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Medium 9781576756171

Chapter XII Step 3 Come to the Circle

Harrison H. Owen Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The circle is critically important for the initiation and support of self-organization. And so when individuals are invited to participate, the geometry of meeting must be a circle. This may be a circle of the mind, what I might call the image of organization, or a real time/space circle of chairs, but a circle nonetheless.

The images of our organizations, which we hold in our minds, radically affect behaviors and organizational function. Were I to ask for the picture of your organization it is likely that you would describe the standard organizational chart——with the CEO at the top and all attendant personalities and functions arrayed like roots beneath. Granted that this picture is probably out of date, it nevertheless strongly influences the way we think about, and actually perform, our jobs all of which shows up in the language we use. For example, if we get a new position we say, “I went up the ladder” or “took a lateral transfer,” or (God forbid) “went to the basement.” When a decision is required, we might say, “I have to go up for a decision,” and by the same token, when implementation is the order of the day, the words come out——”take it down to the folks.” With this picture in our minds, life at work becomes an exhausting scramble up and down the organization chart.158

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Medium 9781855759206

APPENDIX 1. Memorandum on training criteria

John Rickman Karnac Books ePub

To the Training Committee at Lt Col Bowlby’s request From John Rickman, 10th Jan 1945

1. The following Memorandum is based on the assumption that the Institute is clearly distinguishing its function as a therapeutic establishment from its function and social duty to train as many of the best Candidates as it can find who will become future teachers & trainers of analysts and others in related subjects, and that the Training Committee is oriented to this latter purpose, i.e. to teach teachers in the present phase.

2. The second assumption is that the Training Committee will not employ the same criteria for Candidates who are going to use their psychoanalytic knowledge in non-therapeutic fields as for those who are. In the past it was said that Candidates who began with the idea of doing therapy in fact ended up by doing it, and therefore it was not expedient to have two kinds of criteria. If a higher level of Candidate is obtained it is less likely that this dilemma will arise; in any case it will not arise without warning, but the Training Committee should have a policy ready to meet the case. In the following notes it is assumed that the full therapeutic training is meant unless otherwise specified.

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Medium 9781782204039

Appendices A to K - Areas of Conceptual and Methodological Development

Roberto Bertolini Karnac Books ePub

In the following section I will try to offer a clearer definition of the conceptual tools, which I applied to the clinical notes in the book while interpreting the behaviour of my patients. In doing so I hope to help people who are not familiar with the observational method of child psychoanalysis to share my way of looking at the developing mind in children and at the same time to allow those colleagues or other professionals who are already accustomed to it to test its usefulness in future research and therapeutic work.

Appendix A: the alpha-function

The alpha-function is a fundamental concept in W. R. Bion's “theory of thinking”, according to which, in order to “learn from experience”, the individual must transform the sense impressions of early emotional experiences (beta elements) into psychic elements (alpha elements). The notion of alpha-function was first introduced in Learning from Experience (1962) on the notion that any knowledge of the human mind, even the most abstract one, is largely metaphorical, and that the earliest metaphors used are those that can date back to sensorial experience and to the perceptions of our sensory-motor apparatus. In this sense, any theory on the birth and development of the mind must be seen as a hypothesis, whose validity lies in its capacity to enhance the quality of our observations of clinical phenomena; therefore it has the significance of a model that, when no longer useful to its purpose, must be abandoned.

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Medium 9780892727834

Appendix B: Trip Planning

Bob Duchesne Down East Books ePub

The southern portion of Maine is well developed, with plenty of inns and restaurants. Much of the birding takes place on beaches, in parks, and within land trusts. The northern portion of the state is wild and remote, where birding takes place mostly on private lands among the undeveloped lakes, rivers, and woods of the industrial forest, and in primitive public areas like Baxter State Park and the Allagash Wilderness Waterway.

The area between these two is a transition zone. It borders the wilder areas, but still provides good accommodations and tourist amenities. The zone runs from a range of mountains in southwestern Maine to sparsely developed lakes in Down East Maine. It is roughly from the White Mountain National Forest near Bethel, to Rangeley Lake, to the Bigelow Preserve near Kingfield, across to Moosehead Lake, over to Baxter State Park, and from there on to the Down East interior of Washington County. The west side of Aroostook County is the wildest, most remote part of the state. The east side of the county is flat agricultural land, with wetlands similar to the potholes of the central plains of the United States and Canada.

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Medium 9781780642994

5 Critical Issues to Consider in the Selection of Crops in a Food-based Approach to Improve Vitamin A Status – Based on a South African Experience

Thompson, B., Amoroso, L. CABI PDF

5

Critical Issues to Consider in the Selection of Crops in a Food-based Approach to

Improve Vitamin A Status – Based on a

South African Experience

1

Mieke Faber,1* Sunette M. Laurie2 and Paul J. van Jaarsveld1

Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; 2Agricultural

Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa

Summary

Vitamin A deficiency is of public health significance in the developing world. Household food production of b-carotene-rich vegetables and fruits is a long-term strategy that can contribute to combating vitamin A deficiency. It is, however, important to grow food crops to meet the nutritional needs of vulnerable populations taking into consideration the b-carotene content of these foods and their potential contribution towards the vitamin A requirements of the target population. Although the focus here is on vitamin A, b-carotene-rich vegetables and fruits do have the potential to contribute significantly towards the dietary intake of various micronutrients other than vitamin A. Seasonality affects the availability of vegetables and fruits, and a variety of both warm-weather and cool-weather crops should be planted to ensure year-round availability of b-carotene-rich vegetables and fruits. A focus on both indigenous and exotic vegetables will further help to ensure year-round availability, particularly in terms of dark-green leafy vegetables. When promoting increased consumption of indigenous vegetables, it is important that the promotion campaign is appropriate for the setting. When introducing new crops, such as the orange-fleshed sweet potato, both the nutrient content and the sensory attributes of the food need to be considered so as to ensure consumer acceptance. The chapter discusses the above-mentioned issues, using published and unpublished South African case studies as examples.

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Medium 9781576336809

"A" Words: Praxis I Intermediate Vocabulary

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781855755260

6: The therapist and the performance of practice

Jim Wilson Karnac Books ePub

The word “person” in its first meaning is a mask. It is rather a recognition of the fact that everyone is always and everywhere, more or less consciously, playing a role … . It is in these roles that we know each other and it is in these roles that we know ourselves. [Robert Ezra Park, quoted in Goffman, 1971, p. 30]

We should be careful here not to dismiss the idea of “performance” as something false or distancing in authenticity. Rather, it is a recognition that in our many activities as therapists we will find ourselves emphasizing aspects of our behaviour, thinking, and feeling in relation to the other in order to create a sufficient and useful “fit” with the client's experience. Empathy, described by Koestler (1964), “is a nicely sober non-committal term for designating the rather mysterious processes which enable one to transcend his boundaries to step out of his skin as it were and put himself in the place of the other” (p. 188). This is a form of drawing, from the other, inferences and feelings that we can then utilize in the performance of our role. These have been illustrated in the foregoing practise examples. To pay attention to the scripting of the performance, “one reads the mood of the other for such scant and crude pointers as lifting or lowering of the corners of the lips or almost imperceptible changes in the muscles which control the eyes” (p. 188)

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Medium 9780253001801

Redemption

Robin Hemley Indiana University Press ePub

The first time they heard the preacher, Dan and Molly were about to make love. Molly had her arms around Dan's neck. They were on the four-poster flea market bed, both of them paint-spackled and exhausted from a day of fixing up the new bungalow. Sex had been about the farthest thing from either of their minds. They'd been discussing color schemes for the bedroom, Dan quite seriously, Molly only half-heartedly. “You choose,” she'd said with impatience and indifference edging her voice. “Whatever it is, it'll be fine.” Dan felt his own irritation and joylessness rise inside him, and almost answered her sharply. Instead, he beat his anger back. Molly, defiant, ready to fight, but willing to avoid one, said, partly as a diversionary tactic, partly as an irritation test, “You know, you've got paint all over your new glasses.” The two of them stood side by side, waiting, poised between rejection and need, and then toppled together into bed. This promised to be the best kind of lovemaking: wholly unplanned, intuitive, wild, and slightly comical.

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Medium 9781855754737

CHAPTER SIX: Bereavement counselling

Gertrud Mander Karnac Books ePub

Death is not easy to talk about, nor is it easy to counsel the bereaved, as everybody experiences when it is a friend or family member, or knows from their own experiences of having been bereaved. And it is a universal truth that grief is the price we pay for commitment and that it is the consequence of investing emotion and affection in another. This means that it is a natural process that sets in automatically after a bereavement or a major loss. Commonly, the bereaved are helped by their support system of family and friends, but not everybody is able to allow the mourning process to take its natural course towards an acceptance of the fact that their loss has really happened. Mourning can be a very painful experience and people who find this more difficult to bear than others may remain stuck in it for a long time, become seriously depressed, or even mentally ill. In other words, grief can be complicated, it can even become chronic, and then the natural process does not move easily through the dynamic stages of searching, anger, guilt, and depression on the way to gaining a new identity and restarting life without the lost person.

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Medium 9781780645087

1. Introduction, the nature of natural: What does domestication involve?: Peanuts, Rye, Tomato

Warren, J. CABI PDF

1

Introduction, the nature of natural

The entire raison d'être of this book is to try and ascertain why we eat so few of the plant species that are available to us on Earth. In attempting this feat the first chapter tries to establish whether our impoverished diet is a new phenomenon. The evidence suggests that our ancestral diets differed greatly between cultures and although some of these may have been more diverse than our own, many others would have been more monotonous. Throughout this book different elements of the problem are tackled by exploring crop biographies as case studies. In this first chapter this approach reveals that over the history of crop domestication, humans have successfully and repeatedly solved one of the most significant problems involved in transforming wild plants into crops, which is how to avoid being poisoned. This was achieved by a number of methods: by selecting plants that contain lower levels of toxic chemicals, by adapting our own biology to be better able to digest these new foods stuffs and finally by inventing methods of processing plant materials which make them safer to eat. These issues will re-emerge and are covered in greater depth in subsequent chapters.

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Medium 9780253334121

7. AGE AND SEXUAL OUTLET

Alfred C. Kinsey Indiana University Press ePub

In physiology, endocrinology, genetics, and still other fields, biologists often go to considerable pains to restrict their experimental material to animals of particular species, to particular age groups, and to individuals that are reared on a uniform diet and kept under strictly controlled laboratory conditions. Different hereditary strains of a single species may give different results in a physiologic experiment; and, in many laboratories, stocks are restricted to the progeny of particular pairs of pedigreed ancestors. In studies of human behavior, there is even more reason for confining generalizations to homogeneous populations, for the factors that affect behavior are more abundant than those that affect simpler biologic characters, and there are, in consequence, more kinds of populations to be reckoned with. Nevertheless, restrictions of psychologic and sociologic studies to clearly defined groups have rarely been observed (McNemar 1940), perhaps because we have not, heretofore, known what things effect variability in a human population and how important they are in determining what people do.

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Medium 9781576753576

6. Family Convulsions

de Graaf, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

There is a tension between materialism and
family values
.

TED HAGGARD,
Pastor, New Life Church, Colorado Springs

Affluenza is a family problem. In a variety of ways, the disease is like a termite undermining American family life, sometimes to the point of collapse. We have already mentioned time pressures. One study found that American couples now find just twelve minutes a day to talk to each other! Others suggest that ten to fifteen minutes of conversation a day would be an improvement!1 Some studies suggest that over the past generation, the time parents spend with their children has declined by as much as 40 percent. Time-diary expert John Robinson convincingly disputes that, but in any case, the time spent together is of a different quality—now much of it consists of parents chauffeuring their children from one event to another, as Dr. William Doherty points out.

Doherty, a family therapist and professor at the University of Minnesota, warns that today’s kids are terribly overscheduled, as “market values have invaded the family.” Parents often see family life as about instilling competitive values in their children so they can compile the best resumes to get into the best colleges to get the best jobs to earn the most money. Meanwhile, Doherty says, the number of families regularly eating dinner together and taking vacations together has dropped by a third since 1970.

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Medium 9780253012586

23. Oakland, 1997

Anand Pandian Indiana University Press ePub

There is so much that my grandmother could have said and done to enrich this book, were she still here. It would have been hers, just as much as Ayya’s. Paati’s powers of description were extraordinary. Even a simple complaint about medicine could swell into an extravagant picture of tablets slipping down the gullet like grains of rice.

The tartness of Paati’s humor cut every unexpected situation down to a manageable size. Once, at an Italian restaurant in Hawaii, she dangled the word “fettuccine” over and over across her tongue, marveling in Tamil at the absurdity of its sound and its dubious appeal. She much preferred the tamarind rice that my mother would box up especially for her.

A sense of numbness was with me still when I wrote a letter to Ayya a few days after her death. That letter is gone, but I have what he wrote back, an aerogram packed with the erratic loops and curves of his Tamil script.

March 3, 1997

To my loving grandson Anand Pandian, this is your Ayya writing. I received your letter.

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Medium 9780253009920

8 - Juggling the Religious and the Secular: World Visions

Thomas J Davis Indiana University Press ePub

World Visions

Susan McDonic

WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL is a Christian multinational relief and development organization with operations in nearly one hundred countries. Their annual report for 2011 claims that they “served” 100 million people, directly benefited 4.1 million children through child sponsorship, and raised $2.79 billion in cash and goods.1 As such, this organization of nearly unbelievable magnitude is growing at an exponential rate. For instance, the World Vision partnership's income has tripled in the last eight years. It has been called variously “the largest development organization aside from the United Nations,”2 “the largest privately funded aid organization in the world,”3 and the world's largest Christian development organization. World Vision is clearly a huge player in the international field of development, with representatives lobbying and consulting with governments and the United Nations and others working with international ecumenical groups such as the World Council of Churches and the Jubilee movement. Further, it acts as a media source monitoring on the ground the political, environmental, and economic state of the world, providing information and news stories to all the major news agencies. Beyond this, World Vision had, until recently, a publishing house in the form of its subsidiary, Mission Advanced Research and Communication Center (MARC) publications.4 Additionally, each national office is involved in the production of numerous videos, magazines, and newsletters of its own. This is an organization with a massive global reach that circulates money, information, images, and material help transnationally, shaping and responding to global shifts of power, ideology, and economics.5

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Medium 9781475817164

Perceptions of Desired Skills for Effective Principals

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

THEODORE J. KOWALSKI1

ULRICH C. REITZUG1

PHILLIP McDANIEL2

DOUGLAS OTTO3

ABSTRACT: Concepts such as shared decision making and decentralization are prominent in current school reform literature. The attention they are receiving is causing those who prepare and employ principals to reexamine skills required for building-level administration. However, little is known about current perceptions of teachers and principals relative to skill requirements for principals. This dearth of knowledge hinders appropriate considerations relative to professional preparation (long dominated by an emphasis on technical skills), employment decisions, and staff development. This study examined teacher and principal perceptions of skills required for principal effectiveness. Katz’s (1955) widely used taxonomy that classifies managerial skills as technical, human, and conceptual served as an organizing framework for the study.

Concepts such as shared decision making and decentralization are prominent in school reform literature. The attention they are receiving is causing those who prepare and employ principals to reexamine the responsibilities of and expectations for building-level administrators. This is no easy task, since, as some observers have noted, “the skills needed by an effective school principal are so extensive and diverse they almost defy any attempt to list them” (Kimbrough and Burkett, 1990, p. 16).

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