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CHAPTER ONE: The evolution of the family: from affective deprivation to over-protectiveness

Emanuela Giannotti Karnac Books ePub

“A first glance does not give the ideas of the things we see”

(Condillac, 1718)

The years following the Second World War have witnessed a considerable evolution in the organization of the family, T owing to the socio-economic and cultural changes of the past fifty years. We have observed, in fact, the passage from a typology of the merely “patriarchal” to the “nuclear” family. According to the most up-to-date ISTAT1 statistics, the average number of the components of the family has further diminished, while the choice of having only one child has increased. We notice an upside-down formation of the family tree, where the only child becomes the recipient of all the attention poured on to him by his parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts, the latter remaining, more and more often, unmarried.

The cultural and social capability to take care of the upbringing and maintenance of the new generations and the increase in unemployment induce young people to postpone home-leaving decisions. Seventy per cent of young people aged up to thirty, mainly males, even if they are economically independent, continue to live with their parents, under their mother's wings (Buzzi, Cavalli, &De Lillo, 2002). Therefore, we can speak of an “extended family” where adult subjects live together. This phenomenon is particularly evident in wealthy and industrialized countries. In 1999, Time magazine made an inquiry about this issue, interviewing families in which young people over thirty years old were still living at home, regardless of the fact that they had jobs and were therefore economically independent. When asked about the reasons for this choice, the over thirty-year-olds answered, “Why should I go and live on my own? My mother pampers me; the way she cooks! … you couldn't eat like that in a restaurant, she irons my shirts perfectly, my bedroom is always tidy and clean. My father solves all my problems: he goes to pay my driving licence, the insurance, collects my post, queues at offices and banks for me, takes my car to the garage and brings it back for me fixed. He's just wonderful!” And the parents say: “Love doesn't hurt. Who can help him better than us, when he is in need? He remains home with us because he knows he can always rely on us.”

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Medium 9781936764273

Chapter 4: Implementing the Common Core State Standards for Speaking and Listening and for Language

Fisherr, Douglas Solution Tree Press ePub

CHAPTER 4

Implementing the Common Core State Standards for Speaking and Listening and for Language

KEY QUESTIONS

•   To what extent does your collaborative team understand the Speaking and Listening standards and the Language standards: What is your current level of knowledge about these standards? How can you increase your expertise? How will you measure growth?

•   How much classroom speaking do students do that is academic in nature? Do they use argumentation and provide evidence for their claims when they share their thinking?

•   How sophisticated is the language students use in speaking and writing? Are there language structures that students need to learn to be successful?

Twelfth-grade students Naima, Rogena, Alex, and José are preparing for a debate. The subject they have chosen is adoption—specifically whether children under the age of eighteen should be allowed to pursue disclosure of information about their biological mother when the records are sealed. Their English teacher, Greg Anzelone, hosts debates in order for students to engage in argumentation through speaking and listening. In addition, the debate preparation consolidates many other skills, including conducting research and working collaboratively. The group has drawn the position that underage children should not be allowed to do so. They have been amassing research on the topic and are meeting to assemble their arguments.

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Medium 9781942496458

Introduction

Edward C. Nolan Solution Tree Press ePub

The only way to learn mathematics is to do mathematics.

—Paul Halmos

When teaching, much of the day is spent supporting students to engage in learning new content. In mathematics, that often means planning for instruction, delivering the planned lessons, and engaging in the formative assessment process. There are opportunities to attend conferences and other professional development events, but those are typically focused on teaching strategies or on administrative tasks like learning the new gradebook program. Opportunities to take on the role of learner of the subject you teach are often neglected. As you read Making Sense of Mathematics for Teaching Grades 6–8, you will have the chance to become the learner once again. You will learn about the mathematics you teach by doing the mathematics you teach.

There is a strong call to build teachers’ content knowledge for teaching mathematics. A lack of a “deep understanding of the content that [teachers] are expected to teach may inhibit their ability to teach meaningful, effective, and connected lesson sequences, regardless of the materials that they have available” (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], 2014, p. 71). This lack of deep understanding may have more to do with lack of exposure than anything else.

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Medium 9780253019301

12 The Sultan’s Advisors and Their Opinions on the Identity of the Ottoman Elite, 1580–1653

Christine IsomVerhaaren Indiana University Press ePub

Linda T. Darling

OTTOMAN AUTHORS WROTE several works of political advice for sultans in the years 1580–1653. Unlike medieval advice works (mirrors for princes), these works were not stereotyped moral descriptions of the good prince, or rather the just sultan, illustrated with episodes from Islamic and Persian history and legend. These authors claimed to analyze the problems of the current age and give practical advice for their solution. One of the chief problems they complained about was the adulteration of the Ottoman elite by outsiders, the contamination of Ottoman identity by people without the proper background or education to be true Ottomans. Although these outsiders were undoubtedly subjects of the Ottoman sultan, this was not enough to qualify for official positions or merit the rewards of service. In these authors’ opinion, a true Ottoman came from a good family, was well educated, and followed the prescribed career path, and therefore he deserved the wealth and power obtainable on that path.

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Medium 9781855758698

24. The Position of Fantasy in Psychoanalytic Psychology - Chairman's Introductory Remarks to the Symposium on Fantasy

Heinz Kohut Karnac Books ePub

A fact which had been known for a long time has in recent years (through the publication of Freud’s correspondence with Wilhelm Fliess) been impressed afresh with great poignancy on the student of the history of psychoanalysis. It is contained in the chapter of the heroic tale of Freud’s life when from the depths of what seemed a great defeat —the recognition that the seduction stories of the hysterical patients were “false” (Freud, 1887-1902) —Freud arrived at the important and basic insight that these “false” stories were “real” fantasies emanating from the nucleus of the unconscious, the Oedipus complex (Freud, 1925a). This discovery was of the greatest significance; it opened the road psychoanalysis had to follow by establishing the far-reaching influence of the inner life of man and, in particular, the central position of fantasy (especially of unconscious fantasy) for psychological development and motivation. From the interaction of the child and his environment (or to be more exact, of the child’s drives and rudimentary ego functions, on the one hand, and the environment, on the other) arises the area of rich inner elaboration of experience that has become the central focus of psychoanalytic inquiry.1

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Medium 9781576753101

Contents

Doug Allen Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9780253016294

1. The Wicked Major: Embodying Cultural Difference

Matthias Krings Indiana University Press ePub

IT WAS GETTING close to midnight when the musicians finally intoned the hymn of Magajiyar Jangare. The amplified sound of the garaya, a two-stringed lute, distorted and cracking through the megaphones that served as loudspeakers, sent shivers down my spine. I had witnessed a number of public bori possession dances before and knew that this was the sign for the spirit mediums to begin their preparations. On that night in December 1992, Idi and his group had been performing in Unguwa Uku, one of the bustling quarters outside the old city of Kano, Nigeria, since the last prayer, at about eight that evening. For hours, Idi had sweetly praised women and men among the audience with words sung to the tunes of the spirit hymns. Those who were praised had reciprocated with cash, thus expressing their close relationship to particular spirits as well as their acknowledgement of Idi’s praise. Now Idi sang the lines which prompted those willing to come forward to serve as the spirits’ “horses,” or mediums, on that very night: “Children of bori, come forward, your mother has arrived, the one with the large zane-wrapper.” The six-gourd rattle players sitting in front of Idi gave their best and sped up the rhythm. Clad only in single cloths tied around their waists or above their chests, the nine “children of bori,” six men and three women, came up and sat down in the middle of the makeshift dance floor, an open space surrounded by more than 300 people. Soon some of the mediums began to yawn. With trembling bodies and bulging eyes, groaning and frothing from their mouths, they produced the physical signs of possession trance. The scene grew wilder by the minute. As if violently thrown across the dance floor by invisible hands, some mediums traversed the open space half-crawling, half-jumping—raising clouds of dust. Finally, when the spirits had fully mounted their horses, the scene calmed down again. Each medium now moved and spoke according to the personality of the particular spirit he or she embodied.

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Medium 9781591202622

CHAPTER 6 NADH for the Skin

Birkmayer M.D. Ph.D., George D. Basic Health Publications ePub

NADH is also available as a skin serum, which contains only a single active ingredient, namely NADH, as nano particles composed of lipids such as lecithin. By this carrier, the NADH is transported into the skin, where it is taken up by the dermis cells. There, it produces ATP energy and water, which is all the skin needs to stay vital. NADH is able to repair altered skin cells damaged by sunburn, allergic reactions, or exposure to toxins.1

NADH skin serum is effective against wrinkles. After only two weeks of a daily application of a few drops of NADH, the deepness of the wrinkles were diminished, and some disappeared totally.2

At the University of Freiburg, in Germany, a study was conducted to prove the efficacy of the NADH skin serum on telangiectasias, common alterations of the skin that are also known as cuperoses or “spider veins.” Thirty-six women with extensive telangiectasias participated in this study. They applied the NADH skin serum daily for six weeks to the area afflicted by spider veins. Before and at the end of the treatment period, pictures of the particular skin area were taken by standardized computerized photography (see Figure 6.1 on page 78). These pictures were then examined in terms of changes of the skin by two independent dermatologists. These examiners judged the NADH skin serum to be very effective, leading to a significant reduction of the spider veins. With some women, they disappeared totally.3

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Medium 9780253008794

4 Bisexuality on the Boob Tube

Maria San Filippo Indiana University Press ePub

Alice (Leisha Hailey): I’m looking for the same qualities in a man as I am in a woman.

Dana (Erin Daniels): Big tits!

THE L WORD (“Pilot,” 1/18/2004)

 

As the flippancy of this chapter’s naming and epigraph suggest, the vast majority of representations of bisexuality in television involve femme women, with the bi-suggestive character or narrative inevitably reconsigned to monosexual logic – if not immediately (as with Dana’s retort above) then soon thereafter. As a number of lucid if lesbian-centric readings have pointed out, televisual representations of non-monosexuality historically have featured sensationalized forays into “lady love” sparked by the short-term appearance of an alluring temptress timed to coincide with network sweeps periods or as a last-ditch effort to revive flagging ratings. These “very special episodes” (as networks are known to bill them) feature visits by characters established to be “real” lesbians, thus serving, as Sasha Torres argues about their frequency in the single-woman sitcom, to “ease the ideological threat of such ‘feminist’ programs by localizing the homosexuality which might otherwise pervade these homosocial spaces.”1 But rather than fully resurveying that history here, I wish to consider the rich (though rarely realized) potential of serial television’s extended narrative format to create spaces for representing sexual fluidity, and to consider what’s happening lately – by asking how and to what degree representations of alternative sexualities escape the constraints of bisexual disavowal and compulsory monosexuality in contemporary English-language serial television.

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Medium 9781782203520

Chapter Four - The Stages of Treatment in Short-Term Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

Jocelyn Catty Karnac Books ePub

Although STPP is not a structured treatment in which formal “stages” of treatment are explicitly delineated, it is helpful to distinguish some of the tasks and techniques appropriate to its early, middle, and late stages. This chapter outlines some of the main features of the different stages of treatment in STPP. The composite case study of Anna, introduced at the end of the last chapter, is used to illustrate the clinical processes as they unfold through the course of STPP treatment. The case study is also used to demonstrate the writing of two clinical formulation reports: one during the beginning stage, the other at the end of the treatment. The kind of parent work that might typically be conducted for such a case is described in chapter 5, in an illustrative case study of the work conducted with the mother and stepfather of Anna, while some of its implications for supervision are described in chapter 6. Key characteristics and clinical dilemmas are also noted as they are likely to arise during the process of STPP, some of which are explored further in chapter 7.

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Medium 9781855756809

CHAPTER NINE: Two rats and the extraterrestrial

Ira Steinman Karnac Books ePub

Lois was a depressed, withdrawn woman in her mid-thirties when she consulted me. She had a previous diagnosis of chronic paranoid schizophrenia, had been hospitalised several times, and had been treated for the previous seven years with antipsychotic medication. She had lived in a halfway house for the better part of a year and now stayed alone in a rooming house. She was unkempt, dishevelled, and clearly preoccupied and hallucinating. She had been married, but was now divorced. She had given up custody of her children, and had had a persistent delusion for years that two rats were gnawing away at her. She had little contact with anyone except for an old friend of hers who sent her to me. By everyone's account (previous friends, family, psychiatrists and ancillary staff), she was a hopeless case.

The diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia had been made during one of her first hospitalisations, when she told a psychiatrist about the two rats gnawing at her. The diagnosis was more correct than he knew, but by failing to help her try to fathom the meaning of the two rats gnawing at her, he missed the opportunity to open a pathway to an understanding of Lois’ projected imagination.

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Medium 9781475816112

The Research Department

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

James F. McNamara, Barry G. Grossman,* Coady B. Lapierre,* Wilda Laija*

Professor of Educational Administration and Educational Psychology

College of Education

Texas A&M University

College Station, TX 77843-4226

The National Policy Board of Educational Administration indicates that most current preparation programs for school administrators reflect a shopworn theoretical base and fail to recognize the changing job requirements. As a result, the National Policy Board of Educational Administration (see Thomson, 1993) created the training guide entitled, Principals for Our Changing Schools: Knowledge and Skill Base. This guide was written to provide knowledge, skills and attributes for principals to meet the challenge of the 21st century.

Viewed as a new starting point for principal preparation, the National Policy Board of Educational Administration (NPBEA) training guide produced a typology that consists of twenty-one domains that constitute what principals must know and be able to do professionally. The NPBEA typology (see Chart 1) represents a convenient classification system one can use to better examine preparation strategies for school principals. The twenty-one domains in the NPBEA typology are not discrete but rather interrelated. Eleven domains are process or skill oriented and ten are more content focused (see Note 1).

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Medium 9781475823905

Rebuilding Trust and Relationships Between Your Community and School District

Journal of School Public Relations Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

MARSHA CHAPPELOW

KATHLEEN REZNIKOV

ABSTRACT: After a failed tax levy in 2004, the Ladue School District in Missouri realized that it had to significantly change its communication methods. A new superintendent was hired in July 2004 to work with the Board of Education to reestablish relationships and increase effective communications with parents and community members. As such, we are the communication professionals who led the district leadership through the development and implementation of a strategic communications plan. We used the RACE planning model, promoted by the National School Public Relations Association. Although community trust has been reestablished, we continue the journey of constantly reevaluating and refining our plan.

The Ladue School District—for years, those four words brought up visions of success, affluence, and high-achieving students to most parents and educators throughout the state of Missouri. In the summer of 2004, however, the district had suffered a crushing tax levy election defeat and was 2 years away from being “financially distressed,” according to state guidelines, if it did not make significant cuts to its budget. When a tax levy fails, it is rarely for just one reason. There are typically several reasons that lead to the defeat. This was true for the Ladue School District, among them a lack of consistent leadership between the board and the superintendent, increasing expenses leading to financial concerns, and a lack of communication and relationships with the community.

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Medium 9781780643540

17: Almond Harvesting

Rafel Socias i Company CABI PDF

17 

Almond Harvesting

José L. Espada Carbó1,* and Joseph H. Connell2

Departamento de Agricultura, Ganadería y Medio Ambiente, Gobierno de

Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain; 2University of California Cooperative Extension,

Oroville, California, USA

1

17.1 Introduction

Mechanization is a basic step in almond production to consolidate its sustainability in the global economic framework. Mechanization reduces production costs and solves important social and labour problems, since the availability of skilled workers is continuously decreasing in all producing countries. In addition, mechanical operations have lower costs compared to manual labour costs. These trends are likely to continue in the future as even the availability of people

­devoted to almond growing is decreasing in some regions. Since mechanization saves time and

­effort in all orchard management operations, workers can be more devoted towards improving their skills and enhancing their working security.

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Medium 9781608680221

27. Bicycle Space by Mykle Hansen

New World Library ePub

Mykle Hansen

People can’t sit still. Ever since the first prehumans fell out of trees, we’ve craved locomotion: to hunt, to gather, to explore and expand, to avoid and pursue one another. Undoubtedly we’re built to wander, with long, muscular legs to hold us upright, strong backs to carry supplies, and hairless bodies for efficient cooling during urgent sprints and day-long hikes. And, being clever tool users, we humans have extended our range with such inventions as the shoe, the backpack, the sled, the wheel, the cart, the saddle, the bit, the boat, the sail, the balloon, the car, the airplane, and the rocket. In fact, when you consider the mind-boggling number of profound or ridiculous inventions that we’ve come up with just to bring “over there” closer to “over here,” it seems the history of remarkable and ingenious ways to travel is human history itself.

Although our unique relationship with travel — both our skill and our romantic obsession with it — has served us brilliantly as a species, it now seems poised to become our fatal flaw: our hunger for fuel to move millions of objects in millions of directions for millions of reasons threatens to choke our planet. Ironically, we’ve gotten far too good at travel. We’ve reduced it to a desk job: a set of buttons and knobs arranged around a padded seat. Locomotion has become, for many, a chore to delegate instead of a joyful act. Our spirit of adventure has been stifled by a widely held belief that there’s no more frontier, no more undiscovered landscape on this planet. The age of exploration has passed, we’re told: welcome to the age of commuting.

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