|Jo B. Paoletti||Indiana University Press||ePub|
In the generation since the end of the unisex child rearing experiment, infants’ and toddlers’ clothing has changed from a market where neutral options were plentiful and even gendered clothing came in a wide range of colors to a consumerscape that is largely gender binary. So narrow are the choices that parents who wish to avoid gender stereotypes cannot shop in most mass-market retailers, whose neutral offerings are limited to newborn sizes. This shift occurred rapidly, beginning with the transformation in baby clothing around 1985. Suddenly, overalls, pants, and knitted tops, once staple neutral wardrobe items, were embellished with flowers or trucks. The infants’ departments in large stores were more sharply divided into “boys” and “girls” sections, with less space devoted to neutral styles.
The continued influence of parental anxiety about gender and sexuality is no doubt a factor in this change, since there is no evidence that it had ever disappeared. If anything, emotions stirred up by both the women’s liberation movement and the gay rights movement had raised the stakes for parents wanting to do the right thing. What “the right thing” might be was no clearer after a decade or so of sex role research and inhome experiments, and the battle lines were drawn between liberal and conservative parents in the modern culture wars. Conservative parents, as might be expected, argued in support of traditional, heteronormative masculinity and femininity, and they preferred clothing that reflected those values. Liberal parents were less predictable; some continued to seek out and purchase unisex clothing and reject strongly masculine and feminine styles. Others, especially those who had been children themselves during the 1970s, were less doctrinaire about the matter, letting their children be the final arbiters as they entered toddlerhood. Between conservative and liberal parents, of course, there were millions of parents who had no strong opinions on the matter at all.See All Chapters
|David C. Korten||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
The only valid purpose of an economy is to serve life. To align the human economy with this purpose, we must learn to live as nature lives, organize as nature organizes, and learn as nature learns guided by a reality-based, life-centered, intellectually sound economics that embraces the values and insights of the Sacred Life and Living Earth story.
The quest for a new economics begins with a simple question for which the answer should be obvious: Is the purpose of the economy to maximize the profits of money-seeking corporate robots or the health and well-being of living households?
One of the most important single contributions to my understanding of where mainstream economics went wrong came from Sixto Roxas, an economist and former international bank executive. We became close friends and colleagues when I lived in the Philippines in the 1980s. I once asked him, “Why do economists so often come up with the wrong answers?”
Without a moment’s hesitation, he responded, “Because they chose the firm rather than the household as the basic unit of analysis. Economists view the economy as an aggregation of profit-seeking firms rather than an aggregation of living households.”1See All Chapters
|Hamid R. Arabnia, Leonidas Deligiannidis, George Jandieri, Vince Schmidt, Ashu M.G. Solo, Fernando G. Tinetti||CSREA Press|
Int'l Conf. Software Eng. Research and Practice | SERP'13 |
Emerging and Innovative Techniques and Methodology in
Software Engineering for Systems Maintenance and
Maureen Ann Raley
University of Alabama in Huntsville
P.O. Box 6904
Arlington, VA 22206 USA
When undertaking a substantial upgrade to a heavily used, widely distributed network, it is important to have a realistic status of the system at all times to ensure all resources required are available and in place. Our previous research examined the utility of atomic and information theory metrics to identify potential risks and predict project progress to completion. These metrics were derived from an information system inventory database. Our results demonstrated it was possible to predict the behavior of future maintenance projects in one hardware or software environment using the data from a different environment assuming both projects require similar labor and scheduling. We were also able to identify risks during the project so that mitigation could be effected. We propose future work using metrics derived from inventory databases for risk assessment that introduces internal and external contingencies that could impact the success of the systems maintenance effort.See All Chapters
|Cindy Ventrice||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
Sports teams keep score. They also track averages, handicaps, assists, and receptions. Anything that measures performance gets reported. Statistics give players objective feedback. When a player receives the award for most valuable player, good statistics usually back it up. Those statistics help make the award fair and consistent from year to year. Measurement makes the award relevant to both players and spectators. In your organization, you measure for the same reasons—to track performance. When you measure and then use that information in your recognition, you provide objective feedback and make the award relevant to recipients and observers alike.
A Toastmasters International club in Amherst, New York,1 provides a good example of measurement in action. Clubs and associations have always had difficulty getting members to take on leadership roles. Lacking the ability to offer financial rewards, volunteer organizations have to rely on other ways to motivate members. This Toastmasters club in Amherst previously had a great deal of difficulty getting people to volunteer long enough to gain the experience needed to take on the role of president. Members would serve as treasurer or VP of education and then step down. Few members felt ready or willing to take on the responsibilities of president.See All Chapters
|Steve Arneson||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
Make 360° Feedback Work for You
HAVING CAPTURED YOUR LEADERSHIP lessons and analyzed your working relationships, you’re ready to take the next step: gathering feedback from others on how they’re experiencing your leadership. Do you know what others think of your leadership style? What are your strengths and opportunities as a leader? How do others really feel about working for you? Do you know the answers to these questions? You may think you do. But there’s only one way to find out for sure. There’s an old leadership adage that says “If you want to know how well you’re leading, turn around and see if anyone’s following you.” You’ll never get the full picture of your leadership if you’re always looking forward. From time to time, you need to turn around and make sure your people are still behind you. And while you’re at it, try to get a sense of their feelings about your leadership.
This is the idea behind the greatest leadership assessment tool ever invented: 360° feedback. The 360° process involves a formal collection of input from your direct reports, peers, and managers on your leadership style and behaviors. The feedback is generally gathered using a quantitative survey, and most 360° tools involve the solicitation of written comments, which are usually presented anonymously. The data and the written comments are compiled into a comprehensive, personalized report (generally by a professional consulting firm), which is then given to you and debriefed, typically by a human resources or leadership development professional. Whether it’s conducted formally or informally, the 360° process is a great way to confirm what you’re doing right, discover possible blind spots, and get suggestions for improving your leadership skills. It’s hard to think of a more efficient and effective assessment process.See All Chapters
|Roy Armes||Indiana University Press||ePub|
There are a number of directors with very different backgrounds, born in the 1950s, who made a first feature film in the 2000s, among them Khalid Ghorbal, Nawfel Saheb-Ettaba, Nidhal Chatta, Khaled W. Barsaoui, and Ibrahim Letaief. Ghorbal came from the theatre, Saheb-Ettaba and Chatta are marked by lengthy periods spent abroad, and Barsaoui and Letaief are products of the Tunisian enthusiasm for ciné clubs and amateur filmmaking.
Khalid Ghorbal, who was born in 1950 in Tunisia, is based in France; his earlier work, except for the short, The Chosen One / L’élu (1996), was in theatre, which he had studied first in Tunis (at the Centre d’Art Dramatique) and then in Paris (the Université Internationale du Théâtre de Paris and the École Jacques Lecoq). He directed the most widely distributed film by any of this group of older directors, Fatma, in Tunisia in 2001. The film sets out to confront the practice of repairing a woman’s vagina—just three stitches required—after she has been raped. It is Ghorbal says, “a strange compromise which seems to sort out things for everyone: the future husband, whose honor will be safe and his virility intact, as well as the young woman, who will have a husband and in that way become a wife and mother.” But underlying this is a basic hypocrisy, “which weighs only on the woman.”66See All Chapters
|Campbell M.D., Ralph||Basic Health Publications||ePub|
Parents are going to wonder, Where are the orthomolecular pediatricians? Is there one near me? The answer is, probably not. The only way you will know for sure is to ask friends, ask at local health food stores, and especially, search the Internet. There must be some out there somewhere. There are advantages to having a physician who can juggle the restraints of our insurance system and still provide an orthomolecular concept of good care. We hope you can find a few and question them. We hate the idea that nutritional medicine might be available only for the rich. In my (RKC) area it was impossible for me to be an effective orthomolecular doctor or to call myself one. I went to marvelous educational conferences, such as Orthomolecular Medicine Today, when I could. I applied what I learned in those meetings and also from several Environmental Medicine meetings, to my private practice and to my public health duties. I was happy to do it, but it is tough to make a living when there is no charge, since health care insurance, of course, would not reimburse me.See All Chapters
|Laura Stack||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
A fulcrum is the hinge or pivot a beam acts against to multiply the input force. In the real world, it may be a handy rock, a log, or the bar a seesaw pivots on. If you use the right size, height, and position for your fulcrum, you’ll be able to get more leverage from your system.
Equipping your team members with the right tools, such as computers, software, and the Internet, can strengthen their leveragability. A business fulcrum may also consist of anything from specific productivity approaches to professional relationships.
While this topic alone could consume a forest’s worth of books (and no doubt has), in the interest of brevity, I’ll present only a few examples of tools, resources, and approaches.
Provide your team members with the tools they need to succeed. In my onsite seminars, employees frequently complain about their various systems, their software, and related company policies. A common complaint is that the company does not allow them to load personal software onto their computers; another is that the company places restrictions on accessing certain Internet sites.See All Chapters
|Lonely Planet||Lonely Planet||ePub|
Pop 61.8 million
Vast hordes of travellers find themselves drifting into Hubei through the magnificent Three Gorges, the precipitous geological marvel that begins in neighbouring Chongqing and concludes here. It’s a once-in-a-lifetime trip which perfectly introduces Hubei’s dramatic natural beauty.
Sliced by rivers (including, of course, the mighty Yangzi) and dappled with lakes, Hubei is largely lush and fertile, but its western regions are dominated by stunning mountain scenery. National parks such as Shennongjia are jaw-droppingly spectacular, while the sacred peaks of Wudang Shan add pinches of Taoist mysticism to a sublime landscape.
Hubei’s central location ensured it played a key role in Chinese history, with plenty of evidence around the ancient city of Jingzhou of the great Chu kingdom that ruled this part of China more than 2000 years ago. China’s modern history, meanwhile, is woven into the fabric of Wuhan, Hubei’s vast, battle-scarred capital city.
AMar & Apr Get in ahead of the draining Yangzi summer, but bring an umbrella.See All Chapters
|Barbara McAfee||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
|Heather Winterer||Center for Literary Publishing||ePub|
after what it used to be
comes mostly cloud
come crystals very vaguely
never still erasing what it can
I’m just barely that time. Half-particular.
One voice offers “you.”
“Me.” So I take it. “She.” I also claim—
At which we happen outlines mostly loop,
a flesh makes word.
Crisply outside its meremost it distinguishes.
(Here and you and she) I am (of mother, father)
Could be anyone is
Realized I am as partial etymology I realize
I am quite suddenly at last being finite
severed from before
Severally plentiful happy to be other than
This one every day a taking place becomes
its unbecoming pulls it
Into bones the lucky body yours these into
Another one and yet an other someone else,
I was never quite that child
Never once was she exactly what I would become
I was barely there. She was my outer child
but she did have fun—big fun
My outer child—I was only there from time to time
At times we were living in that place, at others
is it possible or barelySee All Chapters
|Pravina Shukla||Indiana University Press||ePub|
IT IS THE THIRD OF JULY, AND TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE ARE gathered on a farm just outside of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. A young couple walks by, wearing matching T-shirts: his says “Civil War Nut’s Husband”; hers reads “Civil War Nut’s Wife.” A man in baggy khaki shorts has a T-shirt that reads “Fort Bragg FIRE Emergency Services”; his companion sports a baseball cap that says “U.S. Army.” A little boy is dressed as a Union soldier, in blue pants and shirt, a kepi on his head, with a yellow cavalry sash tied at his waist, proudly carrying a toy infantryman’s rifle. On Sutler’s Row, at the photography studio, a young man poses in a wool Union uniform, indistinguishable from a real one except that it is open in back and fastened with long ties. At the Activities Tent a camera crew awaits, every man clad in shorts, sunglasses, bandanas on their heads, with large laminated “Press” badges dangling from their vests. Outside the tent stands an elegant bearded man in an impeccably tailored, pale gray uniform. He has come from upstate New York to address the crowd in the role of General Robert E. Lee. All of these people express their identities by what they wear.1See All Chapters
Resistance of Busseola fusca to
Cry1Ab Bt Maize Plants in South
Africa and Challenges to Insect
Resistance Management in Africa
Johnnie Van den Berg1* and Pascal Campagne2
for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West
University, Potchefstroom, South Africa; 2Institute of Integrative
Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
The evolution of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize by the African stem borer, Busseola fusca, in South Africa highlighted the importance of the development of appropriate integrated resistance management (IRM) strategies for stem borers in Africa. Landscape heterogeneity is characteristic of African agroecosystems.
This heterogeneity, in addition to betweenfield and within-field spatial mosaics resulting from variable gene expression in
Bt maize, will provide challenges to managing resistance evolution of the lepidopteran stem borers that attack maize. Adding to this landscape heterogeneity is the cultivation of open-pollinated maize varietiesSee All Chapters
Max Finlayson,1* Stuart W. Bunting,2† Malcolm Beveridge,3
Rebecca E. Tharme4 and Sophie Nguyen-Khoa5
1Institute for Land, Water and Society (ILWS), Charles Sturt University, Albury, New
South Wales, Australia; 2Essex Sustainability Institute, University of Essex, Colchester,
UK; 3WorldFish, Lusaka, Zambia; 4The Nature Conservancy (TNC), Buxton, UK;
5World Water Council (WWC), Marseille, France
After commencing with a summary of the current status, importance and productivity of natural wetlands, the chapter reviews the contribution of wetland ecological functions to sustaining vital ecosystem services. Wetlands are vulnerable to a range of anthropogenic pressures, notably land use change, disruption to regional hydrological regimes as a result of abstraction and impoundment, pollution and excessive nutrient loading, the introduction of invasive species and overexploitation of biomass, plants and animals. Natural wetlands have often been modiﬁed to accommodate agricultural and aquaculture production, or wetlands may be created in the process of establishing farming systems. Prospects for established practices, such as culturing ﬁsh in riceSee All Chapters
|Monaco, T.A., Editor||CAB International|
Land-use Legacy Effects of
Cultivation on Ecological
Lesley R. Morris
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Utah
State University, USA
Land-use legacies are long-lasting changes in ecosystems following human utilization of resources. Cultivation for crop production is known worldwide for creating land-use legacies that can persist for decades, centuries, and even millennia (Foster et al.,
2003; McLauchlan, 2006). These legacies are important because they represent fundamental changes in basic ecosystem processes such as plant species reproduction and colonization, soil nutrient cycling and availability, and soil water movement and availability. When these basic processes are interrupted, old fields can become more difficult to manage and potentially impossible to restore to the pre-disturbance native plant community. Cultivation (plowing, seeding, and harvesting a crop annually) involves both soil disturbance and the sowing and harvesting of the intended crop.See All Chapters