|Rajiv Parida||Laxmi Publications|
Control Statements, Array and
Programming languages uses control statements to cause the flow of execution to advance the branch based on changes to the state of program. C# ‘s program control statements can be put into the following categories: selection, iteration and jump. Selection statements allows your program to choose different paths of execution based on the outcome of an expression or the state of a variable. Iteration statements enable program execution to repeat one or more statements. Jump statements allow your program to execute in a nonlinear fashion.
The conditional construct executes statements based on a given condition. The if (- -) else and the switch (- -) case construct fall in the category of conditional constructs.
The If Statements
The if (- -) else construct executes a given set of statements based on condition specified by you. The general format of an if (- -) else construct can be given as follows. if (boolean statement1 else statement2See All Chapters
|Richard H. Axelrod||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
Julie once received an invitation to a garden party at Buckingham Palace hosted by the Queen of England. Yes, that Queen of England. Julie had to sign a receipt when the invitation was delivered. The envelope was stamped front and back with “Lord Chamberlain Buckingham Palace.” It was addressed in beautifully handwritten calligraphic script. The message on the card itself was embossed in gold. It began with the words “The Lord Chamberlain is commanded to invite . . . ”
Talk about a special invitation. Julie still has it. The Queen, and the Lord Chamberlain, could be sure she would be there.
If we are not going to do it alone then we have to do something to invite others to join us. We know the people we want. Getting them to come becomes our focus.
We may not be confident they will come. We might fear that they won’t find what we are inviting them to exciting or worthwhile. Then they might think less of us. We could worry that it will take a lot of work to persuade them. It’s the times when we are not sure how to invite people in, when we are not confident that they will come, that this step deals with.See All Chapters
|Sharon Fisher||HRD Press, Inc.|
Managing Training Resources
Step 1: Weigh Costs and Benefits.
Once you have selected a training strategy, you should weigh the potential costs and benefits to make sure that the strategy is costeffective and meets the business case requirements for investing organizational or unit training resources, if this is necessary. You should be able to answer questions such as:
“What will the organization gain as a result of the training?”
“How much will training cost to obtain that gain?”
IDENTIFY POTENTIAL COSTS.
Prior to making a commitment to provide training, it is important that you fully understand the potential costs. Listed below are potential costs of providing training:
✓ Training attendance costs (salary, travel/per diem, etc.)
✓ Cost of replacing the individual while in training
✓ Training/tuition and material costs
✓ Training development costs (if new training is being developed)
✓ Other training implementation and follow-up costs
IDENTIFY POTENTIAL BENEFITS.
Next, you should balance training costs with the potential benefits to be gained. The chart on the following page summarizes the types of potential benefits that may result from the training.See All Chapters
|Planet, Lonely||Lonely Planet Publications||ePub|
Spend a weekend morning in Tiong Bahru, Singapore's current epicentre of independent cool. An easy three stops from Raffles Place MRT station, it's more than just an ever increasing list of eclectic boutiques, bookstores, cafes and bakeries that make this low-rise neighbourhood worth a saunter. This area was Singapore's first public housing estate, its streetscape of walk-up, art deco apartments now among the city's most unexpected architectural treats.
m Catch the subway to Tiong Bahru, walk east along Tiong Bahru Rd for 350m, then turn right into Kim Pong Rd.
The Tiong Bahru Market & Food Centre ( GOOGLE MAP ; 83 Seng Poh Rd; h8am-late, individual stalls vary; mTiong Bahru) remains staunchly old-school, down to its orange-hued exterior, the neighbourhood's original shade. Its hawker centre is home to cultish Jan Bo Shui Kueh ( GOOGLE MAP ; 02-05, Tiong Bahru Market & Food Centre; shui $1.20-3.30; h6.30am-10.30pm), famous for its chwee kueh (steamed rice cake with diced preserved radish).See All Chapters
Judaism – Jewish and Israeli
Constructing National Identity
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke, Pembroke, USA
Pilgrimage to the holy city of Jerusalem was a major ancient Jewish ritual. This chapter will discuss how this ancient tradition was transformed in the modern, secular, Israeli–Jewish experience. To this end, three different contemporary pilgrimage locations are presented, along with an explanation of how these new shrines are used for the creation of a national myth. New pilgrimage sites have helped develop Israeli identity, and even secular locations were sanctified. This process was promoted by the State of Israel, thus turning them into political pilgrimages. A different type of pilgrimage was also created from grass roots, by popular participation in newly dedicated shrines of North African Jewish saints.
Thus, the renewed Jewish national home on the biblical borders of the Land ofSee All Chapters
|Cottet, Serge||Karnac Books||ePub|
In An Outline of Psycho-Analysis, Freud explains that the analyst plays an active part in the patient’s psychic conflict.1 Through the transference a “pact” is made, according to which the patient agrees to say everything that comes to his mind in return for the analyst’s help. It seems, however, that once Freud had gained his patients’ trust, he did not hesitate to use his power for what—somewhat surprisingly— appears to be educational purposes. Did Freud seek to be the object a of the phantasy or the master?
My aim in this chapter is to define the analyst’s role in the transference, and thus Freud’s strategy in his analyses. I shall show that Freud’s desire ultimately emerges beyond the educational tone of his discourse.
It is generally thought that Freud took on the role of a father in his analyses, as he indeed explicitly suggests in a number of texts, for example, The Rat Man.2 More often, however, he thinks of the analysand/ analyst relationship as a form of tutelage, whereby the latter becomes a model or master to the former. These are the terms he uses in “Analysis Terminable and Interminable” (pp. 219–224). It is primarily the active character of these terms that strikes us, before we even begin to consider how they affect his tactics and strategy. In this context, one must ask whether Freud considers that the term “model” relates to the analyst’s person per se—his real talents—or whether, on the contrary, it is precisely its fictional character that allows an analysis to be successfully concluded.3See All Chapters
|Stephen Howard||Chartridge Books Oxford||ePub|
The purchase of energy is an action which does not in itself contribute to saving energy but can have a considerable impact on energy costs. Since deregulation of the energy market began the opportunity for large, and now not so large, consumers of energy to negotiate with energy suppliers has led to considerable savings for many organisations.
An assessment of the effectiveness of energy purchasing within the organisation should be the first step in any energy cost reduction programme.
Purchasing electricity at the best available rates is not a simple task and is becoming increasingly complex in the latter half of the 1990s. Increasing demands are being made on the buyer and the answers can no longer be found in the tariff brochures issued by the local suppliers, the Regional Electricity Companies (RECs).
The RECs buy their electricity from an electricity pool operated by the National Grid Company. Electricity generators, such as Powergen, supply electricity to the pool at a price dependent on the generation costs of the highest cost power station supplying electricity to the pool at any half hour period during the day, i.e. the price of electricity can vary 48 times a day.See All Chapters
|Anna Fodorova||Karnac Books||ePub|
The days had become so gloomy that she had to have the light on all the time. Passing from room to room she would hesitate, in case she glimpsed an unexpected shadow. What if she suddenly spotted an unexpected rip of colour, a black shoe under the wardrobe? Projective identification, that's what it was. She thought of phoning someone for company—maybe Annie whom she went to school with. There was also Lyn. But Lyn she hadn't seen for years. Everyone had become used to her being immersed in her studies, they had all stopped counting on her.
For dinner she roasted potatoes, grilled three trout and tracked down a tub of expensive ice cream, in hope that Ben might bring Kiko back with him. She poked at her food in front of the TV. She slept badly, waking every hour, listening for footsteps. Perhaps Ben and Kiko had stayed on somewhere after a party. In the morning she phoned Jimmy Rollo to ask if he happened to know Ben's whereabouts. When Jimmy claimed ignorance she began to panic. What if Ben lay injured in a hospital? Around eleven someone tried to call from a phone booth but failed. Ben had never stayed away this long without telling her, she complained to Eddie on the phone. Only to hear that one day this had to happen. Ben was old enough.See All Chapters
|CSREA 2003||CSREA Press|
Int'l Conf. Artificial Intelligence | ICAI'14 |
The Crowdsourcing Linguistic Technology for Experts
V. Protasov1, M. Charnine2, and E. Melnikov1
The Russian Center of Computing for Physics and Technology, Moscow, Russia
Institute for Informatics Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Abstract - Aspects of test materials formation, experts’ competency assessment and test questions complexity determination are introduced, using a crowdsourcing technology, Rasch model and adaptive sampling methodology for selection of test questions. Shown how iterative method for simultaneous determination of experts’ competency level and complexity of test questions can solve the problem of metrology testing - a clear and objective measurement of these quantities. Because the technology is simple and low-cost compared to existing methods, the community of experts by using crowdsourcing and proposed methods can independently develop test materials and carry out selfcertification of their community network. After that certified experts can participate in various individual and collective projects with predictable results. The usage of crowdsourcing technology for solving linguistic problems such as selecting definitions, evaluating of related keywords, and writing of encyclopedia articles are discussed.See All Chapters
|Kaveh Askari||John Libbey Publishing||ePub|
From the turn of the century up to the First World War, audiences of cinematograph shows did not only expect films on the screen and musical live accompaniment. They also were used to hearing the voice of a film narrator. Though an essential figure of live performance in early cinema, the film narrator was an ephemeral being, which did not leave many traces behind. Contrary to the silent film piano player, the profession of commenting on films live during screenings has not been reanimated in the cultural heritage business of film archives and silent film festivals, apart from very few remarkable exceptions.
The institution of the film narrator was deeply rooted in the tradition of the lantern lecturer whose spoken words usually accompanied the projection of slides already long before the cinematograph was introduced into the entertainment business. When it was introduced, cinematograph shows and lantern shows shared the screen, (Only recently, the notions ‘screen history’ and ‘screen culture’ have been established to analyse and understand the close connections between the art of projection and early cinema).1 Furthermore, lantern and cinematograph shows shared sound: live music, imitation of noises, and comments spoken by the lecturer or film narrator. Most lantern shows in the last decades of the nineteenth century were offered as ‘illustrated lectures’ with a lecturer or showman explaining the pictures2 – and most cinematograph shows up to the early 1910s saw the film narrator as mediator between audience and screen.See All Chapters
|Elisabeth Young-Bruehl||Karnac Books||ePub|
Psychoanalysis and social democracy: a tale of two developments*
After World War I, Freudian psychoanalysis was approached by reformers and revolutionaries in the Marxist tradition who hoped to find in its theory and practice a psychological foundation for the future they envisioned. A “Freud-Marx synthesis” was also an ideal for the democratic socialists among the younger psychoanalysts trained by Freud and his first followers. After World War II, a second version of that “Marx-Freud” synthetic ideal began slowly to emerge while both psychoanalysis and socialism were undergoing profound changes. That synthesis powerfully influenced the “social democracies” emergent in Europe and in other parts of the world. But when the European social democracies began to respond in the 1980s to the decline of the Soviet Union and to the rise of globalising capitalism, which brought new immigrant populations to Europe and surges of prejudice against them, the synthetic ideal needed reworking. In particular, psychoanalysis needed to be able to offer the “Freud-Marx synthesis” an updated analysis of aggression and prejudice.See All Chapters
|Sara Pope||HRD Press|
|Paul N. Spellman.||University of North Texas Press||ePub|
BATSON PRAIRIE OIL
There is no way of holding a prisoner here except to chain him to a tree with chain and lock
The assignment given Captain Brooks on March 18, 1903, must surely have opened a festering old wound in his soul. Even as he was making preparations to complete the move of Company A out to Laredo, Brooks was ordered to Yoakum to assist Atascosa County Sheriff Matthew Avant and two Rangers from Captain Hughes’s company in escorting Gregorio Cortez Lira to his trial in Pleasanton. Gregorio, the man who had killed Brooks’s friend Brack Morris two years earlier, had been in a San Antonio jail most of that time awaiting this next turn in the judiciary system. His stay in a Yoakum jail resulted from one of many changes of venue. Brooks reports only that he met the Rangers and Avant at the depot in Floresville where they headed to Yoakum, and that Cortez was safely brought to Pleasanton.1
The story of Gregorio Cortez’s many trials and acquittals stretched on into the next decade. In a personal letter, Capt. John Rogers, the Ranger who captured Gregorio, recalled seeing the just released defendant walking along a San Antonio street some years later, noting the revulsion he felt. One of Cortez’s several trials was presided over by Judge Stanley Welch, a key figure in South Texas politics who had also presided at the Baker trial in early 1903.2See All Chapters
|Philip B. Bedient||Texas A&M University Press||ePub|
Over the past 100 years, the speed of communication has increased dramatically, playing a vital role in disaster preparedness, response and recovery. Today, electronic communication is critical to everyday life and the average person is accustomed to having every form of information at their fingertips. In contrast, during the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 critical warnings were communicated via telegraph, a great asset despite the time it took for a message from the National Weather Service (NWS) in Washington to arrive in Galveston. Today, storm communications have advanced to the point where NOAA Hurricane Hunter flights in active storms transmit data that is received and reviewed by the public in real time. With the speed and turnover of different message delivery systems today, the challenge for emergency management in the coming years will be mastering those systems and formatting the messages so that they can be delivered to communities before it is too late.
Robust communication between public officials, emergency managers, and the community is critical for the successful defense and recovery of the Gulf Coast region in the event of a severe storm (fig. 7.1). This communication, tied with public education efforts, gives individuals and communities the tools necessary to plan ahead. To enhance community understanding of the risks of an approaching hurricane, these tools are communicated to the public by the media through public service announcements. In addition, it is necessary for elected officials to routinely discuss disaster plans and information in the media, increasing assurance, guidance, and public response during a disaster event (fig. 7.2). Communication between emergency management personnel and the community is the first line of defense in preparing for a disastrous event and is important for post-event recovery as well.See All Chapters
|Sue Blake||Karnac Books||ePub|
This chapter explores the relationship between primary care and psychotherapy from the perspective of a psychotherapist working in a GP surgery. Psychotherapeutic and primary care models apply different approaches to our patients, and the presence of a psychotherapist in the practice has an impact on the practice as a whole. The interface at which the two meet can represent a highly sensitive but potentially fertile ground and an opportunity to explore what it is that our patients are requesting of us. It can, however, also present particular difficulties—for example, if the practice feels threatened or persecuted by the therapist’s approach. There are also anxieties for the therapist who works inside another institution, especially one as potentially cohesive as a general practice. The placement of a therapist within a practice may be one way to build stronger links with our referrers, but it requires careful consideration as there is a risk of confusion as to the aims and identity of the work.See All Chapters