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Medium 9781782201908

Chapter Seven - The Script System: An Unconscious Organization of Experience

Richard G. Erskine Karnac Books ePub

In early writings about life scripts, Berne (1958, 1961) describes the script as a complex set of transactions that determines the identity and destiny of the individual. He goes on to explain the script as similar to Freud's repetition compulsion and more like his destiny compulsion (Berne, 1966, p. 302). Most of the transactional analysis literature regarding scripts has focused on the historical perspective. The literature has addressed how scripts have been transmitted through parental messages and injunctions, and a child's reactions, such as unconscious conclusions and explicit decisions. Additionally, some contemporary transactional analysts have examined several processes such as early child–parent attachment, shared language acquisition, and the expression of narrative as central in the formation of scripts. Each of these historical perspectives has provided the clinician with theories and concepts that have guided a variety of clinical interventions.

The script system

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Medium 9781577310778

The Natural Artistry of Dreams

New World Library ePub

The food of and for our soul is our imagination. When we do not feed our souls, we die a little. Denying ourselves this fertile inner realm of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic imagery disconnects us from our deepest, most sensitive, and most solid sense of who we truly are. Image, metaphor, symbol, and myth carry and translate messages between outer and inner worlds and among the domains of our inner world—personal, cultural, and archetypal. The arts can express, evoke, and mirror these inner images. By creating and contemplating simple art pieces, we can focus the energies of our personal and archetypal experiences.

For the Tewa Indians of New Mexico, artistic creativity is closer than breathing; it is the spirit of life itself moving endlessly through its cycles. Rina Swentzell of Santa Clara Pueblo explains that her people do not experience art as an activity separate from any other. The only word in Tewa that approximates the word art is po-wa-ha, which translates as “water-wind-breath,” the creative force that moves through the waters and the earth. Po-wa-ha takes us back to the inexhaustible source of life itself; it connects us directly to life’s creative energy. For the Tewa, art is a process, not a product. The real “product” of Tewa creativity is inner renewal, a sense of oneness with the life force.

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Medium 9781576336717

Level 2: High School_C-D: SAT Commonly Confused Words

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9789383828487

Chp-2.pdf

Ganesh S. Hegde Laxmi Publications PDF

24

A Textbook on Modelling and Finite Element Analysis

The formulations of the governing equations representing the dynamic and static behaviours of stress and strain in the mechanical systems and civil structure in finite element analysis are included with matrix equations that are solved by various numerical methods like Gauss elimination, Cholesky‘s method, etc., that are direct or interactive, as they get supported by implementation in computer analytical softwares. Needless to mention that this is an imperative prerequisite for understanding the theory and concepts by engineers successfully implementing and carrying out research in FEM.

2.1

Matrices

A rectangular array of numbers arranged in m rows and n columns is called a matrix. For example

R

V

Sa11 a12 a13 a14 W

A = Sa21 a22 a23 a24 W

SSa a a a WW

31 32 33 34

T

X is a 3 × 4 matrix. There are three rows (m) of elements and four columns (n) of elements in [A].

l Matrix:

l Square

l Symmetric

Matrix: A square matrix is one in which the number of rows is equal to number of columns. It is referred to as an n × n matrix or a matrix of order n. For example

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Medium 9780253352415

Ten: Guides for Practicing

William Brown Indiana University Press ePub

Practicing could be considered the most important part of a pianist’s life since it is through practice that there is the gain of the confidence and security upon which a successful performance is built. During practice time, pianists study their bodies and apply technical principles to the repertoire in order to determine how to play comfortably and with beauty. Practice is a time of contemplation and appreciation of the great works of the repertoire, a time of exploring and experimenting, trying various fingerings, phrasings, dynamics, and articulations. It is a time for drilling the technical solutions and also for listening for beautiful sounds.

“What is practicing for?” Pressler asks. “Practicing is for creating within you how you would like the music to sound. And obviously, it is very seldom that we come to the ideal, but we come close because we create something that leads us toward that ideal.”

All pianists would do well to follow Pressler’s example of practice. He has always made practice time a priority and readily admits that “to this very day, I have always loved to practice.” He recalls a young pianist friend in Palestine. Pressler would practice for eight or more hours and then walk over the hill to his friend’s house. Many times, upon hearing his friend still practicing, Pressler would return home to practice even more. In recent years, Melinda Baird observed her teacher’s practice: “He gets here at 8:00 every morning, sometimes after walking forty-five minutes from his home to school, bundled up in his Russian hat and coat. He doesn’t like to be interrupted. He gets in four hours every morning while he’s fresh and doesn’t schedule anything during that time unless it’s something exceptional. He practices until his lunch break at 12:00 and then teaches from 1:30 PM until 5:00 or 5:30.”

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Medium 9780874259698

25 Self-Directed TeamCulture Survey

Glenn Parker HRD Press, Inc. PDF
Medium 9780874251968

Activity 2 Stress-Shared Perspectives

Roy Bailey HRD Press PDF

Stress-Shared Perspectives

3. Explain to participants that we all face demands we have to cope with. This involves appraisal of demands, what we think of them, what they mean to us, our memory of similar events, what we do to cope, and the outcome of our coping efforts. Display Figure

2.2 to show how aroused we become and how we perform.

Level of Performance

OPA

UNA

OVA

Level of Arousal

KEY:

UNA = Under-aroused

OPA = Optimum arousal

OVA = Over-aroused

Figure 2.2. Arousal–Performance Curve

4. Explain to participants that if you are too under-aroused, you can expect performance to be less than optimum. If you are overaroused, you can also expect poor performance. Everyone has an optimum arousal level, and this is associated with high performance. Ask the following questions: When are you under-aroused/ over-aroused? What situations provide optimum arousal for you?

What kind of performance do you recall?

5. Distribute Handout 2.1, form groups of four to six participants, and discuss the Arousal-Performance Schedule. Have groups examine what situations are associated with under-arousal, overarousal, and optimum arousal, and what happens to your performance in these circumstances.

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Medium 9781475816167

The Legal Department

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Todd A. DeMitchell

Associate Professor of Education Law & Policy

Coordinator, Administration and Supervision Program

Department of Education

University of New Hampshire

Durham, NH 03824-3595

Public symbolism has profound implications for the citizens of the public body represented by the symbol.

—Robert J. Bein

Stained Flags: Public Symbols and

Equal Protection, 1998, p. 913

Undoubtedly, the Confederate battle flag does not represent the same thing to everyone . . . . There are citizens of all races who view the flag as a symbolic acknowledgment of pride in Southem heritage and the ideals of independence. Likewise, there are citizens of all races who perceive the flag as embodying principles of discrimination, segregation, white supremacy and rebellion.

Sons of Confederate Veterans, Inc. v.

Glendening, 1997, p. 1103

Derby School District #260 is located in Sedgwick County in the State of Kansas. In the 1990’s, Derby’s population grew and became more diverse. Racial tension increased as the population grew and became more diverse. Derby High School became the focus for most of the incidents consisting mainly of verbal confrontations. The school administrators viewed the confrontations as potentially violent although none of the incidents apparently escalated into fights.

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Medium 9781770907041

12 | Chemistry

Jesse Vernon Trail ECW Press ePub

Chemistry is intimately involved with everything in existence. From the far reaches of the cosmos to individual stars (including our sun), to the depths of the oceans, to all living creatures and non-living matter on earth, to the most minute atom, chemistry plays a part. Far too complex a subject for us to discuss at any length here! Even so, it is fascinating how plants either use or manufacture different chemicals and compounds to grow, adapt, survive and thrive in their environment.

About 70,000 different kinds of chemicals have been identified in plants, and no doubt many more exist. Within the plants themselves, a myriad of chemical processes take place, virtually each and every day of their growing lives. Just a few of these include the wonder of photosynthesis, protein synthesis and nutrient absorption. Then there are the chemical exchanges between water, air and soil, and, finally, the exchange of nutrients.

Many plants manufacture their own chemicals and compounds to survive their environment. The antifreeze-like liquid produced by many plants to help them endure the bitter cold of winter comes to mind here. Many more plants develop deliciously fragrant flowers or nectar rich in sugars in order to attract pollinators. Several other plants produce chemicals to repel or even kill insect or animal threats to their survival. Still others develop a unique resistance or tolerance to certain chemicals and conditions that would prove toxic to most other species.

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Medium 9781576753255

8. The Glue to Hold It All Together

Donald Kirkpatrick Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

Chapter 8

The Glue to Hold It All Together

My favorite way to fish is to put on chest waders, waterproof nylon overalls, and walk in cold streams and fish for trout. It is great fun unless they leak. I also like to fish out of my fiberglass canoe. It is also great fun unless it leaks or overturns. The year 2004 has been hard for

fishing up to this point because I have suffered from ice cold water on my legs (leaky waders) and soggy shoes (leaky canoe). Fortunately, someone invented glue that can fix both. I just came in the house from

fixing my waders and now I have this wonder-glue sitting in front of me as I write. This is not just ordinary white glue. This is special glue—so special that it comes in two separate tubes that must be mixed together. One tube is purple and says “Part A—Resin.” The other comes in a red tube and says “Part B—Catalyst.” The resin is apparently the foundation of the glue. The catalyst serves as the chemical accelerant and the stimulus that causes the resin to become glue. The directions, which incidentally I read, say that the two parts must be mixed together in equal parts or it won’t work. And the last thing I want is to go out fishing and suffer through more leakage.

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Medium 9781599961774

44. My Most Frustrating Culture Clash

Jonamay Lambert HRD Press, Inc. PDF

My Most Frustrating

Culture Clash

44

Farid Elashmawi, Global Success 

San Jose, California, USA 

Purpose 

This activity enhances multicultural team building across several important international cultures. The activity serves

• to point out that culture clash can always occur;

• to analyze why culture clash occurs and determine how to avoid or resolve it; and

• to break the ice among new team members by sharing encounters that frustrated them

personally in the past.

Target audience 

Business executives and managers who work with various cultures as managers, negotiators, salespeople, trainers, or in other capacities; 20 people or less is ideal

Time 

30 minutes

Materials 

There are no special materials or environmental considerations.

Procedure 

1. Divide the participants into groups of three to four people.

2. Give them these instructions:

• Take turns in your group recalling the most frustrating or interesting culture clash that

you have encountered or personally experienced while communicating with someone from another culture (during a meeting, telephone conversation, negotiation, social event, etc.).

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Medium 9782067182042

Spokane

Michelin Michelin Travel & Lifestyle ePub

Open year-round daily. Visitor center at 3029 Spirit Lake Hwy., Toutle; t 360-274-0962; www.parks.wa.gov/stewardship/mountsthelens; open May–mid-Sept daily 9am–5pm, rest of the year 4pm; closed major holidays. t 360-449-7800. www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens. $5.

One of the world’s most famous volcanoes, Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980 with the intensity of 500 atomic bombs, destroying its northern flank and blasting away more than 1,300ft of elevation. In 1982 the US Congress declared Mount St. Helens a National Volcanic Monument. Today the eviscerated mountain, surrounded by a 172sq-mi preserve, is a leading visitor attraction.

Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
©MountStHelens.com

Practical Information

When to Go

July is the best time to see flower-filled alpine meadows at Mt. Rainier, but any summer day through September offers the best opportunity for clear weather and great views at both Rainier and Mount St. Helens. Summertime frequently brings fog to the Washington coast, so the best times to visit are the shoulder seasons or winter-storm season.

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Medium 9781780490960

Chapter Five. Using the Kaleidoscope

Jennifer Plaister-Ten Karnac Books ePub

This chapter focuses on:

From 2011 I worked with practising executive coaches, based in different parts of the world (see Appendix Three) to explore the applicability of the Kaleidoscope for coaching practice. I also explored its possible applications with multicultural groups of coaching educators, executive coaching students, MBA students, and HR professionals. As a result, several ways in which it is possible to make use of the Kaleidoscope model have been identified, following feedback from these different groups of people.

It is not my intention to be prescriptive about its use. In fact, people may use it as they see fit. What does appear to be the case, however, is that Western models may not be appropriate for all cultural groupings, as the following illustrates.

Excerpt from research

“Transporting a Western way of doing things and not taking into consideration other values, especially if you work with people who grew up in different environments, can underestimate certain conflicts or potential conflicts.”

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Medium 9780946439706

V: Regression

Paula Heimann Karnac Books ePub

By PAULA HEIMANN and SUSAN ISAACS

PART I

INTRODUCTION

THE term regression has been used by Freud and other writers in various senses.

In the sense which we shall here discuss, Freud uses it to refer to the backward movement of the libido which retraces its former path of development back to a certain point—a process which occurs in characteristic forms in particular types of mental illness. This concept of the regression of the libido is intimately bound up with his conclusions about the forward course of development of the libido and its ‘fixation-points’, conclusions which are complementary to the notion of regression and were formulated pari passu with it.

As we know, Freud discovered that the sexual instinct as met with in the adult is a complex set of component impulses and sensations, involving various membranes and organs of the body and having a complicated developmental history from the earliest days. Psycho-analytic work has shown that these impulses and sensations are bound up with specific feelings and phantasies, and this concept of ‘psycho-sexuality’ has proved indispensable for understanding the sexual life of human beings. Sexuality passes through various phases (oral, anal and genital), in each of which one of the chief erotogenic zones is predominant in aim. The earlier phases do not pass away altogether, they become more or less subordinated to the later aims. In the normal person, the libidinal life as a whole is eventually integrated under the primacy of the genital organ and its aims and satisfactions.

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Medium 9781911471097

Skills

Nash, Pete Aeon Games ePub

Part of the fun and drama of MYTHRAS comes in making a roll against a skill to see if success or failure is the outcome. It can be tempting to call for skill rolls for each and every challenge but there are some cases where rolls are not needed. However, when the action becomes dramatic or extraordinary, players and the Games Master should roll dice for the resolution. It is usually obvious when a skill roll is necessary, but if in doubt, consider the consequences of failure: are they crucial to the plot? Does the chance of failure heighten tension and make for an exciting possibility? Will a failure add fun to the game? If the answer is Yes to any of these, then have the character make a skill roll.

HOW DO I SUCCEED?

The most important question in a roleplaying game is “Do I succeed or do I fail?” Next is “How well did I succeed or fail?” MYTHRAS provides an easy-to-understand system to measure these chances, using dice rolls to determine whether an action succeeds or fails. Some skills (especially combat skills) are inherently dramatic and dangerous, and always are rolled for.

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