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Medium 9781601323590

SESSION Surveys and New Studies

Hamid Arabnia, George Jandieri, Ashu M. G. Solo, Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF
Medium 9781780641409

3: Sustainable Forestry in Rainforests: Reality or Dream, Hope or Chimaera?

Bruenig, E.F. CABI PDF

3Sustainable Forestry in Rainforests: Reality or Dream, Hope or Chimaera?3.1  The Concept of SustainableForestry: Origin and Postmodern­RelevanceThe story of the rainforest’s turbulent history(Section 1.1) and the responses to logging(Chapter 2) demonstrate very clearly that various structural and functional features contribute to a capacity of self-sustainability.The abilities to adapt, repair, restore, reorganise and colonise are intrinsic features which together are a powerful arsenal of the rainforest ecosystem. But this arsenal has its limits, which nature occasionally – and modern mankind continuously – exceeds, but native forest people and modern foresters have learned by trial and error to respect.The year 2013 saw the 300th anniversary of the first formal scientific definition of sustainable forestry and the need to counteract timber famine (Carlowitz, 1713), recognition of the need to enforce sustainability in forestry. In 1713, the Berghauptmann (mine head man) Hans Carl von Carlowitz, a senior mining official and forester-at-heart in Saxony, central Germany, published the book

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Medium 9780253021069

2 Judaism, Zionism, and the State of Israel

Michael L. Morgan Indiana University Press ePub

In two places in his writings on Zionism, Levinas comments on concrete historical events in Israel’s career.1 One is the visit of Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem and the Knesset in 1977 and the subsequent treaty between Israel and Egypt, and the second is the massacre in the refugee camps Sabra and Shatila in 1982, at the end of the Lebanon War, and the Israeli response to those events. Briefly put, Levinas praises Sadat’s action as an extraordinary ethical gesture that transcends normal political conduct and led to a diplomatic event of major significance. With regard to the complicity in the massacres in Lebanon, although it has not been altogether clear to everyone, he appears to remain silent regarding the victims of the massacres but explicitly applauds the Israeli call for a board of inquiry and for those responsible to be held accountable.2 These are two occasions, then, on which Levinas comments and that call for some kind of ethical judgment regarding political conduct.

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Medium 9781782201618

11 - Diagnosis

Ast, Gabriele; Volkan, Vamik D. Karnac Books ePub

Up until now our book may seem to suggest that having siblings is not good for one's mental health! This is, of course, far from the truth. Once more, we would like to remind our readers that our aim in this book is to provide a systematic study of the psychopathological residues, in adults, of internalized childhood sibling experiences. The psychoanalytic literature has reported on the benefits of the sibling experience for the individual, across the life span. From the writings of early Freud to the writings of contemporary psychoanalysts, the psychoanalytic literature reflects psychologically or socially adaptive processes that siblings and their representations initiate. For example, Freud (1900) mentioned the help a sibling birth could give to a girl in increasing her “maternal instinct” (p. 252) if the girl is at the right age to respond this way to the birth of a sibling. Freud (1914, 1916-1917, 1921) also mentioned how sibling experiences could initiate learning a sense of fairness and social justice, enhance group feelings, and help the child to connect to a wider world. More recently growth promoting outcomes of childhood sibling experiences have been examined by Parens (1980, 1988), Neubauer (1982), Bank and Kahn (1982), Kris and Ritvo (1983), Provence and Solnit (1983), and Boer and Dunne (1992); and this is by no means a comprehensive list. Abend (1984) and Graham (1988) focus on adult object choice which is based on childhood sibling love. Works such as those presented by Leichtman (1985), Graham (1988), and Sharpe and Rosenblatt (1994) which deal with the siblings’ role in the child's developmental struggles, for example, going through separation-individuation or the oedipal phase of the psychosexual development, have opened the door for a new focus on the role of the sibling experience in child development. Reiss (1989) states: “Sibling relationships may be an excellent vehicle for maintaining continuity in social roles and relationships from early childhood through adulthood” (p. 220).

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Medium 9781847770998

Harvests

John Gallas Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

Perhaps say, sleeping in their dark corner, they looked like waterlilies, huge-opening in waves of slowness, their helpings kept beneath white lids, held fair for angel eating only in the dark.

Two sat lines of fat pots.

And great plates of hams and gammons, skin-popping, wax-shade meat puddings and buffy tarts all sugar-strung, great galumphs of guts and flesh – but there, across, the milk stayed immaculate and cold.

The Trained Trees

The mighty trained trees held out their long branches, where fruit belit its flesh and throng, like seeing red balloons in greenness burning in the buzzing funfair nights.

For twenty years, through winter hail, evening freeze and morning frost, they clung themselves on brickgaps, blockcracks, climbing roofwards, up and up.

And now they mass the walls with showy splash, and on the high pale gables, pears and apples plump, all proud, their ripe and purpled breasts.

The giant trunks, crazy-split, sweat gum; the roots mine to the nearest creeks, and the leaves gleam like bird-flap.

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Medium 9781855757301

CHAPTER ELEVEN: Authenticity and anxiety

Scalzo, Chris Karnac Books ePub

Authenticity and anxiety

If an object is described as authentic, it is taken to be genuine and real. If buying a particular brand of watch from a shop, I might ask if it is an authentically made watch by the manufacturers it claims to be from. In order to test this, I may look at an example of one I know already to be genuine. If asked to look at a painting and provide an opinion as to whether it was painted by a particular artist, an expert would be expected to have studied other works by the same artist known to be authentic with a strong provenance. Is it an authentic Picasso, Rembrandt, or Cezanne? To test the painting’s authenticity, as with the example of the watch, there must be a comparable and original template. In essence, this template is the “true” and authentic example against which comparisons are made. When we consider the authenticity of what it is to be human, however, it is not possible to find a definitive template. There may be people we admire or look up to, but there is no quintessential human being. There may be habits, behaviours, and actions about which we may feel more proud than others, but none of them is more authentically “us” than any other. In different places and under differing circumstances, every child will act and behave differently. At school, they may be described as very well behaved and well liked, but at home the same child may act in a frequently aggressive or violent manner. No one state or pattern of behaviour is more authentic than any other. They are simply two aspects of the same child.

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Medium 9781855754829

CHAPTER NINE: Child development and the integration of psychoanalysis and neuroscience

Sasso, Giampaolo Karnac Books ePub

What conclusions can we draw, therefore, from the many ideas examined in the previous chapters?

In the Project, Freud tried to ground the concepts that were to become the foundations for psychoanalysis in the neuro-physiological knowledge of the time. There is no doubt but that it was the mistaken hypothesis of energy directed at fulflment that gave rise both to the fertile nucleus of the entire theoretical framework and to its limitations. Clear advantages and disadvantages have resulted from Freud’s choice. It would surely be in no way reductive to suggest that the highly condensed nature of this conceptual nucleus had to be expanded, frst and foremost, through clinical and theoretical development, and that only recently has it been possible to return to the original neurophysiological focus.

For over a century, Freudian concepts have been useful in describing mental activity and though fraught with controversy, this may well have made it possible for them to acquire, over time, probative value for the neuroscientist. To fully understand this new convergence of interest between psychoanalysis and neurosciencewe do, however, need to take into account the crucial importance of the rapid growth of knowledge about the brain.

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Medium 9781591200628

3. Conservation Tillage

Hunter, Beatrice Trum Basic Health Publications ePub

CONSERVATION TILLAGE

The basic principle of conservation tillage is to leave sufficient crop residue on the soil surface so that soil erosion can be reduced significantly. When water erosion is the primary concern, a farmer can meet the minimum requirement of conservation tillage by leaving 30 percent or more of the soil surface covered with crop residue. When wind erosion is the main concern, conservation tillage requires that approximately 1,000 pounds of small-grain residue equivalency be left on the soil surface during a critical period.

Leaving the residue cover after harvest is the beginning of conservation tillage. However, tillage operations in the spring often reduce residues to less than the amount required.

The research and development of conservation tillage began in the early 1930s in the United States, but their resultant recommendations went largely ignored until the mid-1960s. By then, the country had experienced several severe episodes of extreme drought and dust bowl devastations in the Great Plains. Soil conservation had become recognized as an important agricultural practice. Land users began to accept conservation tillage in order to reduce soil erosion, as well as to save fuel, time, and money. By 1990, 26 percent of all U.S. crop acres were farmed with some form of conservation tillage. Subsequent farm bills increased incentives to practice conservation tillage.

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Medium 9781576754207

Chapter 1: Preparing to Lead in the Face of Fear

McKee, SPHR, Kathryn Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

This chapter covers four topics:

When planning for a disaster:

When dealing with a disaster:

On a scale of 1 to 10, how prepared are you to deal with a disaster befalling your organization? Are you ready to lead your employees through it? Are you geared up to deal with a hurricane, fire, flood, tornado, murder, chemical spill, act of corporate malfeasance, flu pandemic, terrorist attack, or some other type of disaster?

On second thought, maybe you’d prefer to close this book and take a pleasure trip. How about a cruise down the Mississippi River, where you’ll end up in New Orleans? You’ll find yourself in the state of Louisiana, which in August 2005 was actually “the state of denial,” according to Charles Pizzo and Gerard Braud, two crisis communications experts and Hurricane Katrina victims. 18“And if you’re not thinking about or planning what you might do in a crisis situation now, you’re in a state of denial too. There are just too many risks out there,” Pizzo warns.

One good sign that you’re not in the state of denial is that you have this book open. We hope you’re ready for the challenge. Our goal is to excite you to action so you will take a leadership role within your organization and prepare for the worst, with the hope that nothing bad actually happens. However, the odds are that you will face some kind of minor or major crisis in the course of your work life.

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Medium 9781782203988

Tale Ten: Severe Depression Plus Burnout: A Company Employee is Completely Burnt out and Sees no Hope for Himself

Holm-Hadulla, Rainer Matthias Karnac Books ePub

“They took the ground away from under my feet”

Wolfgang is a fifty-five-year-old company employee who likes to be called “Wolf”. Reorganisation by his firm has reduced his status to that of a marginal figure. He feels offended, hurt, and humiliated. A feeling of helplessness has taken hold of him: “They've taken the ground away from under my feet.” Within a few weeks, he experiences a serious bout of depression and lapses into increasing despair: “I feel completely changed.” He is cut off from his own feelings: “I'm no longer myself.” He sees no prospects for the future and tosses and turns all night, unable to sleep: “In the morning I'm absolutely worn out.” Since the onset of his depression he has been drinking too much, one large bottle of wine a day, sometimes more. This is something he has never experienced before. He prefers “not to face up to” the question of how serious his thoughts of suicide are. He sought the advice of a psychiatrist. The supportive exchanges with his doctor and treatment with antidepressive drugs and sleeping pills were helpful to a certain extent, but after months of treatment he still “sees no light at the end of the tunnel”. His psychiatrist was committed to his cause, even writing a letter to the company management complaining about the way his patient had been treated. After almost nine months off sick, the company offers to pension him off ahead of time. He is uncertain whether this “would do me good and take the pressure off me”. On the other hand, the pension he would receive at this stage in his career would be insufficient for him “to make ends meet”. He opts in favour of a new course of psychotherapy.

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Medium 9781475817195

The Emerging Case Law on Extra Duty Contracts: Implications and Guidelines for Practicing School Administrators

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

GLORIA JEAN THOMAS1

DAVID J. SPERRY2

ABSTRACT: Extra duty assignments for teachers rarely led to litigation prior to the 1980s. However, a study of recent extra duty cases indicated that the number and variety of cases are increasing. Cases were grouped into six categories: (1) contracts, (2) staffing patterns, (3) tenure, (4) demotion and stigma, (5) due process, and (6) collective bargaining agreements. Conclusions were that supplemental contracts are becoming common, extra duties should be assigned equitably, tenure does not accrue to extra duty positions, teachers’ associations are becoming involved in making extra duty assignments, and school boards must establish clear policies related to teachers’ extra duties.

Prior to the 1980s, extra duty assignments of public school teachers rarely led to litigation. However, in the last decade, an increasing number of cases involving teachers’ extra duties has been heard in federal and state courts.

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Medium 9781601323231

Ontology inference using spatial and trajectory domain rules

Hamid R. Arabnia, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Ray Hashemi, George Jandieri, Ashu M. G. Solo, and Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF

Int'l Conf. Information and Knowledge Engineering | IKE'14 |

113

Ontology inference using spatial and trajectory domain rules

Rouaa Wannous

L3i Laboratory

University of La Rochelle, France

Email: rouaa.wannous@univ-lr.fr

Jamal Malki and Alain Bouju

L3i Laboratory

University of La Rochelle, France

Abstract—Capture devices give rise to a large scale spatiotemporal data describing moving object’s trajectories. These devices use different technologies like global navigation satellite system (GNSS), wireless communication, radio-frequency identification (RFID), and sensors techniques. Although capture technologies differ, the captured data share common spatial and temporal features. Thus, relational database management systems

(RDBMS) can be used to store and query the captured data. For this, RDBMS define spatial data types and spatial operations.

Recent applications show that the solutions based on traditional data models are not sufficient to consider complex use cases that require advanced data models. A complex use case refers to data, but also to domain knowledge, to spatial reasoning or others. This article presents a sample application based on trajectories that require three types of independent data models: a domain data model, a semantic model and a spatial model. We analyze each of them and propose a modeling approach based on ontologies.

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Medium 9780253016928

5 The Summer Offensive and the Wedemeyer Mission: May–August 1947

Harold M. Tanner Indiana University Press ePub

As the ice-bound rivers of the Northeast thawed and spring mud of 1947 replaced the receding snows of winter, Chiang Kai-shek and his generals reassessed their situation. Chiang had placed his faith in a short war strategy of taking points and lines, extending out to capture the spaces in between, and annihilating Communist forces in quick, decisive battles. That strategy had failed. The Nationalists had captured a number of Communist positions in southern Manchuria and had even driven Mao Zedong out of his base area at Yan’an in North China, but Chiang’s commanders had never been able to outflank, pin down and annihilate Communist armies.

In accounting for this failure, Chiang’s generals pointed to a lack of coherent planning and preparation, a tendency to conduct too many broad offensives with too few troops, and a divided, chaotic command system.1 In light of the failure of the “first south, then north” strategy in the Northeast, Chiang’s advisor Chen Lifu urged the Generalissimo to abandon Manchuria for the time being and focus his military efforts on North China.2 Chiang’s response was to concentrate on a single theater: Shandong province. Following Chen’s advice, he would put Manchuria on the back burner. Du Yuming would have to remain on the defensive, holding the line on the south bank of the Songhua River, keeping control over the crucial Bei-Ning line and Rehe, and defending the area on either side of the China-Changchun line between Shenyang and Changchun.3 As of late June 1947, Chiang still believed that if his forces in the Northeast remained determined and held their positions, the situation would remain stable.

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Medium 9781847770684

XI To Giorgio Vasari on The Lives of the Painters

Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

XI To Giorgio Vasari on The Lives of the Painters

With pen and colours you have shown how art

Can equal nature. Also in a sense

You have from nature snatched her eminence,

Making the painted beauty touch the heart.

Now a more worthy work your skilful hand,

Writing on paper, labours and contrives –

To give to those who’re dead new worth, new lives;

Where nature simply made, you understand.

When men have tried in other centuries

To vie with nature in the power to make,

Always they had to yield to her at last.

But you, illuminating memories,

Bring back to life these lives for their own sake,

And conquer nature with the vivid past.

XII To Vittoria Colonna

Oh happy spirit, who with so much zeal

Remembers me though I am soon to die.

Among so many other joys you feel

The wish to greet me. What great loyalty!

You, who delighted me when I could see

Your face, now comfort me within my mind.

You bring new hope to all my misery

That old desires will always leave behind.

Finding in you a willingness to plead

My cause, although you have so many cares,

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Medium 9781855209756

Chapter 4 Propeller Shaft

Lund, Gordon Brooklands Books ePub

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