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Medium 9781574410297

2: THE SOLDIER AND THE TEACHER

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

2
The Soldier and the Teacher

I

After basic training, Charlie was stationed at what was then one of the most troubled spots in the world—Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba—beginning on 9 December 1959. At least one of his marine buddies believed that, above and beyond being in the marines, being at Guantanamo Bay placed a strain on Charlie.1 Most likely, Charlie's desperation to free himself from his father's support and control made everything else secondary—even Cuba's drift toward Communism. Yet he had entered another life of regimentation; he would still have to take orders. He may have been drawn to another form of strict authority after becoming conditioned to taking orders. More likely, a hitch in the marines resulted from an attempt at a dramatic, irrefutable rite of passage into adulthood. No one, not even C. A. Whitman, could seriously argue that a United States Marine was anything less than a man. For Charlie Whitman, taking orders probably seemed like a small price to pay.

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Medium 9781855757875

CHAPTER SIX: The effect of loss on learning: the stillborn sibling

Helen High Karnac Books ePub

Mia Beaumont

This chapter examines the effect that the unmourned loss of a stillborn child has on other members of the family. It concentrates on the children who follow after the stillbirth and the difficulties they have with learning. It is based mainly on my own clinical experience, with reference to other writings on the subject. I have worked over the last six years with four children who have followed a stillbirth and with four who have lost a sibling.

In families where there has been a failure to mourn a stillbirth it is commonly found that subsequent children have difficulties with living and often with learning. Many ambivalent feelings surrounding the incompletely mourned loss remain in the family, particularly in the mother. These may be picked up by the child, and cause problems later.

Theoretical background to thinking about these issues

In Freud’s classic description of melancholia (1917), he suggested that the patient had unconsciously lost an object for which he had had ambivalent feelings of love and hatred. The internalization of these negative feelings results in a lowering of self-esteem and ideas of self-denigration and self-punishment. Freud suggested that what distinguished melancholia from mourning was a lowering of “self-regard to a degree that finds utterance in self-reproaches and self-revilings and culminates in a delusional expectation of punishment” and, in his well-known phrase, said: “the shadow of the object fell upon the ego”. John Byng-Hall (1973), in his work with families, adapted the aphorism and suggested that where there had been a death in the family “the image of the lost person can become resurrected in a remaining member of the family”. It seems to me that the “remaining member” can then feel guilty about occupying the place of the lost person. She has, therefore, to limit her achievements and spoil her space both to assuage her guilt and also to guard against retribution from the dead person.

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Medium 9781782200956

49 - TV's Virgin Auctions: Who Pays the Highest Price?

Coline Covington Karnac Books ePub

The new reality show hosted by a Nevada brothel

It will be reassuring to some to know that virginity is still highly prized in our society. But now there's a new twist. Plans for a reality television programme in which young people auction off their virginity to the highest bidder are underway in Nevada.

Justin Sisley, an Australian documentary-maker, moved the programme to the desert state after he was told that Australian authorities would prosecute him for prostitution if filming went ahead in the state of Victoria. The show is being hosted by a Nevada brothel.

Sisley claims to have found at least three willing virgins for his programme. Each is being offered $20,000 along with ninety per cent of the “sale price”, the remainder going to the brothel. Initially, bids will be placed online, and only the final round of bidders will appear on television where they will appear face to face with the virgin they are hoping to buy.

Both men and women virgins are volunteering and profess different motives, although the large pay-off is a significant factor.

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Medium 9781576755570

Chapter 1 ASK What Keeps You?

Kaye, Beverly Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

They never asked.

—A.J.

Why do we ask great questions in exit interviews but neglect asking early enough to make a difference? Instead, we brainstorm. Human resource specialists and senior-level leaders ponder the question. Special task forces and consultants conduct research. They benchmark other organizations in related industries, all in a quest for the answer. Eventually, they create the strategy, the master plan. What are they trying to do? Engage and hold on to key talent—the employees, knowledge workers, associates, and technical or functional specialists who do the work and keep your company successful.

All that effort, time, and money may be well spent. But we have noticed that the obvious is often overlooked. Have you ever asked your employees what keeps them at your company or what might entice them away? If not, why not?

When we suggest asking employees why they stay or what would keep them, we hear, “You’ve got to be kidding,” “Isn’t that illegal?” or “What if they give me an answer I don’t want to hear?” We dance around this core subject usually for one of three reasons:

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Medium 9781930538757

4 From Idea to Research Question to Hypothesis

Christine Hedges Sigma Theta Tau International ePub

“Life is like a nondirectional hypothesis; you never know in what direction you will end until you are finished.”

–Jane Bliss-Holtz

Jane Bliss-Holtz

WHAT YOU’LL LEARN IN THIS CHAPTER

• Attention needs to be paid to the factors of variables, populations, and feasibility if a strong research question is to be developed.

• Determining the purpose of your study will help you better define what is to be accomplished and how you might go about performing the study.

• Turning your research question into a formal research hypothesis is an important part of the research process.

Benner (1984) noted that the more experience that nurses have, the more likely they are to almost intuitively focus on the most important aspects of a patient’s condition that need to be addressed. This process includes being able to ask the right clinical questions that will produce the necessary data on which to base appropriate care. Being able to formulate an appropriate research question (or problem statement, as it is sometimes called) is similar to this, as a focused research question and associated research hypotheses will assist you in narrowing down all of the possible research designs, procedures, and measurements. An appropriate research question also enables you to plan and implement a viable research project. This chapter describes the components of a research question and how to formulate the related study purpose and possible research hypotheses.

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Medium 9781628872729

4 WHERE TO EAT

Jason Cochran FrommerMedia ePub

4

Where to Eat

In 1957, Arthur Frommer visited London for his seminal Europe on $5 a Day. His report was gloomy: “With great despair, this book recommends that you . . . save your money for the better meals available in France and Italy. Cooking is a lost art in Great Britain; your meat pie with ­cabbage will turn out just as tasteless for 40¢ in a chain ­restaurant as it will for $2 in a posh hotel.” The report today is happily quite different: Bon appétit!

As it turns out, good English cooking wasn’t a lost art at all. True, there are still plenty of places you’ll find a crap meal, but cabbage is no longer the national affliction, as it was in the days of rationing. Now that London swarms with people from across the world, you’ll find nearly every style of cuisine—food the ­British of 40 years ago were reticent to try. In the past 40 years, British consumption of sugar, potatoes, and flour have halved. Countless restaurants now serve ingredients fresh from the farm. Fish and chips, for a time relegated to the suburbs, made a ­comeback, and Indian restaurants, or “curry shops,” now serve the country’s unofficial comfort food. Thai food and burgers are more common than them all. Even most of the major museums (the best attractions are listed on p. 1) run cafes that, surprisingly, more than pull their weight.

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Medium 9781576753200

CHAPTER 3 CLIENT-CENTERED CONSULTING

Keith Merron Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The more we look out for others, the more we look out for ourselves.

—Terry C. Warner

I WAS WORKING FOR THREE DAYS with a CFO and his direct reports at a mid-sized health care organization. The organization had been a client of mine for a couple of years, one with whom I had experienced some success. In this particular case, I had been asked by the CEO to help the CFO and his team to strengthen their leadership and teamwork, a challenge I felt well qualified to meet. The CEO felt strongly that the offsite would be valuable for the CFO and his team—a gift to them, of sorts—and he believed I could lead it well. However, there were also warning signs that I should not have taken the work.

I ignored them all.

The strongest indication was the CFO’s ambivalence about the offsite. He expressed reservations from the onset and again several times during the planning stage. I assured him each time that I could add value and that it would be well worth it.

The team, for its part, seemed disinterested, as I quickly discovered during my assessment interviews. They were overloaded and felt no need for team development at that time.

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Medium 9781607320548

PART II Social Construction of the Crisis

David M. Freeman University Press of Colorado ePub

All great values of this territory have ultimately to be measured to you in acre feet.

—JOHN WESLEY POWELL,
speaking at the Montana Constitutional Convention
in 1889 (quoted in Peirce 1972: 16)

The ecological problem became a social organizational and political problem by virtue of the legal mandate encoded in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973. Degraded habitats for whooping cranes, piping plovers, least terns, and the pallid sturgeon were intimately linked, at least in the view of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the larger environmental community, to the construction of Platte and Missouri basin water facilities, especially dams, reservoirs, and diversions. The ESA would force a confrontation between the activities of water users in the basin and the needs of four species listed under that law. The ESA compelled a thirty-three-year conversation about how to negotiate reconciliation between human water demands and the needs of four listed species—three birds and one fish.

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Medium 9781591201182

50. Depression

Mindell R.P.H. Ph.D., Earl Basic Health Publications ePub

Depression is not merely the blues. Its a serious mood disorder that can have many contributing causes, which arent fully understood. While its normal to feel sad occasionally, depression is a lingering, intense sadness that can persist for months or years. Antidepressant drugs are commonly prescribed for depression but carry with them many side effects. Natural remedies can help improve mood and eventually restore a balanced feeling of well-being.

SUPPLEMENTS

•  DHEA: 25 mg daily for women over forty; 50 mg daily for men over forty.

•  Magnesium: 250500 mg daily.

•  Pregnenolone: 10 mg daily.

•  Vitamin B complex: 2550 mg daily.

HERBS

•  Licorice root: 450 mg, one to three times daily (as capsules).

•  St. Johns wort (dual action): 300 mg, once or twice daily.

CONSIDER / TRY TO

•  Detoxification (see TOXICITY on page 280).

•  Exercise regularly.

•  Get sufficient sleep.

•  Participate in a sport.

AVOID / WATCH OUT FOR

•  Antidepressant drugs and other prescription drugs.

•  Diet products and extreme dieting.

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Medium 9781576750698

15. Design Your Office for Efficiency

Debra Dinnocenzo Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

36

101 Tips for Telecommuters

after-hours access to your mail. Dedicated ship-and-receive services seem to provide the best combination of options and flexibility for a telecommuter with mounds of mail, occasional packages and express shipments, and varying degrees of travel.

Do you need a change of address? Review the types of mail and packages you receive, how you receive them and problems you encounter. If you need to change your address, check the yellow pages for options (Mailbox Rental and Receiving) or create a new version of your home address.

T R A N S F E R

15

I T

P R O M P T L Y

T O

I M P R O V E

P E R F O R M A N C E

Design Your Office for Efficiency

If even the thought of designing your office makes you panic or begin fantasizing about hiring an interior designer to make it magically appear, this might be an area where you do need some expert assistance. Keep in mind, however, that you ultimately must think through your equipment and furniture needs, space limitations, necessary work flow and requirements, as well as your individual work style. It’s unlikely you’ll get what you need if you attempt to abdicate completely and trust anyone else to design an office that will work for you. So whether you’re planning to work with a design expert or pull together the components of an efficient office on your own, you’ll need to give careful consideration to a few key issues:

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Medium 9780253356574

3 New Beginnings

Monika Herzig Indiana University Press ePub

3   New Beginnings

With a tragic revelation at the height of Baker’s career as a jazz trombonist and a young generation fighting for peace and civil rights, the 1960s started with fateful changes for America’s social environment as well as for David Baker’s career. The status of jazz as an art form and its inclusion in academia experienced a particularly remarkable surge during this period. A change of status for jazz came originally from abroad when many jazz performers moved to Paris and other European cities after World War I to escape the prejudice and discrimination they experienced in their home country. In fact, saxophonist and educator Nathan Davis, director of jazz studies at the University of Pittsburgh, had found a new home in Paris prior to returning to Pittsburgh on the recommendation of David Baker:

He [Robert Snow, chair of the Pittsburgh music department] contacted David Baker, and David Baker said, “I know a guy, you know, if you could get him to come back, but he’s never gonna come back, ’cause he’s said it in interviews and magazines.…” I was kinda, you know, I was working as a jazz musician, you know, I had a little rep, so I was doing fine, and I had done a lot of interviews, and I had always said that I wasn’t gonna come back.1

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Medium 9781855754485

17 “Projective transidentification”: an extension of the concept of projective identification

James S. Grotstein Karnac Books ePub

“It is a very remarkable thing that the Ucs. of one human being can react upon that of another, without passing through the Cs.”

Freud (1915e)

Projective identification:
summary of the nature of the problem
and a proposed solution

Of his many contributions to psychoanalysis, Bion’s revision and extension of the concept of projective identification was one of the first and was destined, along with container ↔ contained, to become the most famous. In what follows I explore the origins and varying conceptions about projective identification from differing perspectives but ultimately with the task in mind of revealing Bion’s ideas as well as my own extension of them about the subject.

Projective identification has become a widely used concept in the mental health field but still suffers from categorical confusion in its usage. The principal confusions are as follows: (1) The question of the differences from, as well as the similarities to, Klein’s (1946, 1955) original concept as a strictly intrapsychic, omnipotent, unconscious, defensive phantasy and Bion’s (1962b) “realistic”, communicative, intersubjective extension of it: are the two respective uses of it continuous or discontinuous and/or both, or might they be complementary to each other? (2) Is there a difference between projection and projective identification? (3) When a patient uses projective identification, does he actually project himself into the object or into his internal image of the object, and, if the latter, how can we explain the object’s response to the projective identification? Is there some process in addition to projective identification that allows it to become communicative to another person? Put another way, on the metapsychological level, as contrasted with the experiential level, the subject can only project into an image or representation of the object, not into the external object per se. The projecting subject, however, experiences the external object as containing the projections, and, furthermore, the latter may also experience containing them.

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Medium 9781855753532

CHAPTER SIX: Envy

Anne Kearns Karnac Books ePub

Pride, envy, gluttony, avarice, lust, anger, sloth – we used to call them the Seven Deadly Sins – now we call them personality disorder or, more kindly, fragile self-process.

Human beings have been telling stories in order to explain the darker side of living and loving since the beginning of recorded time. Take the creation story in Genesis, for example. God tells Adam and Eve who, let’s face it, have pretty much everything they could want, not to eat of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The serpent, who envies Adam and Eve, takes Eve aside and tempts her to have a go. Eve’s pride (she thought she knew better than God) and her greed (what she had wasn’t enough) led to shame and exile. Some of my clients with ‘overdoing’ problems go through this cycle, sometimes several times a day. I’ve had plenty to eat. I shouldn’t have a cream cake. I could have just one. I hate myself for being weak. I must hide my weakness from others or they will reject me. Interestingly, the ‘original sin’ that the creation myth described was induced by a power outside of Eve. Sin is usually explained as a response to an external stimulus or is ascribed to something else. The milk spilt, the ball broke the window, the devil made me do it. In other words, the stimulus is in the environment, not in the self.

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Medium 9781574415674

Chapter 5. The Dance of Adoration (Popularity and Success)

Kenneth W. Hart University of North Texas Press PDF
The Dance of Adoration(Popularity and Success)At the same time he was building two graduate degree programs at SMU, Lloyd Pfautsch was also building an impressive career throughout the United States as a choral conductor and a composer.

From the late 1960s until his retirement in 1992 he was very much in demand to conduct All-State High School Honor Choirs and single and multi-church sacred music festivals (see Appendix G).As noted in the program for the 1977 National Convention of the American Choral Directors Association, by that stage he had been a guest lecturer at more than fifty colleges and universities.1 Although he almost always included a few of his own compositions at these choral festivals, he seldom used more than one or two per festival unless those in charge specifically asked him to include more. Unlike some of his colleagues on the choral festival “circuit,” Pfautsch was humble enough to feel that festival participants needed to experience a wide variety of good literature and did not use these occasions for self-aggrandizement. Nevertheless, his anthems received See All Chapters
Medium 9780815722717

4 - U.S. Advanced Performance in Global Perspective

Eric A. Hanushek, Paul E. Peterson and Ludger Woessmann Brookings Institution Press ePub

          CHAPTER FOUR          

U.S. ADVANCED PERFORMANCE IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

To remain competitive in the global economy, we must…commit to an ambitious national agenda for education.

Bill Gates, 2007

Public discourse tends to focus on the need, particularly among disadvantaged students, to reach basic levels of achievement. That focus has been evident since the passage of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in 1965, when special attention to the needs of low performers was reinforced by concentrating federal funding on schools with high percentages of students who were economically disadvantaged. That focus continued in 2002 when the law, relabeled No Child Left Behind (NCLB), required that all students be brought up to a minimum level of proficiency.

As welcome as the focus of the federal legislation may have been, we clearly cannot neglect the need to lift more students to especially high levels of educational accomplishment. In 2006 the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Education Coalition was formed to “raise awareness in Congress, the Administration, and other organizations about the critical role that STEM education plays in enabling the United States to remain the economic and technological leader of the global marketplace for the twenty-first century.”1 In the words of the National Academy of Sciences report that jump-started the coalition's formation, the nation needs to “increase” its “talent pool by improving K–12 science and mathematics education.”2 The U.S. position as the “world's innovator” almost certainly rests heavily on the talents of our most highly skilled citizenry. We think of the advanced students as the pool from which our future scientists and engineers will come.

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