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Medium 9781855758773

CHAPTER EIGHT: Subtle is the Lord: the relationship between consciousness, the unconscious, and the executive control network (ECN) of the brain Written with Colwyn Trevarthen

Fred M. Levin Karnac Books ePub

Fred Levin and Colwyn Trevarthen

“All the life in the body is the life of the individual cells. There are thus millions upon millions of centres of life in each animal body. So what needs to be explained is … unifying control, by reason of which we not only have unified behaviour, which can be observed by others, but also consciousness of a unified experience”

(Alfred North Whitehead, 1929, p. 108)

“The conclusion of the first century of psychoanalytic work that may be of the greatest relevance for a theory of behavior regulation is the realization that a predictable series of regulatory modes succeed each other in the course of ontogenesis. These modes … constitute an epigenetic sequence [such that] each mode persists as a potentiality throughout the life cycle and may be called upon whenever it offers the opportunity for optimal adaptation”

(John E. Gedo, 1993b)

Introduction

Gedo’s developmental hierarchical model, which he and Goldberg originated (Gedo & Goldberg, 1973) and which he has continued to refine (Gedo, 1993a), offers clinicians and researchers alike remarkable assistance in organizing their thinking about the patterns and control mechanisms of mind–brain. Most interesting to this monograph, Gedo has employed his model to explore consciousness, a subject on the boundary between the psychological and the biological (1988, 1991a,b).

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Medium 9781591200727

7. Considering the Fourth Mood: Self Versus Others: Oversensitivity to the World

McCabe, Vinton Basic Health Publications ePub

7

                          

Considering the Fourth Mood: Self Versus Others: Oversensitivity to the World

Life is a process. It is a process of learning. It is a process of stimulus and response. Throughout our entire lives, from birth onward, we take in impressions, and those impressions shape our experiences on an emotional, mental, and physical level. These experiences—which are born from our individual and unique responses to the stimuli that constantly assault us—teach us the realities of the world around us. Further, they suggest to us the way we should live and instruct us about the rules of conduct and behavior by which life is governed.

Whether we live in a big city and are constantly assaulted by traffic, noise, bright lights, and the crush of the crowd or in a rural environment, our minds and bodies are confronted each day with new sensory stimuli. Each day we have new thoughts and new moods, and undergo a wide range of fleeting emotional states. Our responses are broadly based upon our experiences as well as on our environment and the stresses and challenges that it offers. No matter how beneficial or stressful our environment, we are in a constant state of action and reaction.

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Medium 9781847772268

Aces and Eights

Ward, David C. Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

Aces and Eights

Early mornings, two or three a.m., when my father couldn’t sleep

He’d make his way downstairs and brew a coffee, black and bitter.

Sit at the kitchen table with a pack of Luckies, a deck of cards,

Dealing out dummy poker hands, playing them himself against himself.

Five- or seven-card stud were his games; never draw, a game for kids,

He’d say, not a real man’s game. Calculating odds and chances in his head,

He’d check and raise, hold and fold, spinning cards out in semicircles

To put them through their paces. Smoking all the while and sipping

From his cup, he’d impose his pattern on their random fall.

He’d learned to play, like most of the men of his generation, on football

Roadtrip bus rides and then continued in the War, breaking the monotony

Of hurry up and wait with an endless game of table stakes with cash

It was bad luck to keep, a smaller gamble of luck against

The biggest cashing out of all. Cutthroat camaraderie men learn

To relish, the poker games didn’t survive once middling age,

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Medium 9781936227068

17. Diversified Interests

Davis, Belva Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

• • •

I’m sometimes astonished to remind myself that I grew up in an era before colorization, when not only were television and movies almost exclusively black and white, but the people who starred in them could more accurately be characterized as white and whiter. On the rare occasions that I did see black people on-screen, they were playing sidekicks, servants, or slaves.

Back then—except for films made by pioneering black filmmakers such as Oscar Micheaux—the media gave me no black heroes or heroines, no depictions of black family life, and of course, no black journalists telling the stories of my community.

After I broke through one of those barriers and into the business, I felt obligated to help tear down other obstacles and make way for more people of color, so that we could transform the face of news and entertainment. Over the years, I’ve tried to mentor, support, and encourage dozens of young journalists and performers. But I also tried to advance the cause in a more systematic fashion, starting with my union.

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Medium 9781782200703

CHAPTER TEN Psychopathology

W.M. Bernstein Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER TEN

Psychopathology

S

ensations, thoughts, and feelings of anxiety can result from being physically ill, or living in stressful, dangerous environments. Our concern here is with people who don’t feel well despite being in materially safe situations. Such individuals use repetitively invalid concepts to interpret reality. This usually causes overestimations of threats to security, anxiety, reduced mental competence, and poor decision making. In a smaller proportion of people, the tendency to underestimate risk is the psychopathology.

The theorist working at multiple levels of analysis has the potential to develop strong construct validity (see Campbell & Fiske, 1959).

High construct validity involves integration and operationalisation of ideas at multiple levels of analysis. It is, in effect, equal to psychological or conceptual depth. For example, operationalisations of the concept depression are made by experts at three levels:

• biological measurement of pathognomonic brain activity and neurotransmitter system anomalies

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Medium 9781576753538

Chapter 3: Appreciative Intelligence in Action

Thatchenkery, Tojo Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The ultimate function of a prophecy is not to tell the future, but to make it. 1
—W. Warren Wagar

In the thick of our research and writing, a unique example of an organization “walking the talk” about Appreciative Intelligence emerged. It brilliantly exemplified the three components of Appreciative Intelligence and the four qualities that stem from it, and it highlighted the results of Appreciative Intelligence in action. It underscored the power of leaders with high Appreciative Intelligence to make a positive difference and change the future by applying Appreciative Intelligence to work with a younger generation.

Carol, one of the authors, walked into Delaware Valley Friends School (DVFS), an innovative college-preparatory school in the suburbs of Philadelphia for students who have learning differences. As she watched students make homemade pasta in a cooking class, study for a science exam, and talk with a teacher about geometric figures, it was difficult to comprehend that most of the teens she observed had floundered academically and personally at previous schools.

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Medium 9781576755969

CHAPTER FOURTEEN Peace in the Mediterranean Basin: What Will It Take?

Savir, Uri Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

THE MEDITERRANEAN IS A REGION OF CONTRAST: VISIONS OF blue waters and white sand set a backdrop for ethnic conflict and Maghrebian mayhem. Some of the region’s richest countries lie across the water from some of the poorest. To appreciate the cultural, political, anthropological, religious, and historical diversity inherent in this area, one simply needs to look at a map: the countries that border the Mediterranean Sea range from France, Spain, and Italy to Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco; from Israel, Greece, and Turkey to Libya, Syria, and Lebanon. There are twenty-two states along the shoreline, all of which have unique and interwoven histories and cultures.

The first step in any effort toward regional peace must be to unearth the unifying factors among these societies. The identification of common values and experiences will provide a foundation for cross-border understanding and mutual respect for human rights.

The Mediterranean is rich in culture and history, relaxed in nature, full of unique flavors and cuisines, and a source of creativity. The most obvious commonality among Mediterranean societies—aside from geography—is monotheism. The Mediterranean Basin is the birthplace of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, and the civilizations built around these religions have spread similar yet distinctive cultures throughout the region.

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Medium 9781626560970

Contents

Born, Paul Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781782200048

Chapter Five - Freud & Co.

Michael Molnar Karnac Books ePub

“You speak a language that I understand not:
My life stands in the level of your dreams…”

(Shakespeare: A Winter's Tale, III. 2)

The photo documentation of Freud's family was haphazard. There should have been a copy of this picture in some album or other, but in fact it turned up only after the death of Mathilde Freud's home-help and companion, Tini Maresch, among papers she left to the Freud Museum. It is the last record of a neglected member of Freud's family, but one who earned Freud's respect, even admiration—his eldest half-brother, Emanuel.

When the extended Freud family living in Freiberg split up in 1859, Jacob and Amalia, with their two children, left for Vienna via Leipzig, while Emanuel and his family, together with his younger brother Philipp, left for England. The Manchester Directory of 1861 picks up one of their earliest traces: “Freud & Co, importers of French and German Fancy goods, 26, Market Street”.

Around two years later, Freud produced the earliest of his works to have survived. It is a letter he wrote around the age of seven to Emanuel. Although it was a response to a lost letter sent by Emanuel's son John, it was addressed to the father, not the son. Freud begins, “I was glad to receive the letter from your dear son, but I am very sorry that I did not understand any of it. Now I am trying to write a few lines to you” (E. Freud, L. Freud, & Grubrich-Simitis, 1978, Pl. 12).

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Medium 9781855757271

CHAPTER SEVEN: Treating self-esteem issues

Gilles Delisle Karnac Books ePub

We shall address the treatment of self-esteem issues from the multiple viewpoints of relational psychotherapy. The difficulties in making contact that lie at the heart of these pathologies will be understood and worked through from two points of view. These perspectives, adopted and practised in the pluralist vein of contemporary psychoanalysis, are those of Kohut and Kernberg. Historically, they have been involved in rather a conflict-ual relationship, of which it may be said, if one is not constrained by institutional loyalty, that it says as much if not more about politico-institutional as about clinical disagreement. From Kohut’s point of view, narcissistic pathology is the result of arrested development. We imagine that the person who manifests this pathology has been hindered in his normal need to idealize and de-idealize. This point of view is very near to our thinking about the evolution of personality disorders. In reality, personality disorder results from the mixture of risk and resilience factors, in both the biological and the social spheres. When risk factors are greater than resilience factors, the process of development is interrupted or perverted. We begin, in fact, with the two perspectives already described earlier: Kohut’s which considers failure as arrested development and Kernberg’s who sees it as a perversion of this process.

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Medium 9780989175944

ACT V: ANATTA

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF

ACT V: ANATTA

Transition music, sung by kids:

WHILE THE MOON HER WATCH IS KEEPING

ALL THROUGH THE NIGHT

WHILE THE WEARY WORLD IS SLEEPING

ALL THROUGH THE NIGHT

O'ER THY SPIRIT GENTLY STEALING

VISIONS OF DELIGHT REVEALING

BREATHES A PURE AND HOLY FEELING

ALL THROUGH THE NIGHT

SETTING

Semi-rustic cabin interior, messy, lived in. The space is softly lit with candles and lamps. Entry door and stone fireplace audience left where a fire burns. Rocking chair beside the fireplace and a couch facing it. Audience right, kitchenette, hall and bathroom out of view. Nearby a telephone stand with an old black rotary phone and a wall mirror. Downstage audience right, a small dining table used as a messy desk, littered with paper in sheets and crumpled balls, water bottles, coffee cups, etc, a laptop on one end and a printer on a chair, a desk lamp lights the laptop and more debris. A waste basket is overflowing and surrounded by crumpled paper.

CHARACTER

Julie: Thirty-ish female. Frazzled. Thin. Wears loose jeans and a baggy sweater, unkempt, no make-up, bare feet. Long messy hair.

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Medium 9781626564046

13. Hosting and Holding Containers

Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Chris Corrigan

Dialogic Organization Development practitioners work with the concept of a “container” to describe both the result of dialogic tools and processes and the space in which such tools and processes unfold.1 Containers are intangible yet real spaces in which the potential and possibility of a group can unfold. They have boundaries that are physical and psychological. They are often best characterized by a feel, but they are nevertheless real aspects of deep dialogic practice.

An important role of Dialogic OD practitioners is the creation and maintenance of the container. Within the container the work of Dialogic OD can unfold. People can enter into relationships that seek emergence and the activation of their potential and purpose. The construction of the container is a powerful practice that can influence groups and enable them to achieve what they have set out to do or inhibit them from doing so. The practitioner must bring a deep consciousness of containers to the work, and develop practices that ensure there is clarity from the group about the quality of the space they are in.

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Medium 9781855755529

Chapter Three: The consultation

Helen Alfille Karnac Books ePub

When considering what happens in a consultation, it is very important to know for whom we are doing this assessment. Are we assessing for an organization, for ourselves, or to make a referral? If an assessment is made by a hospital or clinic, there are certain constraints of time and the consequent intensity of work possible, but, on the other hand, there may be the benefit of input by the whole psychiatric team, which would be particularly helpful for severely disturbed patients. If, however, we are looking for a patient for a trainee psychotherapist, we would take extra care in exploring certain areas of the patient's psyche. We would be particularly concerned about ego strength, ability to commit, addictions, suicidal tendencies, and, of course, psychosis.

When does the assessment start?

Is the initial phone call important? Greenson (1967) feels that the initial phone call should be a good example of any future therapeutic work. This entails the analyst's careful listening and interest in the patient, so that he feels that his concerns are being taken seriously. The transference continues to develop as information is conveyed by the voice and accent of the assessor. Patients can be put off, or made more or less anxious, by the therapist's manner. For example, an American analyst chose to take a call from someone requesting an assessment during a patient's session. He was curt with the new referral and succeeded in making both patients feel rejected. We emphasize that a patient should feel that an analyst is as concerned about his welfare on the telephone as he would be in the consulting room. For instance, Greenson quotes a seventy–eight–year–old man whose psychiatrist had died. He had read about psychoanalysis and Greenson, and had rung for an assessment session. Greenson explained that psychoanalysts worked rather differently and he would like to refer him to a trusted psychiatrist colleague. He left the choice to the patient, however, who accepted Greenson's advice and was very pleased with the referral. Another therapist had the experience of being telephoned on a Sunday for an assessment. The caller was in a very difficult domestic situation but it transpired that she already alerted many professionals to her situation and was receiving a great deal of help. To offer an assessment would have added to the confusion of her splitting and reinforced her fantasy of a magical solution rather than encouraging her to use the help she had already mobilized.

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Medium 9781782202004

Freud (1917): On Transformations of Instinct as Exemplified in Anal Erotism

Anca Carrington Karnac Books ePub

Some years ago, observations made during psycho-analysis led me to suspect that the constant co-existence in any one of the three character-traits of orderliness, parsimony and obstinacy indicated an intensification of the anal–erotic components in his sexual constitution, and that these modes of reaction, which were favoured by his ego, had been established during the course of his development through the assimilation of his anal erotism.1

In that publication my main object was to make known the fact of this established relation; I was little concerned about its theoretical significance. Since then there has been a general consensus of opinion that each one of the three qualities, avarice, pedantry and obstinacy, springs from anal–erotic sources – or, to express it more cautiously and more completely – draws powerful contributions from those sources. The cases in which these defects of character were combined and which in consequence bore a special stamp (the “anal character”) were merely extreme instances, which were bound to betray the particular connection that interests us here even to an unobservant eye.

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Medium 9780253007889

9 Muslims on the Horn of Africa

Roman Loimeier Indiana University Press PDF

9

Muslims on the Horn of Africa

Historical and Thematic Patterns

The Horn of Africa forms one of the smallest regions of Islam in Africa. The arid lowlands of the Horn are characterized by fairly homogeneous ethnic, linguistic, and religious structures dominated by Somaal tribal groups. The history of the Horn has been characterized by competition over scarce resources, as well as tribal feuds.

At the same time, the region has been marked by the absence of a central government until the early twentieth century. As such, the Horn can be seen as a huge bilād al-sība, where tribal self-governance has historically prevailed over processes of state formation.

While Ethiopia was linked with the lands on the Nile and those on the Red Sea, the

Horn of Africa formed links with southern Arabia in the north and the East African coast in the south. Islam in the Horn originated in three regions: the ports of Zaylaʿ and

Berbera in the north; Harär and other centers of Islamic learning in the eastern Ethio˙ pian highlands; and the ports of the Banādir coast, namely Mogadishu, Brawa, Marka, and Kismayu. From at least the thirteenth century, these market places, harbors, and trading places had sizeable settlements of traders and scholars from Hadramawt in

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