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Medium 9781936763467

APPENDIX C

Dixon, Juli K. Solution Tree Press ePub

APPENDIX C

Sources for Higher-Level-Cognitive-Demand Tasks

Common Core Conversation

www.commoncoreconversation.com/math-resources.html

Common Core Conversation is a collection of more than fifty free website resources for the Common Core State Standards in mathematics and ELA.

EngageNY Mathematics

www.engageny.org/mathematics

The site features curriculum modules from the state of New York that include sample assessment tasks, deep resources, and exemplars for grades preK–12.

Howard County Public School System Secondary Mathematics Common Core

https://secondarymathcommoncore.wikispaces.hcpss.org

This site is a sample wiki for a district K–12 mathematics curriculum.

Illustrative Mathematics

www.illustrativemathematics.org

The main goal of this project is to provide guidance to states, assessment consortia, testing companies, and curriculum developers by illustrating the range and types of mathematical work that students will experience upon implementation of the Common Core State Standards for mathematics.

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Medium 9781855753068

CHAPTER EIGHT: Containment: the technical and the tacit in successful psychotherapy

Karnac Books ePub

Robert M. Young

Idon’t know how psychotherapy works. However, I don’t find that very odd. I have some ideas, but to tell the truth I think of them as a way of comforting myself while I get on with doing psychotherapy, something I do more than thirty hours a week and think about for quite a lot more hours as I teach, write, edit, and talk to colleagues. What I propose to do in this paper is share those ideas and to look behind them to other ideas that I believe to be more helpful in explaining what I do.

First, of course, psychotherapists, at least ones of my persuasion, make interpretations. I was taught only to make transference interpretations, but after I stopped having supervisions, i.e., after a decade of training and postgraduate training, I slowly moved on to making any interpretation I thought might help my patients. Then one day a patient asked me what was the relationship between my interpretations and therapeutic benefit. There was a time I’d interpret the question, but I thought it a reasonable one, and this patient was not prone to use theory as a place to hide. The answer I had been taught was that a truthful or accurate interpretation of a patient’s unconscious motivations, the more primitive the better, and after being worked through, reduces primitive anxieties. This, in turn, makes the patient less trapped in his or her neurotic patterns. The emphasis was on the accuracy of the interpretation.

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Medium 9781574412666

IX. Three-Day Ride to the Kitchen

Vince Bell University of North Texas Press PDF

  IX 

Three-Day Ride to the Kitchen

I

n late 1976 I decided on a move to Austin to work as a singer/songwriter for Moon Hill Management. It was just in time for the Progressive Country days, and I was booked all over

Texas doing half-music, half-comedy shows wherever they would pay me. It seemed my songs could keep me in places I could barely negotiate on my own. With my unsophisticated voice like a high-school quarterback, every little bit helped. But after enough years of choirboy vocals, Bob Dylan taught us in the ’60s that the voice didn’t have to matter as much as the message did.

Craig Hillis from Moon Hill picked me up outside the Greyhound bus station the day I moved to that capital town. With me was my bag holding everything I had in the world. Right beside my bag was the guitar in the case with the grommets missing, the alligator linen covering all but gone. Craig liked the songs he had heard on the confusion of tapes made in the cabin off Lake Tahoe and was impressed when he saw the hard-livin’ acoustic come out of the frayed case. We became the closest of friends. After sleeping on a couple of couches,

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Medium 9781574413175

Chapter 3: A Man with a Plan

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF

3

CHAPTER

A Man with a Plan

Escape, Flight, and Pursuit

AT FIRST IT MUST HAVE SEEMED IMPOSSIBLE for John Beal

Sneed to concoct any one plan that would accomplish all of his goals.

Revenge had to be exacted—not only against Lena but also against

Al. Both had publicly humiliated him. His battered hubris had to be assuaged; his honor in that Victorian society had to be restored.

And he had to do all of that while publicly portraying himself in some heroic role. In 1911 Texas society he could kill Al, even waylay him from ambush and most likely get away with it—maybe even be applauded for it. After all, there was still a statute on the law books of Texas that justified the killing of a libertine provided the enraged husband caught him in bed with his wife.1 But what about Lena?

She had to be punished too. However, as any southern gentleman knew, killing a woman, even a cheating wife, was out of the question.

There was just no way that slaying a woman could be portrayed as the act of a proud, courageous, manly southern hero. On the other hand, after it became public knowledge that Lena had committed adultery, he couldn’t take her back—couldn’t permit that soiled dove to return to the marital bed—without incurring public disdain and therefore disgracing himself.

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Medium 9780253002662

1. African Business and Capitalism in Historical Perspective

Scott D. Taylor Indiana University Press ePub

1

AFRICAN BUSINESS AND CAPITALISM IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

INTRODUCTION

Many contemporary observers tend to portray business in Africa as a fairly recent phenomenon or a colonial import. This ahistorical view has advantages for those subscribing to Afropessimist and neopatrimonialist positions, who use it to justify continued skepticism about the prospects for Africa, particularly for black business in Africa, as well as for the enthusiastic globalizationists, for whom it provides evidence of the novelty of business on the continent. This portrayal, of course, is inaccurate, as historians have documented the fact that business in Africa has thrived for centuries and has involved both indigenous African cultures and those from outside the continent. The trans-Saharan trade flourished from about the seventh through the sixteenth centuries and established the economic foundation for numerous African kingdoms and city-states. Later the Atlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades proved lucrative to Europeans, Arabs, and many African middlemen and kings alike. The period of “legitimate trade” that followed saw European coffers further engorged. And finally, during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, colonialism and imperialism yielded a tremendous increase in raw material flows to European factories and consumers, as well as the opportunity for European settlement and exploitation—which resulted in the establishment of many enduring commercial enterprises—in various parts of the African continent. Moreover, throughout each of these epochs, Africans continued to engage in commercial activity.

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Medium 9781576754504

The Climb of Trust

Stahl-Wert, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The newness of everything around him—and the strangeness of it all—made it seem to Matt that the volume button had been turned up on all his senses. Only one week had passed since he’d hung up the phone with David, one short week and then a few hours of flight. But the life he’d led seemed so distant now, the world he left a gray and shadowy place.

Matt’s flight that morning to Colorado Springs had been smooth, and halfway across the small parking lot from the airport to his rental car, he had stopped, propped his wheeled suitcase against a post, and looked around. The closeness of the sky amazed him, as did its blueness and its size. He took a breath, a big breath, and then another.

He’d driven slowly, a tourist to this new world, a child on his first outing. Driving northwest out of Colorado Springs, Matt wound his way in and around the colossal burnt umber rock outcroppings of the Garden of the Gods and climbed ever higher, Pike’s Peak rising to nearly three miles’ elevation to the west. And then he’d found the entrance sign for “High Summit Ranch,” a smaller placard reading “Wild Mustang Adoption Program.” After driving up the ranch’s long and winding lane, he’d been greeted with a father’s embrace by David. He’d been immediately ushered into a spacious dining hall for a late private lunch and then out to the ranch’s horse stables. His transfiguration from suited executive to denim-clad ranch guest had happened so quickly, and what he now stood face-to-face with threatened to overwhelm his senses altogether.

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Medium 9781574413335

SECRET 11: GO CONFIDENTLY WITH EXPERT ENCOURAGEMENT

Kalena Cook, Margaret Christensen University of North Texas Press ePub

SECRET 11:
Go Confidently with
Expert Encouragement

Ina May Gaskin, C.P.M.

Founder and Director of The Farm Midwifery Center, Author and Founding Member of Midwives Alliance of North America

Spiritual Midwifery, by midwife Ina May Gaskin, inspired the collecting of natural birth stories from women of today for this book.

The Farm’s Midwifery Center delivered 1723 births over a nineteen-year period with an outstanding safety record: zero maternal mortality and only ten neonatal mortalities, three of which being lethal abnormalities. The majority were home births with 4.2 percent in a hospital. Only 1.4 percent of the births were C-sections.

So far, Ina May Gaskin is the only midwife that a birth maneuver has been named after. The Gaskin Maneuver is a position of the mom on all fours—hands and knees—for assisting shoulder dystocia. If a baby’s shoulder becomes stuck during delivery, moving the mom into this positioning allows gravity to open the way for the gentle birth.

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Medium 9781782200123

Chapter Four: Attachment, Affect Regulation, and Couple Psychotherapy

Karnac Books ePub

Christopher Clulow

Psychotherapy might be defined as the application of developmental psychology to understanding and changing problematic ways of relating—to ourselves and to others. The aim of this chapter is to apply to the field of couple psychotherapy insights originating from perspectives that have enhanced our understanding of human development, paying particular attention to attachment theory.

Attachment theory

For Bowlby, the author of attachment theory, humans were innately social animals, motivated from birth to seek and maintain connection with others. It was through these connections—relationships—that development occurred. Combining ethology (the biologically based study of animal behaviour) with psychoanalysis (the clinically based study of unconscious processes) Bowlby asserted that what happened within the archetypal couple of mother and infant helped to shape patterns of relating in adult life. In consequence it had huge significance for the mental health of communities. Physical proximity and syntonic emotional responsiveness were what infants needed most from those who cared for them to protect them from painful or threatening experiences, and to instill in them a sense of security (Bowlby, 1969, 1973). This sense of security provided the foundations for good relationships in adulthood. Without it, experiences of separation and loss might turn out to be psychopathogenic (Bowlby, 1980). The central tenet of his theory remains as robust as ever: it is through relationships that we absorb our sense of security as human beings, our potential for development, and the kernel of our sense of self—a self that is essentially relational. It is also through relationships that we learn to regulate our own emotional states and to be alive to those of others.

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Medium 9781782201403

Chapter One: Developing the Erickson Mindset

Leslie, Paul J. Karnac Books ePub

There are important beliefs and assumptions when working with clients from an Ericksonian perspective. Adopting these ideas does not mean you have to completely change how you work with clients. In fact, I believe that by adopting these ideas it will help you become more successful in working with clients no matter what your theoretical orientation may be. I recommend playing with this way of viewing therapy for a few weeks and then going back and noting how your sessions felt different. You may already be thinking in this direction. If so, wonderful! Keep it up. If not, then open your mind a little and try out this new mindset.

The mindset we bring to the therapeutic process may be the most important element in working with our clients. If we view performing therapy as something that is old and drab, we tend to get more old and drab clients. On the other hand, if we view therapy as an exciting journey of self-discovery (for both client and therapist) our sessions are often more animated and interactive. The beliefs we have as therapists may determine whether our clients improve.

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Medium 9781605092799

4. Upholding Community Values

Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

33

BETWEEN Barry Goldwater’s defeat and Ronald Reagan’s election to the presidency, American conservatives forged a cogent and effective political narrative. The signature policies of the conservative movement—tax cuts, privatization, deregulation—were grounded in a simple set of guiding principles: freedom is the highest public value; competition is the engine of progress; markets are intrinsically fair and rational; big government constrains liberty and fosters dependency. These principles, in turn, rested on a starkly individualistic worldview that emphasized the autonomy of the self and the voluntary character of society. While conservatives did not win every battle, they succeeded in establishing their ideology as the norm; it became the default position in American politics, giving the Right a structural advantage that proved decisive over time.

After more than a quarter century, the conservative chokehold has begun to loosen. The obvious part of the story involves a disastrous war, a deteriorating economy, and an unpopular president. Conventional political analysis (unable to see beyond the obvious) would have the next administration use its mandate to advance policies with broad, poll-tested support—“low-hanging fruit” left over from the Bush years—instead of questioning the foundational principles that have defined our public discourse for the past generation.

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Medium 9780253010797

1 - “They Think we can Manufacture Crops”: Contract Farming and the Nontraditional Commodity Business

Peter D. Little Indiana University Press ePub

Contract Farming and the Nontraditional Commodity Business

IN MAY 1994 I sat at a meeting in the office of a large international development organization in downtown Banjul, the small capital city of The Gambia, West Africa. The conversation centered on the need to diversify the country's exports and its dependence on groundnuts, a traditional export crop whose annual export earnings had been declining for the past decade. The discussion eventually turned to how The Gambia, with its favorable climate, political stability, low labor costs, and relatively close proximity to European markets, could increase its role in the growing fresh fruit and vegetable and cut flower trade to Europe, an activity that already had achieved some success. A glossy, colorful brochure financed by a British aid agency was handed out; it included the caption “Cut Flowers, The Gambia: An Opportunity to Invest” (Commonwealth Secretariat and the National Investment Board, n.d.). Key questions raised at the meeting included (1) how could contract farming of “nontraditional” exports commodities (green beans, chilies, and cut flowers) play a role in this trade; and (2) how could beneficial links between Gambian farmers and international markets and businesses be forged?

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Medium 9781935249191

Epilogue

Robert J. Marzano Solution Tree Press ePub

In his best-selling book Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, University of California–Los Angeles anthropologist Jared Diamond (2005) reports his conclusion from a study of societies that failed, after surviving for long periods of time, in close proximity to societies that prospered. Among the societies he studied were the Anasazi Indians of the southwestern United States, Easter Island in the Pacific Rim, and the Norse Villages in Greenland. After surviving for centuries, each of these societies failed. They failed not because they were conquered by dominant competing societies or because they succumbed to new and unknown diseases. These societies failed because their members, particularly their leaders, perpetuated practices that led to their own demise. Typically, these were practices grounded in unexamined and deeply held beliefs. Quoting one of Diamond’s seminal conclusions, “perhaps a crux of success or failure as a society is to know which core values to hold on to, and which ones to discard and replace with new values, when times change” (p. 433). Diamond arrives at this conclusion after examining numerous artifacts of these societies and recognizing the many opportunities leaders in them had to introduce new, adaptive, and more productive practices. Unfortunately, the fates of these societies were sealed by leaders who were unwilling to thoughtfully examine both beliefs and practices and consider more adaptive and effective alternatives. In each of these societies, beliefs distorted vision to the degree that leaders ignored evidence that could have “saved” their societies.

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Medium 9781855757417

CHAPTER NINE: The archive of the findings

Lousada, Olivia Karnac Books ePub

OLIVIA: Most Wonderful!

(Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, 1601, 5.1: 234)

This chapter discusses the surprising relationship experiences that emerged from the previous chapters. These experiences do not necessarily belong to all the opposite sex twins of this research. However, where they were not disputed, they have been included. Where there was dispute, the disputes are discussed. These relational themes illuminate the literature in Chapter One, which, in turn, validates and challenges them leaving a sense of tantalizing fascination. Themes are herewith summarized in Figure 11 and the following subtitles: the infant years; the social world; and, the cultural versus the embodied influences.

The infant years

1. The architecture of opposite sex twinship.

2. Individuation.

3. Attachment for opposite sex twins.

4. A panoramic view.

Figure 11. The findings from the research.

The social world

1. The status of gender.

2. Being equals.

3. Pulled apart or pushed together.

4. The parental influence.

5. Siblings.

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Medium 9781523093984

14. What You See Determines How You Serve

Blanchard, Ken; Broadwell, Renee Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

CHRIS HODGES

I was blown away when I heard Chris Hodges speak at a leadership conference a few years ago. To me, he made the Bible come alive. I would venture to say that’s one of the reasons he has built one of the biggest megachurch communities in the United States—Church of the Highlands. One of my favorite Bible imperatives is Luke 6:37—“Do not judge, and you will not be judged.” Chris brings this message to life in his essay. —KB

YEARS AGO, I served as a youth pastor at a great church in Colorado Springs, Colorado. We had one of the largest and fastest-growing youth groups in the country, with a vibrant service called TAG every Wednesday night. This wasn’t one of those services students attended because their parents wanted them to. Instead of talking, texting, or passing notes, each week hundreds of students actually engaged in worship and took notes on the teaching because they were so eager to connect with God.

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Medium 9781574416503

2. The Seven Townsend Brothers (and One Sister) of Texas

James C. Kearney, Bill Stein, and James Smallwood University of North Texas Press ePub

Seven Townsend brothers (and one sister), the progeny of Thomas and Elizabeth Stapleton Townsend of Florida and Georgia, made the move to Texas in the early decades of the nineteenth century. With one exception, all the brothers and the one sister eventually settled in Colorado County, which at the time of its establishment after the Texas War of Independence was considerably larger than it is today, embracing portions of present Fayette and Lavaca counties. As their father and grandfathers before them, the new generation resolved to carve a future on the shifting frontier, but this time the frontier was in far-away Texas.

During the nineteenth century an unmistakable restlessness characterized the family, and this restlessness drove them to pick up stakes and relocate every decade or so, first to Georgia from the Marlboro District of South Carolina, then to Florida, and finally to Texas. But there was method to their uprooted life: often taking advantage of bounty lands for military service, they positioned and re-positioned themselves on the leading edge of the frontier to profit from the inevitable growth to follow as land hungry masses followed in the footsteps of the vanguard. At least three Townsend generations followed the formula.

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