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Appendix 2 The force field

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The following paragraphs demonstrate how theoretical models that have been derived from one theory can be used as a bridge construct to another theory.

The example that we use is one of Lewin’s field theory models (the force field) which when applied to systems analysis concepts permits an operational definition of an inferred group goal to be developed.

Consider the following: the ‘level of equilibrium’ and ‘system goal’ are terms that are used interchangeably in systems analysis. A thermostatic system that is set for an equilibrium of between 60° and 70° F can be said to have this as a temperature goal. If the setting were unknown, this ‘goal’ could be inferred from the manner in which the temperature was regulated in the room. This is the same method by which we ‘infer’ the goal of a group: when the group’s behavior appears to be ‘regulated’ in the balance between flight and fight, for example, we can infer that this is the goal.

Lewin’s force field model is defined as a field of force that is the resultant of driving and restraining forces. The direction that the forces are driving toward describe a goal direction. The point on the goal continuum at which the forces are balanced is called, by Lewin, the ‘level of equilibrium’, which in our language would be the goal that could be inferred for the period of time of this balance. Thus in Lewin’s force field, the level of equilibrium can be stated as an inferred goal (sub-goal) related by driving forces to a directional goal. However, driving forces in one direction serve as restraining forces in the opposite direction. Therefore a goal can be assumed at either end of the continuum, as shown by the diagram. When the group-as-a-whole is viewed as a system, then the driving forces towards one goal (in this case an inferred goal of fight) will represent one set of role forces, and the driving forces towards the opposite goal (in this case an inferred goal of flight) will represent an opposing set of role forces. In this sense, the group system is defined as a function of interdependent roles. Driving forces can also be translated into communication output behaviors from the systems.

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Chapter 2 Implementing the Common Core State Standards for Reading

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KEY QUESTIONS

To what extent does your team understand the Reading standards: What is familiar? What is new? What may be challenging for students? What may be challenging for teachers?

Examine current texts being used in grades 3–5 and assess them quantitatively and qualitatively and for reader and task demands. Which ones work? Which ones should be used in another grade or eliminated all together?

How do grades 3–5 teachers at your school extend the foundational skills of reading that are taught in grades K–2?

Consuelo Martinez’s third-grade students are exploring the world around them without ever leaving their classroom. They have been reading If the World Were a Village: A Book About the World’s People (Smith, 2002) to understand the diverse makeup of the world’s cultures and to see their place within them. The book’s premise is that the descriptive statistics of the world’s population can be understood as an imaginary village of one hundred people. Ms. Martinez is using this informational text within the students’ mathematics class.

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Contents

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Wedding Bouquet Medallion

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Finished quilt size: 70˝ × 70˝

WEDDING BOUQUET

MEDALLION

By Rebecca Bryan • Quilted by Danielle Wilkes

I love medallion quilts. So much creative possibility exists from border to border. Only when the last border is sewn is any medallion design truly complete. Even then there’s still the binding to consider!

As I was making a classic Pickle Dish quilt, it was natural for me to gravitate toward creating a medallion based on the Pickle Dish motif. I played with the Pickle Dish blocks until I settled on an arrangement that looked like a flower. From that center flower, I built out layers to create a garden. I was thinking about a photograph of a garden in which some flowers are in focus but the background is out of focus and just providing color.

The focal points of this quilt—the Pickle Dish and Orange Peel blocks—can be challenging, so I added easier borders. The easier borders paint the colorful background. I made sure to leave plenty of white space for my favorite quilting motifs. Mine is feathering. What’s yours?

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Chapter 4 The Fourth Cornerstone of Character: Courage

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Whether called to public station or in the more private walks; following no man and no cause because of popularity, shunning no man and no cause you believe to be right because of unpopularity or reproach; but avoiding the parasite and self-seeker, and standing bravely by your own convictions.

Major Simon Willard (1606–1676)
English army major, politician, and magistrate
In a letter to his children

The fourth and final cornerstone of character is courage. The US Marine Corps handbook defines courage in this way: “Moral, mental, and physical strength to resist opposition, face danger, and endure hardship.”1 Does that sound more like leadership or more like management? Leadership requires a larger quantum of courage than management.

It will always be easier to criticize leaders more than managers. Why? Because leaders need more courage to take more risks, which always leads to more unforced errors. Leadership is a tougher game than management. Leaders are burdened with an act of creation. Managers, on the other hand, are burdened with an act of maintenance. Thus, in a strict sense, leaders are creators and managers are caretakers.

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Part IV. Modern Travelers on the Butterfield Trail—The Past Is Not Past: The Trail's Still Down There

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I

you fly over Mountain Pass in Taylor County, Texas, you can see in the chalky earth below two faint white tracks which follow the north edge of the hills, climbing toward the low summit of the pass. And if your imagination and your sense of history are as good as your eyesight, you should hear the clatter of hooves and wheels, the pop of a whip, or the faint cries of a brass bugle heralding the approach of the stagecoach, for this is one of the few visible traces of the actual road of John Butterfield's Southern Overland

Mail through Texas: the Butterfield Trail. Most of the remainder of the trail has been plowed under, paved over, overgrown by mesquite and scrub oak, or lost midst the maze of mechanical tracks created when an oil well is drilled and sustained.

There is a challenge to the modem traveler trying to follow in any fashion-foot, horse, or auto-the old Butterfield Trail. But arduous as the effort becomes, my wife and I found the job not just rewarding but exhilarating when we traced the trail in the 1990S.

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24 CASE STUDY Fly High, Dive Deep: An Interview with Fred Hassan, Managing Director of Warburg Pincus, LLC

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An Interview with Fred Hassan, Managing Director and Partner at Warburg Pincus, LLC

How would you characterize or describe your most important mentor?

My most important mentor was a gentleman who hired me for my first job in the pharmaceutical industry. He was a very senior executive. He was vice president of finance and a very knowledgeable and good person.

 

What were the traits you found most instrumental to your mentor’s work with you?

First of all, he was caring. He cared to build people around him. He cared to build a team, so the team could also mentor each other. He created this mentoring atmosphere, which was extremely helpful. Secondly, he was very competent. He was always challenging himself and the rest of us to get better at what we were doing. I started my career in corporate planning, which was a very important part of the company. He encouraged us to be open-minded and aggressive with our thinking. As a result of that, I learned to be much more focused on changing things and not accepting status quo as the way to go. Lastly, he was a good friend. He mentored in a very informal style, which was very helpful to me. If someone puts you at ease, is not always trying to impress, then it is easier for the mentoring to occur. The more formal the atmosphere, the less easy it is for the mentoring to occur because then people are more concerned about other matters beyond mentoring.

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Chapter 7 | A Season of Success Begins to Fade

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Chapter 7

A Season of Success Begins to Fade

I

n January of 1916, trouble in Mexico erupted again. Pancho Villa, seeking recognition as the leader of Mexico, was angry that the distinction had gone to Carranza, a fact that left him determined to continue the violence against

Americans. Under his leadership, members of Villa’s army stopped a train and summarily executed eighteen Americans on January 19, 1916. Two months later,

Villa led four hundred men who raided and burned the town of Columbus, New

Mexico, killing both private citizens and cavalry troops sent to defend them. In midMarch, in response to these attacks, President Wilson sent American troops under the command of Brigadier General John Pershing into Mexico in pursuit of Villa, an expedition that lasted almost a year. While the pursuers were successful in crippling the band of marauders, they did not kill or capture Villa. But for a time, Texas had the benefit of federal support in its border-war effort.1

In June of 1916 President Wilson directed the entire National Guard to the

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Going to Court 2

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name

_________________________________________

date ____________________________

GOING TO COURT II

Here are some more words that are commonly used in a court of law. indictment: the act of charging someone with a crime injunction: an order by the court forbidding someone from doing something, or or ordering something to be done judgment: decision given by a judge or court of law oath: a serious statement in the name of God that one will speak the truth or keep a promise subpoena: official paper ordering a person to appear in court; also called a summons warrant: official paper that grants the right to do something, such as search a house witness: a person who gives evidence in a law court

Underline the words from the box that correctly complete these sentences.

1. After his ( indictment / injunction ) for pickpocketing, Freddy

Fastfingers prepared to go to court.

2. Police officers arrived at Freddy’s house with a search

( witness / warrant ).

3. The court sent a summons, or ( warrant / subpoena ), to people who might have seen Freddy commit his crimes.

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Chapter Six: Tiny Business Is Lean Business

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I don’t care if you think you’re a math person or not.

As a business owner, you need to be intimate with your numbers. Even if you have a bookkeeper, an accountant, and a CFO.

Generally, the bookkeeper keeps it all organized, the accountant makes sure you’re in compliance with taxes and helps with strategies, and your CFO does forecasting and budgets. Despite all that capable backup, you still need to know the numbers like the back of your hand.

With almost three decades in business, I still speak entrepreneur more than I do numbers. But I know my numbers. That is because the lifeblood of my business is cash flow.

Cash is the log in the campfire and the gas (or electricity) in the car. Without cash, you can’t do what you need. Too much cash and you may do things you don’t need. I’ve been in both positions and you’ll likely find yourself in both too. Let me just say that having too much cash isn’t a real problem until you run out and don’t have a reserve. But having too little cash will exhaust and stress you out.

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5. New Schools

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Chapter 5

At ten o’clock on Monday morning, 2 June 1941, a Southern Pacific passenger train pulled into Dallas Union Terminal under a low gray overcast sky threatening rain. The train contained the first contingent of 100 Royal Air Force students destined for the British Flying Training Schools. Fifty of those on board, designated for Major Long’s No. 1 BFTS, stepped down from the high cars and onto the station platform. Each student wore the same gray civilian suit and the only discernible difference within the group was that several of the young men wore hats while several others smoked pipes.

After a short time, a tired conductor called out the traditional “all aboard” and with several short blasts of its whistle, the train started to move. Many of the fifty British students remaining on board hung out of the open windows and called “cheerio” to their recent traveling companions, now standing awkwardly on the platform. They then started to sing “Bless ’em All” as the train pulled out of the station, continuing westward to Major Moseley’s No. 2 BFTS in California.

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9: Strange Noises

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mJ~--------------------- Strange Noises

,va)' either. Center portions of the interior walls of the parapet, directly below the huge clocks, jutted out slightly, creating protrusions ideally suited for a dangerous game of hide-and-seek.. Except for a few ornate carvings and the faces of the huge clocks, the walls were made of smooth, pale limestone. When Don Walden and Cheryl

Botts left the deck, they surrendered it to Whitman's exclusive use; only a dying Edna Townsley occupied the interior of the twentyeighth t100r. Because Whitman had successfully secured the Tower's upper floor and deck, storming the fortress would require a serious and incredibly courageous effort. In order to delay further unwelcorned visitors, he wedged the Austin Rental Service dolly against the glass-panele<-l door on the south side.

N

The structure and design of the 28th tloor reception area and observation deck made for a dangerous gan1e of hide and seek. Whitman attempted to obstruct access to the area by placing Edna 'Townsley's desk and a chair at the top of the stairs. 'The large blank areas on the west and north sides were used for storage, and visitors had no access to the carillon and clock. As a result the only way to confront Whitman on the deck was through the south door. Texas Department of

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6 Awakening the Power of Families and Neighborhoods

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THIS BOOK IS AN INVITATION to participate in a transformation and movement that is occurring in many modern and developing societies. That movement is the search for an alternative, more community-based way to live and find satisfaction even when surrounded or assaulted by a consumer culture.

The starting point in every transformation is to think differently. We have used the shorthand of contrasting the system way with the community way in order to characterize the shift. It is a movement from purchasing what turns out to be dissatisfaction, to producing satisfaction. To shifting from the lens of consumption to the lens of citizen community as the core resource for a satisfied life.

Making the shift requires only that we act as if each of us and all of us have all that is needed to break our habits of consumption and its limits to satisfaction. We have the gifts, the structures, and the capacities needed right now. We have the capacities in our families and in our communities. All we need to do is shift our thinking first and then act on that shift. This is true, independent of the culture we live in, east or west, urban or rural, rich or poor.

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Chapter 2 - Lorenzo Asisara and José María Amador’s Accounts of the Death of Father Andrés Quintana

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CAPÍTULO 2

LOS RECUERDOS DE LORENZO ASISARA Y JOSÉ

MARÍA AMADOR SOBRE LA MUERTE DE

El PADRE ANDRÉS QUINTANA

(Aquí suspendemos por un momento las relaciones de Dn. José Ma. Amador pa. tomar la relación del indio Lorenzo Asisara, cantor que fue de la misión de

Santa Cruz, y cantor en la actualidad en las iglesias católicas que le ocupan.)

Muerte del Padre Andrés Quintana

La relación que voy a hacer me la comunicó mi señor padre en 1818, fue neófito de la misión de Santa Cruz; uno de los fundadores de ella. Era natural de la ranchería de Asar en la costa del Jarro, adelante de la de Santa Cruz.

Se bautizó entre los primeros de la fundación, teniendo él como 20 años de edad. Se llamaba Venancio Azar, y era el hortelano de la misión.

Mi padre presenció todos los hechos. Fue uno de los convidados para matar al Padre, cuando los indios trataron de matar al Padre Quintana.

Hicieron una reunión en la casa del hortelano Julián, el mismo que se hizo aparecer enfermo.1

1Geiger,

205. Geiger apunta que el español Andrés Quintana arribó a Monterey en 1805.

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City Aviation

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Take a city tour through twelve textile interpretations using solid fabrics, and explore the many possibilities that can be achieved through this painterly fabric medium. All of the quilt projects that follow are inspired by views in and around the city. These quilts are simple geometric designs cut from strips into squares and rectangles. Basic quiltmaking instructions and information about tools and materials can be found in Cherri’s Basics (pages 57, 73, and 83), as well as in Quiltmaking Essentials (page 103).

Note: Specific Robert Kaufman fabric colors are noted only when vital to the overall effect of the quilt.

Each day, as thousands of commuters—myself included—drive in the early morning darkness into downtown Houston, the buildings, lit from within, are a welcome greeting.

In this quilt the blocks—black, alternating with mainly pastels—are the lighted windows of the building. I’ve used color to create windows where some lights are out and where some are dimmed. Place the medium pastels and the charcoals randomly throughout the black units to give depth and variety to your office building.

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