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Medium 9781855754775

CHAPTER ONE: Early life trauma and the psychogenesis and prevention of violence

Karnac Books ePub

Peter Fonagy

Violence is extreme aggression, perhaps distinguished by the implicit intent to cause injury or death. Young offenders (under 20) account for more than half of violent crimes in the UK. Statistics on the onset of serious and violent delinquency show us that about half of persistent juvenile offenders are “active” by ages 12–13 and only a couple of years later over 80% of those who will be offenders have begun to commit serious delinquency. Prevalence peaks between ages 17 and 18, but most serious delinquent offenders have started their offending careers much earlier. Adolescents possess both the means (physical strength, cognitive competence), the opportunity (greater freedom from supervision and more access to resources), and the motive (they feel pressured to perform at school, in terms of a career, in sexual relationships). This undoubtedly explains why adolescence is the phase when individuals are most likely to resort to violent behaviour. The Dunedin Study was a detailed longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1,037 young people followed from ages 3 to 26 (Moffitt, Caspi, Harrington, &Milne, 2002). This showed that most adolescents will commit some delinquent act, but most of these are minor infractions. Only a small proportion of these (around 6%) are the persistent offenders who account for the majority of violent acts. Tracing the development of these young people's aggression has been a major challenge to the field.

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Medium 9781936764518

20 Engage for Maintenance and Stress

Eric Jensen Solution Tree Press ePub

Your goal in the classroom is to maintain healthy student states of mind and body. If you don’t influence their states, you’re at the whim of random states or bad states. Students constantly seek something that will shift and help them manage their states (a text, a party, alcohol, a movie, a boyfriend or girlfriend, food, sports, and so on) because they rarely have strong self-regulation skills. Although engagement can affect other chemicals (cortisol, serotonin, and so on), you’ll notice in figure 20.1 (page 154) that simple activity bumps up the heart rate and norepinephrine and dopamine levels. An increased heart rate means greater circulation and oxygen to the brain. Increased norepinephrine in moderate amounts can bump up long-term memory and narrow attentional focus. Boost dopamine, and you get a better working memory, greater effort, and stronger neural plasticity to make changes.

While most teachers want more higher-order engagement, the reality is that while our brain works pretty fast (Buonomano, 2014), students still rarely go from a state of zero activity to high energy in a short amount of time (Halassa et al., 2014). It takes a classroom of constantly managed states to get the quality learning you want. As you know, you won’t get higher-order thinking if students are drowsy, bored, and disconnected.

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Medium 9781628871142


Tristan Rutherford FrommerMedia ePub


Haute Provence

Bordered by plateaus and limestone ravines, Provence’s sparsely populated Alpine hinterland rises up to 3,000m (9,850 ft.). You can wander through car-free, cobblestoned villages, fly in a hot-air balloon over lavender fields, and marvel at the impregnable citadels that stand above every mountain pass and river crossing. Scale the hilltop fortresses of Entrevaux or Sisteron. Paddle around deep-blue mountain lakes on pedalos. Or plunge giddily down deep limestone ravines in the Parc Naturel Régional du Verdon. Accessible via the fertile valley of the Durance or aboard the Train des Pignes à Vapeur, Provence’s least-discovered region will put a smile on the face of the most adventurous travellers.

Along the Traindes Pignes

If you think that Provence’s most challenging train route is just for tourists, then think again. The Train des Pignes’ (www.trainprovence.com) single gauge railway rattles through tunnels, bridges, and viaducts to connect the region’s most isolated communities. The scenery is immense. The topography shunts from the palm trees of Nice to the rugged Gorges de Vésubie, before hitting the Alpine woodland of Puget-Théniers and the (almost) year-round snows before Digne-les-Bains.

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Medium 9780253353399

Songs 22–33

Richard D. Sylvester Indiana University Press ePub


Я жду тебя

I’ll wait for you

Op. 14, No. 1

Any Russian speaker who has ever heard Rachmaninoff’s songs recognizes this song immediately because the basic musical phrase of the song is made out of the first three words, and these words are a common phrase everyone uses on a daily basis in Russian. In English, we might say “I’ll wait for you” or “I’ll be waiting for you” or “I’ll expect you” or “I’ll see you then,” depending on the situation. The musical phrase Rachmaninoff found for these three words—four syllables—is very striking, up a sixth on the black keys for the first two syllables, then down a sixth on the adjacent white keys for the third word “you” (tebjá). This opening phrase is repeated at the beginning of the second stanza and at the end of the song, but each time higher than before.

As a lyric, the images of dark veils and perfumed shadows are effective in suggesting the erotic implications of this rendezvous: a woman (the adjective in the penultimate line is feminine) is waiting to meet her lover, with passion, longing, and eagerness to surrender. The music for the last stanza, to be sung “con moto” (with energetic movement), conveys this mounting passion well, although the piano coda has been criticized as a “gratuitous purple patch” (Martyn, 109). The song is very effective in performance, and singers, men as well as women, have found it attractive.

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Medium 9780253339362

Chapter 12. The Polonaise

Meredith Little Indiana University Press ePub

BWV 817

The passion and fierce nationalism of Chopin’s sixteen polonaises have colored our perception of this type of music ever since the early nineteenth century, when they began to be composed. However, Polish dances appeared in European music at least two hundred years earlier, attested to by pieces entitled “polnischer Tanz” and “polacca” in several late sixteenth-century keyboard tablatures. In the seventeenth century the French term “polonaise” came to designate pieces which embodied some aspects of “Polish style” or which were reminiscent of authentic Polish music; most of these pieces were by composers living outside of Poland. By the eighteenth century numerous polonaises were composed as instrumental pieces characterized by strong rhythms, which emphasize a certain beat or pulse, often the downbeat of a measure.1 These rhythms include and ; in addition, the thesis or cadence measure may be specially accented with a feminine cadence using the rhythm .

The absence of upbeats in polonaises of this type further intensifies the overall affect of strength and virility. Johann Mattheson wrote:

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Medium 9781617451867


Kim Schaefer C&T Publishing ePub


A pieced center is surrounded by appliquéd pumpkins and leaves in this fall table topper.

Quilted by Diane Minkley of Patched Works, Inc.

finished table topper: 48½˝ × 48½˝ | finished block: 24˝ × 24˝


Black: ⅓ yard for pieced center block

Assorted greens: ⅛ yard total for pieced center block and appliquéd leaves

Assorted golds, oranges, and rusts: 1 yard total for pieced center block and appliquéd leaves, pumpkins, and acorns

Black tone-on-tone: 2 yards for appliqué backgrounds and corner triangles

Brown: ½ yard for appliqué block borders

Assorted tans and browns: ⅛ yard total for appliquéd stems

Paper-backed fusible web: 1½ yards

Batting: 53˝ × 53˝

Backing and binding: 3⅛ yards


Cut from black:

1 square 4½˝ × 4½˝

20 squares 2½˝ × 2½˝

Cut from assorted greens:

4 rectangles 2½˝ × 4½˝

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Medium 9781855750357

Volume 5. Symbols of Transformation

Edited by C. L. Rothgeb Karnac Books ePub

000079 Symbols of transformation. Part I. Introduction. In: Jung, C, Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Vol. 5. 2nd ed., Princeton University Press, 1967. 557 p. (p. 3-6).

Freud’s exposition of the incest fantasy, which he derived from the Oedipus legend, is proposed as an example of classical legends which express basic psychological concepts, and which can be more fully understood and appreciated through the exploration of these concepts. The works of Riklin, Rank, Abraham, Maeder, Jones, Silberer, and Pfister are mentioned as contributing clues in historical research that furnish insights into the unconscious of modern man. As the study of the activity of the unconscious in modern man can expand the understanding of the psychology of historical problems and symbolism, so the reverse procedure, a comparative study of historical material, would shed light on individual psychological problems of today. It is in this perspective of gaining new insight into the foundations of psychology that the study of historical material is proposed.

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Medium 9781617450426

Refashion: Dress-into-Peplum-Top Makeover

Suzannah Hamlin Stanley Stash Books ePub


Dress-into-Peplum-Top Makeover

Take a knit minidress that you never wear and transform it into a fitted peplum top. This project is a great way to salvage a dress that’s a little too short, like the gray dress featured on the cover! This is a true refashion. You’ll end up with a comfy peplum top or tee with custom waist and peplum lengths.

You Will Need:

•Straight (no waist seam) dress or tunic (or tee and extra fabric)

•Lingerie elastic or other lightweight elastic

•Fabric pen or chalk

•Standard sewing supplies

Get It Done

Refer to Removing Stitches for guidance.

1. Try on the dress and find where it hits your natural waist (or wherever you want the peplum to begin). Place pins on either side to mark the desired position.

2. Make sure both sides match and mark the waistline of the new top, using a quilting ruler and fabric pen. Cut ½˝ (13mm) below the marked line.

3. Try on the tunic bottom or dress skirt you just cut off. Hold it up around your waistline, and decide where you want the hemline to fall. Place a pin at this point on both sides. Lay the skirt flat, make sure both sides match, and cut ½˝ (13mm) above the desired waistline.

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Medium 9781609948962

1 Clueless

Frederick Gilbert Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

A presentation cannot make a career, but a presentation can undo a career.

—Bryan Lamkin

As a mid-level manager, you are accustomed to leading your own meetings. You may be a very successful leader with 30 or 300 people under you. In your quarterly off-site meetings with your entire team, your presentations are enthusiastically received. You are a respected and successful leader. Your career is on track. The problem is, when you walk into those quarterly review meetings with the C-level staff, all bets are off.

The stakes could not be higher. Your job, your project, and the jobs of those people who report to you hang in the balance every time you get up to present to senior leadership. This is make or break time. Many a boardroom has been bloodied by the carnage left in the wake of an unprepared speaker, clueless about the rules of the game. It happened to me.

I confidently walked into Dick Anderson’s spacious office at the Hewlett-Packard Computer Systems Division in Cupertino, California. I was manager of our quality publications and training programs. The year was 1982 and I was just two years into my business career. It was my first meeting with a real senior executive. I was accompanied by my boss, Ilene Birkwood, the functional manager of Quality Assurance, who reported to Dick, the general manager of the division of 3,000 people. Our meeting had been scheduled for 30 minutes, but ended abruptly in 15. We didn’t get what we wanted. In spite of my confidence, something had gone terribly wrong, and I didn’t know what it was, or why it happened.

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Medium 9781609947132

1 To Hell with Gravity

Swanson, Richard A. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

A BUMPER STICKER reads, “To Hell with Gravity.” While this message provokes a broad smile for a moment, it also quickly surfaces all the fears surrounding the anti-intellectuals and anti-science folks in our society. Hoards of individuals who are anti-theory, anti-science, and anti-intellectual are very comfortable with their rickety armchair theories and ideologies.

Searching for truth and sound theory is no easy task. Anti-intellectual positions that start with the answer—versus the question—avoid all that messy reading, thinking, and testing stuff. Blurting out uninformed opinions is easy—and almost always wrong. It is quite ironic that today we have more good information available to us than in any point in history and at the same time more misinformation. Outliers in the theory world were once less visible.

The Internet allows outliers a larger venue. It seems that if a piece of misinformation gets “tweeted” enough, it soon is perceived as fact by many people—a phenomenon particularly evident in recent political campaigns in the United States. The lament is that the real loser from cynical manipulations of fact and fantasy is truth (Kruse, 2012; Thomas, 1997).

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Medium 9781855757271

CHAPTER SEVEN: Treating self-esteem issues

Delisle, Gilles Karnac Books ePub

We shall address the treatment of self-esteem issues from the multiple viewpoints of relational psychotherapy. The difficulties in making contact that lie at the heart of these pathologies will be understood and worked through from two points of view. These perspectives, adopted and practised in the pluralist vein of contemporary psychoanalysis, are those of Kohut and Kernberg. Historically, they have been involved in rather a conflict-ual relationship, of which it may be said, if one is not constrained by institutional loyalty, that it says as much if not more about politico-institutional as about clinical disagreement. From Kohut’s point of view, narcissistic pathology is the result of arrested development. We imagine that the person who manifests this pathology has been hindered in his normal need to idealize and de-idealize. This point of view is very near to our thinking about the evolution of personality disorders. In reality, personality disorder results from the mixture of risk and resilience factors, in both the biological and the social spheres. When risk factors are greater than resilience factors, the process of development is interrupted or perverted. We begin, in fact, with the two perspectives already described earlier: Kohut’s which considers failure as arrested development and Kernberg’s who sees it as a perversion of this process.

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Medium 9780874216349

A Conversation with Terry Tempest Williams: Jocelyn Bartkevicius and Mary Hussmann, The Iowa Review, 1997

Michael Austin Utah State University Press ePub

On a cold spring day in central Iowa, the interviewers traveled with Terry Tempest Williams to the small town of Kalona, home to an Amish community. On the perimeter of that community, we had lunch at a home-style cafe and visited an antique store, a converted church where we discovered among the dry sinks, oak tables, tinker toys, depression glass, and familiar quilt patterns, a red and white Hopi-design quilt with such a history of being mistaken for a Nazi pattern, it was kept folded inside-out, on a lower shelf. Later, we visited writer Mary Swander at her home in a converted one room schoolhouse surrounded by Amish homesteads. We drove down dirt and stone roads, flying past school children in simple home-made pinafores and trousers, past horse-drawn buggies. After herbal tea overlooking the farm fields and broad sky at Mary’s wall of windows, we visited sites from her poems and memoir—the Amish phone booth and the paddock with the one-eyed goat among them. We ended our day in Kalona with Mary at an Amish fabric and quilt store where we looked at display quilts and watched a woman and girl at work on a new quilt.

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Medium 9780876111628

4. Last Days of the Frontier Town

David C. Humphrey Texas State Historical Assn ePub



IN 1878 AUSTIN’S CITY FATHERS, concerned about the large number of people carrying deadly weapons and the “promiscuous firing of guns and pistols” occurring almost nightly, decided it was high time to outlaw the discharge of firearms in the city. And so Austin took another step away from its frontier origins. Yet the capital city retained a frontier flavor into the 1890s. Cowboys were familiar figures, and horses tied to hitching posts lined dusty Congress Avenue (it was not paved until 1905). Along the east side of the Avenue the saloons, cowmen, and gamblers were so thick in the evenings that “ladies” would not think of walking there.57 Gambling was “alarmingly prevalent” according to an 1892 publication of the Chicago-based Anti-Gambling Association, befitting a town that in the 1870s and 1880s became the headquarters of the Texas “sporting” crowd (as the gambling fraternity was known), outshining even Fort Worth and San Antonio. Indeed, thetown that could not attract factories was a magnet to “top-notch night rounders” of all kinds. “Austin was a gay place,” recalled one resident, “filled with cowmen, flush of money, rearing tospend it on gambling, booze, and the women of the night.” 58

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Medium 9781601322470

An Extraction of Influential Lightings for Illuminance Sensors and Lighting Off Mechanism in an Intelligent Lighting System

Hamid R. Arabnia; David de la Fuente; Elena B. Kozerenko; Peter M. LaMonica; Raymond A. Liuzzi; Todd Waskiewicz; George Jandieri; Ashu M. G. Solo; Ivan Nunes da Silva; Fernando G. Tinetti; and Fadi Thabtah (Editors) Mercury Learning and Information PDF

Int'l Conf. Artificial Intelligence | ICAI'13 |


An Extraction of Influential Lightings for Illuminance Sensors and

Lighting Off Mechanism in An Intelligent Lighting System

Miki Mitsunori1 , Yohei Azuma2 , and Ikegami Hisanori2 of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan

2 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan

1 Department

Abstract— The authors have researched and developed an intelligent lighting system for achieving various desired brightness levels for various office workers while reducing power consumption. In an intelligent lighting system, it is necessary to dynamically estimate the influence of lighting and illuminance sensors in order to efficiently carry out an optimum lighting pattern. In some cases, however, it is not possible to accurately estimate the influence of the lighting and illuminance sensors. In this case, more time is necessary to achieve an optimal lighting pattern; therefore, there are problems that need to be resolved with regards to the feasibility of achieving the desired brightness and energy conservation. In light of this, the authors propose a method for more accurately estimating lightings that are located near illuminance sensors. Verification experiments showing the effectiveness of the proposed method verified that the lightings near illuminance sensors could be accurately extracted. Furthermore, since the lighting that has no influence can be taken into consideration, the verification experiments also verified that energy conservation can be improved as the lighting that had no influence could be switched off.

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Medium 9781855750821

4. The omnipotent "I" and the realistic "I"

Redfearn, Joseph Karnac Books ePub

The polarization in Walter Mitty between his grandiose secret day-dream self and his very ordinary, lesser even than ordinary, real self is a fundamental one with which we all have to struggle at times in our lives; maybe all the time to a certain extent. By taking a few examples from the analytical literature, I intend to show that this polarization exists in psychodynamic psychology, in the differing emphases that different authors may place on the “omnipotent” as opposed to the “realistic” aspects of the self.

Let me begin by comparing the way the psychoanalyst Edith Jacobson (1964) wrote about the self in her book The Self and the Object World with the way Jung wrote about the Self. The difference in emphasis is almost complete. Whereas Jacobson’s main emphasis was on the development of personal identity based on a realistic self-image, Jung’s interest was not primarily in a realistic self-image; he was interested in Self-realization, which in some ways is approaching the problem of finding oneself from the opposite direction to that taken by Jacobson:

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