|Bruce Hauptmann||Karnac Books||ePub|
Delinquency has never been a central concern for psychoanalysts in Britain, despite the involvement, during the 1930s, of Klein’s daughter Melitta Schmideberg and the once eminent analyst Edward Glover with the pioneering work of the Institute for the Scientific Treatment of Delinquency. Since both of these individuals subsequently fell out with the British psychoanalytic establishment, an interest in delinquency seemed for many years almost to suggest a hint of deviancy. When therefore Winnicott broached the subject in a paper presented to the British Psychoanalytical Society (of which he was then President) in 1956, he sounded, for him, unusually circumspect—almost apologetic. He chose to talk about the “antisocial tendency” in preference to delinquency and suggested that the topic posed “awkward problems” for psychoanalysis (Winnicott, 1956a). One of these problems, he suggested, was that conventional psychoanalytic treatment does not work with delinquents, even though psychoanalysis itself has something to say, and much to learn, about delinquency. However, he acknowledged that there was one British psychoanalyst who had already made a major contribution in this field (while incidentally—though he did not say so—remaining in fairly good standing with the majority of his psychoanalytic colleagues). He was referring, of course, to John Bowlby, who in 1944 had provided Ernest Jones, then Editor of the International Journal of Psycho-Analysis and currently short of copy, with a long research paper, indicating as he did so that the paper had previously been rejected by the British Journal of Medical Psychology as being deficient in the discussion of theory. But Ernest Jones apparently entertained no such qualms about its suitability for the Journal, and Bowlby’s famous paper, “Forty-Four Juvenile Thieves: Their Characters and Home Life” (1944), duly appeared. So well received was it that two years later it was printed as a separate monograph destined for a wider lay public. From then on, Bowlby became a household name. Among his fellow analysts he was dubbed “Ali Bowlby and his 40 Thieves” (Holmes, 1993, p. 21). Even Winnicott, with his habit of not acknowledging his indebtedness to others’ work while engaged in giving personal shape to his ideas and insights (Winnicott, 1945c/1958, p. 145), could not afford to ignore the impact on him of Bowlby’s contribution.See All Chapters
|Murray, Frank||Basic Health Publications||ePub|
Chromium is a critical component of glucose tolerance factor (GTF), which contains niacin, glycine, glutamic acid, cysteine, and chromium. GTF is a compound that helps insulin to transport glucose from the blood to the cells. Chromium may also facilitate the binding of insulin to the cell membrane. Animal studies have found that a deficiency in chromium brings glucose intolerance.1
Walter Mertz, Ph.D., stated that thirty-five years of research has shown that chromium plays a significant role in the progression of glucose intolerance and the increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In thirteen of fifteen studies evaluating chromium supplementations effect on glucose tolerance, benefits were shown by maintaining glucose levels that produced less insulin. He added that monitoring the effects of glucose tolerance is the only way to discover if there is a chromium deficiency. A chromium deficiency results in insulin resistance, which can therefore improve with chromium supplementation. Marginal deficiencies of chromium are common in the United States and other countries and this is a major cause of insulin resistance in many populations. Insulin resistance is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and may be a more important factor than low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.2See All Chapters
|Danielle Quinodoz||Karnac Books||ePub|
The “touch” must be on the psychic level
W in Chapser Five how hard it can be for a patient to combine in a single parental couple the different imagos symbolized by Laius and Jocasta, on the one hand, and by Merope and Polybus, on the other. This problem takes us to the very heart of the oedipal conflict. The phrase “words that touch” in fact epitomizes the ambiguity of the unconscious oedipal conflict. On the one hand, the analysand would indeed like to be touched physically by the analyst through actions, like a child with incestuous wishes, but, on the other, he does not on any account want his wishes to be fulfilled, like a child for whom actual incest would be disastrous. In wanting to keep his analyst as his analyst, the patient relives the wish of the child who, in spite of his unconscious incestuous wishes, wants above all to keep his parents as his parents.
On the level of actions and of objective reality, the conflict appears both simple and insoluble. It is simple because either the incestuous act is performed, as it was by Oedipus, or it is not. It is insoluble because if the incest is “acted out”, the fear of retaliation and the castration anxiety are intolerable, but if it is not, the frustration will be unbearable. Conversely, on the level of psychic reality and of the internal world, the situation is the other way round: the conflict is complex, but can be worked through. The wishes take on subtle distinctions, can be thought and dreamed, present themselves in an infinite number of variant forms, and become interesting in themselves; the sense of duration appears, and with it the consciousness that human beings as well as wishes change, that the differences between generations are important, and that something that is not fulfilled now may be fulfilled in another way at another time.See All Chapters
|Ian Parker||Karnac Books||ePub|
Richard House and Denis Postle
It is our intention in this text to have it reflect the live dialogue I of our joint presentation. We begin by outlining its scope. We start by saying something about why we are here, what brought us to contribute to this book, and, following that, by cataloguing the downside, as we see it, of current proposals for statutory regulation of the psychological therapies. We then move on at greater length to introduce the Independent Practitioners Network (IPN), a substantial innovative response to the culture of institutional profes-sionalization that has in recent years come to dominate the British psychopractice field. We end with a perspective on the likely next steps that will need to be considered if present plans for statutory regulation are to be successfully interrupted and undermined (and here, note, we refer to “statutory regulation” as an aspect of the “state regulation” which is the main concern of this book).
Why are we contributing to this book?
We are two experienced therapy practitioners who come from a broadly humanistic, human-potential background (though we are deeply influenced by a range of therapeutic approaches and perspectives), and together we share almost four decades of consistent therapy practice of diverse kinds and in a range of different settings. We have both published extensively in the literature on the professionalization of psychotherapy and counselling (see, for example, Ipnosis, an Internet journal for the Independent Practitioners Network [IPN] and before that g.o.r.i.l.l.a., now an Internet archive of the many cogent attempts to confront the professionalization of psychopractice in the last 15-20 years, during which time we have been at the forefront of the British challenge to the statutory regulation of the psychological therapies in this country).See All Chapters
|Stacey Hall||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
Imagine a seller/buyer
DO YOU ever feel like you are running down a football field toward your goal and everyone—your customers, your employees, even your family— is playing for the other team? Do the people around you seem to be doing their best to block you and tackle you to keep you from getting into the end zone?
That is exactly how every day looked to Stacey before she began practicing the principles of Strategic Synchronicity. The faster she ran, the harder she fell.
She was telling a friend about her frustration with the latest tackle when the friend asked, “Stacey, what if you just think this person is playing for the opposite team? What if the truth is that he is really your teammate and he is trying to stop you from going the wrong direction down the field? ”See All Chapters
|Teacher Education and Practice||R&L Education||ePub|
Susan D. Myers, Texas A&M Kingsville
Sandra B. Eiriksson, The University of West Florida
Teachers are encouraged to expand their teaching and technology skills both at the undergraduate and graduate level in education. In an attempt to meet these specific needs, universities are developing programs to address these issues.
The University of West Florida initiated a dialogue with local elementary administrators and designed a master’s degree for elementary teachers that emphasized the integration of technology into the curriculum. A cohort program combined interested faculty from two elementary schools to embark on this collaboration. Courses were included that would enhance and develop technology skills for teachers to integrate technology into their curricula.
Teachers today face many challenges in the classroom. Not only are they responsible for direct instruction for the acquisition of fundamental concepts, but they must also be prepared to integrate current technology in their instruction. Although initiatives exist on the local, state, and national levels to assist teachers to incorporate technology in the classroom, the barriers to technology integration for teachers seem to overshadow the benefits. Computers may be in classrooms but often are used on a limited basis (Meltzer & Sherman, 1997). Prior experiences with technology in school districts suggest that supplying classrooms with computers and providing teachers short-term training workshops produces limited results of integration and implementation of the technology (Hoffman, 1997).See All Chapters
|International Journal of Educational Ref||Rowman & Littlefield Publishers||ePub|
Todd A. DeMitchell
It takes no intuitive leap or well-reasoned analysis to conclude that children should be able to attend school and be free from sexual abuse visited upon them by their teacher, principal, or school bus driver. Sexual abuse in our schools appears to be a growing problem. Gail Paulus Sorenson (1991), in her research on sexual abuse in our schools, found through an analysis of the Education Law Reporter from 1987 through 1990 that the number of court cases dealing with proven and alleged sexual abuse of students was steadily increasing: 6 cases in 1987, 10 in 1988, 16 in 1989, and 19 reported by the end of 1990 (p. 461). While we can easily reach agreement on the need for our students to attend school without being abused, consensus on the precise contours of a school district’s duty to protect students and a school district’s liability for sexual abuse of students by school employees is less easily attained. This short discussion will be directed toward the duty and liability issues associated with a public school employee’s sexual abuse of students by analyzing a recent federal court of appeals decision, Doe v. Taylor Independent School District, 975 F.2d 137 (5th Cir. 1992), that may be pointing to a new path that educators may have to travel.See All Chapters
|Michael Witt||Indiana University Press||ePub|
Introduction Godard’s Theorem
For the Past four decades, Jean-Luc Godard has pursued a sustained investigation of the theory and practice of audiovisual history. At the heart of his project lies one of his most ambitious and significant achievements to date: the monumental, labyrinthine cinema history series Histoire(s) du cinéma. This is simultaneously a set of essays on the history of cinema and television; on Godard’s life, and his place within that history; on the history of cinema in the context of the other arts; on the history of film thinking; on the history of the twentieth century; on the interpenetration of cinema and that century; and on the impact of films on subjectivity. It is also a critique of the longstanding neglect by historians of the value of films as historical documents, and a reflection on the narrow scope and limited ambition of the type of history often produced by professional film historians. “All I want to say,” as he summed up this aspect of the series, “is that history is badly told.”1 In addition, it offers an exploration of the possibilities of audiovisual historiography generally, and of what Godard has described as a “theorem” regarding cinema and history in particular.2 This theorem is premised on two main ideas: first, that the cinema, a product of the inventions and discoveries of the nineteenth century, assumed the role of historian of the twentieth, documenting it from beginning to end; and second, that every moment of the past remains potentially available to history. “The past is never dead. It’s not even past,” he says at one point in the series, citing William Faulkner’s celebrated dictum.3 If the fundamental challenge facing all historians is that of bringing the past to life, Godard’s response to that challenge – the central tenet of his theorem – is the proposal and demonstration of a cinematically inspired method of fabricating history based on the principle of the montage of disparate phenomena in poetic imagery. “Bring together things that have as yet never been brought together and did not seem predisposed to be so,” he suggests simply, citing Robert Bresson.4See All Chapters
|Lonely Planet||Lonely Planet||ePub|
As if plucked from a whimsical fairytale and set down upon the stark Anatolian plains, Cappadocia is a geological oddity of honeycombed hills and towering boulders of otherworldly beauty. The fantastical topography is matched by the human history here. People have long utilised the region's soft stone, seeking shelter underground and leaving the countryside scattered with fascinating cavern architecture. The fresco-adorned rock-cut churches of Göreme Open-Air Museum and the subterranean refuges of Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı are the most famous sights, while simply bedding down in one of Cappadocia's cave hotels is an experience in 21st-century cave living.
Whether you're wooed here by the hiking potential, the history or the bragging rights of becoming a modern troglodyte for a night, it's the lunarscape panoramas that you'll remember. This region's accordion-ridged valleys, shaded in a palette of dusky orange and cream, are an epiphany of a landscape – the stuff of psychedelic daydreams.See All Chapters
|Cara Blessley Lowe||University Press of Colorado||ePub|
New Mexico—More than a decade spent studying cougars reveals the many trials and tribulations of adolescent males as they venture out and attempt to establish territories of their own.
The doe behaved oddly. She stopped foraging and cautiously walked toward a small thicket of junipers. At about forty meters, she stopped and stretched her neck forward, as if straining to see or smell more clearly. Still appearing unsure, she began to circumnavigate the thicket. When her circuit was almost completed, a young puma broke from the cover. He trotted fifteen meters away from the deer, stopped, turned, and returned to the thicket. Thirty seconds later, the puma reappeared and bolted upslope to a lone juniper a stone’s throw from his initial hiding place. Although the young cat did not use characteristic stealth, the doe’s gaze remained fixed on the thicket. She finally lost interest and began feeding. After a quiet hour, I realized the doe and her comrades—a loose group of does, fawns, and one fork-antlered buck—were working their way toward me. Since I did not want to become part of this interaction, I cautiously moved down the draw and off Antelope Hill. No matter. Despite these efforts, my careful movements were more distracting than those of a flustered puma; I was acknowledged by quickly raised heads and frozen stares. To my relief, I proved even less impressive than the cat—the deer resumed feeding. I fixed my binoculars on the lone juniper. If the deer had detected me, surely so had the puma. I smiled when I saw him. This time he used all available cover to his advantage and returned to his original hiding place. His tawny coat blended well with the sandy slopes, but I caught the flash of a yellow ear tag and the black collar around his neck. I knew I would have to return to this place, just to see what Kidd, as I called him, thought was so special about those two little juniper trees.See All Chapters
|Alan L Titus||Indiana University Press||ePub|
David C. Evans, Thomas Williamson, Mark A. Loewen, and James I. Kirkland
Recent Fieldwork in the Upper Cretaceous (CAM-panian) Wahweap and Kaiparowits formations of southern Utah have resulted in the recovery of the first cranial remains of pachycephalosaurian dinosaurs from these units. Pachycephalosaurs from the Wahweap Formation are represented by isolated teeth and a single, incomplete frontoparietal dome, whereas the Kaiparowits Formation has yielded isolated teeth plus six fragmentary cranial specimens. The available material is incomplete and the sample remains small, but it suggests the possible presence of at least two new taxa, one in each of the two formations. These specimens significantly expand our knowledge and understanding of pachycephalosaurian dinosaur diversity from southern Laramidia.
Pachycephalosaurs are a group of small- to medium-sized bipedal ornithischian dinosaurs characterized by a thickened cranial vault typically forming a prominent frontoparietal dome (Maryańska, Chapman, and Weishampel, 2004). Pachycephalosaur remains are consistently recovered from terrestrial Campanian–Maastrichtian dinosaur-bearing sediments of western North America and Asia, although they are typically represented by fragmentary material (Maryańska, Chapman, and Weishampel, 2004; Sullivan, 2006). In well-sampled units of the Western Interior, such as the Dinosaur Park and Hell Creek formations, at least two or three species of presumably contemporaneous pachycephalosaurs are recognized (Ryan and Evans, 2005; Sullivan, 2006). As such, pachycephalosaurs are a consistent part of the dinosaur faunas where they occur, and they should be considered in studies of Late Cretaceous paleoecology, historical biogeography, and ornithischian biodiversity dynamics.See All Chapters
|Ace Academics||Ace Academics||ePub|
REED PtII BOOK_Akhtar PtII BOOK 28/08/2014 09:37 Page 135
Reading Freud’s semiotic passion
John P. Muller
In his 1899 New Year’s greeting to Fliess, Freud wrote: “In the first place, a small bit of my self-analysis has forced its way through and confirmed that fantasies are products of later periods and are projected back from what was then the present into earliest childhood; the manner in which this occurs also emerged—once again by a verbal link” (the last phrase in German is wieder eine Wortverbindung,
Masson, 1985, p. 338; Masson, 1986, p. 370). It is generally accepted that in this letter Freud is referring to his “Screen memories” paper of 1899 (Masson, 1985, p. 339) and that the paper itself is autobiographical (Bernfeld, 1946). The latter point led Strachey to write that the “intrinsic interest of this paper has been rather undeservedly overshadowed by an extraneous fact” (Strachey, 1950, p. 302). The
“extraneous fact” is the paper’s autobiographical relevance, which, to the extent it has “overshadowed” Freud’s ideas, may be said to cover them. My primary interest here is not in the autobiographical relevance of Freud’s memories as such, but rather in the semiotic features of his conceptualisations and clinical interventions.See All Chapters
|Paul Polak||Berrett-Koehler Publishers||ePub|
KRISHNA BAHADUR THAPA’s FAMILY’S ASSETS CONTINUED TO grow. Once he and his family had enough money to buy fertilizer and better seeds, they switched to more productive green revolution rice seeds, and the yield from their acre of rice by the river went up from twelve hundred fifty kilos each year to twenty-two hundred fifty kilos. But now his sons, Deu Bahadur Thapa and Puspa, were married and had children, so there were ten mouths to feed instead of six, and the family came out at the end of the year at about the same place they were before. They grew enough rice to feed themselves, and earned fifty to one hundred dollars in a good year from rice sales.
On the next page are the field notes about the Thapa family’s rice production, exactly as I received them from the Nepali agronomist who works for IDE and lives half an hour from Ekle Phant.
Bahadur’s family invested some of their new income in livestock, and earned considerable income from selling milk and goats for meat. It seemed that Krishna Bahadur Thapa and his family were leaving behind the poverty that they had always known. Then tragedy struck.See All Chapters
|H. P. Willmott||Indiana University Press||ePub|
WITH FRIENDS LIKE THESE
ANGLO-AMERICAN HISTORIOGRAPHY of the Second World War and the war at sea invariably traces the course and outcome of the two conflicts that together made up the Second World War in terms of the defeat of the German submarine offensive against shipping and the American advance across the southwest and central Pacific to the Japanese home islands. In the European conflict the focus of most historical attention has been on the British Navy, and specifically its escort forces, and the German U-boat service, and in the Pacific upon American carrier and amphibious formations. In a very obvious sense it is right and proper that this should be the case: at sea the European war was largely synonymous with the “Battle of the Atlantic,” whatever that phrase might mean, and in the Pacific the war was decided by fleet actions that ran in tandem with landing operations; the Imperial Japanese Navy and even the American submarine offensive against Japanese shipping have never been afforded consideration and recognition commensurate with that afforded American carrier operations.See All Chapters