43654 Chapters
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Medium 9781609948139

1993

Edmondson, Brad Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Money Starts Talking

The Scooperdome went up in the winter of 1993. It was a glowing tent as large as a football field and as tall as an eight-story building. It made a huge bright spot in the subarctic gloom of St. Albans, Vermont, a hard-bitten village where one of the big employers was a state prison. Underneath the dome, dozens of construction workers prepared the foundation for an ice cream plant that promised two hundred new full-time jobs.

The employees of Ben & Jerrys could hardly wait. After eight years of hard, constant use, the Waterbury factory and its employees were badly in need of relief. Since 1989, some of the companys ice cream had been made at a Dreyers plant in Fort Wayne, Indiana; more recently, the company had rented space at the St. Albans dairy co-ops facilities for a production line. But these were temporary fixes. The St. Albans plant was another watershed for Ben & Jerrys, which was planning to hire its five hundredth employee. They had been building and hiring to keep up with growth for more than a decade. St. Albans was going to get ahead of the growth. And while the ice cream plant at Waterbury was cramped and cobbled together, St. Albans was going to be sleek and up to date.

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Medium 9781934009321

Chapter 12 The Role of the Principal in a Professional Learning Community

DuFour, Richard; DuFour, Rebecca Solution Tree Press ePub

Throughout the years, leaders from all professions, from all economic sectors, and from around the globe continue to tell us, “You can’t do it alone.” Leadership is not a solo act; it’s a team performance . . . the winning strategies will be based on the “we not I” philosophy.

—James Kouzes and Barry Posner

Sharing leadership is a fundamental principle and dynamic of learning communities. We encountered no instances to support the “great leader theory,” charismatic people who create extraordinary contexts for teaching by virtue of their unique vision. Strong principals empower and support teacher leadership to improve teaching practice.

—Milbrey McLaughlin and Joan Talbert

When the first studies of effective schools were conducted in the 1970s, researchers concluded the correlates of effective schools—high expectations, clear and focused academic goals, a safe and orderly environment, and frequent monitoring of student learning—could neither be brought together nor kept together without strong administrative leadership from the principal (Brookover & Lezotte, 1979; Edmonds, 1979; Lezotte, 1991). This finding regarding the critical role of the principal in creating the conditions for school improvement has been replicated repeatedly for 30 years. Consider the following findings:

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Medium 9782067197558

Koblenz

Michelin Michelin ePub

The West

 Cologne

 Aachen

 Ruhr Region

 Düsseldorf

 Sauerland

 Bonn

 Eifel

 Trier

 Moselle Valley

 Koblenz

 Rhine Valley

 Frankfurt am Main

 Wiesbaden

 Mainz

 Mannheim

 Heidelberg

 Pfalz

 Speyer

 Saar­brücken

The West

Germany’s western regions deliver a cornucopia of diverse and awe-inspiring sightseeing opportunities. Soak up cosmopolitan flair and stunning art and architecture in cities such as Düsseldorf, Cologne and Frankfurt or escape to historic villages in the hilly Sauerland or the gentle Eifel. Follow the mighty Rhine or the meandering Moselle rivers past a fairytale setting of medieval castles, steep vineyards and little towns that are veritable symphonies in half-timber. Walk in the footsteps of the Romans in Trier, check out Charlemagne’s legacy in Aachen and see for yourself the beauty of Heidelberg, which has inspired so many great poets and artists.

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Medium 9781782201663

CHAPTER 9 Immigration, National Identity, and Animals

Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER 9

Immigration, National Identity, and

Animals

VAMIK VOLKAN, M.D., AND SALMAN AKHTAR, M.D.

The preceding chapters have sought to underscore the role of human imagination regarding animals in the realms of religion, fiction, children's literature, art, music, and cinema. The ground covered by them has ranged from the Judaic sacrificial lamb to the sacred cows of Hindus, from Kafka's (1915) irony about human metamorphosis into a cockroach to Rilke's (1907) anguished poem, The Panther, from the big bad wolf of Little Red Riding

Hood to the grotesque monsters of Maurice Sendak's (1963)

Where The Wild Things Are, from the somber complexities of Peter and the Wolf, to the intriguing animal characters in the recent movies Babe and The Fly. Together, these contributions offer a panoramic view of the involvement of man with animals in all the cultural realms of civilization.

As a coda to this symphony, we offer some additional remarks about two other areas in which the psychic involvement of man with animals plays a significant but largely uncelebrated role. The first of these areas pertains to immigration and exile. The second involves large group issues such as national identity, ethnic conflict, and war.

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Medium 9780253015723

4 The Anxiety of Vernacularization: Shem Tov ben Isaac ibn Ardutiel de Carrión’s Proverbios morales and Debate between the Pen and the Scissors

David A. Wacks Indiana University Press ePub

Diasporic communities construct their identity in different ways, and language choice plays a large role in determining the boundaries among, as well as the relationships with, the hostland, the homeland, and the diverse communities of the larger diaspora.1 We have seen how Sephardic writers mediated between the classical literary languages of the hostland (Arabic) and the homeland (Hebrew) and their participation in the development of a literary vernacular, especially at the court of Alfonso X of Castile-León. In this chapter I will address what happens when a Sephardic author steps into the literary limelight of the hostland, writing in the literary register of the vernacular that is common to both diasporic minority and dominant majority. Shem Tov ben Isaac Ardutiel (Sem Tob or Santób in Castilian) is a key figure in this discussion because he wrote significant original secular literary works in both Castilian and Hebrew. In this aspect he is perhaps unique in medieval Iberia, and the relationship between his Proverbios morales (Moral Proverbs; Proverbios hereafter) and Vikuah ha-‘et ve-ha-misparayim (Debate between the Pen and the Scissors; Debate hereafter) tells us much about the significance of language choice in diaspora.

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Medium 9781887208086

CHAPTER 6: ANCIENT EMPIRE

Korten, David C. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Spiritual leaders throughout the world knew that this time was coming—a time when all things feminine would be exploited, smashed, and destroyed, including all Mother Earth–based cultures, feminine-based spirituality, and women.… It is said that only when humans are open enough in the heart will there be the deep reconnection that allows a true sharing of the sacred and secret teachings.1

Ilarion Merculief

The widely accepted myth that imperial hegemony brings peace, stability, and well-run public services is pretty much just that—a myth. It has happened: Rome had a succession of five relatively wise and benevolent emperors over a period of eighty-four years, but examples in history are so rare as to be considered mainly curious aberrations. Wise benevolence is rarely a quality of those who achieve and hold positions of absolute power. Empire creates its own violence in the suppression of dissent, its internal intrigues for power, and its incessant wars to extend its dominion.

Even as Empire invented the technologies to construct great works, it also invented the technologies to destroy them more quickly and completely. Even more troublesome is Empire’s propensity to impose a cultural context that suppresses the development to maturity of the human consciousness.

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Medium 9781935542223

5 The Social Development of Boys

Ruby payne Solution Tree Press ePub

In this chapter, we look at patterns of socialization in boys’ social development, including the roles of aggression and competition and the influence of media as a provider—sometimes the only provider—of role models for boys. We examine ways that generational poverty affects boys’ socialization patterns and suggest supports for boys’ social development to help them remain in school.

Boys and girls aren’t born knowing what it means to be men and women. They must be taught through interactions with others. They learn this in a variety of ways: through observation and imitation, coercion and persuasion, reward and punishment, instruction and example (Chevannes, 2001). Adolescence is typically the staging ground for this initiation and integration into the larger adult society, with its roles and responsibilities. Anthropologists have studied the process of coming of age in cultures around the globe, and almost everywhere, they have found that socialization has traditionally been the responsibility of single-gendered communities. Girls learned from the women in the community, and boys learned from men—and not just their mothers and fathers. The process of passing on a culture, with its rules, norms, beliefs, and expectations, traditionally involves the larger community (Sax, 2007; Tiger, 2004).

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Medium 9781576754306

11 Define the Problem

Foster, Jack Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

No problem is so big or so complicated that it can’t be run away from.

Charles Schultz

It is better to know some of the questions than all of the answers.

James Thurber

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.

Picasso

There is no human problem which could not be solved if people would simply do as I advise.

Gore Vidal

Since all problems have solutions, it’s critical that you define your problem correctly.

If you don’t you might solve the wrong problem.

In advertising—the field that I’m familiar with— the statement of the problem is often called a creative work plan or a creative strategy or a mission statement or some such thing. It demands answers to questions like, “What are we trying to say and why are we trying to say it?” “Who are we trying to say it to and why?” “What can we say that our competition can’t?” “What’s our product’s or service’s reason for being?”

These plans are essential, for as Norm Brown, the head of an advertising agency, once said: “If you don’t know where you’re going, every road leads there.”

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Medium 9780253014474

Conclusion: The Fall of the Temple of Health

Brian C. Wilson Indiana University Press ePub

Conclusion

The Fall of the Temple of Health

As the Race Betterment Foundation faded from view in the 1960s, the Battle Creek Sanitarium was also heading toward a similar fate. Kellogg’s sanitarium had remained in a thriving condition throughout most of the 1920s, but by then the doctor was spending much of his time in Florida and the active management of the Battle Creek Sanitarium had passed to a board of directors under the leadership of Dr. Charles Stewart.1 In view of the continued popularity of the Battle Creek Sanitarium and its potential for growth, Dr. Stewart and the board embarked on a major expansion of the sanitarium’s main building, adding the massive twin Italianate towers that still form a distinctive landmark on the Battle Creek skyline. Significantly, however, Dr. Kellogg opposed the expansion, concerned that it signaled the shift of the sanitarium toward pure commercialism and away from the spiritual and humanitarian mission of the institution upon which he had always insisted. Although in many ways a business success, Kellogg consistently denounced the corrupting influence of commercialism throughout his career, both because he felt it compromised his credentials as a physician and because he refused to compromise his principles and sense of mission simply to make a profit.2 Dr. Kellogg, of course, was always happy to make money and lived well, but he spent the bulk of his profits on the sanitarium and other projects all in an effort to promote biologic living and, later, race betterment.3 Even at the height of the Roaring Twenties, Dr. Kellogg was still unwilling to subordinate his sacred mission to simple money getting. In this he was completely out of step with the utilitarian spirit of the rest of the nation.

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Medium 9781576750698

89. Rarely Is a Phone Just a Phone

Dinnocenzo, Debra Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

189

Working Well with Tools and Technology

� Reevaluate your needs for additional tools that can help you be a more successful telecommuter and take steps to match those needs with appropriate and cost-effective choices.

T R A N S F E R

89

I T

P R O M P T L Y

T O

I M P R O V E

P E R F O R M A N C E

Rarely Is a Phone

Just a Phone

With so much of your telecommuting technology dependent upon telephone lines, what you need and require from your phone service provider(s) differs significantly from your needs in the not-too-distant past. Likewise, what you need in terms of capabilities in your actual phone equipment has changed dramatically. Not too long ago, a phone with 10 speed dial numbers and a hold button was fairly sophisticated. Now a telecommuter would compare the benefits of integral phone systems versus Web phones versus wireless technology.

Depending upon your needs, your budget, the level of technology sophistication of your employer, and the capacity of the phone wiring in your home, you may have the opportunity to utilize some of these advanced technologies. In the meantime, though, the cautiously or budget-constrained innovators who also telecommute probably will still use telephones. Thankfully, your telephone can be far more advanced than a basic phone and make important contributions to your productivity. Evaluate your requirements for telephonic technology by considering your need for features such as:

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Medium 9781626560536

Two: The First Limb: Universal Morality

Showkeir, Maren S. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

We are here to awake from
our illusion of separateness
.

Thich Nhat Hanh

Most religions or philosophies speak to some aspect of the morality contained in the words of the Sutra referencing the yamas. Robert Johnson’s classic treatise on Patanjali’s Sutras explains that “The commandments [yamas] form the broad general training of humanity. Each rests on a universal spiritual law.” Patanjali says that the commandments are not limited to any “race, place, time, or occasion.” They are to be integrated into daily living.

Often called the moral restraints, the precepts in the yamas are universal, and are framed as the “do nots” in life’s list of moral do’s and don’ts. The precepts contained within this First Limb are:

Ahimsa—non-violence

Satya—non-lying

Asteya—non-stealing

Brahmacharya—non-squandering of vital energies

Aparigraha—non-greed, non-hoarding

Put into positive wording, ahimsa asks that you eschew all forms of violence and treat all living things with respect and compassion. Satya is a commitment to truthfulness and transparency. Asteya means we take only that which is freely given. Brahmacharya is about controlling our senses and energies so we can cultivate our inner life, and aparigraha is about living simply by taking or using nothing more than what we truly need.

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Medium 9780253006776

1 The Wild Place, 1933–1945

Adam R. Seipp Indiana University Press ePub

On a summer day in 1937, a hunter pauses at the edge of a meadow halfway up to the summit of the Löserhag and looks behind him into the valley of the Sinn River. Yellow and blue flowers dapple the clearing in the bright sun. A few feet away, a narrow footpath plunges into the gloomy darkness of the great beech forests of the Franconian Rhön. The hunter looks down the slope to the valley floor toward the village of Wildflecken. With its tidy red roofs, the town of a few hundred souls nests in between two ranges of hills along a single railroad track that connects it to the world beyond.

But the hunter’s home is changing as he watches. He can see the red brick bridge over the Brückenau road and the new square in the middle of town. Across the valley and up a hill, hundreds of workers put the last touches on rows of squat, narrow buildings. Soon there would be horses in the newly built stables and hundreds, then thousands, of soldiers living in the barracks. A new street connects the town and the base, paved with heavy white stones to accommodate the vast bulk of military vehicles that will soon rumble through the valley. Turning to the west, our hunter shakes his head when he sees farmhouses and villages sitting abandoned in neat clearings a few kilometers away. A year ago, those villages had been his neighbors. Then the German state ordered them abandoned to build the new troop training facility. As he shoulders his rifle and walks into the woods, he wonders to himself what all of this change will mean for his family and his town. Perhaps he suspects that Germany is on the road to another war, but he cannot know what that struggle will mean for this quiet valley.

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Medium 9781780643595

17 Statistical Emulators of Simulation Models to Inform Surveillance and Response to New Biological Invasions

Jarrad, F., Editor; Low-Choy, S., Editor CAB International PDF

17

Statistical Emulators of

Simulation Models to Inform

Surveillance and Response to

New Biological Invasions

Michael Renton* and David Savage

The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

Abstract

When a new biosecurity incursion is detected, rapid response is critical to maximize the chance of containment and eradication and minimize the threat to important industries. However, inappropriate response can be extremely costly. For example, we might waste resources on trying to eradicate a pest that has already spread too far to be contained, or use a management strategy that has a lower chance of success than another possibility, and thus allow the pest to escape and establish permanently. Simulation modelling is a tool that can be used to evaluate different management options in the light of available knowledge about the pest’s dispersal and population dynamics and its new environment, but simulation models typically take a long time to develop, parameterize, test, run and analyse. How can modelling be used to provide valuable predictions when rapid response is critical?

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Medium 9781780647265

3 GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF BLUEBERRIES

Retamales, J.B.; Hancock, J.F. CABI PDF

3

Growth and Development of Blueberries

INTRODUCTION

In this chapter, the anatomy and morphology of the highbush and rabbiteye blueberry are discussed, followed by a discussion of vegetative and reproductive growth and development. Environmental effects on growth and development are also presented.

ANATOMY AND MORPHOLOGY

Plant habit

All species of Vaccinium are woody perennials, and stature is one of the most striking differences among the various cultivated blueberries. Lowbush blueberries range from 0.1 to 0.15 m in height, while highbush plants can reach

1.8–4.0 m and rabbiteyes may grow to 6 m tall.

The blueberry shrub is composed of shoots that emerge from newly formed buds or previously formed dormant buds located in the crown. The shoots emerging from the base of plants are called canes and become woody in the second season of growth.

A dormant 1-year-old blueberry shoot typically has inflorescence buds at the top, with vegetative buds below (Fig. 3.1). The flower buds are large and round, while the vegetative buds are smaller, narrow and pointed. The dormant vegetative bud is about 4 mm long, with a single apex (Gough and Shutak,

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Medium 9781780491530

CHAPTER SEVEN Leaders and groups in traumatising organisations

Wilke, Gerhard Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER SEVEN

Leaders and groups in traumatising organisations*

Introduction urrent organisational structures and behaviour patterns are marked by a high degree of disturbance and signify that leaders, their teams, and institutions are caught in a cycle of endless transition. The effect of the repeated reconfiguration of teams, departmental structures, and leadership arrangements has produced symptoms of failed dependency and cumulative trauma. The absence of reliable structures, the piercing of holding environments, and the regular removal of authority figures causes organisations and their members to regress to more primitive forms of defence against their increasing sense of existential insecurity. The pressure to globalise, modernise, and change in order to prevent extinction has produced organisations where the fear of redundancy and marginalisation, rather than the primary task, are uppermost in the minds of leaders and employees. It is not surprising that the attendant defences against the fear of not surviving are also visible in most teams. On stage and

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