43654 Chapters
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Medium 9781782201298

Chapter Twelve: The Paradox of the Birth of the Artist: the Judgment

Refabert, Philippe Karnac Books ePub

“[…] because the story [“The Judgment”] came out of me like a real birth, covered with filth and slime, and only I have the hand that can reach to the body itself and the strength of desire to do so.”

—Franz Kafka, The Kafka Diaries (1948)

“In a great fire in which fancies…perish and rise up again” Kafka found the words to write his masterpiece, “The Judgment”. “With…a complete opening out of the body and the soul”, he gave birth to the writer who would be one of the great artists of his century and who, for certain Jewish thinkers, represents a renewal of the figure of the prophet.

This story, “The Judgment”, I wrote at one sitting during the night of the 22nd–23rd (September 1912), from ten o'clock at night to six o'clock in the morning. I was hardly able to pull my legs out from under the desk, they had got so stiff from sitting.

The next day, Kafka knew he had become a writer and that nothing could make him deviate from the path that had opened before him that night.

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Medium 9780253010018

11. A Nihilism of Grace: Life, Death, and Resurrection

John D. Caputo Indiana University Press ePub

 

Martha said to Jesus, “Lord if you had been here,
my brother would not have died.
But even now I know that God will give you whatever you ask of him.”
Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
Martha said to him,
“I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.”

JOHN 11:21–24    

I return now to the hard hypothesis, that life is a passing feature of the universe, an interim phenomenon, not an ultimate or permanent part of the cosmic furnishings. An ineluctable fate lies in store for us—terrestrial, solar, galactic, and universal death in entropic disintegration, that point when there is no chiasm or poetics, no life or religion. What then of God, perhaps?

To this end we can do no better than to return to the cold, disenchanted, demythologized, disappointing, reductionistic, realistic, rationalistic world view of one of the critics of continental philosophy, best encapsulated in all of its apocalyptic fury in the brassy materialistic brio and bravado of Brassier's Nihil Unbound. Let us unbind nihilism and let it all hang out. Let us expose ourselves to the terrible trauma of the real, our heads bloodied but unbowed by the degree zero of being-nothing, which boils away both substance and subject, art, religion, and philosophy, bios and zoë, physis and techne, dissipating everything fideistic and correlational. Let us leave behind the luxurious plenitude and lush planes of the Lebenswelt for the thermal equilibrium of entropy unbound, where being-in-itself is nothing-for-us, nothing to us, and we nothing to it. What is being degree zero to me or I to it that I should weep for being-nothing?1

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Medium 9781576752944

Chapter 3 Benefits of Disaggregation: The Revolutionary’s Bill of Rights

Yudkowsky, Moshe Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Chapter 2 explained how to analyze an innovation: how it disaggregates, what it disaggregates, how it works, and what basic human desires it fulfills. In this chapter, I’m going to discuss another important matter: what benefits to expect from an innovation. The universal benefits of disaggregation are:

I call them “universal” benefits because they show up, consistently, whenever an innovation works by disaggregation; every example and every case study in this book demonstrates at least some of these benefits. If you’re a revolutionary—if you’re working hard on innovations that disaggregate—then this list is your bill of rights. Your innovation should bring you at least some of these benefits, and possibly all of them.22

When disaggregation triggers an avalanche, it’s not gravity that pulls on the rocks and gets them moving. It’s creativity, pushing from behind, that sends the avalanche roaring down the side of the mountain. Creativity is the force behind the avalanche—creativity, as it finally escapes from behind the rocks that were holding it back.

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Medium 9781576752517

Chapter 3: Time: Problem, Question and Mystery

Needleman, Jacob Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

51

If we listen to the teachings of the ancient wisdom, we will hear them telling us that none of our methods for mastering time can work. The reason they cannot work is that we do not feel that we exist, we do not see ourselves with the soft eyes of the heart. One of the central texts of the Buddhist tradition tells us, from the very first sentence:

We are what we think.
All that we are arises with our thoughts.
With our thoughts we make the world.3

52

And having told us this, the text goes on to show us the need to come to an entirely new kind of feeling about ourselves and a new way of seeing ourselves that is informed by this feeling. We need to feel our mortality, and not just know it with our thought. What the ancient teachings mean by mind is not what we mean by the word. When they speak of mind they are speaking of a capacity of understanding that blends intellect and heart and instinct. What is the point, they tell us, of managing our day more efficiently if we don’t understand what our days are for, where they are meant to lead us? But when we begin to feel the importance of the question of why we exist at all, our obsessions begin to weaken their hold. When obsessiveness recedes, even if only slightly, a crowded day contains more time. But we cannot use tricks and techniques that serve only to make our obsessiveness more “efficient.” There are no tricks or techniques that can make us feel that we exist. And it is only at such levels of feeling—and far beyond such levels—that time begins to “breathe” in our life. Only with such feeling do we begin to breathe differently, literally and figuratively. According to the ancient wisdom, when a human being breathes differently the passage of time takes on new properties. There is a new feeling of self that appears when a man or woman truly and genuinely steps back from himself, looks at himself and then . . . ? And then: enters himself.

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Medium 9780253318992

Chapter 8. The Nomadic Pastoralists

Felicitas D. Goodman Indiana University Press ePub

The adaptation of nomadic pastoralism arose so gradually within a number of different ecological conditions that it is difficult to make any general statements concerning its time of origin. Some forms antedate agriculture; others arose as an adjunct to it. At any rate, once an adaptation developed, it remained impressively stable. Take, for instance, the Evenk (Tungus), to be discussed later in this chapter. Archeologists have found traces of their way of life going back as far as the Neolithic, about 8000–9000 B.C., not too far from where they make their home today in eastern Siberia, in the region of Lake Baikal.

Comparing the subsistence activity of nomadic pastoralists, we can distinguish three subtypes:

1) those who combine pastoralism with hunting and gathering;

2) those who have ties to and obtain part of their subsistence in trade relations with agriculturalists; and

3) those who by virtue of a sexual division of labor are partially horticulturalists, a task that has fallen to the women, and partially pastoralists, the lifeway of the men.

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Medium 9781855752832

CHAPTER TEN. Two phases of the refugee experience: interviews with refugees and support organizations

Karnac Books ePub

Pamela Griffiths

Introduction

For the last six years I have spent several weeks each year on a Greek island off the coast of Turkey. The area has seen many waves of population movements, both voluntary and involuntary, as well as changes of sovereignty: prior to 1912 the island was Turkish. It remains border territory, emphasized by the presence of army conscripts guarding remote beaches. During this time, when shopping at the local market I have often noticed a busy gathering in the adjacent walled compound. Through gaps in the metal fencing I have seen dark-haired men, women and children seated at trestle tables or waiting in line. They were not Greek.

Soon I understood that what I was observing was part of a chain of movement of Kurdish refugees from Turkey, Iraq and Iran to Greece, and often onward to Western Europe. After paying large sums to be brought to one of several Greek islands, these asylum seekers are interned by police and later transported to a refugee camp near Athens. I have often counselled refugees in London, including a few Kurds, and realized how little I knew of their journey into exile. I resolved to explore the process in order to understand more of their experience.

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Medium 9780253001764

13. Archbishop Innokentii (Borisov, 1800–1857)

Edited by Stephen M Norris and Willard Indiana University Press ePub

 

MARA KOZELSKY

Few places in the empire rivaled the diversity of New Russia, a vast territory lining the northern Black Sea littoral conquered from the Ottomans in the eighteenth century. From the era of Catherine II (1762–96), the empire promoted cultural autonomy and religious toleration among subject populations, yet recognized Orthodoxy as the state religion. These policies left a legacy of mixed rights and privileges that divided populations for decades. Rather than assimilating immigrants into the empire, imperial policies often reinforced or created new boundaries around native identities. Of Crimea, for example, one French visitor commented that “sometimes, just to cross the street, you believe you are passing from Europe to Asia.” Unlike the Americas, Europe and Asia, where “diverse peoples exist, but they mix in the same quarter, and strive . . . to assimilate,” he noted that in Crimea “there is nothing similar; at the minimum is one race, who lives in the village inhabited only by its own, or within a separate quarter in the village that becomes two in which the religion, the manners, the dress, the houses are all very different from one to the other.”1 He was most struck by the isolation of these groups from each other, noting that peoples of Crimea—Tatars, Jews, Eastern Europeans, Greeks, Germans, Roma, and Russians—lived in their own colonies, divided largely by their confession.

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Medium 9781786393050

2: Organic and Fairtrade Markets at a Glance

Parvathi, P.; Grote, U.; Waibel, H. CABI PDF

2 

Organic and Fairtrade Markets at a Glance

Julia Lernoud and Helga Willer*

Department of Extension, Training and Communication, Research

Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Frick, Switzerland

2.1 Introduction

In this chapter, an overview of the global organic and Fairtrade market is presented(1). The data shown here were collected by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL)) in the framework of its surveys on organic agriculture and Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS). The organic data are published annually in the statistical yearbook The World of Organic Agriculture (Willer and Lernoud, 2017)(2) by FiBL together with

­IFOAM – Organics International. The results of the

VSS survey are published in the report The State of Sustainable Markets (Lernoud et al., 2017)(3) produced in cooperation with the International

Trade Centre (ITC) and the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). These efforts are supported by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). The Fairtrade

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Medium 9781855754874

20. An expanded framework: employing psychomotor physiotherapy in arenas other than the treatment of individual patients

Karnac Books ePub

Eli Rongved

Since 1982, I have worked as a psychomotor physiotherapist in Melbu, a small coastal town on an island in Vesterålen, in northern Norway.

Working as a psychomotor physiotherapist in a small town, mainly conducting individual consultations and treatments, sometimes gives you the feeling that you’re working inefficiently.

Great resources are used on treating each individual patient. Your waiting list expands. The need for help seems to increase proportionately to the collective understanding of how problems and symptoms develop and of how everything is interconnected. Another problem is the double and sometimes triple relations you build to several of your patients; in a small town, where everybody knows everybody, they are no longer only your patients but also your neighbours, friends, and people you meet in other realms of everyday life. It can therefore be difficult sometimes to draw the line between your role as a professional and your role as a private person.

In 1994, a colleague and I started to work with preventative health care within businesses. After some time, we gradually realized that this work opened new doors for us, into new arenas, where we would be able to meet more people simultaneously. At first, we just saw this as an incredibly useful opportunity to communicate our knowledge and offer guidance. However, we also soon understood that we would now need to meet people in new contexts, in their own realities. The people we were supposed to help let us into their own sphere, and we participated there. We went to them—they no longer came to us.

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Medium 9781576753217

5 Creating Power Advocates

Templeton, Timothy L. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Susie awoke earlier than usual the next morning. The sun had not quite risen over the mountains to the east of Rancho Benicia.

But she couldn’t go back to sleep. In fact, she couldn’t wait to get up. Her mind was racing and, for the first time in weeks, in a positive, not a negative, way. And she felt good, so very good. All the ideas and hopes and shared stories of the last two days had taken hold of her in a powerful, uplifting way that surprised her. She not only was experiencing a change in her perception of her situation, but after last night’s goal setting, she was also developing a plan of action that was real—not contrived like some of the other plans she’d learned about.

In the past, when she had heard concepts and methods she didn’t like while attending a training session, she would gloss over those parts—like cold calling or handling objections or asking closing questions. She wasn’t doing that this time. And that’s because she saw none of those chores (especially cold calling—oh, how she hated cold calling) in this concept—none at all.

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Medium 9781782200000

CHAPTER THREE “Budapest will now become the headquarters of our movement”

Meszaros, Judit Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER THREE

“Budapest will now become the headquarters of our movement”38

“Ferenczi has become the first official university teacher [in]

ȈA, (o.ö. Professor),39 a success not dreamt before!”

(Freud, 1919j)

The Fifth International Psychoanalytical Congress riginally, the site selected for the Fifth International Psychoanalytical Congress was Breslau (now Wrocl´ aw, Poland), but this plan had to be changed because of the difficulties of transport during the war. Thus, it fell to Budapest to host the international gathering, which was held on 28–29 September 1918. Conference preparations were painstaking, with news of the event being reported in mid-May in Gyógyászat (Therapy): Ferenczi points to the main theme of the conference in the title of his paper “The psychoanalysis of war neuroses” (Anon, 1918a, p. 488).

The ten-month period following the conference between late

September 1918 and mid-July 1919 saw outstanding achievements in the Hungarian psychoanalytic movement that represented the culmination of a decade’s work. This era is perhaps the most widely

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Medium 9781628873061

THE SAVVY TRAVELER

Meredith Pratt FrommerMedia ePub

Ronald Reagan International Airport.

Before You Go

Government Tourist Offices

Destination D.C., 901 7th St. NW, 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20001-3719 (☎ 800/422-8644 or 202/789-7000; www.washington.org) provides information on hotels, restaurants, sights, shops, and more.

Also take a look at the D.C. government’s website, www.dc.gov, and Cultural Tourism D.C., www.culturaltourismdc.org, for more information about the city.

For additional information about Washington’s most popular tourist spots, access the National Park Service website, www.nps.gov/nacc and the Smithsonian Institution’s www.si.edu.

The Best Times to Go

The city’s peak seasons generally coincide with the sessions of Congress and springtime. When Congress is “in,” from about the second week in September until Thanksgiving, and again from about mid-January through June, hotels are full with guests on business.

Mid-March through June traditionally is the most frenzied season, when families and school groups descend to see the cherry blossoms. It’s also a popular season for protest marches.

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Medium 9781576753156

Chapter Four: “Single Sales Factor” and the Corporate Assault On the Income Tax

LeRoy, Greg Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Suppose you’re a manufacturing comexecutive and you pany don’t like paying corporate income tax to your home base state. How’d you like to get an 80 or 90 percent tax cut? All you have to do is file your tax return, using a special new formula. No conditions, no strings attached. Just file your return and pay a tiny fraction of what you used to pay. Oh, just one more thing: be sure your state manufacturers’ association keeps saying over and over again that this gigantic tax cut will create jobs, jobs, jobs. Maybe have it rent an economist to issue a rosy study. Remember, you’re for jobs, so anyone who opposes this giveaway scheme must be against jobs.

Welcome to the magical world of “Single Sales Factor” (SSF), in which manufacturing lobbyists have gotten some state legislatures to radically rewrite their corporate income tax codes, considered SSF in the past decade rsometimes under the threat of losing a major employer. The fact that several states have considered SSF in the past decade reflects the mutation of subsidies from their originally stated purpose—of job attraction and multistate competitions for specific projects—to job retention and multistate rewriting of entire corporate tax codes.

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Medium 9781782201304

Acknowledgements

Pilard, Nathalie Karnac Books ePub

I would like to thank Robert Segal for his talent and generosity, Sonu Shamdasani and Tomas Bokedal for their expert comments, my parents for their support, the French Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et Européennes and the University of Glasgow for my scholarship, the Department of Divinity and Religious Studies of the University of Aberdeen for the various financial support I received during my PhD.

Thanks are also due to Paul Bishop, John Beebe, Antoine Faivre, Leslie Gardner, Lucy Huskinson, Roderick Main, and Martin Rueff for their advice and lively conversation, all the members of the International Association of Jungian Studies weblist for keeping me aware of the Jungian debate, Pete Gunter and John Mullarkey for their philosophical help, Greg Richter and Charles-Henri Discry for their help in German and linguistics, and Yvonne Voegeli and Marion Wullschleger for their warm assistance at the Jung Arbeitsarchiv of the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich.

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Medium 9780253357014

Part 4: Paleobiology of the Dinosaurs

Art Consultant Edited by M Bob Walters Indiana University Press ePub

Bruce H. Tiffney

Plants in a book on dinosaurs? Not as out of place as you might think. Plants are autotrophs (self-feeders), organisms that are able to capture the sun’s energy directly. By contrast, dinosaurs, like all animals, are heterotrophs (other feeders), organisms that have to feed on other organisms in order to live. Since plants lie at the base of the food chain, they have had an immense influence on the evolution of both herbivores and carnivores in Earth history. The size of the available plants, their rate of growth, their ability to recover from damage, the rate at which they reproduce, their abundance in the environment, and the digestibility of their leaves and reproductive organs all combine to influence the amount of energy that herbivores can draw from them. As these features of plants change through evolutionary time, so also will the nature of the herbivore and carnivore communities dependent upon them.

Additionally, plants are important to animals in that they define the environment within which animals live. By example, a forest forms a barrier to large animals and is difficult for them to pass through. In contrast, smaller animals perceive the forest as a three-dimensional habitat, and have the option to move vertically as well as horizontally within it. Conversely, the two-dimensional surface of an open “grassland” allows free motion of large animals but limits the options for small animals. Only by burrowing can smaller animals create a three-dimensional environment in open country. This is a common solution for mammals, but among the dinosaurs, only a few birds were small enough to effectively explore it.

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