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Medium 9781855752450

CHAPTER FIVE. Structures for the future

Campbell, David Karnac Books ePub

Consultation in the social constructionist approach is not about solving problems once and for all, but about changing the way employees understand the construction of problems in the first place, and the way problems can be deconstructed and re-constructed through conversation. If the employees come to value this process, preparing for the future becomes an exercise in ensuring that essential conversations can take place to develop the necessary strategies and structures for the future.

The social constructionist model suggests that an organization needs opportunities to continue essential conversations long after the consultant has left the field. This is one place where social construction and structure have a reciprocal relationship. They need each other. The conversation creates structures that all can agree on, and these structures ensure that further conversations will be possible to tackle new problems and articulate new organizational values and create new structures.

One structure that clearly possesses the potential to maintain a social constructionist process is the staff meeting. This is one place where the organization is continually being constructed through conversation amongst its members. It is also the place where the more formal constructions such as policies and procedures are hammered out, and the more informal constructions of values and opinions are established.

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Medium 9781780491165

Part II: Interventions in Crying, Feeding, and Settling Difficulties

Karnac Books ePub



Brigid Jordan

Persistent infant distress is often presumed to have a gut cause and interventions usually involve digestion and feeding—weaning, formula changes, gripe waters, colic mixtures. Infant irritability is commonly attributed to oesophagitis presumed to be caused by pathological gastro-esophageal reflux (including “silent reflux”) and treatment with anti reflux medications has become popular, despite the lack of evidence about its efficacy. All infants reflux to some extent. Frequent or prolonged episodes of acid reflux may cause irritation or inflammation of the lower oesophagus, which may have a role in infant irritability.

The lack of empirical knowledge about the role of reflux in infant distress prompted a prospective research study of otherwise healthy infants admitted to The Royal Children's Hospital for investigation of persistent irritability. This was the Irritable Infant intervention project, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, and of whom the investigators were B. Jordan, R. Heine, M. Meehan, L. Lubitz, and A. Catto-Smith. One aim of the study was to identify clinical predictors of pathological reflux. The other aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-reflux medications in infants who had mild to moderate (but still within the normal range) gastroesophageal reflux.

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Medium 9780253022790

On the Sunny Side

James Whitcomb Riley Indiana University Press ePub

HI and whoop-hooray, boys!

Sing a song of cheer!

Here’s a holiday, boys,

Lasting half a year!

Round the world, and half is

Shadow we have tried;

Now we’re where the laugh is,—

On the sunny side!

Pigeons coo and mutter,

Strutting high aloof

Where the sunbeams flutter

Through the stable roof.

Hear the chickens cheep, boys,

And the hen with pride

Clucking them to sleep, boys,

On the sunny side!

Hear the clacking guinea;

Hear the cattle moo;

Hear the horses whinny,

Looking out at you!

On the hitching-block, boys,

Grandly satisfied,

See the old peacock, boys,

On the sunny side!

Robins in the peach-tree;

Bluebird in the pear;

Blossoms over each tree

In the orchard there!

All the world’s in joy, boys,

Glad and glorified

As a romping boy, boys,

On the sunny side!

Where’s a heart as mellow?

Where’s a soul as free?

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Medium 9781780491011

Chapter Seven - The Left Hemisphere Agenda

Tweedy, Roderick Karnac Books ePub

Man is a twofold being.

—William Blake, On Lavater

Introduction: Measuring Urizen

As we have seen, the characteristic functions and processes of Urizenic consciousness are part of an integrated operating system, a coherent mode of running which is concerned with the manipulation of the world and a compulsive drive towards dominion and power. This concern with power is central to its agenda and a clue to its character. It is manifested both in its mode of attention to the world (which, as we saw earlier, is of a particularly cold and detached kind, useful for the ruthless manipulation of other people or things) and in its underlying, often unconscious, compulsion to dominion. In seeking to understand the nature of this “agenda” I draw in particular on the recent work of McGilchrist, The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World, whose profound and far-reaching examination of hemispheric difference helps in many ways to clarify Blake's own presentation of Urizen and the hidden drives and motivations that constitute Urizen. I would like to pay tribute to the work of McGilchrist here, both because it was unavailable at the time the first part of this book was being written, and because it is a book which I believe may influence the twenty-first century as much as Niels Bohr or Jung helped to redefine the intellectual contours of the last century. McGilchrist's examination of left-brain processes dovetails in many important and resonant ways with what I understand to be Blake's analysis of “Urizen”, and it is particularly interesting in this respect that McGilchrist himself sees Blake's Urizen as an embodiment of left hemisphere processes, an instantiation of the left hemisphere take on the world.

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Medium 9781780647876

6: Recommendations for Thermography Application

Soroko, M.; Davies Morel, M.C.G. CABI PDF


Recommendations for

Thermography Application

In summary, the use of thermography may prove particularly useful for the following:

• Diagnosis of limb injuries: abscesses, laminitis, navicular bone syndrome, tendon and ligament inflammation, and stifle, carpal and tarsal joint inflammation.

• Diagnosis of back injuries: spinous process inflammation, supraspinal and interspinal ligament inflammation and intervertebral inflammation of the thoracolumbar vertebrae, back muscle inflammation and sacroiliac joint injury.

• Diagnosis of neurological disease.

• Detection of subclinical inflammation, allowing protection of the horse from serious injury or extended healing times.

• Monitoring of treatment, in particular anti-inflammatory drug effectiveness, informing managers and thus ensuring adequate time is allowed for full


• Monitoring the impact of training, in particular the impact of exercise overload, horse adaptation to training overload and evaluation of proper muscle balance.

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Medium 9781523084616

CHAPTER 12 Honoring Our Separate Realities

Senn, Larry Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

All the thinkers have had substantially the same thought. It would probably astound each of them beyond measure to be let into his neighbor’s mind and to find how different the scenery there was from that in his own.


Everyone is familiar with the idiom Seeing is believing. But the more you learn about life, the more you discover that that simply isn’t true. The ease with which our eyes can deceive us is remarkable.

One powerful illustration of this truth is the surprisingly large number of people falsely convicted of crimes due to the erroneous testimony of eyewitnesses. In recent years hundreds of convicted felons have been released from prison based on the irrefutable results of DNA testing. Some of these men and women spent decades wrongly incarcerated based on eyewitness accounts—versions of reality that the witnesses were absolutely sure were correct but that turned out to be completely wrong.

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Medium 9781855757783

CHAPTER EIGHT: The personal and the professional: core beliefs and the construction of bridges across difference

Karnac Books ePub

Barry Mason


This is a chapter that has evolved out of practice, theory, and personal experience. It arises from a long-standing focus on the relationship between the development of my own personal core beliefs and the influence of those beliefs on my clinical work as a family and systemic psychotherapist working with individuals, couples, and families from different cultures and religions. A central question for me has become not only how I can help clients find a systemic both–and position, and how the therapeutic relationship can encompass a both–and position, but also, to what extent I can find such a position in relation to my personal beliefs and my professional task. Some of the content herein comes from a certain disillusionment with some of the more recent developments in family therapy, and could be said to be a continuation of the work that contributed to the publication of the book, Exploring the Unsaid (Mason & Sawyerr, 2002), which sought to encourage practitioners to take more risks in working cross-culturally. This was based on the view that interpretations of the developments in theory and practice were hindering, as well as aiding, us in creating effective clinical work. As Alice Sawyerr and I wrote in our introduction to that book, “to develop intimacy, to develop closeness of whatever kind, one has to be prepared to take chances and risk vulnerability” (p. xix). This chapter is written with that in mind.

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Medium 9781855754737

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: The fear of death

Mander, Gertrud Karnac Books ePub

“Who knows

If life is not death
and death life?”


I well remember the moment in my childhood, when I first realized that I would die one day and would cease to exist, entering, as Shakespeare's Hamlet says “the undiscovered country / from whom no traveller returns”. It was a sudden shock, an experience of the unthinkable. Trying to imagine what it would be like my mind boggled and I had to give up. Then I tried to think backwards in the knowledge that there was a time when I did not yet exist. This was equally unthinkable; but it eased the first anxious thought of my certain death to argue that it would simply be a return to the state I was in before I was born. It stilled my anxiety and helped me to get over the shock, but it seemed a bit like self-deception and the knowledge that I would have to go one day always remained as an uncomfortable certainty. Now that I have reached the biblical age and am much closer to death, it has returned to trouble me and it seems timely to face it squarely.

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Medium 9780253372017

6. Think Again!

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF


W R I T I N G S OF P E I R C E , 1857-1866

Think Again!

P 1: Harvard Magazine

4 (April 1858): 100-105

He that knows better how to tame a shrew,

Now let him speak; 't is charity to show.


A writer in the Magazine has already awaked to the fact that Shakespeare is not what he is cracked up to be, and proclaims himself a reformer accordingly. But his business will be no very difficult task, if undertaken with characteristic modesty; for few of us either love or read the works of Shakespeare much. As for the Iliad and Odyssey, they have long been detested by Juniors and Freshmen generally, and the Vedas are now held up by professors to be laughed at by students.

Yet these three have been considered the sublimest poems out of the

Bible. Does all this show that the delicacies of Tennyson and Browning, or else the inevitable progress of the mind, have given us a distaste for the rudeness and meagreness of these old poets? No. At no time since Shakespeare's day, at least at no time since Nicholas Rowe, have they been so well appreciated. Johnson and Pope, for example, had no kindred feeling with either the Greek or the English poet. This will hardly be questioned, but I will support it by an example or two. Johnson never could wade through Homer, although he was well read on most other branches of Greek literature. He has the following criticism on Cymbeline:—

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Medium 9781780490038

11. Families and schools—a network of interdependent agencies: the ecology of development

Karnac Books ePub

Laura Fruggeri

Research in developmental psychology documents how children grow in complex environments (Bronfenbrenner, 1979), how they are able to deal with complex social situations since the early stages (Stern, 1985), and how actively they participate in triangular relationships (Fivaz-Depeursinge & Cor-boz-Warnery, 1999). Thanks to the studies conducted from both a systemic and an ecological perspective, we have many descriptions of the relational interdependent world of children; of how their growth is connected to the quality of their relationships with their parents and other significant people; and of how they actively interconnect with the different persons that are parts of their lives.

Such an interconnected context of child development underlines the fact that families do not grow children in a vacuum—they do it as part of a larger social and interpersonal network composed of interconnected families, schools, groups, relatives, teachers, peers, friends, professionals, and so on. It is through the participation in this system of interactions that children develop a sense of self, an identity. It is through the participation in this complex relational and institutional network that they construct ties and develop ways of making sense of the world around them. If we take the school, for example, we can say that while learning how to read and write, children also confirm or change the sense of self, make up an image of how the world is, and confirm or change the degree of importance that relationships with others have in their lives.

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Medium 9781574413588

Chapter 2: Legendary Marshal Timothy Isaiah Courtright

Richard F. Selcer University Of North Texas Press ePub


Legendary Marshal Timothy Isaiah Courtright

“[May] all his faults be forgotten and only the good deeds he has done be remembered in the hereafter.”1

“Longhair Jim” Courtright is remembered in Fort Worth history for his tonsorial style—à la Wild Bill Hickok—and one legendary gunfight, which he lost. But there was far more to the man than the two-dimensional figure of legend. Large swaths of Courtright’s personal life and career are unknown. Most people do not even know that the name “Longhair Jim” is a misnomer; his given name was Timothy, not Jim or James. He can be fairly called a mystery man who has caused more than one would-be biographer to despair.2

According to the best evidence, Timothy Isaiah Courtright was born in Illinois in 1846 or 1847 growing up quietly on the Illinois and Iowa frontiers until the Civil War changed everything. His only education before being swept up in the fighting came from the school of hard knocks because he had no time for proper book learning. His complete lack of education would haunt him the rest of his life in the form of subliterate spelling and grammar that was as bad, if not as notorious, as Andrew Jackson’s. Unlike Jackson, however, he never managed to soar over his limitations. He was always more comfortable with a gun in his hand than a pen.

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Medium 9781782201465

Chapter Nine - It takes a Village: Co-Creation of Community in the Digital Age

Karnac Books ePub

Lindsay Hamilton

“Facebook allows you to share the funny things and the things that make you angry and every once in a while the things that mean a lot to you…”

(A Facebook user, 2013)


My focus in this chapter is on the potential role of the Internet in building communities through the facilitation of relational bonding; love in its wider sense. I aim to look at the use of the Internet in interpersonal relationships, for social networking, as a medium with the potential to be, to build, and to enhance community living. My interest in this arises from my participation in social networking for my personal use, from hearing my clients’ stories of social networking experiences, and simply from living in an era in which social networking has become the norm for many of us.

Concerning the “inner” and the “outer” realms, Chodorow (1999) describes herself as situated

right on the cusp, where both exist together and neither can be thought or experienced without the other. I read psychoanalysis as precisely the theory that describes in detail how the individual mediates and creates inner and outer at the same time. (p. 8)

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Medium 9781780491929

Chapter Eleven - Narrative Therapy with Children of Parents Experiencing Mental Health Difficulties

Karnac Books ePub

Ruth Pluznick and Natasha Kis-Sines

Every culture has its own stories about what it means to be a “good parent”. In Canada, this includes a parent who has the resources to look after children in a consistently nurturing manner, a parent who will put the needs of her children before her or his own needs, and a parent who can meet the challenges of parenting in a variety of different circumstances. The portrayal of “good parent” excludes parents who love their children but have difficulties of their own that sometimes get in the way of meeting their children's needs. These parents are often judged harshly in our society and their different experiences of “mother” and “father” are misrepresented, diminished, or dismissed. Sometimes, their children are removed from their care. There are many parents “on the margins” who face these circumstances; included in this group are parents who experience mental health difficulties. In Canada, 12.1% of all children under the age of twelve lives with a parent who has been given at least one psychiatric diagnosis in the previous twelve months (Bassani, Padoin, Phillipp, & Veldhuizen, 2009).

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Medium 9781574410761


Patty Vineyard MacDonald University of North Texas Press PDF




Spring Lamb is an overworked expression, but if it makes everyone feel better, more power to the lamb. However, facts about lamb are good to know. The meat from lambs three to five months old is known as

“spring lamb,” and is in season from April through June. Because of the preference for the taste of lamb, rather than mutton, most of the sheep are killed before they are a year old, as the younger the animal, the more delicate the flavor. The flesh of both lamb and mutton should be fine-grained and smooth, the color of lamb should be deep pink, and of mutton a dark red. The fat of lamb should be white and firm, and of mutton the fat is pink and really hard. Lamb for the most part is cooked well done except for lamb chops, which are better if broiled until medium done. Of course, some strange characters like me like them burnt rare—burned black on the outside and rare on the inside.

When you feel adventurous sometime, try them.

My favorite lamb dish is


Have the butcher cut lamb chops thick—at least 2 inches. Split the lean part of the meat in half, cutting to the bone. [For each chop you will need]:

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Medium 9781911597056

Chapter XV: The Lost Boys

Horsley, Jasun Aeon Books ePub

“It could be that this amazing array of intellectually superior beings that appear to be ghosting around in our midst have good reason to remain hidden.” So wrote Whitley Strieber, in his afterword to The Key.

I am going to make several (possibly contentious) statements in order to lay out my hypothesis:

Fantasy is a means to escape reality.

The ability to escape reality and retreat into fantasy is a necessary capacity.

This capacity is one that an infantile or immature psyche develops in times of stress, that is, when reality becomes more than the psyche can process.

The psyche cannot mature except by interacting with reality.

A psyche forced to deal with an overwhelmingly stressful reality also cannot mature, because its temporary retreat into fantasy becomes a permanent state.

To the degree to which a psyche remains “enclosed” in its own self-generated fantasy—and/or is “abducted” by the daimonic, archetypal realms of the unconscious—it will remain in an arrested state of development, infantilized.

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