|Francis Grier||Karnac Books||ePub|
W hat determines our choice of lifelong partner? For \/\l Oedipus himself, this is not a valid question because, as T V we know, he married his mother. His story is about someone who could not give up his primary passion and move on to bear the pain associated with exclusion from the parents’ sexual relationship. Oedipus, we could say, acted on a universal longing that, in early life, is a consuming desire—continuing the exclusive possession of our first passionate love, our mother. It is therefore not possible to investigate whom Oedipus would have chosen as a wife if he had been able to relinquish possession of his mother. He is a lost cause. However, the question as to why one partner chooses another, and how the choice is linked to each partner’s internal oedipal drama is a valid one, and forms the focus of this chapter.
Sophocles’ story of Oedipus was revisited and borrowed by Freud, who articulated the oedipus complex—a mixture of impulses, phantasies, anxieties, and defences linked with the change from two-person to three-person relating. Klein and Bion subsequently developed Freud’s ideas, and we now recognize the oedipal situation and its resolution as a necessary part of an individual’s psychic development. Each one of us has to negotiate a journey from being a babe-in-arms, absorbed with an illusion of being our mother’s only love, over a hurdle where the existence of the father and other siblings, either potential or real, is recognized and accepted. First, the possessive and exclusive aspects of the relationship with the mother have to be relinquished. This involves bearing a deep sense of loss and pain. The later stages of the oedipal process involve recognizing the differences between the relationship of child and parent as distinct from that of husband and wife. This recognition comes with a further sense of loss and envy, and results in the child giving up his sexual claim on his parents. The child now understands the difference between the generations—and has managed to recognize that the parents are in a sexual relationship with each other that does not include her/him.See All Chapters
|Robert N Emde||Karnac Books|
The First Steps: a culture-sensitive preventive developmental guidance for immigrant parents and infants
any children that are currently participating in preventive developmental guidance programmes in the major towns of the Western world are growing up in cultural or subcultural environments that differ substantially from those of white middle class families. In that perspective, the ability of the prevention worker to take into account very different cultural practices and scripts involving child development and parenting is of great importance (Emde & Spicer,
2000). This ability, referred to as “cultural sensitivity”, has been worked out systematically in the Belgian prevention project we have called The
First Steps. After describing the history of that project as well as the specific ports of entry we have in the target group of socially disadvantaged immigrant families, we will provide a section on culture-sensitive adaptations of psychoanalytic concepts and methods. This will be followed by a description of our empirical research, indicating how our studies on vulnerable developmental lines in immigrant children have shown effects of a targeted preventive intervention on their developmental profiles.See All Chapters
|Gillian Preston||Karnac Books||ePub|
Iwas one of Nina Coltart’s analysands.
It is difficult to write about a relationship that is both so intimate and yet so remote; for example, I never, either during my analysis or after it, ever called her “Nina”. But it is inevitable that, during a long training analysis, the patient comes to know the analyst pretty well, and the training analysis is the central part of an intensive apprenticeship by means of which we are turned into analysts and members of the same profession. After I had finished my analysis, I used to write to Nina, and go to see her from time to time, and I took over from her as the analytic consultant to a psychotherapy training in Birmingham. During these encounters, and in the latter stages of my analysis, she told me quite a bit about her attitude to our rather odd vocation, and I have tried to record here some of her various aphorisms and what I think she meant by them. (I did think of calling this piece “The wit and wisdom of Nina Coltart”, but I can well imagine just how indignant that would have made her.)See All Chapters
|Dorothy Heard||Karnac Books||ePub|
This book is written by practising psychoanalytic psychotherapists with a background in medicine and psychiatry. We are writing for members of the caregiving professions who are interested in exploring the nature of caregiving and the circumstances in which it appears to succeed or fail. It is interesting that among the range of theories centred on the development of human beings and ‘the self, the capacity for caregiving has been taken as implicit and until recently has attracted little attention in its own right.
Most therapists are aware that the predicaments brought by patients or clients are often centred on failures of parental caregiving. They are also aware that parents are often ineffective caregivers because their own upbringing had not encouraged the development of caregiving abilities. In the relative paucity of theoretical explanations of how the capacity to give care develops, we have put forward a theoretical model of caregiving that is based on Bowlby’s model for instinctive behaviour and is complementary to his model of attachment and attachment behaviour. It draws into one theoretical frame a number of recognised clinical and empirical findings that have a crucial bearing on the development of the capacity to give effective care, to which the phenomenon of attachment in the form of careseeking is a major challenge.See All Chapters
|Ben Cohen||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
Perhaps you run a business of your own. For years, you’ve been working impossible hours, neglecting family, friends, and the activities you really enjoy.
Maybe you’re convinced that a business shouldn’t have to treat customers and employees as expendable, ignore the needs of the community where it’s located, or pollute the air and water.
Or maybe you’ve been working for a company that’s making use of few if any of your talents. You’re a cog in someone else’s machine, and you don’t get the respect you deserve. Yet you’ve plugged away, year after year.
Questions about the purpose of life and the meaning of work are certainly not unique to people in business. But they take special shape in the business world. The circumstances that so often lead people in business to wonder about life’s meaning are themselves special.
For one thing, business is commonly regarded in our time as a way to pursue the accumulation of money, pure and simple. Loud voices in the business establishment, in academia, and in government insist that’s so. Sometimes they go much further, asserting that making profits is the only legitimate purpose of business.See All Chapters
|Planet, Lonely||Lonely Planet Publications||ePub|
Stroll along the sea, enjoying the landscaped gardens of the Corniche, singing birds and scented trees, and soon the busy metropolis will seem a world away. That said, there isn't a better way to admire the modern architecture of downtown Abu Dhabi. Attempt this route in the early morning or evening in summer to avoid the excessive heat.
Start Abu Dhabi Flag; Marina Mall bus stop
Finish Heritage Park; Sheraton bus stop
Length 10.5km; four hours
There are refreshment kiosks around the public beaches of the western Corniche, but carry water for the eastern half. Pause mid-route at the friendly Nova Beach Café ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %02-658 1879; Corniche Rd (West); snacks around Dh40; hnoon-10.30pm), but beware, once settled in you may not want to move!
From the giant flag, the symbol of unity in this capital city, it's a brief stroll to the Abu Dhabi Heritage Village. Here you can enjoy a glimpse of Emirati life before oil revenues transformed the country forever.See All Chapters
|Herbert A. Rosenfeld||Karnac Books||ePub|
Such has been the boom in literature on psychosomatic illnesses that it is impossible to summarize it, let alone even read everything that has been written on the subject. A number of authors have attempted to describe specific psychic conflicts or specific character structures for each individual psychosomatic illness (Franz Alexander and Flanders Dunbar). Others, such as Felix Deutsch and Adolph Meyer, posit the existence of strong interactions between body and mind in all psychosomatic conditions. There are also those who highlight that multiple factors underlie psychosomatic illness, including genetic factors, the existence of traumas at an early age, inability to resolve a situation through behaviour, symbolic representation and even psychosis. The ideative level can lead to a direct physiological expression manifested via the autonomous nervous system. In 1964 I hypothesized that mental conflict, especially early con-fusional conditions (which are particularly intolerable for the infantile ego), tend to be split and projected, evacuated into the body or internal organs, in such a fashion as to cause hypochondria or psychosomatic illness, or sometimes a combination of the two. Given that there are many factors capable of bringing about a psychosomatic illness, only a detailed analytic inquiry into the specific psychosomatic problem can clear up what has caused the psychosomasis in an individual.See All Chapters
|S.H. Foulkes||Karnac Books||ePub|
CONCERNING LEADERSHIP IN GROUP-ANALYTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
This chapter is based on a paper read in January 1949 to the American Group Psychotherapy Association in New York who had invited me to talk on leadership. What they had in mind was really a paper on the therapist’s technique in group analysis. For this the term ‘leader’ seemed to me unsuitable since the therapist does not act as a leader of a group in the usual sense. In addition the term had a political flavour at the time [Mussolini, Hitler). ‘Director’ would be misleading since in a technical sense he is ‘non-directive’. I had already, in group-analytic usage, introduced the term ‘conductor’. This allows one to express more specifically when the group analyst acts as a leader and when he does not.
The term ‘leader’ is used here in the ordinary sense of one who wishes to lead a group to a certain goal, in some respects the opposite of what a good therapist does who sets out to wean the group from its wish to be led. The group analyst does not often function as a leader in the ordinary sense. In thus refraining from leading he shows up, ‘by default’ as it were, what the group wants and expects from a ‘leader’. I used this type of observation from group-analytic experience to throw some light on the idea of leadership. This is here explained as it was not apparently appreciated by part of the New York audience at the time. The paper, nevertheless, deals explicitly with what the therapist-conductor does or does not do in group analysis.See All Chapters
|David L. Smith||Karnac Books||ePub|
That building without a firm base: Do not build it high; Or, if you do—be afraid.
Sa’adi of Shiraz
During the course of the late 1880s and the early 1890s, Freud moved from the stance of the neurologist who studies the effects of nervous disorders to that of the psychologist primarily interested in studying the stories that people tell about themselves and others. Freud believed that it was only by means of listening to patients’ stories that it is possible to draw valid conclusions about the hidden aspects of their souls, their unconscious mental life.
The seduction theory
Freud’s “seduction theory” was first publicly advanced in the spring of 1896. Although it was privately retracted in September 1897, public retraction did not come until 1906, a full nine years after the private retraction. Here is how Freud, writing nineteen years later, described the seduction theory and its retraction:
The majority of my patients reproduced from their childhood scenes in which they were sexually seduced by some grownup person. With female patients the part of the seducer was almost always assigned to their father. I believed these stories, and consequently supposed that I had discovered the roots of the subsequent neurosis. … If the reader feels inclined to shake his head at my credulity, I cannot altogether blame him. [1914d, p. 34]See All Chapters
|Marina Altmann de Litvan||Karnac Books|
ALTMANN Book_Altmann correx 15/08/2014 10:18 Page 343
Suggested questions for group discussion
Questions about Level 1
Phenomenological description of transformations
What aspects of the material suggest the existence of positive changes, negative changes, or the no existence of changes? Which prevail?
Are there changes that may be noticed in the course of one session? And, through time, between different sessions? In which areas is it possible to observe changes? (E.g., (a) capacity to love and sexuality; (b) family and social relationships; (c) occupation and leisure; (d) interests and creativity; (e) symptoms and subjective well-being.) Which is the patient’s perspective regarding his changes?
Do changes exist in the analytic process regarding (a) how the patient uses the analyst and her interventions; (b) how the patient uses his/her own mind and body during the session?
Which parts of the clinical material had a special resonance for the participants of the group and can be considered as anchor points that make it possible to track changes in the patient? WhatSee All Chapters
|Lonely Planet||Lonely Planet||ePub|
Estonia doesn’t have to struggle to find a point of difference; it’s completely unique. It shares a similar geography and history with Latvia and Lithuania, but it’s culturally very different. Its closest ethnic and linguistic buddy is Finland, yet although they both may love to get naked together in the sauna, 50 years of Soviet rule have separated the two. For the past 300 years Estonia has been linked to Russia, but the two states have as much in common as a barn swallow and a bear (their respective national symbols).
In recent decades, and with a new-found confidence, Estonia has crept from under the Soviet blanket and leapt into the arms of Europe. The love affair is mutual: Europe has fallen for the chocolate-box allure of Tallinn and its Unesco-protected Old Town, while travellers seeking something different are tapping into Estonia's captivating blend of Eastern European and Nordic appeal.
AApr & May See the country shake off winter’s gloom.See All Chapters
|Elaine K. McEwan-Adkins||Solution Tree Press||ePub|
Overview of Craft and Structure
Academic vocabulary is the true language of power and that is particularly true for our English Language Learners and a wide variety of kids we care about most.
Part II presents a set of literacy strategies designed to help your students meet the standards found in the second section of the Common Core College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading titled Craft and Structure. It is one of four broad categories set forth to describe the critical skills of reading comprehension that independent and highly proficient readers use during the reading of complex informational texts.
The big idea of Craft and Structure is this: students must go beyond merely understanding what the text is about to acquiring the skills needed to dig more deeply into the text, particularly regarding academic vocabulary. If you have not already discovered the glossary, turn to it now. It contains over sixty words and terms that students must understand before they can give voice to their thinking processes, understand the directions their teachers are giving, and write about what they have read in a constructed response according to the directions. In too many cases, even when students do understand what the text is about, they do not understand the directions. Figure P2.1 presents an overview of the five elements of an author’s style that will be explored in this section.See All Chapters
|Brook A. Ziporyn||Indiana University Press|
E X P E R I E N C I N G T I A N TA I
Experiments with Tiantai Practice
Ti a nta i Bu ddhist pr actice is a n i m m ense a r sena l of techniques and practices, a pharmacy in which every imaginable medication is made available. After all, following the Lotus Sūtra, Tiantai regards all Buddhist practices (and even non-Buddhist practices) as part of a single vehicle: none are to be excluded, all are to be “opened up” and shown to lead to Buddhahood. This is just what Zhiyi, the founder of Tiantai Buddhism, tries to do in his works on meditation. He gives a practical description of all the traditional meditations of Buddhism known to him, both Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna, and then “opens them up” by applying Tiantai Three Truths contemplation to them, showing that all of them are ways to reach the ultimate if supplemented and recontextualized in this way.
Here I will not go through the vast and intricate ways he crisscrosses and stair-steps and inter-nests them, although it is fascinating and creative achievement. Zhiyi’s procedure is not at all a rote application of a formula, but rather an extremely innovative discovery in each specific case of how that particular approach can be opened up—much as a master wit may find the specific ambiguity or potential irony in a serious statement and make a joke of it, with perfect timing. Zhiyi cracks theSee All Chapters
|Lonely Planet||Lonely Planet||ePub|
Few Italian regions can match Campania’s historical legacy. Colonised by the ancient Greeks and loved by the Romans, it’s a sun-drenched repository of A-list antiquities, from World Heritage wonders to lesser-known archaeological gems.
Great Greek temples never go out of vogue and those at Paestum are among the greatest outside Greece itself. With the oldest structures stretching back to the 6th century BC, this place makes Rome’s Colosseum feel positively modern.
A bite-sized Pompeii, Herculaneum is even better preserved than its nearby rival. This is the place to delve into the details, from once-upon-a-time shop advertisements and furniture, to quirky mosaics and even an ancient security device.
Short of stepping into the Tardis, Pompeii is your best bet for a little time travel. Snap-locked in ash for centuries, its excavated streetscapes offer a tangible, 3D encounter with the ancients and their daily lives.
Eerie aqueducts, mysterious burial crypts and ancient streetscapes: beneath Naples’ hyperactive streets lies a wonderland of Graeco-Roman ruins. For a taste, head below the Complesso Monumentale di San Lorenzo Maggiore or follow the leader on a Napoli Sotterranea tour.See All Chapters
|Donald Meltzer||Harris Meltzer Trust||ePub|
Since this week rather marks the beginning of the end, it might be useful to take stock of what has happened in the 2 J months of the treatment so far. It is a week fairly full of suffering, mainly related to the father being in ‘X’ and Richard being expelled from his mother’s bedroom. But it is also filled with the beginning of his suffering about the termination.
There is a very interesting episode about the catching of the ‘salmon parr’ and the killing of it. Richard has an authentic response of anxiety and guilt on the one hand and regret about it. It links with the episode where for a moment he was confused between the three women who were present at the river when he caught the ‘parr’ and the three ‘silly’ women who were outside the consulting room in the session with Mrs Klein. She takes it up only in terms of anxiety about killing mummy’s baby, which is certainly correct. It comes up again in a more reparative form in the material about the kitten, as evidence that he has also good feelings towards other children/mummy’s babies. Mrs Klein does not however take up his identification with this little ‘salmon parr’, feeling himself to be the baby who is hooked away from the mummy. It comes up in the drawings about the mother fish and all the little fishes, and the bait that is being let down into the water. The feeling is unmistake-able that one of the baby fish is going to take the bait and be hooked away. Perhaps she does not pay much attention to that aspect because of still being a bit preoccupied with the genital conflict and the castration anxiety.See All Chapters