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Medium 9781780491158

CHAPTER SEVEN Object relations theory

Behrendt, Ralf-Peter Karnac Books ePub

Infants in many species seek proximity of their primary caregiver in response to external threats or when nutritional needs are unmet. The infant is biologically programmed to respond to separation from his caregiver with anxiety and searching behaviours (Bowlby, 1988). Anxiety related to the physical absence of the caregiver plays an important role in psychological development of the infant. The infant develops behaviours aimed at keeping the mother accessible or in sight, thereby reducing anxiety. Human infants will have formed a clear attachment to their caregiver by the age of eight months. Being attached, they become upset when their caregiver leaves, seek her comfort when feeling threatened, and become fearful in the presence of strangers (reviewed in Holmes, 2000; Yule, 2000). By the age of two to three years, children become less dependent on the physical presence of their attachment figure who can now be trusted to provide care and protection when needed. Secure and predictable satisfaction of the infant’s instinctive needs requires not only the physical presence and accessibility of the car-egiver but also her active interest in and devotion to the infant. The infant learns to exert subtle pressures on the caregiver to force her to adopt a positive and caring attitude towards himself (Cashdan, 1988).1 If the caregiver remains unresponsive or disinterested, the infant or child remains anxious, similarly to how an infant at an earlier developmental stage would remain anxious in the absence of the caregiver. Object relations are concerned, to a large extent, with issues of personal desirability, lovability, and acceptability. The individual maintains a state of relat-edness to the world, and thereby overcome his existential anxiety, by ensuring that he receives affectively positive responses from others: first from the mother, then from peers, and then, in ever more abstract ways, from ever more complex social configurations. Frustration of the individual’s attempts to induce care-giving behaviours in the object is linked to anger, similarly to the frustration of needs in general. Riviere (1937) described this interplay of the infant’s existential anxiety and aggression.

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Medium 9781574410679

Good Time and Bad Time

Eddie Stimpson, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Good Time and Bad Time

If you all way had a bad time you don't no how to appreciate good time, and if you all way had a good time you certain won't be able to handle a bad time. I can remember very well the good whin I was growing up. And that was whin the famley were all on one accord doing every thing together. That include from sitting down eating together to loading up in the car and going places. A famley that pray together stay together.

Although Dad did not take part in our nightly prayers, he would be in the same room most of the time.

I can also remember those days whin bad times creep over, around, and into our house. It was like death was hanging around and sin had move in. Some time it may last a few day.

Whin it did, my mother would tell me and my sister to go dig her some worm and catch her some grass hopper. Because, she would say, I got to get out of this house for a while. I'm going fishing. You kids can go, but I don't want to be bother with you cause I don't feel too good. This bad time usual came whin Dad and mom had a argument, a fight, but no licks were pass.

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Medium 9781574416329

7. White Privilege

Richard Gonzales UNT Press ePub
Medium 9780253020420

8 From Small- to Large-Scale Production of Insulin

Alexander W. Clowes Indiana University Press ePub

The great days for the Lilly concern began when you brought insulin in. A good ground work had been built, to be sure, but you were ready for it.

J. K. Lilly to Clowes at the time of Clowes’s retirement in 1945

Those roles which being neither those of Hero nor Heroine, Confidante nor Villain, but which were nonetheless essential to bring about the Recognition or the dénouement, were called the Fifth Business in drama and opera companies organized according to the old style; the player who acted these parts was often referred to as Fifth Business. . . .

The prima donna and the tenor, the contralto and the basso, get all the best music and do all the spectacular things, but you cannot manage the plot without Fifth Business! It is not spectacular, but it is a good line of work, I can tell you, and those who play it sometimes have a career that outlasts the golden voices.

Robertson Davies, Fifth Business (1970)1

THE FIRST STEP for the Lilly team comprising George Walden, Harley Rhodehamel, and Jasper P. Scott was to repeat the basic small-scale insulin experiments of Banting, Best, and Collip and then to begin to scale the program up to meet the clinical demand. Best and Collip came to Indianapolis to consult and to supervise the first experiments on June 2, 1922, three days after the indenture had been drawn up. The extract was prepared from pancreas using Best’s method and tested in rabbits. Walden wrote in his notebook: “A potent material was obtained from this experiment.”2

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Medium 9780253355935

13 The Whirlwind Rises, 1908–1911

Patrick J. Kelly Indiana University Press ePub

The 1908 Novelle, and the less celebrated but equally important ratcheting up of the ship cost table, was a great victory. Shipbuilding increased at an energetic pace. Money poured in to expand imperial and private shipyards, as well as Krupp’s great armor and artillery forges.

In June 1908 Tirpitz arranged a junket for Reichstag and Bundesrat members. From Danzig to Kiel to Wilhelmshaven, the parliamentarians inspected fortifications and fleet exercises. Tirpitz explained the need for quiet, steady work over the next few years, and radiated confidence that the navy was spending the public’s money efficiently and wisely.1

The 1908 Novelle was a potentially provocative act. Tirpitz tried to soft-pedal it, but he feared that British Conservatives would raise a hue and cry and demand a corresponding expansion of the Royal Navy or, even worse, replay the “Copenhagen” cries heard in 1904–1905.2 Just as threatening for Tirpitz were British diplomatic attempts to limit the arms race.

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Medium 9780981576992

Contents

Baker, Dean Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF
Medium 9780253011589

1 — Clavichord for All Keyboardists

Joan Benson Indiana University Press ePub

At least in the beginning, the clavichord is unquestionably best suited for learning, for on no other keyboard instrument is it possible to achieve finesse in playing as well as on this one.

Daniel Gottlob Türk, School of Clavier Playing (Klavierschule, 1789)

A good clavichord is the simplest, softest, and most sensitively responsive of all keyboard instruments. Its basic structure is as follows:

An oblong wooden frame contains a soundboard on the right. Attached to it are one to three bridges on which strings are stretched. These strings extend from tuning pins on the far right to hitch pins on the far left. Below and perpendicular to the strings are wooden key levers balanced on pins. When a finger presses down the key end of a lever, the opposite end of the lever automatically rises. Protruding upward from this far end is a metal tangent, which strikes and presses against a pair or triplet of strings. These strings vibrate from tangent to bridge, creating both tone and pitch. To the left of the tangents, cloth strips (listing) are woven among the strings. They block extraneous sound that might come from the left of each tangent and stop a tone when the key and its tangent are released.

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Medium 9780253011602

7 Middle Belt Self-Determination and Caliphate Political Resurgence in the Transition to National Independence

Moses E. Ochonu Indiana University Press ePub

AS NATIONAL POLITICAL independence drew closer, the anxieties of regional minorities erupted into the political arena with unprecedented intensity. In Northern Nigeria, Middle Belt separatist mobilization reached a new height. The struggles of the Chamba, Alago, Katab, Kilba, Batta, Marghi, and other non-Muslim groups were being replicated across several Middle Belt provinces even as the pendulum of privilege appeared to swing discernibly in the direction of entrenched inheritors of caliphate political capital.

This late-colonial resentment against Hausa-Fulani domination was partly a product of the visible march toward self-government in Northern Nigeria, which was a prelude to and part of the messy march to national independence. The significance of this political moment was evident in the fears of Middle Belt elites. As preparations for self-government advanced, the political uncertainties plaguing Middle Belt communities increased. Middle Belt elites were searching for their place in the politics of an emerging Nigerian state and now understood the agenda of Hausa-Fulani Muslims to be a threat to their aspirations. Their prevalent fear, however exaggerated, was that if the British left the North as one political bloc at the time of national independence, the political fate of the Middle Belt would be sealed as a fief of an emerging political caliphate.

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Medium 9781576752715

10. Oh, by the Way . .. You Have to Give Up Your Ambition

Block, Peter Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub


oh, by the way . . . you have to give up your ambition.         Much of our discussion has been about the price we must pay to act on what matters. The price may seem high for what amounts to an adventure we had not planned on, but then we also pay a price for choosing safety. The safe roads of pragmatism and compliance do not come cheaply, although the promise of our culture is a little more optimistic. The culture offers a special deal on safety. It promises that if we have

. . . then these things will bring us safety in the form of membership, economic security, and a good life.

This promise fulfills the longing in each of us to be taken to a high lookout by our father and told, “Someday all this will be yours.” The only stipulation is that you be a good son or daughter.

We are enjoined to live by these beliefs from the moment we enter school, often from the moment of birth. We believe that these guidelines, or ones like them, provide the cohesion that makes modern society work. This, then, is the life held before us, whether we have a real shot at it or not. This is the blueprint for a consumer society. This is the fuel for our ambition.

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Medium 9781780490243

CHAPTER FOUR: Infant research

Bacciagaluppi, Marco Karnac Books ePub

The direct observations of attachment theory at a clinical level should be integrated with the more minute direct observations of infant research. Through slow-motion films, this research succeeds in showing interactions of fractions of seconds. Related techniques are the “still face” (the infant’s reactions are observed when the observer’s face is motionless) (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazel-ton, 1978) and the “visual cliff” (the infant’s reactions are observed when confronted with a simulated cliff) (Gibson & Walk, 1960).

Unlike classical psychoanalysis, both in attachment theory and in infant observation, the focus of observation is the mother–infant dyad, not the infant alone. Also unlike classical psychoanalysis, which used retrospective data, both attachment theory and infant research use prospective data. They do not proceed by observing an adult individual and trying to reconstruct infancy from adult communications. Thereafter, clinical data from adults are informed by better theories.

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Medium 9781574411331

Chapter 7 - Death on all Sides and “Keep your Head Down!”February 6–March 6, 1968

James D. Johnson University of North Texas Press ePub

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1968: Bravo Company moves out again this morning. Intelligence says that many VC have moved out of Vinh Long southwest and Bravo Company's job is to attempt to interdict them. The other companies are to stand by to assist should they contact the VC.

Then the call comes. Bravo Company and the boats have just been ambushed! The rest of the battalion is to move out immediately. I'm still on the pontoon. I run upstairs and get my field gear.

We had hoped for at least three days rest.

Chip, the twenty year old commander of Echo Company, seems particularly vulnerable since their battle two nights ago when Ron was killed. Chip's a nice kid. But, that's exactly what he is, a kid. A captain this young is almost unheard of. He enlisted, went to officer candidate school, was commissioned and has been promoted to captain. He's still wet behind the ears, yet, he's responsible for the lives of 100 soldiers in combat.

Morale is low. I decide to go out with Echo Company. Most of these guys have been in country only a few weeks. Yet, they've already seen significant combat, more than enough to last a lifetime.

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Medium 9780253021236

Appendix 2: Equal Temperament Offset Charts

David Dolata Indiana University Press ePub

Cleartune and other tuning apps come equipped with a variety of preset temperaments; however, I get better results by creating my own version of the temperaments I regularly use. Tuning apps such as Cleartune provide users with the ability to create custom temperaments by inputting the difference in cents between each pitch you want and its corresponding value in equal temperament.1 Just like a normal cents chart, the size of the interval is determined from the starting pitch, which is preset to C. If the interval between the cents chart’s starting pitch and the pitch being set is wider than the corresponding ET pitch, the offset is a positive number. To create a fifth of 702c. rather than a 700c. (ET) fifth, you would enter 2 in the field next to G, since 702c. is 2c. wider than the corresponding ET value. If it is less, it is a negative number. For a 498c. fourth in the F field, you would enter –2, since 498c. is 2c. narrower than an ET fourth of 500c.

While it is easier to think of temperaments with cents charts starting on C, and Cleartune and other tuners begin their cents chart templates on C (with the exception of PitchLab), the cents chart from which you derive your values must start on A because we use A as our tuning standard.2 Otherwise, your A will diverge 2–3 Hz from the your pitch standard as represented in the A4 calibration box because the cents chart overrides the tuner’s A calibration, and some of the other pitches will be even farther off owing to the effect of compounding. This is easy enough to check for yourself by simply comparing the hertz figures for the same temperament with C as the 0 value and A as the 0 value. Just as everyone agrees that octaves must be pure, we also agree that, for better or worse, our As must agree, and we go from there. With one exception, wolves in the following charts are placed between the G♯ and E♭; however, you can place them wherever you like by recalculating the cents chart accordingly.

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Medium 9781523084616

CHAPTER 16 Pointers for Riding the Mood Elevator

Senn, Larry Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts.

—MARCUS AURELIUS

Living life up the Mood Elevator and at your best is based on a few fundamental premises.

Life happens, and it’s not always pretty, but we have the choice to make of life what we will through our thinking. The first premise of living life up the Mood Elevator is to understand that our thinking creates our experience of life—and we have the power to direct it as we will.

The second premise is that we came into this world with what could be called innate health. That includes the whole system that gives us the ability to experience life through our thoughts and feelings. It also represents a set of built-in, inborn, God-given traits, including the fact that we are naturally loving, curious, and wise. Our innate health represents all the higher levels on the Mood Elevator.

Over time we all develop thought habits and unhealthy-normal thinking that takes us away from our natural state. This is inevitable because our thinking triggers our feelings, and our thinking varies from moment to moment and can be influenced by many things.

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Medium 9781626560871

11. What Every Leader, Manager, Supervisor, and Employee Must Know About Excellence

Paul, Harry Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The organization did figure out “where to go from here” and came to understand that they must strive for passion, competency, flexibility, communication, and ownership, that all five of these qualities were important in their work. Because of this, Excellence finally returned. Leadership wanted to do everything that could be done to keep Excellence front and center. And so he brought everyone together again to debrief. If there was anything they could learn from the crime of Average, Leadership wanted to share the knowledge across the organization.

Leadership had invited other Gorman-Scott Inc. leaders, managers, supervisors, and employees, and Excellence got straight to the point. Looking around the room, she smiled and then said, “First, I want to thank the employee who sent the ransom note and let Leadership know that I was missing. When I first heard about the ransom note, I somehow knew it was a way for the employees to let Leadership know there was a problem. Often, it is employees at the front line who are the first to recognize that Average has slipped in. Let me say it’s good to be back. I suspect there is no one here who wants to be just average.”

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Medium 9781853431319

12: The Literalism of God's Word

Rhode, Eric Eric Rhode Ebook ePub

To read Genesis in a way that allows it dimension, I need to read it literally, and not as a metaphor (or displacement) for something other. I cannot afford to start from the security of normative conceptions and see the text as a strange outcrop. The neurotic self is body-constrained, compelled by the issues of appetite, inclined to see any issue that is not compelling of appetite as a rationalization of appetite. Genesis, for the neurotic self, is a fanciful re-telling of the conflict between Fellaheen and Bedouin, the crop-grower and the shepherd. Hypersensitive to the frustration of his desires, the neurotic self assumes that everybody else, including the writers of Genesis, must suffer from his limitations.

But what if Genesis is the word of God, as the psychotic believes, irrefutable and unchangeable, allowing no place for the role of editor, a role which by its edgily perfectionist nature is neurotic? Not one jot or tittle can be changed of the original text, which turns out to have been written by the one author who is irrefutable, the author being nobody, and nobody cannot be denied. Genesis is a tale without a teller: and possibly without a protagonist. For its first cause, its possible teller or protagonist, is not manifest. As someone drawn to Genesis, I have difficulty in relating its ways of seeing to the world of naturalism, which I find dismally given over to issues of appetite. I am bewildered by the world's claims to be free-standing: claims that depend on the belief that the self can be separated to some extent from its environment. I am bewildered by the allusive and metaphoric manner of the world's communications; its pluralism; its innumerable agencies, each displacing energies and units of meaning among themselves. As someone drawn to the monism of Genesis, I do not understand the concepts of projection and hallucination. Nor do I understand the concept of sincerity, with the implicit importance it discovers in individual makings of truthfulness. I am drawn to Jeremiah's belief that only the false prophet speaks out of his heart. The true prophet allows God to lodge in his mouth, as though a mouth can be taken on lease. The true prophet denies his own individuality; he becomes God's voice.

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