was just absolutely wonderful. There were many, many good, talented musicians in Boston at the time: Bill Saxton, Ralph Penland, Justo Amario. Many, many – I can’t name them all now. But we thought they were all so good that we started our little club. And it worked out well because the people just loved it. My girlfriend Mattie and I, we would make brown rice and chicken cacciatore, cornbread and fried chicken and cabbage. Good, basic soul food. We made banana nut bread and carrot cake and, of course, the word got out that there’s not only music but there’s really good food.

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10. Grouard and Bourke on Indians


Chapter 10

Grouard and Bourke on Indians

December 9.1 In Camp on the Belle Fourche. Our progress to this point has been tedious and exhausting. Our departure from Supply

Camp, at Dry Fork did not take place until 10 A.M., of the 6th , between which hour and two in the afternoon, our column got as far as a series of large water holes in the bed of a dry course tributary to the Powder. Sufficient fuel for cooking purposes had been carried along in wagons, to guard against any lack of wood at camp, but we found more than enough both of it and clear, cold water and as much grass as could reasonably be expected at this season.

Our line of travel was very indirect, it being impracticable to get wagons or even mules over the country in a straight line. In every direction, ravines and arroyos, with almost vertical sides, cut up the surface of the earth and enclosed us in a network of difficulties.

Our bivouac was South South East from the most easterly of the four Pumpkin Buttes.

The country on the South East side of the Pumpkin Buttes is almost a barren tract, productive of nothing but a thin crop of grass and a heavy one of cactus. Late last night, Lieutenant Lovering, 4th

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CAPÍTULO SIETE: El Sistema de Guión: una organización inconsciente de la experiencia



El Sistema de Guión: una organización inconsciente de la experiencia

En sus primeros escritos sobre Guiones de Vida, Berne (1958, 1961) describe el guión como una compleja serie de transacciones que determinan la identidad y el destino del individuo. Considera el guión similar a la compulsión de repetición de Freud y más bien a su compulsión de destino (Berne 1966. 302). La mayor parte de la bibliografía de Análisis Transaccional relacionada con los guiones se ha centrado en la perspectiva histórica. Esta bibliografía aborda cómo los guiones se transmiten a través de los mensajes parentales y los mandatos, y aborda también las reacciones de un niño, tales como las conclusiones inconscientes y las decisiones explícitas. Además, algunos analistas transaccionales contemporáneos han examinado varios procesos, entre ellos el apego temprano niño-progenitor, la adquisición del idioma común y la expresión de la narrativa, como ejes centrales en la formación de guiones. Cada una de estas perspectivas históricas ha provisto al profesional de teorías y conceptos que guían una gran variedad de intervenciones clínicas.

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12 Provence


Lavender field, Provence

The ancient Greeks left their vines, the Romans their monuments, but it was the 19th-century Impressionists who most shaped the romance of Provence today. Cézanne, Gauguin, Chagall, and countless others were drawn to the unique light and vibrant spectrum brought forth by what van Gogh called “the transparency of the air.” Modern-day visitors will delight in the region’s culture, colors, and world-class museums. And they will certainly dine well, too.

Provence, perhaps more than any other part of France, blends past and present with an impassioned pride. It has its own language and customs, and some of its festivals go back to medieval times. The region is bounded on the north by the Dauphine River, on the west by the Rhône, on the east by the Alps, and on the south by the Mediterranean. In chapter 13, we focus on the part of Provence known as the Côte d’Azur, or the French Riviera.


691km (428 miles) S of Paris; 83km (51 miles) NW of Aix-en-Provence; 98km (61 miles) NW of Marseille

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Aprimary intention for this book is to provide tools for empowering our families and friends to serve our larger community as love in action, by committing to being family with each other while engaging in cultural and social change. Now that we have reviewed the essential tools of the Familia Approach for connecting, co-powering, facilitating family meetings, and creating experiences that inspire, I offer here several examples of how these tools can be used to support powerful family or community gatherings that aid us in becoming beloved community.

We repeatedly hear the adage that it takes a village to raise a child. This may work for many villages because all members feel responsible for the children in their community; that is the expectation that they hold for themselves and each other. How can we generate a similar feeling among family and friends today? One way is by developing the pact of being family with those we wish to be close with. The following example illustrates the tradition we are evolving to recognize and celebrate the commitment of becoming family in a way that nurtures increased community connectedness. While the strategy is grounded in our Chicano culture, it could be easily adapted to resonate with many other traditions.

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13. At the Falls


The Reminiscences    81

hounds, whose eagerness for the chase could hardly be repressed, and their united, deep-toned baying caused the hills to echo to their music, till we all became filled with a desire to “hie to the hills away.”

But “business first” was Captain Ross’ order, and we at once set about examining into the condition of the bayous above us, and deferred our sports till another day. The yawl was manned with an exploring party, and a party of stragglers on foot accompanied them along the bank; but I will reserve the results of the expedition for another time. OUTSIDER.


1. The upward growth of the Red River raft caused water to be diverted to the western floodplain higher up when there was sufficient water for navigation, which inundated Caddo Prairie.

2. Harriet Potter in her “The History of Harriet A. Ames During the Early

Days of Texas” indicates that the first steamboat on Caddo Lake went to a place that was soon to be known as Rives’ Landing.

13  At the Falls

The exploratory party went up to look at the conditions on

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