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Medium 9781910444054

CAPÍTULO 9 - El espacio de los sueños y el espacio analítico

Ogden, Thomas Ediciones Karnac ePub

En este capítulo, se considerarán los aspectos de dos formas de espacio potencial: el espacio de los sueños y el espacio analítico. Soñar se entiende como una comunicación interna en la que una presentación de sueños es generada por un aspecto del yo y entendida por otro aspecto del yo. La presentación de los sueños como cosa en sí es traída a un proceso dialéctico por otro aspecto del yo a través de cuyo proceso se generan los significados simbólicos y la experiencia de los sueños. El esquizofrénico, cuando es incapaz de mantener un proceso psicológico dialéctico, transforma la presentación de los sueños en una alucinación.

El espacio analítico se considera un estado intersubjetivo, generado por el paciente y el terapeuta, en el que se puede jugar con los significados y también pueden ser considerados, comprendidos, etc. La identificación proyectiva del paciente es una forma “directa” de comunicación que socava la capacidad del terapeuta para mantener un proceso psicológico dialéctico. El terapeuta socava el espacio analítico cuando sus intervenciones constituyen “declaraciones de hechos”. Esto último contribuye a un embargo del dominio de los significados y la experiencia personales.

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Medium 9781743218617

Washington, DC & the Capital Region

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

No matter your politics, it's hard not to fall for the nation's capital. Iconic monuments, vast (and free) museums and venerable restaurants serving global cuisines are just the beginning of the great DC experience. There's much to discover: leafy, cobblestoned neighborhoods, sprawling markets, heady multicultural nightspots and verdant parks – not to mention the corridors of power, where visionaries and demagogues alike still roam.

Beyond the Beltway, the diverse landscapes of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and Delaware offer potent enticement to travel beyond the marble city. Craggy mountains, rushing rivers, vast nature reserves (including islands where wild horses run), sparkling beaches, historic villages and the magnificent Chesapeake Bay form the backdrop to memorable adventures: sailing, hiking, rafting, camping or just sitting on a pretty stretch of shoreline, planning the next seafood feast. It's a place where traditions run deep, from the nation's birthplace to Virginia's still-thriving bluegrass scene.

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Medium 9788131808153

Ch_21_(1041_1061).pdf

Dr. R.K. Bansal Laxmi Publications PDF

21

FLUID SYSTEM

CHAPTER

21.1

INTRODUCTION

Fluid system is defined as the device in which power is transmitted with the help of a fluid which may be liquid (water or oil) or a gas (air) under pressure. Most of these devices are based on the principles of fluid statics and fluid kinematics. In this chapter, the following devices will be discussed:

1. The hydraulic press,

2. The hydraulic accumulator,

3. The hydraulic intensifier,

4. The hydraulic ram,

5. The hydraulic lift,

6. The hydraulic crane,

7. The fluid or hydraulic coupling,

8. The fluid or hydraulic torque converter,

9. The air lift pump, and

10. The gear-wheel pump.

21.2

THE HYDRAULIC PRESS

The hydraulic press is a device used for lifting heavy weights by the application of a much smaller force. It is based on Pascal’s law, which states that the intensity of pressure in a static fluid is transmitted equally in all directions.

The hydraulic press consists of two cylinders of different diameters. One of the cylinder is of large diameter and contains a ram, while the other cylinder is of smaller diameter and contains a plunger as shown in Fig. 21.1. The two cylinders are connected by a pipe. The cylinders and pipe contain a liquid through which pressure is transmitted.

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Medium 9781847770684

Going Back (GU, 2/31/8)

Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

Going Back

What will it be like? Will there be great

Changes? After over twenty years

I am returning to a city that

Took my heart, and now I wonder what

Rome will do to me. I shall shed tears,

I know, but it will be for many things

Tangible and intangible. I’ll go

Down the same streets, and there’ll be lingerings

In the same churches, also, echoings

Of voices of the friends I used to know.

A few have died, many have moved away

But at the heart of Rome, the Rock still stands.

Only in Fragments

Every poem is broken from a whole

Which nobody can write,

For there are gaps in any human soul

Where night wins over light,

So all we make is fragmentary till

Taste corresponds with sight,

And hearing makes its peace with every touch.

We only can foresee

Half-this, half-that, the whole is out of reach,

And so with poetry –

The lyric grace, the saga that’s so rich

Know they are fragmentary.

And maybe this is why all poets go on

Writing and losing heart,

Completing lines, the writer knows there’s one

Or more essential part

That he will go on hunting till he’s done

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Medium 9780946439355

10 The effect of the psychoneurotic patient on his environment

Rycroft, Charles Karnac Books ePub

The only environment of which the analyst of a psychoneurotic has any certain knowledge is the setting within which psychoanalytical treatment takes place, this setting comprising the room in which the analyst and patient meet and the analyst himself in it, and the analyst, instead of allowing the patient to have any effect on his room or himself, adopts a particular technical procedure, viz. interpretation, in order to prevent any effects that the patient intends from actually occurring. As a result, it could be argued, the analyst is doubly disqualified from discussing the effect of the psychoneurotic on his environment. First, he never sees the environment in which the patient lives out his illness and therefore never knows what effect his patient actually has, even though he may know a lot about what the patient is trying to do to his spouse, parents, friends, etc., and may also know a lot about what the patient imagines he is doing; but the analyst has no direct knowledge of what the effects actually are, or of what resistance or compliance the psychoneurotic^ efforts actually encounter. Secondly, he adopts a technique, that of interpretation, which precludes ‘effects on the environment’, at any rate in the ordinary, expected sense of the phrase, from occurring within the environment in which he does see the patient.

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Medium 9780253006875

7. Interweaving Narratives of Art and Activism: Sandra Kriel's Heroic Women

Joanna Grabski Indiana University Press ePub

KIM MILLER

 

This chapter considers the relationship between the process of political radicalization and the production of visual culture in the work of Sandra Kriel, a South African artist who depicts politically active women in her work. A participant in South Africa's resistance art movement, Kriel came of age as an artist and activist during the fight against apartheid, and she is now well known as a politically engaged artist.1 Less is known, however, about the ways in which her commitment to social change and her collaborations and conversations with anti-apartheid activists directly shaped her creative work, in particular her efforts to make visible the integral role that women played in South Africa's struggle for freedom. Not only do the practices of collaboration and conversation bear directly on Kriel's formation as an artist, and especially her political activism as a form of knowledge production, but these are also the tools with which I learned about Kriel's work. The significance of these processes became clear to me during my extensive interviews and conversations with Kriel (2007–2010), which took place in the larger context of my research on South African women artists and activists. The text that follows traces her participation in women's and arts organizations by building an artistic biography from our interviews, and analyzes how her activism in turn led her to pursue an artistic vision that helped create and sustain political identities and recognition for women. Toward this end, I first consider Kriel's political radicalization as it developed largely through conversations and interactions with other activists.

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Medium 9780253001122

2. The Natural Contract and the Archimedean Worldview

Dorothea E. Olkowski Indiana University Press ePub

In The Natural Contract, Michel Serres makes a case for the juridical nature of knowledge in the natural sciences. “The sciences proceed by contracts. Scientific certainty and truth depend, in fact, as much on such judgments as such judgments do on them.”1 How does this occur? The claim is that science engages in a dialectics or dialogue that results in a contract between scientists and the world of things, a synthesis of human verdicts and the realm of objects.2 This arises, according to Serres, from a fundamental situation in which two subjects find themselves in violent contradiction with one another yet bound by a legal contract that affirms that their war is a legal state in the theater of war that defines nature. The social contract guarantees that the combatants share a common language, that of the contract, and oppose a common enemy, which is anything, any noise, that would jam or shut down their voices.3 Through the centuries, the violence of the combatants escalates, as the means for destroying one another becomes technologically more sophisticated and more devastating. But each time the combatants contradict one another, their confrontation results in a new synthesis, an objective state of violence.

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Medium 9780253356888

9. Post-1945 and Conclusion

Anthony Clayton Indiana University Press ePub

SINCE THE END OF THE SECOND World War little combat in woods and forests has taken place in Europe and none in North America. Such combat was, however, often the subject of theory and exercise by cold war military commanders. Actual combat on a relatively small scale took place first in Greece from 1945 to 1948, in which communist partisans of the National People’s Liberation Army made use of woods in the mountain areas, and, forty-five years later, in the conflict following the collapse of Yugoslavia. In Croatia, Bosnia, and Kosovo ethnic guerrilla units or bands used forests as bases. In the long Northern Ireland campaign British Special Forces would track and hunt down Irish nationalist groups in the border woods. On a larger scale, in an area on the extreme edge of Europe, forest fighting followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Chechen insurgency. In Vietnam the U.S. Army engaged in some forest fighting similar to that in earlier European combat.

During the long cold war, confrontation between the land and air forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact forces on the inner German border between West and East Germany, led to much theoretical writing and study. Massive military forces would be stationed on each side of the border. The Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces, composed essentially of shock armored and mechanized infantry formations, were planning for fast-moving strategic breakthroughs in which forest areas were to be bypassed in a dash for the Rhine and the English Channel. Both sides saw forests as having subsidiary use in such a campaign. NATO planning for a Soviet attack appreciated that certain woods and forests, while providing concealment and thick cover, would also channel the Soviets’ advance along particular routes, slowing momentum which would perhaps lead to congestion and thus enable a hammer-and-anvil defense plan. The NATO plan also provided for parties to remain behind in woods after a Soviet Army advance, observing the movements of Soviet second-echelon formations and reporting to NATO headquarters by means of short-burst signal systems. Soviet planning, particularly in the last two decades of the cold war, was more ambitious, reflecting Soviet thinking on maneuver warfare, itself much influenced by Marxist concepts of the essential unity of front and rear. Special Forces units and subunits were to land behind NATO lines and, after assembling, move out from woods and forests to strike at NATO lines of communication, headquarters, ordinance parks, airfields and airstrips, and radar installations, thereby paralyzing NATO forward units. Helicopter developments in the 1970s and 1980s offered new opportunities for battlefield mobility; helicopters could provide not only for the safe bypassing of forests but also for rapid surprise lifts and troop insertions, thereby using forests and woods to a unit’s advantage in either attack or defense.1 Fortunately all these plans remained on paper.

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Medium 9781855757806

Commentary

Salman Akhtar Karnac Books ePub

Nicholas Kouretas

Ralph Greenson’s article “On enthusiasm” was published in R 1962, somewhere in the middle of his thirty-year-long creative writing activity (1944-1975). It precedes by a few years Greenson’s classic book on psychoanalytic technique, The Technique and Practice of Psychoanalysis (1967), a book which remains unsurpassed, in terms of the meaningfulness of the correspondence between clinical phenomena and theoretical understandings in psychoanalysis.

The article also represents a turning point in Greenson’s preoccupations. The first half of his writings deals with subjective affective states, such as apathy (1949), boredom (1953), fore-pleasure (1955), screen hunger (1958), phobia, anxiety and depression (1959), empathy (1960) and silence in the analytic hour (1961). After the article on enthusiasm, Greenson moves to more interactional, technical papers dealing with the psychoanalytic process such as the working alliance (1965), the childhood and adult neurosis (1966), the non-transference relationship (1969), interpretation (1972) and transference (1974, 1975). It is as though the trajectory of his thinking foreshadows the move that, years later, was to be designated as the move from the one-person to a two-person psychology.

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Medium 9781605099552

Chapter 13: Lessons from Affirming Leaders

Jeffrey Sugerman Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Whether you consider yourself high or low on the Affirming Dimension, we’ll help you understand the benefits of this positive approach. As we discussed in Chapter 2, the Affirming Dimension is located on the eastern side of the 8 Dimensions of Leadership Model, which means that Affirming leaders tend to be exceptionally warm and accepting. We’ll explore some key characteristics that make up the Affirming Dimension of leadership.

Affirming leaders want to encourage groups to succeed, to engage others in open communication, and more than anything, to create a positive, collaborative environment. They tend to maintain informal relationships with the people they lead, and one of their gifts as leaders is to create a sense of cohesion. People feel personally connected to the leader and connected to each other, and this helps members of the group to perceive themselves as a team rather than a group of individuals working toward the same goal. Affirming leaders generally aren’t as geared toward independence as some other leaders. This is positive in that they look for opportunities to collaborate, and in some regards, they can seem almost egoless. They take almost as much pride in seeing someone else come up with a brilliant idea as in coming up with it themselves. They take joy in building on that idea and connecting with the other person.

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Medium 9781855754102

CHAPTER ONE. Dialogues at the boundaries between and within professional and personal networks

Tom Erik Arnkil Karnac Books ePub

We have primarily sought practical solutions. Jaakko worked right from the beginning “within” the practices he was researching, being a member of a psychiatric treatment team. For Jaakko, practical developments have most often preceded theoretical analysis of the experiences. For Tom, developing concepts has been central, albeit in close contact with practice. He was not a member of the open-care teams he has researched, which work with children, adolescents, and families. However, network-dialogical practices were developed in close cooperation with the grass-root practitioners.

Although we describe in detail the dialogical practices we have been involved with, our aim is also to discuss the more general dimensions of dialogism. After all, technical skill is not sufficient. Attitude, outlook, and one’s way of thinking are equally if not more important. Neither is networking simply a series of network methods; it is, rather, an understanding of the significance of relationships for an individual—an orientation towards networks. Of course, therapeutic tools are not unimportant. Some ways of discussion are more favourable than others in generating dialogues. The guidelines for Open Dialogues and Anticipation Dialogues took shape over a long period. The course was not straight, however. We have had to totally retrace our thoughts a couple of times. Below, we describe those twists and turns in the development path, to highlight how the central ideas were arrived at.

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Medium 9781574412840

19. The Restless Searcher (1960)

Michael Sparke University of North Texas Press PDF

19.

The Restless Searcher

(1960)

It must be coincidental, but Kenton greeted the start of every new decade with a fresh initiative. In 1950 it had been strings and concert music. By 1960 Stan needed the dance halls to survive, and anyway he couldn’t begin to afford the luxury of a large string section. French horns had already been found wanting, changes had already been made to both saxophone and trombone sections, and Stan loved his high trumpets too much to meddle with them. He needed a whole new sound, but was at a loss to know how to proceed. Old friends Gene Roland and

Johnny Richards were recruited to offer advice.

Meanwhile the band kept working, as did Stan’s sense of humor.

After “Love for Sale” on January 25, 1960, Kenton acknowledges the prolonged ovation from what sounds like a large crowd at Cal-Poly State

University, and observes: “It’s very nice of you to react that way. I do however want to advise you that jazz musicians are different than musicians of other forms of music. When they hear a lot of applause they immediately start thinking in terms of money and all sorts of things that are unbecoming to a non-profit organization such as this!”

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Medium 9781855752191

3. Psychotherapy and the prisoner—impasse or progress?

Jessica Williams Saunders Karnac Books ePub

Ronald Doctor

This chapter explores the possibility of working as a psychotherapist within the prison service. I discuss the psychodynamic processes involved in treating offenders, with addictive behaviour in criminality and in sexual and drug abuse, within a psychotherapeutic community in a prison. The therapeutic community provides an intensive relationship experience in which the interaction between the inmates and the staff within the prison institution are mirrored in the therapeutic community in general and groups in particular. I illustrate this with the use of clinical examples of how this environment allows the customary defences of violence and deviant behaviour to be creatively challenged in the therapeutic groups, thereby permitting new possibilities of coping with the anxieties of the prisoner. It has been suggested that the prison culture is an obstacle to the effectiveness of psychotherapy, but I argue that with the use of the therapist’s countertransference a humane understanding of the conflicts can be achieved.

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Medium 9781910977088

JESSICA

Brafman, A.H. Editora Karnac ePub

A carta do Clínico pedindo que víssemos Jessica na clínica pintava um quadro muito dramático dos seus problemas: “Esta menina tem sofrido de uma fobia de corpos mortos – ela tem um medo paranoico da morte. Sofre de pesadelos e tem ataques de angústia com hiperventilação. Jessica não tem problemas na escola, onde consegue bons resultados. Seus pais são dedicados e a família não tem história de problemas psiquiátricos ou qualquer questão de abuso infantil. Ao que me contam, Jessica segue sua mãe o tempo todo, fica sentada na cozinha e até fica junto da porta do banheiro quando a mãe o está usando. Jessica pensa que a mãe pode morrer.”

Vi Jessica junto com sua mãe. Uma dupla amistosa, calorosa, sorridente, rapidamente se puseram à vontade. A Sra. J transmitiu as desculpas do marido que havia tido um compromisso de última hora e não pudera vir à consulta. Jessica era uma menina de 9 anos de idade, saudável, inteligente e bem falante. Ela me disse que gostava de sua escola, tinha muitos amigos e seus professores gostavam dela. Foi com claro orgulho que mencionou ser uma das melhores alunas de sua classe.

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Medium 9781574415957

Together Despite All: The Boston Globe, By Sarah Schweitzer

Edited by George Getschow University of North Texas Press PDF

488

Best American Newspaper Narratives, Vol. 2

comings and goings: Purell-rubbed hands and cookies sent by strangers who, not knowing what else to do, had packed offerings of solace into lidded tins.

In the bed, Marc is surrounded by a press of family. They came after hearing the day's news: His remaining leg could be too damaged to save. They had amputated his right leg above the knee in the immediate aftermath. Now, there was talk of the left.

In the operating room earlier, doctors had peeled away bloodied gauze and found dead tissue around the ankle. They removed the blackened mass. Then they rewrapped all his injuries with new gauze—his singed back, his burned hand, the infected stump of his amputated leg, his broken knee, his shattered foot—and waited for Marc to wake so they could tell him that the foot was a bigger problem than they'd thought.

If the tissue didn't stop dying, they would have to consider another amputation.

His family hugged and shed tears out of Marc's sight. Then they entered the room and began urgently, frantically chatting. Anything to avoid the topic of the foot.

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