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11. Fucking close to water: Queering the Production of the Nation

ePub

BRUCE ERICKSON

Although I have been for the last twenty years, credited with the quote you use, “A Canadian is someone who knows how to make love in a canoe,” it is not actually my own—at least I don’t think so.

—Pierre Berton

And somewhere in that self-consciousness, which knows it is fundamentally incompatible with itself, the nation acknowledges that its strategies of self-consciousness are inadequate to their task, and it silently confesses that its existence is also a crime.

—Chris Bracken

In order to start with honesty, I should inform the reader that my title, and my subject, is an absolute cliché for a novel take on the canoe in Canada. One of the first collections on canoeing in Canada (Raffan and Horwood 1988) contained two articles that started with the proposition, credited to Pierre Berton, that, “a Canadian is one who can make love in a canoe” (Raffan 1999b, 255). Bruce Hodgins (1988), in his contribution to the anthology, reaffirms Berton’s statement by saying that “making love in a canoe is the most Canadian act that two people can do” (45). Philip Chester adds a qualifier, stating, “while this may or may not be true, I would add that, unlike his American cousin, the true Canadian knows enough to take out the centre thwart” (1988, 93). The list of authors who use this quotable quote as an introduction to canoeing in Canada is enough to leave the phrase behind (Benidickson 1997, Chester 1988, Hodgins 1988, Raffan 1999a, Raffan 1999b) and the “bad joke” twist that I have added is less than heroic, taken from a Monty Python sketch as it is. However, there is, I believe, more to this—something highlighted by my use of a joke in the title, somewhat along the lines of flogging a dead horse—a talent for making jokes useful even after they have failed. Indeed, my suggestion is that it is failure itself that is captured so effectively by the statement attributed to Pierre Berton.

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1: Trust in the Agri-food Sector: A Typology with a Cultural Perspective

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1

Trust in the Agri-food Sector:

A Typology with a Cultural

Perspective

Gert Jan Hofstede1*, Elsje Oosterkamp1 and Melanie Fritz2

Wageningen UR, Wageningen, The Netherlands; 2University of Bonn,

Bonn, Germany

1

Executive Summary

This chapter investigates what role trust plays for a company in the food business that is in need of a new supplier. It lays the foundation for the

­remainder of this book, in which electronic trust-related communication is the focus.

The concept of trust can have many meanings, ranging from total, heartfelt reliance on one another, through trusting only some aspects – for instance, the good intentions, but not the competence – of a partner, to trusting that one can punish defaulting trade partners.

Trust is needed in business relationships to mitigate transaction-related risks. This is important in a sector where quality problems can have severe consequences for consumers. The greater the perceived risks, the more energy a company will invest in making sure that new partners are trustworthy.

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Chapter 6: Hearing All the Voices

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When each person speaks, is heard, and is present and accounted for

Our container has been created; now is the time to invite each person to say something. Hearing All the Voices is the time in our gathering when each person is asked to speak, is heard, and is perceived by everyone as “present and accounted for.” It is an imperative Aspect of the Convening Wheel that may make or break our ability to enter into authentic engagement and continue into Essential Conversation, the next Aspect on the Convening Wheel.

The art of listening as well as hearing is at play now. The often-delicate environment may be compromised by impatience or judgment. We address this by slowing down the conversation and by inviting all participants to truly suspend judgment of others.

Hearing All the Voices is when we begin to experience the emergence of a wholeness in the gathering. With the coalescence of intent within a safe container and hearing from each person, a more whole picture begins to emerge. As each person speaks and is heard, people become more present and accounted for to the group. This is the beginning of what we call “listening one another into being.”

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Three Science Program Evaluation

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THREE

SCIENCE PROGRAM EVALUATION

As instructional leaders, principals are inundated with multiple tasks that frequently involve instruction in reading, writing, and arithmetic—the areas commonly assessed through the use of high-stakes tests. The standards and accountability movement rarely tests the value of inquiry, creativity, and higher-order thinking skills, all of which are integral components of science learning. This often leads to science instruction becoming a low priority for teachers. This should not be the case in a 21st century school.

Natural connections exist between the science curriculum and reading, writing, and doing mathematics. Because scientists read, write, and converse about science, language arts is integral to its study. Scientists analyze data, perform calculations, and generate reports, and conversely, all of these elements are essential components of curricula in other subjects. Teachers need to capitalize on the interdisciplinary connections inherent in science and make a conscientious effort to integrate the teaching of science with other subject matters. Principal leadership in this area is critical. Help your teachers, and work with them to see these interdisciplinary connections. Provide them with the support and resources necessary to integrate science into all areas of the curriculum.

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18. Skeletal Reconstruction of Brachiosaurus brancai in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin: Summarizing 70 Years of Sauropod Research

ePub

KRISTIAN REMES, DAVID M. UNWIN, NICOLE KLEIN, WOLF-DIETER HEINRICH, AND OLIVER HAMPE

The skeletal reconstruction of Brachiosaurus brancai displayed in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, is the largest mounted dinosaur skeleton in the world that incorporates original fossil material. Found during the course of the German Tendaguru expedition from 1909 to 1913, a composite skeleton of B. brancai was first mounted in 1938, and although it was demounted and remounted several times, it remained unchanged until the renovation of the Berlin dinosaur exhibition hall in 2005–2007. Here we describe the scientific progress, technical solutions, and specific decisions that led to the new mount, which has been on display since 2007. The new mount differs in a number of points from the old mount, including improved models of the presacral vertebrae and head, the posture of the neck, the shape of the torso, the orientation of the pectoral girdle and forelimbs, and the posture of the tail. Overall, the Brachiosaurus skeleton now looks livelier, evoking the impression of an active, relatively agile animal and symbolizing developments in our understanding of sauropods since the first mounting of the skeleton.

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9 Austerity Tel-Aviv: Everyday Life, Supervision, Compliance, and Respectability

ePub

On 27 March 1950, the police stormed into Tiferet (glory), a popular Tel-Aviv café on fashionable Rothschild Boulevard, and inspected the patrons. Male and female officers surrounded the café at 10:30 AM on a Monday, ordering patrons to enable the search. They were supervised by the police department’s economic division, called the “economic police.” Women were inspected in a closed room; men remained in the general common area, and were asked to remove their jackets and shoes. The retrieved loot included twelve “black market” diamonds, fifty pence Sterling, a box of firestones for lighters, a few custom-made Chinese bracelets, and a gold bracelet (all not declared through customs), as well as two notebooks bearing “suspicious lists.” All in all, 124 people and their belongings were inspected. Five suspects were held for further investigation.1

This event was well documented in the press. Ha’aretz described the reaction of the patrons. They seemed bewildered, claimed the reporter, who then stated, “It is simply frightening to enter a café for a cup of coffee, one is afraid of a sudden raid.”2 Yet the facts suggest that there were many Tel-Avivians who were not intimidated. They continued to trade on the black market, while efforts to eradicate black market activities intensified over the next few months.

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Prologue. An Evening at the Statler

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The night was clear and cool, a lovely early autumn Saturday evening, as the leaders of the Teamsters Union gathered at the Statler Hotel in Washington for their annual dinner. They looked forward to this gathering each year, but they especially anticipated this one. The President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was coming. He was going to make the main speech, to them and to a nationwide radio audience. Saturday, September 23, 1944, looked like an exciting night.

Roosevelt, in office since March 4, 1933, was the Democratic candidate for an unprecedented fourth term in the White House, nominated to run against the Republican hopeful, Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York. Dewey had been campaigning hard for several weeks, scoring points on a western swing while Roosevelt took care of the many burdens of running a world war (with a trip to Hawaii and Alaska concerning the war in the Pacific mixed in). Democratic Party leaders were becoming a little nervous about the campaign, and they looked forward to FDR's talk with even more anticipation than did the Teamsters in the Statler ballroom.

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9 Welfare Concerns in Genetically Modified Laboratory Mice and Rats

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9

Welfare Concerns in Genetically

Modified Laboratory Mice and

Rats

Nikki Osborne,1,* David Morton2 and Jan-Bas Prins3

Responsible Research in Practice, Horsham, UK; 2University of

Birmingham, UK; 3University of Leiden, The Netherlands

1

The last 40 years or so has seen the emergence of scientific advances in genetics that are having significant public impact and raising serious ethical concerns. Since the discovery of the structure of DNA by Crick and Watson, followed by the associated advances in our ability to understand better our genetic make-up, our genetic defects and associated diseases, concerns have been raised. This concern has been further increased particularly by our ability to manipulate the genomes of animals to eliminate and to model some harmful human diseases, as well as the potential to promote gene enhancement for agricultural objectives. This chapter describes the development of genetic modification techniques in animals and looks at some of the ethical issues arising, particularly for research animals, i.e. laboratory mice and rats.

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9. Life-Narrative and Death as the End of Freedom: Kierkegaard on Anticipatory Resoluteness

ePub

9.

John J. Davenport

In three recent articles, John Lippitt has raised important questions about the notions that human selves have a “narrative” structure and that the natural development of our capacity for robust selves (including autonomy and ethical maturity) involves achieving “narrative unity” in the stories that we are.1 His questions intersect with other critiques of narrative models raised in the wider and growing literature on this topic in the past decade. Lippitt forces us to reconsider claims that Anthony Rudd, I, and others made in Kierkegaard After MacIntyre that MacIntyre’s famous account of narrative unity as part of the telos of human life2 sheds light on Kierkegaard’s conception of selfhood, and that insights from Kierkegaard can help us develop and defend such a narrative model. In particular, Lippitt questions whether narrative is a useful model for real human lives, and whether movement from the “aesthetic” to the “ethical” outlook or stage of life is illuminated by the idea of narrative unity.

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2 The Physical Development of Boys

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In this chapter, we look at developmental differences between boys and girls and at how these differences affect learning. We explore the impact of generational poverty on boys’ physical development and learning and provide strategies to both support that development and prevent dropout.

Male and female fetuses look the same during the first six weeks of life, and then things change dramatically. Around the sixth week, the Y chromosome triggers the development of the testes, which secrete testosterone. This hormone has a significant impact on the development of the brain and, together with other hormones, contributes to a very different developmental trajectory for boys (Baron-Cohen, Lutchmaya, & Knickmeyer, 2004).

In Boys Adrift, Leonard Sax (2007) writes that among the most striking findings of research has been the discovery that “the various regions of the brain develop in a different sequence and tempo in girls compared with boys” (p. 17). In boys, for example, gross motor skills develop at a much faster rate than do fine motor skills (Berk, 1997; Cohen, 1997; Cole & Cole, 1993; Poest, Williams, Witt, & Atwood, 1989). Gross motor skills involve the large muscles of the body and are used in such activities as walking, running, lifting, sitting, and throwing. Fine motor skills are the small, refined movements of the hands, fingers, and thumbs required to button a shirt, draw, or write. The delayed development of fine motor skills can lead to a boy’s dislike for any schoolwork that requires attention to detail. Writing in Newsweek, Peg Tyre (2006) said that boys

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CHAPTER ONE: From descriptive to operative diagnoses

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Words ordered differently produce different meanings; and meanings ordered differently produce different effects.

Blaise Pascal, Pensées (1670)

The educated philistee assigns unconditional perfection and objective validity to a few principles and methods, so that, having found them, he can use them to judge any event, to approve or reject it.

Arthur Schopenhauer, The Art of Controversy and Other Posthumous Writings (1896)

Defining problems from an operative perspective

The first problem for clinical researchers is how to define the subject of their research. The configuration of the subject is a matter closely connected with a researcher’s theory of reference. Consciously or not, researchers filter the observed reality through their personal interpretive lens. Modern constructivist epis-temology has emphasized the problem of the observer’s influence on the observed phenomena (Arcuri, 1994; Heisenberg, 1958; Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968; von Foerster, 1987; Watzlawick, 1981), and pointed out how every action carried out in the search of knowledge places at the centre of its reflection not only the object under observation but also the subject who observes it.

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Chapter Eleven: Service Technician Training at the Compaq Computer Corporation

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182

Telling Training’s Story

of training participants did not fully achieve the expected results, and further, how the causes for this partial lack of impact were isolated and addressed with the SCM.

Other Important Factors

At the time of our study, the company was a major global computer equipment and service provider. The business model was fairly simple, though the organization, because it had grown rapidly through a number of mergers and acquisitions, was fairly complex. Readers, however, need not have a full understanding of all of the organizational complexities in order to understand and learn from this case. The company developed computer products and technology; sold hardware equipment, associated operating and supporting software; and provided service contracts to customers to maintain and upgrade computer installations. The organization in which the evaluation was conducted was a part of the division that both sold large computer server systems to customers, as well as provided service on a contracted basis to maintain the servers and assure their effective and efficient performance to customers. This area of the company was highly important, as it both generated substantial revenues and profits, serving a number of large, high-profile and important customers. Several major airlines, for example, relied on their computer server equipment that enabled their company’s reservation system to operate. One of America’s largest stock exchanges was another key customer. In short, customers in this division were highly visible and important; they required and expected flawless service.

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14: Moringa

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14 Moringa

Anthonia O. Oluduro,1* Dawn C.P. Ambrose,2 Aregbesola

Oladipupo Abiodun1 and Alice L. Daunty3

1

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria; 2ICAR – Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Regional Centre, Coimbatore, India;

3

Mcrennet Foods, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

14.1  Botany

14.1.1  Introduction

Moringa oleifera, also commonly called moringa or drumstick, is a cultivated tree crop belonging to the family, Moringaceae. It is known as the ‘miracle tree’ due to its various medicinal benefits. The name of the genus comes from ‘murunggi’ or ‘muringa’ in the

Tamil and Malayalam languages. Other common names by which the tree is known are the horseradish tree and the ben oil tree. The tree is widely found in Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka and the Philippines, and also in South America and African continent.

In India, it is cultivated widely in the southern states and is drought resistant and rapid growing.

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The Courage of Choice

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the courage of choice

Not to choose is to have already chosen.

–jean-paul sartre

As we hear from our authors’ voices, courage has a cacophony of sounds.

While not bold in its immediacy, the courage to choose a path or action may demonstrate a considered willingness to move forth despite one’s fears. Many of these authors considered their decisions carefully and over time before acting. In accepting societal responses ranging from ostracism to punishment and incarceration, our writers in this chapter choose to move forward in the face of overwhelming obstacles.

In “Fire Walk,” as an activist in the Humane movement, Amy Freeman Lee prepares to address a hostile national audience of animal laboratory scientists.

Her profound belief that it is morally, ethically, and spiritually wrong to use animals in experiments demanded that she accept the invitation. She writes, “I have never worked harder on a speech in my whole life.” It wasn’t physical danger that she was concerned about, but “the risk to the mind and spirit in the form of ridicule and false accusations.”

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Chapter Five: The Emperor, the Star and the Fives

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CHAPTER FIVE

The Emperor, The Star and the Fives

IV The Emperor = 90, Tzaddi Fire, Aries, Single Letter

XVII The Star = 5, Heh Air, Aquarius, Single Letter

Aleister Crowley famously transposed the Hebrew letters of these two cards, after an instruction in the Book of the Law, and it is interesting that the Pairing would bring these two cards together whether or not they were transposed. The numerical value of the cards is 5 + 90 = 95, which relates to HMN, Venus and MADYM, Mars (planetary ruler of Geburah), HMYM the Waters, MHLK journey, MLKH Queen, and ZBVLN Capricorn.

The Emperor card combines the idea of energy in its most material form with the idea of authority, and the card represents the idea of alchemical Sulphur. The action is sudden and violent, but does not last. Crowley makes it clear that his authority is derived from the Word of the Magus. The Star card, which was transposed by Crowley with the Emperor card, represents Nuith as manifestation of form, as opposed to the force of the Emperor, and the Star of Venus is strongly associated with her, which connects with the Empress.

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