43654 Chapters
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Medium 9781855754744

Anger management

Young, Courtenay Karnac Books ePub

Basic theories

There is some instinctual basis for anger and aggression as a necessary part of survival. However, despite the prevalence of aggression and violence throughout all of human history, aggression is not inevitable, anger and violence can be managed. Anger is both an emotional reaction against pain and it also carries with it (because of the increased adrenalin output) a natural anaesthetic: by getting angry you cover the pain. Other theories propose that aggression arises from environmental factors, especially if our basic drives are blocked or frustrated, but the hypothesis, that frustration always equals aggression and aggression always stems from frustration, is much too simplistic. Much investigation has centred on how the level of arousal affects aggression, as arousal often triggers a strong emotional response. There is also little doubt that past experiences and social conditioning have a powerful effect on aggression. Nearly all these effects can be modified to a degree by emotional and cognitive processes. This gives hope for the effective management of aggression.

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Medium 9781936764198

Chapter 2 Implementing the Common Core State Standards for Reading

Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy Solution Tree Press ePub

KEY QUESTIONS

To what extent does your team understand the Reading standards: What is familiar? What is new? What may be challenging for students? What may be challenging for teachers?

Examine current texts being used in grades 3–5 and assess them quantitatively and qualitatively and for reader and task demands. Which ones work? Which ones should be used in another grade or eliminated all together?

How do grades 3–5 teachers at your school extend the foundational skills of reading that are taught in grades K–2?

Consuelo Martinez’s third-grade students are exploring the world around them without ever leaving their classroom. They have been reading If the World Were a Village: A Book About the World’s People (Smith, 2002) to understand the diverse makeup of the world’s cultures and to see their place within them. The book’s premise is that the descriptive statistics of the world’s population can be understood as an imaginary village of one hundred people. Ms. Martinez is using this informational text within the students’ mathematics class.

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Medium 9781855758216

CHAPTER FIVE. Resistance, transference, ego-adaptive capacity, and multifoci core neurotic structure

Neborsky, Robert J.; ten Have-de Labije, Josette Karnac Books ePub

Davanloo, as well as many ISTDP therapists, often speaks of transference, character resistance, transference resistance, superego resistance, and multifoci core neurotic structure. However, in psychoanalytic and in the ISTDP literature, often the terms are used in a sloppy way. To give some examples: often terms such as defence and resistance or terms such as transference reactions and transference feelings are used interchangeably. Whenever terms can be used interchangeably, this would mean that the terms are completely synonymous (and that one of them could be considered as superfluous). However, terms such as defence and resistance, or transference reactions and transference feelings, are not synonymous. They refer to different descriptive statements, specifying different things. This lack of precision leads to confusion.

Confusion of the therapist is neither of advantage to the therapist nor to the patient, and will undoubtedly influence their working alliance in a negative way. So let us do our best to come to clear definitions of the concepts of character resistance, transference resistance, superego resistance transference, countertransference, and multifoci core neurotic structure.

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Medium 9781935249559

Chapter 5: Changing the Process

Robin J. Fogarty Solution Tree Press ePub

PLC TAKE AWAY

Learning How Teachers Differentiate Learning Processes to
Meet Student Needs

This chapter is designed to parallel chapter 4 on changing the content. The ensuing discussion delineates the many ways teams within professional learning communities can modify, adjust, and change the processes students engage in, in order to learn the required content.

Changing the process of learning is one of Tomlinson’s (2005) stated strategies for differentiating instruction. As teachers seek ways to change the learning opportunities with challenge and choice, three areas offer fertile ground for substantive differentiation of the process: (1) changing the various aspects of direct instruction, (2) changing the structure of cooperative interactions, or (3) changing the mode of inquiry.

The following synopsis offers an introductory look at these three distinct learning processes. We then break down each process for PLCs to explore more fully. In fact, we designed chapters 4–6 to provide real fodder for collegial conversations that lead to purposeful and meaningful differentiated instruction. It is in these discussions, and the accompanying Action Options, that the ideas of the book come alive for authentic implementation purposes.

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Medium 9781855757295

CHAPTER SEVEN: Fay as freak

Stoller, Robert J. Karnac Books ePub

In addition to fitting Bill's criterion of “natural heat,” Fay had another quality of which he would have approved (had he known of it): she was at war with society. An essential of this state was her feeling she was a freak. (He says he was “a toad” when an adolescent/young adult.) She came for treatment to change from being a freak, but that identity theme was so fixed, so ancient in her, that, though she was glad and surprised that I was willing to try, she at first saw no hope it could be changed. Here she is at that point, early in treatment.

Let us let go of Fay at this point, as treatment was starting a few years ago. In the years since, I have not found that the facts she reported need revision. Yet, as we do between the first time we hear a piece of music and later, when it has entered our physiology, and as we do with other relationships that move along (such as with people), I see more on reviewing her words than I did then. She does too: simply by talking at length to someone else, for the first time and in depth, she sees herself differently—more globally, more multi-layered, more complex, more motivated, more interesting, more interested, more awful, less awful, more enraged, more sad, less doomed, freer, older: fearful.

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Medium 9781910444092

CAPÍTULO CATORCE: El equilibrio en el “límite” de la confusión temprana de los afectos

Erskine, Richard G. Ediciones Karnac ePub

CAPÍTULO CATORCE

El equilibrio en el “límite” de la confusión temprana de los afectos

Nuestro segundo y tercer año juntos

Al siguiente mes de septiembre, después de la larga pausa del verano, Teresa llamó por teléfono y mostró un firme interés en continuar con la psicoterapia. Me sorprendió gratamente, ya que, durante el verano, me pregunté si habría habido algún beneficio duradero de los últimos siete meses de terapia y si ella volvería para hacer más trabajo en profundidad.

La terapia que yo había proporcionado a Teresa durante los últimos meses había consistido principalmente en una combinación de empatía constante, sintonía con sus necesidades relacionales y una presencia sostenida sin crítica. Sin embargo, también me había centrado en el control de su conducta: tanto de su agitación interna como de sus relaciones en casa y en el trabajo—un enfoque que, en ese momento, ella no había comprendido. En nuestra primera sesión, a principios de septiembre, Teresa me contó que durante el verano no se había sentido “tan perdida en su interior” y que había usado mis “consejos” en varias ocasiones para evitar “peleas” con su novio. Echaba de menos nuestro trabajo conjunto y quería continuar.

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Medium 9781782200550

2 The screen memory and the act of remembering

Karnac Books PDF

REED PtII BOOK_Akhtar PtII BOOK 28/08/2014 09:37 Page 36

2

The screen memory and the act of remembering*

Lucy LaFarge

Screen memories, the durable fragments of childhood memory that accompany us through the life-cycle, were felt to be of great significance by Freud and the early analysts. Pre-formed constructions that patients brought to analysis, screen memories could be seen to blend external reality, fantasy, and defence. They afforded a second set of data which, together with the enacted data of the transference, stimulated the analyst to form his own constructions of the patient’s past. With shifts in the orientation of psychoanalysis during the last century, these patients’ constructions have receded into the background of psychoanalytic thought, while the enacted data of transference and countertransference, and the constructions made by the analyst, and by analyst and patient together, have taken centre stage. A fresh look at screen memories shows that they can be seen as reflections of a private, one-person mode of thinking: one where the individual remembers and imagines on his own and the act of remembering is of equal importance with the content of the memory. In the

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Medium 9781523093984

23. A Baptism of Leadership

Blanchard, Ken; Broadwell, Renee Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

ERWIN RAPHAEL MCMANUS

Erwin McManus and I met when we were cohosts at a Lead Like Jesus simulcast. That was the beginning of my admiration for Erwin, not only as a preacher but also as a brother in servant leadership. What he has done with the creation of his Los Angeles-based church, Mosaic—a gathering place for broken people—is absolutely amazing. He felt if all of these people from different backgrounds and different walks of life could come together in a community of love, they could create a beautiful mosaic. Erwin’s essay is a candid and personal story about a servant leader’s struggle. —KB

IT WAS A rainy Sunday morning and a rare day for me because I was in a suit. To be honest, rainy is an understatement. It was a torrential downpour where the streets were quickly turning into rivers. I had just finished speaking at a little church in the inner-city area of Dallas, and the prospect of getting to my car without being drenched was unlikely.

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Medium 9781626569683

Chapter 9: How to Win Talent in the Purpose Revolution

Izzo, John; Vanderwielen, Jeff Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

WHILE INTERVIEWING LEADERS ACROSS INDUSTRIES FOR THIS book, we found many recurring themes when discussing the purpose revolution and how companies and talent are seeing a new trend emerge. A story we often heard in a variety of forms revolved around not just connecting purpose with current employees but attracting new employees through purpose, as well.

Take, for example, a story told us by Kiersten Robinson, executive director of human resources, global markets, at Ford Motor Company. Robinson did a stint in HR for Ford in China. Her responsibilities included leading new-employee orientation: “As part of the program, I would routinely ask new employees in China the top three reasons why they decided to work for Ford. Inevitably, a large majority would have our company’s vision to create a better world in that top three.” Ford’s clear, concise purpose, stated loudly and boldly, had resonated throughout the world with top talent.

We heard a similar story from Joey Bergstein, the CEO of Seventh Generation. Bergstein knows firsthand the power of an authentic purpose to attract and retain the best talent. One of his top scientists, who had invented Fantastic and Formula 409 at Clorox, joined the Seventh Generation team because of the impact he knew he could make there, believing in its purpose and values. Bergstein’s head of R&D, who had had a great career at P&G and Church & Dwight, also wanted to do something more meaningful with his career, so he chose to work at Seventh Generation. “We blow others out of the water when it comes to attracting talent in our sector, and other companies try to lure our talent from the company,” he told us.

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Medium 9780253017314

Norms of Responsible Behavior in Cyberspace? U.S. Cyber Operations

David P Fidler Indiana University Press ePub

Norms of Responsible Behavior in Cyberspace?
U.S. Cyber Operations

The third Snowden disclosure occurred on June 7, 2013, when the Guardian revealed Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-20, a top secret document under which President Obama established U.S. policy for cyber operations not involving foreign intelligence collection. The media focused on the provision instructing the government to identify potential targets for offensive cyber operations. But the directive also included guidance on defensive cyber operations, making it a comprehensive attempt to establish policy for cyber activities not involving intelligence. The Obama administration developed the directive in response to concerns that “rules of engagement” for U.S. cyber operations were not clear. The directive declared that all U.S. offensive and defensive cyber operations shall comply with U.S. and international law. The directive contains no information about specific U.S. cyber operations, but disclosures in August 2013 included information that the U.S. government conducted 231 offensive cyber operations in 2011 against government targets in China, Iran, North Korea, and Russia—the year before PPD-20 was adopted. This disputed information, along with PPD-20, connected these disclosures with alleged U.S. involvement in the Stuxnet cyber attack on Iranian nuclear centrifuges discovered in 2010. Fidler’s chapter in this volume analyzes the foreign policy implications of PPD-20’s disclosure, which include questions about how U.S. offensive cyber operations relate to the U.S. government’s desire for “norms of responsible behavior in cyberspace.”

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Medium 9781780647128

17: Impact of Grapevine Preharvest Treatments with Elicitor on the Occurrence and Toxigenesis of Ochratoxigenic Fungi

Compant, S.; Mathieu, F. CABI PDF

17

Impact of Grapevine Preharvest

Treatments with Elicitor on the

Occurrence and Toxigenesis of Ochratoxigenic Fungi

C. Dachoupakan, C. Strub, V. Martinez,

J.-C. Baccou and S. Schorr-Galindo*

Joint Research Unit on Integrated Approach to Food Quality – Food

Safety Team, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France

Introduction

Ochratoxin A (OTA), International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name: l-phenylalanine-N-[(5-chloro-3,4-dihydro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-oxo-1H-2benzopyran-7-yl) carbonyl]-(R)-isocoumarin (Ringot et al., 2006), is a mycotoxin, a product of the secondary metabolism of moulds, and is one of the most common naturally occurring mycotoxins that contaminates a wide range of different plant products including cereals, coffee beans, cocoa, nuts, spices, dried fruits, beer and wine

(Miraglia et al., 2002). OTA is a compound with recognized nephrotoxic activity, which is possibly involved in Balkans endemic nephropathy (BEN) (Vrabcheva et al.,

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Medium 9780253011831

9 Mexican Saurischian Dinosaurs

Indiana University Press ePub

Mexican Saurischian Dinosaurs

Héctor E. Rivera-Sylva and Kenneth Carpenter

9

Introduction

The Saurischia is defined as a stem-based taxon that includes all Dinosauria that are closer to Allosaurus than to Stegosaurus (Gauthier, 1986; Padian and May, 1993; Sereno, 1999; Langer, 2004). Saurischia is composed of two major lineages, the herbivorous Sauropodomorpha and the primarily carnivorous Theropoda. However, some taxa that are consistently interpreted as saurischians (e.g., Herrerasauridae and Guaibasaurus) do not have a clear phylogenetic allocation within these two main dinosaur branches. Recent cladistic analysis by Langer (2004) depicted Herrerasauridae and Eoraptor as the sister taxa of a clade composed of Sauropodomorpha plus Theropoda (= Eusaurischia, sensu Langer, 2004).

The saurischian record for Mexico is less well known than that of the ornithischians. It extends back to the late Early Jurassic to the latest Cretaceous, a span of 116 million years. Theropods were unknown from Mexico until their discovery by Harley J. Garbani of the Los Angeles County Museum in the summer of 1970. The site was in the La Bocana Roja Formation (Campanian), near the Rosario, Baja California. It was described by Ralph Molnar in 1974, who named it Labocania in reference to the place where it was found. Since that time, other more fragmentary remains have been found. The first sauropodomorph was reported by Clark et al. (1994). Except for titanosaurids from the Maastrichtian, sauropods remain rare in Mexico.

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Medium 9781626561199

chapter five Anonymity vs. Insights • Confidentiality and Organizational Data Matching

Levenson, Alec Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Today the overwhelming majority of employee surveys are conducted online. This provides digitally coded data that enable easy matching of individual survey responses to performance and other organizational data. Data matching can provide deep insights into the link between employee attitudes and organizational outcomes that matter, enabling causal analysis.

Yet data matching often requires knowing the identity of each person who completes the survey, raising substantial issues about confidentiality and response bias. Confidentiality is important: without it survey respondents usually won’t respond accurately to more sensitive questions. The validity of the data collected from most employee survey questions requires maintaining confidentiality.

In this chapter we address the tradeoffs between maintaining complete anonymity versus confidentiality and the value of linking survey data to other data to conduct impact analysis when the data are confidential but not anonymous.

Preserving trust in confidentiality. The identity of the people or organization collecting the data can make a big difference in the trust employees have in how their information will be used. It is hard for employees to trust the confidentiality of survey data collected by people working directly for their employer. The people running the survey can promise to keep the responses confidential, but if they also are employees working for the same organization, many survey respondents will not trust those promises, fearing their responses might be used against them. In a world where it continues to become easier to conduct surveys in house as the technology improves and costs fall, this is an important consideration for the survey design process.

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Medium 9781855756267

Dora's Dream: Freud's passage from the first interpretation to an interpretation agreeing with his general theory

Barcaro, Umberto Karnac Books ePub

We first consider a dream reported by Freud in the 12th Lecture of his Introduction, entitled “Some analyses of sample dreams” (Freud 1916–1917). The dreamer was a neurotic subject. The manifest dream is the following:

Dream Report: “He was travelling in a railway-train. The train came to a stop in open country. He thought there was going to be an accident and that he must think of getting away. He went through all the coaches in the train and killed everyone he met—the guard, the engine-driver, and so on.” (p. 197)

The indicated memory sources are listed below (we have preferred to number them): of course, the attribution of the various excerpts to separate sources is simply derived by a logical reflection on the contents of the text.

Source 1: “He thought of a story told him by a friend. A lunatic was being conveyed in a compartment on an Italian line, but through carelessness a traveller was allowed in with him. The madman killed the other traveller.” (p. 197)

Freud's comment to this association is:

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Medium 9780253356949

1 Telling the Story of a Hebrew City

S ILAN TROEN Indiana University Press ePub

Tel-Aviv did not want to be a city. In fact, it was afraid to be a city. The fear arose from the anti-urban trend and the negative image of the city—“the dark city”—in the nineteenth century, as well as the Zionist concern that the city would attract most of the new immigrants and would compete with the agricultural settlements for resources. Only in the 1930s did Tel-Aviv realize that it was becoming a city after all.

What it really meant to be was a suburb, or a modern small town, but certainly not something on the order of the average European city. Even today, Tel-Aviv, with 390,000 residents, is certainly not a large city.

From the perspective of the world outside Europe, there is nothing special about the founding of Tel-Aviv one hundred years ago. During the nineteenth century, outside the continent, and especially in the United States, many cities were established, and not as a result of government initiative. Within Europe, however, the situation was different; the only new city in the last 200 years is Odessa, which was founded by the Czarist government at the end of the eighteenth century.1 Within Eretz-Israel the situation was also different. Tel-Aviv is the only new city since Ramle was established in 717 BCE by the Umayyad caliph Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik. It is the first so-called “Jewish city” since King Herod built Caesarea in 20–10 BCE and Tiberias was founded by King Herod Antipas in 22–17 BCE. Thus Tel-Aviv was the first city founded in Eretz-Israel in 1,200 years, and it was the first Jewish city founded there in some 2,000 years.

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