43532 Chapters
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Medium 9780253348661

31. Starting from Scratch

Edited by Jeffery KitePowell Indiana University Press ePub


So you have the bright idea you want to start an early music ensemble (also known as Collegium Musicum, though the sole use of this name today for “college” early music groups somewhat misrepresents the original, broader application) at your school, but you don’t know how to go about it? Well, the first thing you have to do is write a course description, and then you have to come up with a justification for wanting to offer the course, as no administrator can approve a new course offering without these two items. It goes without saying, of course, that there is sufficient “room” in your teaching load to allow for this additional course, or that others are available to take up the slack without undue burden—another point of considerable interest to your administrator. Two other possibilities present themselves in case the boss balks at having to shuffle teaching loads and assignments: (1) you can offer to volunteer your services for the first semester or two, until the group has established a “track record”; or (2) you can offer the course through continuing education or some other area of your institution that is not directly related to credit offerings. But let us assume you have the administration’s blessing to start an early music ensemble.

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Medium 9781780644837

12: Abiotic Stresses with Emphasis on Brassica juncea



Abiotic Stresses with Emphasis on Brassica juncea

D.K. Sharma,1* D. Kumar2 and P.C. Sharma1

ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India;


ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India



Agricultural productivity is affected by a number of abiotic stresses. These may include deficit or excess water availability, flash floods, high salt levels in soil as well as in irrigation water and extreme temperatures.

In addition, mineral deficiency or toxicity is frequently encountered by plants in agricultural systems. In many cases, different abiotic stresses challenge plants in combination. For example, high temperatures and scarcity of water are commonly encountered in periods of drought and can be exacerbated by mineral toxicities that constrain root growth. Further, plants are also exposed to salinity, drought and frost-like conditions in combination in some of the cases. Higher plants have evolved multiple, interconnected strategies that enable them to survive abiotic stresses. However, these strategies are not well developed in most agricultural crops. Across a range of cropping systems around the world, abiotic stresses are estimated to reduce yields to less than half of that possible under ideal growing conditions. Traditional approaches to breeding crop plants with improved stress tolerance have so far met with limited success, in part because of the difficulty of breeding for

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Medium 9781576754085

PRINCIPLE FIVE: Value a Diversity of Fun Styles

Yerkes, Leslie Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Fun doesn’t happen according to schedule. It isn’t something we plan. Fun grows in a culture that fosters its existence; it springs automatically from the proper environment. Don’t inhibit its existence by scheduling too tightly; allow room for it to breathe and grow. Fun will replicate itself if encouraged. It is naturally contagious and knows no hierarchical boundary. Fun will instinctively assume new forms and delight us with its unexpected changes and variations.

Capitalize on the spontaneous. Don’t over think it, keep it simple.

“Laughter is the sun
that drives winter
from the human face.”


How do you take a cocktail-napkin idea and turn it into the most profitable airline in America? You utilize your warrior mentality to defeat your competition and rely on your ability to have spontaneous fun to enchant your customers. And when you’re finished, what you have is Southwest Airlines — the most fun you can have flying for peanuts.

When it comes to dealing with the competition, Southwest employees mount a good offense. They have a history of aggressively going into battle. In fact, Southwest is half-assed about nothing! The company believes if you’re going to do something, do it with intensity and do it right.
Kevin & Jackie Freiberg Nuts: Southwest Airlines’ Crazy Recipe for Business and Personal Success, p. 152

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Medium 9781782200109

CHAPTER SIX The psychoanalytic movement and psychoanalysis proper

P.C. Sandler Karnac Books PDF


The psychoanalytic movement and psychoanalysis proper


he German term Zeitgeist—“the spirit of the time”—merits consideration. It was coined by Johann Gottfried Herder, the discoverer of the field of literary criticism, a discipline greatly advertised by one of his followers, Hegel (Hartmann, 1923–1929;

Irmscher, 1969; Sandler, 2001c). It means the whole intellectual climate which shapes the general feeling and beliefs of a social group, giving the human species a locus for creative development through schooling.

In the end, any establishment has as its spine a specific Zeitgeist.

Due to social tendencies linked to the constant conjunction of two human conditions, namely, helplessness and thoughtlessness, there emerges idolisation and messianisation of given people and their teachings or offerings. Therefore, any given Zeitgeist may attain the quality of being seen as the prevailing social truth—in most cases the one and absolute truth. If contaminated by a paranoid-schizoid wish for perpetuity, expressed by repetition of the same ideas and actions though imitation, a specific Zeitgeist becomes immobilised and ossified, defying the passage of time. In denying movement, it may deny the stuff of life, fuelling mindlessness and a lack of creative outlets for the human mind.

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Medium 9781780647708

1: Introduction




Seeds as a Food Source

Humans have always relied on the green plant to produce the calories needed for their sustenance, either directly or indirectly after conversion by animals, and as a source of fuel and fibre. As a result of this reliance on green plants, the sun was essentially the only source of energy until the exploitation of fossil forms of solar energy ushered in the industrial revolution. Agricultural production systems became increasingly dependent upon these fossil forms of energy (coal, petroleum), but solar energy, diffuse but reliable, continued to be the primary source of our food supply (Hall and Kitgaard, 2012, p. 4). The green plant driven by solar energy will, for the foreseeable future, continue to feed humankind.

The plants utilized by humans are consumed in many different ways; for some, fresh fruits are harvested, in other cases stems, leaves, roots or tubers represent the economic yield. The entire above-ground plant is harvested in some vegetable or forage crops whereas immature fruits or seeds represent the economic yield of other vegetable crops. But the crop plants making the largest contribution, by far, to the world’s food supply, are those harvested at maturity for their seed.

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Medium 9780253002952

1 Body as Codex-ized Word / Cuerpo Como Palabra (en-)Códice-ado: Chicana/Indígena and Mexican Transnational Performative Indigeneities Micaela Díaz-Sánchez

ARTURO J ALDAMA Indiana University Press ePub


In the performance work of Mexican actress, writer, and director Jesusa Rodríguez and Chicana/Tepehuana1 painter / installation artist / performance artist Celia Herrera-Rodríguez, the body functions as the critical site for the (de)construction of national and Indigenous identities. The corporeal operates as the primary signifier in the reclamation of denied histories. Through the self-consciously performative style of cabaret and espectáculo (spectacle), Jesusa Rodríguez monumentalizes México’s Indigenous histories as she employs discourse central to Mexican national identity and cultural citizenship. Celia Herrera-Rodríguez enacts Indigeneity as intimate ritual and positions her work as personal historical recovery and pedagogy aimed at creating dialogue among Indigenous communities on a global level. Their aesthetic methodologies are mediated by multifarious contradictions, colonial epistemologies, and discursive strategies for survival. In the critical recognition and negotiation of these refractory mediations, performance functions as an embodied attempt at reclamation of Indigenous narratives, in and out of the “nation.”

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Medium 9781934009482

Equity Leadership: Principle 1

National Council of Supervisors of Mathe Solution Tree Press ePub

Principle 1:
Ensure high expectations and access to
meaningful mathematics learning for every


Indicator 1:

Every teacher addresses gaps in mathematics achievement
expectations for all student populations.

Indicator 2:

Every teacher provides each student access to relevant and
meaningful mathematics experiences.

Indicator 3:

Every teacher works interdependently in a collaborative
learning community to erase inequities in student learning.


A growing body of research makes it clear poverty and ethnicity are not the primary causal variables related to student achievement . . . leadership, teaching and adult actions matter. Adult variables, including the professional practices of teachers and the decisions leaders make can be more important than demographic variables.

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Medium 9781935542506

Six Using Differentiation Beyond General Education

Gayle Gregory Solution Tree Press ePub

Differentiated classrooms provide multilevel instruction and multiple teaching strategies to engage learners with varying interest and ability levels in the general education classroom. Differentiation is also a best practice for learners with special needs, gifted learners, learners with attention difficulties, and English learners (ELs).

Learners with special needs are eligible for services under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which was reauthorized in 2004 to align with the federal No Child Left Behind legislation. IDEA requires that every eligible child have an Individualized Education Program (IEP), which requires developing individual learning goals and identifying appropriate accommodations for each eligible student.

Central to IDEA is the practice of inclusion—“providing specially designed instruction and supports for students with disabilities and special education needs within the context of the general education settings” (Patterson, 2001, p. 43). This means including students with special needs in classrooms with general education students whenever possible. Interestingly, the instructional practices needed to support inclusion are similar to those used in differentiated classrooms. Patterson (2001) shares the following practices:

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Medium 9780253350718

14. Feeling the Past at Gettysburg

Glenn W. LaFantasie Indiana University Press ePub

Something that Bruce Catton wrote many years ago about Gettysburg comes to mind every time I visit the battlefield. “The battle was here and its presence is felt,” Catton said, “and you cannot visit the place without feeling the echoes of what was once a proving ground for everything America believes in.”1 Although I’ve long wondered about Catton’s curious choice of words (most people hear echoes rather than feel them), I think he meant precisely what he said.

Despite the garish commercialism that for years has threatened to overwhelm the now peaceful battlefield at Gettysburg, it is still possible to feel the past there. I collided with those feelings several years ago when my youngest daughter, Sarah, and I visited the battlefield on a cloudy and misty day in May to conduct a historical experiment in the style of Francis Parkman and Samuel Eliot Morison, two historians who insisted on visiting the places they wrote about. This was the dad-and-daughter outing I mentioned in an earlier chapter. My intent was that my daughter and I could trace the route Colonel William C. Oates and the 15th Alabama took in launching their doomed attack against Little Round Top. The day turned out to hold much more in store for us than I had imagined.

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Medium 9781780490090

18: The family circle

Bick, Esther; Harris, Martha Harris Meltzer Trust ePub


A series of four articles written for New Society in conjunction with Mary Douglas, Reader in Social Anthropology at University College, London, who wrote complementary articles from an anthropological perspective. The series is headed: “In this special four-week series, a psychologist and an anthropologist look at the ‘outer circle’ of family relationships which are too often left unexplored: brother/sister; grandparent/grandchild; in-laws; aunts, uncles and cousins.” It bears witness to Martha Harris’ emphasis on understanding the wider social and developmental context of personality growth, as borne out by the personality development seminars which she instituted for child psychotherapy trainees.1 During this period she was also preparing a series of small books for parents on children’s personality development (the first Tavistock Clinic series), published in 1969. There are a number of autobiographical illustrations in these books and articles. Martha Harris was involved with all the books in the Tavistock series and wrote Your Eleven Year Old, Your Twelve to Thirteen Year Old and Your Fourteen to Sixteen Year Old (1969; these were republished in 2007 as Your Teenager). Other editors in the series were Christopher Dare, Dilys Daws, Elsie Osborne, Edna O’Shaughnessy, and Dina Rosenbluth.

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Medium 9781912573318


Ogden, Thomas ePub

When they arrived home, Catherine said she'd look through her bookshelf to see if she could find the book about the family. Agee was the author, she thought. She walked up the stairs, holding tightly onto the banister. Damien hesitantly followed her into her room. He felt self-conscious, finding himself in the midst of Catherine's very feminine things—her robin's-egg-blue bureau, her hairbrushes, barrettes, bobby pins, and hand lotion. Her bed was no longer just a bed—it was a place where people kissed and touched and had sex. She had to know that inviting him into her room would have the effect that it was having. It was her room so she was in charge, which was the way she liked to have it.

Catherine moved her desk chair over to the dark-stained wooden bookshelf and sat down in front of the bowed shelves to read the names on the book spines. While she was scanning the titles, Damien sneaked a closer look at her room. There was a strange-looking table in the middle of it, on which there was a sewing machine, lots of scraps of fabric, and small, clear plastic packages in which there were buttons, zippers, sequins, and things he didn't recognize. No underwear was visible, to his relief and disappointment.

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Medium 9781780645346

Chapter 14 Family Amaryllidaceae, Subfamily Allioideae

Welbaum, G.E. CAB International PDF


Family Amaryllidaceae, Subfamily


Origin and History

Onion originated in Middle Asia and was domesticated in what are today Afghanistan, Iran, and

Pakistan. Onion is a very ancient crop and has been under widespread cultivation dating back to as early as 600 bc. Onions were a popular food of the

Greeks and Romans as early as 400–300 bc and were introduced into northern Europe about ad

500 at the start of the Middle Ages (Zohary and

Hopf, 2000). Production occurs worldwide but the greatest concentration is in the northern hemisphere. In the tropics and much of Southeast Asia unfavorable climate and handling conditions limit onion production so shallots are preferred. Shallots are believed to be native to Asia, explaining their popularity in this region.

Garlic is believed to be of middle Asian origin with a history of human use of over 7,000 years

(Ensminger, 1994). The culture of garlic parallels that of onion. Greek author Homer mentioned garlic in the ninth century bc (Zohary and Hopf,

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Medium 9780253349781

8. Trans-Corporeal Feminisms and the Ethical Space of Nature

Stacy Alaimo Indiana University Press ePub

Stacy Alaimo

Despite the tremendous outpouring of scholarship on “the body” in feminist theory and cultural studies and the simultaneous outpouring of environmental philosophy, criticism, and cultural studies, these two streams of scholarship rarely intermingle. Although there are notable exceptions, by and large two isolated conversations have evolved—conversations that would be complicated and enriched by collisions and convergences. Most feminist analyses of the body, in particular, sever their topic from the topos of “nature.” Indeed, from an environmentalist-feminist standpoint, one of the most unfortunate legacies of poststructuralist and postmodern feminism has been the accelerated “flight from nature” fueled by rigid commitments to social constructionism and the determination to rout out all vestiges of essentialism. Nature, charged as an accessory to essentialism, has served as feminism’s abject—that which, by being expelled from the “I,” serves to define the “I” (Kristeva 1982, 1–4). This by now conventional move epitomizes one of the central contentions of this collection: that the predominant trend in the last few decades of feminist theory has been to diminish the significance of materiality. Predominant paradigms do not deny the material existence of the body, of course, but they do tend to focus exclusively on how various bodies have been discursively produced, which casts the body as passive, plastic matter. As Elizabeth A. Wilson puts it, “the body at the center of these projects is curiously abiological—its social, cultural, experiential, or psychical construction having been posited against or beyond any putative biological claims” (1998, 15). Bracketing the biological body, and thereby severing its evolutionary, historical, and ongoing interconnections with the material world, may not be ethically, politically, or theoretically desirable.

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Medium 9781780490885

Three: The Psychology of the Progress Myth

Greer, John Michael Karnac Books ePub


The psychology of the progress myth

Those religions that place their hopes in realms and beings that transcend ordinary human experience have certain advantages that are not shared by the civil religions discussed in the previous chapter. Even if the central hope of Christianity turns out to be wholly misplaced, for example, no Christian has to worry about having to face so daunting a prospect anywhere this side of the grave. The fulfilment of the Christian message, with its promise of redemption from sin and death through the sacrifice and resurrection of Jesus Christ, is by most branches of the tradition firmly relegated to the afterlife, where it cannot easily be tested by those who are still among the living.

That same habit of taking refuge in the unverifiable applies equally well to the apocalyptic side of the same faith. While the Second Coming is supposed to happen in the world of everyday experience, Christian churches have shown impressive ingenuity in redefining those scriptural prophecies that appear to date it to no more than a generation or so after the lifetime of Jesus. In this way, the fulfilment of prophecy has been moved off into the indefinite future, where the eye of faith can behold it but that of critical scrutiny cannot.

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Medium 9781523094233

16 The Principle Put into Action

Badré, Bertrand Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Even if they still have strides to make in their cultural adaptation, development banks have a major role to play to promote a P4C cooperative approach and to help dispel suspicions that the public and private sectors harbor about each other. From my perspective, they must act like true orchestral conductors of global development finance. As I’ve said before, the development of the private sector and the cooperation with these players must become a central point of MDBs’ operational model, with sincere commitment beyond the financing and mobilization of capital.

MDBs can finance only a fraction of the total cost of a project; the rest comes from mobilizing supplemental investors through syndication and other structures of group funding.1 This financial commitment, as well as its structure, advice, and accompanying distribution of risks, must help bring together additional sources of funding and create, in the case of unexplored fields or endangered environments, a significant demonstration that can attract new projects and investors. But this mechanism benefits even more from liquidity. Private investors generally tell me they expect the MDBs to provide three things beyond the traditional instruments for risk sharing: (1) a selection of well-designed, prioritized projects prepared on their behalf; (2) an implementation that follows the strictest standards, as no investor wants to endanger their reputation; and (3) the capability to manage potential conflicts with public authorities during execution of the project.

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