43532 Chapters
  Title Author Publisher Format Buy Remix
Medium 9780253006639

3. “Everything Comes Back to It”: Woman as the Gift in Derrida

Edited by Morny Joy Indiana University Press ePub

I mostly speak, and this has been true for a long time, of sexual differences, rather than of just one difference—dual and oppositional—which, along with phallocentrism, with what I also dub carnophallogocentrism, is in fact a structural feature of philosophical discourse that has been dominant in the tradition. Deconstruction goes by that route in the very first place. Everything comes back to it. Before any feminist politicization (and even though I have often associated myself with that, on certain conditions) it is important to recognize this powerful phallogocentric basis that conditions more or less the whole of our cultural inheritance.

—JACQUES DERRIDA, “CHOREOGRAPHIES”

I may have told this story another time, in another place, perhaps even in another way, but I want to tell it again here, in speaking of women and the gift.

I met Sarah Kofman when I was a graduate student, and encountered her perhaps twice after that. Then, one day many years ago, the tear sheets from one of her articles arrived in the mail with only a scribbled note, now illegible from the passage of time. I tried to determine why she should send this bit of writing to me, but found no obvious answer and filed it away. Sometime later I learned, quite indirectly, of her death. And sometime after that, I learned, again quite indirectly, that she died a suicide. With each new layer of understanding, that article, that gift, became something very different.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781935542056

Chapter 9 Expectations

Mary Kim Schreck Solution Tree Press ePub

This chapter will discuss what we expect when we look at our students, why we form these expectations, and what we can do to avoid false or low expectations about our students’ abilities. The self-fulfilling prophesy theory can have dramatic effects on our actions and expectations; therefore, we will take a look at how this affects the way we think and consequently act in our classes.

First Thoughts on Expectations

In this chapter, we look at what we expect of ourselves and of our students. Studies have shown that no matter what the district or school has set in place in its curriculum and standards, it is the expectations of the teacher that often drive the achievement level of the students (Boehlert, 2005). Think about an experience with a person who gave you the impression you were more than capable of performing at a high level. Then think about a person whose attitude made you doubt your ability and consequently your performance.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576755679

15: LEADING FOR CHOICE

Thomas, Kenneth W. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

This chapter will help you build a sense of choice in your team. As we discussed in chapter 3, exercising intelligent choice is a primary way that workers add value in today’s work— adapting their behavior to the requirements of different conditions and coming up with innovative solutions to the problems they encounter. So ensuring a sense of choice is a vital part of your leadership for engagement.

Of the four intrinsic rewards, leaders have the most control over workers’ sense of choice. Leadership style is often described by the amount of choice given workers—from autocratic (little choice) to participative or delegative (much choice).1 Likewise, advocates of job enrichment or worker empowerment have emphasized the importance of the leader’s delegation of authority to workers. Still, this delegation is not always a simple matter. And delegating authority is only one step in creating a genuine sense of choice.

There are five building blocks of choice:

Power to act and make decisions about the work in all of its aspects.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576750452

13. Step 10. The Day-to-Day Manager

Weeden, Curt Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Corporate social investing has little hope of meeting its expectations without competent day-to-day leadership. The difference between a sluggish, lackluster program and a highly energized, robust initiative often comes down to a single individual—the person who’s holding the management reins.

It is not only essential to find the right corporate social investment manager but also critical that the individual be positioned at a level high enough in the corporation to (a) collect the information needed to make good decisions, (b) interact with other senior executives in the company, and (c) command attention and respect from those inside and outside the business. These points lead us to the tenth and final management step:

Step 10. Assign day-to-day management responsibility for corporate social investing to a position that is no more than one executive away from the CEO or COO.

This is a big change from the way corporate philanthropy programs have historically been managed in many—particularly large—businesses. The point person for a corporate contributions program is often several layers down from the chief executive. With corporate social investing, that won’t work. The function must be elevated to a higher executive level.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781626563377

Resource 2: The Investor’s Eye

Brill, Hal Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

THERE’S A PHRASE WE OFTEN USE: APPLYING THE INVESTOR’S EYE. We use “the eye” to think about, analyze, and put in perspective our financial choices as well as the personal and tangible investments we have outlined in this book. This is of course a very quick introduction to a topic that we have all given a lot of thought to over the years, but we wanted to give you a flavor of the questions that we, as investment advisors, run through when we are looking at new opportunities.

Certainly when buying a home or spending money for a college education or thinking about any big purchase, we all know what it means to think critically about these spending/investing decisions. Now we want to turn this type of thinking toward decisions about our personal, social, and community assets and the tangible things we buy with our money. In general, applying the investor’s eye means being more comprehensive in your thinking: think about the money with some degree of financial sophistication, think about how your decisions affect your family and community, and think about how you are helping or hindering the building of a better world. These elements of your big-picture perspective can be addressed through three aspects of applying the investor’s eye.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780490984

Chapter Eleven: Issues of Psychoanalysis in the Twenty-First Century: From Some Experiences in Japan

Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Issues of psychoanalysis in the twenty-first century: from some experiences in Japan

Masahisa Nishizono

Periodical and cultural backgrounds and the universality of psychoanalysis—from Freud to post-Freud

The discovery of psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud is said to be one of the greatest cultural achievements of the twentieth century. Psychoanalysis began as a treatment for hysteria, which is a type of neurosis. It then developed as a treatment for all types of neurosis, such as phobias and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Followers of Freud developed psychoanalysis further and applied it to the treatment of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis (currently diagnosed as “bipolar disorder”). In the course of developing these treatment methods, moreover, Freud evolved psychoanalysis from the study of treatment for mental disorders to a set of “psychological theories for understanding humans.” Psychoanalysis is regarded as one of the greatest cultural accomplishments of the twentieth century not only because of its value in therapeutics but also because of its advocacy of “psychological theories of understanding humans” which was a completely new concept.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781782202479

Chapter Six: A New Account of the Human: Responses to Pinel's Traité

Snell, Robert Karnac Books ePub

Precedents

In certain respects Pinel's and his students’ approach to madness was nothing new. We have seen how his initiatives in moral treatment belong among Europe-wide developments. As long ago as the early seventeenth century the surgeon Pierre Pigray had extolled kindly words as far more use than physical remedies when working with the mad; Samuel-Auguste Tissot, in his influential Traité des nerfs et de leurs maladies (1778 onwards), was critical of doctors who were ignorant of the emotional lives (le moral) of their patients (Bernard, 2015). Rousseau had been acute to his own and others’ internal discrepancies and self-deceptions.

It is impossible for a man constantly putting himself about in society and ceaselessly engaged in dissimulating to others not to dissimulate a little to himself, so that when he did get time to study himself he would find it almost impossible to recognise himself…

he wrote in “Mon Portrait” (Rousseau, 1782, p. 162). This catches both the idea that social life can alienate us from ourselves and that we can be divided against ourselves in the first place; a part of us that wants to know ourselves does, however, survive. St Paul and St Augustine themselves are evidence that Pinel was hardly the first to entertain such thoughts.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253347640

9. The Science of Happiness

Malcolm Bull Indiana University Press ePub

THE OBJECT OF Adventist evangelistic endeavor is to convert people to the beliefs of the church. But important as these doctrines are, Adventist evangelism is equally concerned to effect a change in the lifestyle of the prospective convert. As well as accepting the Sabbath or being able to identify the various beasts of the Apocalypse, joining the Seventh-day Adventist Church means embarking on a well-worn road to personal well-being and, it is hoped, to eternal happiness.

To this end, the denomination has sought to guide its members’ behavior in three important areas of human experience: health, family life, and recreation. In 1987 a new set of guidelines was issued on these subjects in Beyond Baptism: What the New Believer Should Know About the Adventist Lifestyle. The author, Fannie L. Houck, informed readers that “many Adventists choose to be vegetarians” and that even if they do not, they try to eat food that is “simple, wholesome, and natural.”1 On the family, she reminded new converts that they were uniting with a people who “believe God intended marriage to be a lifelong union, with both partners committed to making the home a ‘little heaven upon the earth.’”2 Parenthood, in her words, carried “weighty obligations of child care and disciplining,” and involved “nurturing the youth, guiding their character development, and training them for Christian service.”3 On recreation, Houck suggested the new member should from now on engage only in activities that “will refresh and renew the mind and body” or that “provide a change of pace, relaxation, and perhaps a challenge.”4

See All Chapters
Medium 9781855754515

Chapter 8: on bullying and being bullied

Rose, James Karnac Books ePub

Being bullied is one of the most common causes of human unhappiness and can occur at any time of life. The mid-adolescent is especially prone, because this is a time in life when a mature character is not yet formed. Every day adolescents meet up with their equally immature peers in settings that are intrinsically competitive in terms of pecking orders and territory. If we remember the constant confrontations between the young men of the Montague and Capulet families in fourteenth-century Verona as depicted in Romeo and Juliet, we can get a context for the situations in which bullying can occur.

Not for nothing does the Jets’ song in West Side Story go as follows:

When you're a Jet,
You're a Jet all the way
From your first cigarette
To your last dyin’ day.

When you're a Jet,
If the spit hits the fan,
You got brothers around,
You're a family man!

You're never alone,
You're never disconnected!
You're home with your own:
When company's expected,
You're well protected!

Then you are set With a capital J,
Which you'll never forget
Till they cart you away.
When you're a Jet,
You stay a Jet!

See All Chapters
Medium 9780953710515

Puerperal psychosis: vulnerability and aftermath

Karnac Books ePub

Puerperal psychosis is regarded as a rare entity that analytic psychotherapists do not meet in their daily practice, and that is likely anyway to prove unamenable to analytic interventions. I hope to show in this paper why these attitudes and assumptions need reviewing.

One general problem in approaching understanding of any psychotic disorder is the great divide between general psychiatry and psychoanalysis. Each regards the other as removed from its sphere of interest and experience. As a psychoanalyst and general psychiatrist, I would say that there is essential information to be gleaned from both sides if we are to develop a better appreciation of psychotic states such as puerperal psychosis.

I will start with the psychiatric contribution. In the nineteenth century, puerperal psychoses were thought of as specific entities, different from other mental illnesses. Later psychiatrists, including Kraepelin and Bleuler, regarded puerperal psychoses as no different from other mental illnesses (ie depression and schizophrenia) - they just happened to occur in the puerperium. This is the current view and is reflected in the latest classification of mental disorders, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10 (World Health Organisation 1992). The ICD disapproves of making a diagnosis of puerperal psychosis, rather than a depressive illness or, more rarely, schizophrenia. It defines mental disorders associated with the puerperium as those commencing within 6 weeks of delivery.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576755570

Chapter 25 YIELD Power Down

Kaye, Beverly Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Too bad my boss always needed to be right!

—A.J.

Think about being on a highway on-ramp in a busy city, at an intersection with no stop signs, or in a line forming at the movies. When someone says, “No, you go first,” with a smile and gesture, you may think how remarkable and rare that action is.

Similarly, in many workplaces, yielding is all too rare. It appears that most managers want to hang on to their power and prestige once they finally have it. In the short term, it may feel great to be so important or powerful, but there will be costs in the long term.

Research and our own experience teach us that when you yield occasionally to your employees, you empower them to think for themselves, to be more creative, more enthusiastic, and probably more productive. Your employees’ enthusiasm and sense of value as team members will increase the odds that they will stay engaged and stick around.

A sense of newly found power is one of the joys of being promoted into a leadership role. Even if you were never consciously looking to be more powerful, it may be ego gratifying to be anointed as skilled enough to make bigger decisions, direct others’ activities, and even take the spotlight bows for team successes.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576756294

CHAPTER 4: THE ECONOMIC DOUBLE STANDARD

Eisler, Riane Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Sometimes we don’t see what is in plain sight. This is particularly true when it comes to beliefs and values we’ve inherited.

In the Bible, we’re told that when King David had his famous affair with Bathsheba, he had her husband sent to the front lines, where his rival was conveniently killed. But instead of being punished for adultery and murder, David continued to reign.1 On the other hand, under biblical law a girl accused of not being a virgin would be taken by her father to the city gates and slowly stoned to death.2

The Bible also tells us that men could sell their daughters into slavery as servants or concubines and that marriage itself was a sales transaction. In Genesis, we read that Jacob worked seven years to get Laban’s daughter Rachel for his wife, and when Laban gave him her older sister Leah instead, he had to work another seven years to finally get the woman he’d bargained for. Another famous biblical story tells of how Lot offered his little daughters to a mob to be gang-raped—and instead of being punished, was chosen by God as the only moral man in the sinful cities of Sodom and Gomorrah!3

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780490762

Chapter One: Proust and Freud as Taskmasters

Freud, Hendrika C. Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER ONE

Proust and Freud as taskmasters

Those passages in which I was trying to arrive at general laws were described as so much pedantic investigation of detail.

—Marcel Proust1

Proust and Freud were contemporaries but were not familiar with each other's work.2 They lived in completely different worlds but, nevertheless, have much in common. Both Proust and Freud would rather be judged on their words than on their persona. They are far too aware that personal shortcomings can detract from the appreciation of their work. All the same, various interesting biographies of each author have appeared that help us gain a better understanding of their writings. Although the necessary restraint is required, it is clear that connecting the biography of the author to his oeuvre can sometimes be worthwhile. It will serve to better comprehend his vision but also his limitations.

Both Proust and Freud are incomparable observers of their own inner worlds, and also theorists about the inner worlds of others. They analyse themselves in order to be able to plumb the depths of their own psyches and those of other people. That aspiration forms the basis of their work. Freud's point of departure is a male psychology that isn't always equally compatible with women, or with all men. A female inventor of psychoanalysis would have focused on different aspects. In all likelihood, she would have seen the mother as much more the central figure even then. On the other hand, Marcel Proust, a homosexual male, put a special emphasis on the mother. Freud's and Proust's different psychological insights are fostered by different personalities, each with its own sexual identity and preference. Just as it is more difficult for a man like Freud to find his way on the “dark continent” of female psychology, it is harder for Proust to identify with heterosexual men and women, or with lovers who are not victimised by their jealousy as he is. Proust and Freud are best seen as balancing one another: they complement each other very well. Proust can certainly not be said to be healthy, either physically or psychologically: even as a child, he already suffered from serious asthma attacks, and life was hard for him from the very beginning. Nevertheless, he was able to distance himself sufficiently from his own problematic nature and to arrive at profound psychological insights and discover generally applicable patterns.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576751886

Chapter 16: Creating Right Relationships with Customers

Jamie S. Walters Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

MAINTAINING STRONG, integrity-based relationships with clients is no different than maintaining right relationships with anyone else. There are large corporations, such as Nordstrom, and Hewlett-Packard with their “HP Way,” that subscribe to high ideals for employee relations and customer service. Such companies set the benchmark for other larger organizations, particularly when contrasted with less impressive corporate performance norms. In a big-vision small business, customer relationship can be cultivated to a higher degree of personalization and mastery than in companies whose intense focus on fast growth and high profit margins renders relationship a lesser priority.

A big-vision small-business owner sees relationship cultivation from the perspective of a master craftsman, so that the possibilities take her and her group to a level well beyond simple jargon masking the mediocre. A customer relationship can be strengthened by communicating skillfully and respectfully; checking in on progress, performance, and expectations regularly; delivering quality products and services that match the client’s expectations; following through on promises or being up-front about why you can’t; providing excellent response when things go wrong; and being thoughtful about ways to increase the value of your services to the client without unduly increasing costs or ignoring your own bottom line.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780646947

21: Status of Invasive Plants in Tamil Nadu, India: Their Impact and Significance

Ansari, A.; Gill, S.S.; Abbas, Z.K. CABI PDF

21

Status of Invasive Plants in Tamil

Nadu, India: Their Impact and

Significance

S.M. Sundarapandian* and K. Subashree

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University,

Puducherry, India,

Abstract

Alien invasive plants always pose a major risk to native biodiversity and human welfare. Numerous species have been introduced into India, particularly in Tamil Nadu and particularly during the British administration. At present, there are

279 alien, invasive taxa in Tamil Nadu and about 69% of these are herbs. About 61% of the invasive taxa have migrated to Tamil Nadu from tropical America. Most of the exotic, invasive flora of Tamil Nadu belong to the families Fabaceae and Asteraceae. About 30.8% of the invasive plants are prevalent in all the districts of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri district has the maximum number of invasive plants (146 taxa). A lot of research has been done on the invasive flora of Tamil Nadu and the numbers are expected to rise in the future. A brief account on the top ten invaders of Tamil Nadu is provided. Several factors facilitate invasion of alien plants such as globalization, global warming, human migration, land-use change, etc.

See All Chapters

Load more