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Medium 9781855754409

Commentary

Karnac Books ePub

Arietta Slade

The Anna Freud Centre and the Child Study Center have long been linked by many friendships and rich collaborations, and—perhaps most important—by a set of profoundly shared beliefs about the development of children and their families. Many of these beliefs are beautifully reflected in this complex, integrative chapter by Miriam Steele and her colleagues.

Adoption has been practiced in one form or another since the beginning of time. Across many species, adults regularly adopt parent-less, abandoned, or unwanted offspring, so that they, too, can survive (and, in many cases, so that the parents themselves can raise children). For human parents and children, this particular form of parenting raises a number of complex issues. We can see this at the general, epi-demiological level: adopted individuals make up a higher proportion of referrals for psychiatric and other forms of mental health treatment than do any other group. We can also see this clinically at the individual and family level: many child clinicians, particularly those of us interested in attachment, are consulted regularly about adoptions that have gone badly—often, these are late adoptions such as those Steele describes. Adoption also makes its way into the psychothera-peutic situation in a number of more subtle ways. In over 25 years of clinical practice, I have found that adoption has been a crucial aspect of the self-experience of every adopted individual with whom I have worked. The same is true of adoptive parents, who routinely struggle with the complexities of their feelings in relation to adopting and with their anxieties about the child’s genetic (and cultural) heritage. And the adults I have worked with who long ago gave up their children for adoption continue to be haunted by complex feelings that usually include guilt or shame (and some combination of fear and hope that they will be found by these children).

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Medium 9781628871807

7 NORTH ICELAND

Nicholas Gill FrommerMedia ePub

7

North Iceland

The north of Iceland is tucked just beneath the Arctic Circle and Greenland Sea, but enjoys relatively hospitable weather and forgiving land. Northerners gloat about their climate, which is sunnier and drier than the southwest in summer. The multiform northern coast bears little resemblance to the south coast, which is dominated by glaciers and worked over by the flow of glacial sediments. The north has the highest population of any region outside the southwest corner; even cod and puffins are migrating to the north coast as the oceans warm.

Most visitors cluster in the near northeast region comprising Akureyri, Iceland’s thriving northern capital; Mývatn, a wonderland of lava forms, multi-hued geothermal fields, and birdlife; Húsavík, Iceland’s whale-watching mecca; and Jökulsárgljúfur, an extensive canyon full of magisterial rock formations and waterfalls.

Touring within this so-called “Diamond Circle”—a bit of marketing one-upmanship based on the popular “Golden Circle” in the southwest—you may keep seeing the same tourists, who can access all these sights by day from the same accommodation. Venture west of Akureyri or east of Jökulsárgljúfur and the tourist sightings quickly diminish. Visitors zoom past Húnaflói on the Ring Road, but would not regret an excursion to a seal colony on its Vatnsnes peninsula, or the stone church at Þingeyrar.

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Medium 9780253008176

7. Docodontans

Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska Indiana University Press ePub

7.1. A. Docodon victor, the first described docodontan, represented by a dentary with dentition. B. Tegotherium gubini, a lower molariform tooth, in labial (B1), lingual (B2), and occlusal (B3) views. C. Reconstruction of the skull of Haldanodon exspectatus, in dorsal (C1), ventral (C2), and lateral (C3) views. D. Tom Martin. E. Alexander Averianov. F. Alexy Lopatin.

A. From Kielan-Jaworowska et al. (2004: figure 5.3.A). B. Courtesy of the late Leonid P. Tatarinov, who sent me the original of his drawing. C. From Kielan-Jaworowska et al. (2004: figure 5.1.A–D), modified from Lillegraven and Krusat (1991).

THE DOCODONTANS ARE A GROUP OF VERY SMALL MAMMALIAFORMS, mostly mole size or even smaller, of Middle to Late Jurassic age. An exception with respect to size is the Middle Jurassic Castorocauda lutrasimilis, with a skull that measures 6 cm and a body about 42 cm long (Ji, Luo, Yuan, and Tabrum 2006).

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Medium 9781780647463

4: Fluid Therapy and Treatments

Scott, D.E. CABI PDF

4

Fluid Therapy and Treatments

There are many commonly performed treatments and procedures used in avian medicine. Raptors are very tolerant and usually cooperative, but it is important to become proficient. Practicing with cadavers is always a good idea before attempting to work with a live patient.

Learning Objectives

1. How to provide fluid therapy.

2. Various bandages including the figure-8 wrap.

3. Advanced procedures such as blood transfusions.

4. Humane euthanasia.

Fluid therapy: routes of administration

The maintenance requirement is 50 ml/kg/day and this volume can be administered in many ways including orally, subcutaneously, intravenously, or intraosseously. The route depends on many factors, the most important being the patient’s clinical condition.

Oral Fluids and Formula

Oral fluids and/or dietary supplementation are appropriate when the patient is able to stand, is able to keep its head elevated and when there is little chance of regurgitation or aspiration. The stomach volume can be roughly estimated as

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Medium 9781780490854

CHAPTER SIX: Interview with Cláudio Laks Eizirik (Brazil)

Karnac Books ePub

GJM: We are with Dr. Cláudio Laks Eizirik, International Psychoanalytic Association’s president and co-author of the book The Cycle of Human Life: A Psychodynamic Perspective [O ciclo da vida humana: uma perspectiva psicodinâmica] where his ideas about midlife, old age, and death appear in two of its chapters. As we have worked with your book, we wanted to interview you. We would like to know your ideas about midlife. There are fi ve questions but you are free to use your time as you prefer. Firstly, do you think that there is something we could call midlife?

CLE: It is an honour to be here with you. I am very interested in this topic and I have been lecturing about it at the university, in the medical department. I like to do some research and to write about midlife. Going back to your question, my answer is: yes, there is something we could call midlife. There has been plenty of research about childhood in psychoanalysis. Freud based his metapsychology and clinic on the relation between past and present, and childhood, for instance. However, there has been a lack of research in other areas such as adolescence. Authors such as Aberasturi, for example, made contributions on the latter.

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Medium 9781609945176

Eleven VA Care for Everyone

Longman, Phillip Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

After reading previous editions of this book, many people have asked me why the United States does not simply create a civilian VA? If we know the VA offers a model of care that uniquely combines high quality, cost effectiveness, and patient satisfaction, why not just have the government nationalize hospitals and run them using the VA’s protocols of care?

Aside from the obvious political obstacles, one good answer, it seems to me, is that such a plan of action misses one of the key and often overlooked lessons of the VA’s turnaround, which is the role of competition in the public sector. Recall that the VA for most of its history was a moribund organization. Its transformation under Ken Kizer came only after its sinking reputation and other political circumstances conspired to make it seem quite likely that the Veterans Health Administration would be “zeroed out” and replaced by a system of vouchers. It was only at that point that the VA stopped behaving like a monopoly and embraced wholesale reform. As is often said in other contexts, nothing concentrates the mind like the imminent prospect of being hanged.

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Medium 9781574414493

Chapter 4

Edited by Kenneth W. Howell University of North Texas Press PDF

CHAPTER 4

William Longworth, Republican Villain by

Richard B. McCaslin

T

he scholarly effort to retrieve an accurate history of Reconstruction from the intellectual dustbin to which it had been consigned by popular memory has advanced rapidly in the last fifty years or so.

Republicans are generally now seen as reformers, local politicians who supported reform are no longer considered scoundrels, and most Freedmen’s Bureau agents are considered to have been well-intentioned, if not entirely ready for the tasks to which they were assigned.1 In fact, the revisionist push has been so effective that historians might well question how the South, and even the nation, was able to embrace a perception of

Reconstruction as an era of overzealous or even venal reform. Perhaps even more important, how could Southerners justify violence against such well-intentioned reformers? But if one wants to appreciate the complexity of Reconstruction, one has to accept that, like most myths, there is a kernel of truth in the depiction of it as an era of malice and greed. William

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Medium 9781574415704

III. Cello Concerti

David Itkin University of North Texas Press PDF

III. Cello Concerti

Samuel Barber

Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra, Op. 22

1st movement.

B

eing careful that the preceding upward gesture contains no discernible ictus, the baton descends sharply to dictate the empty downbeat of the first bar. In the second bar, the second beat can contain virtually no rebound at all, allowing the third beat to be indicated by a gentle lift of the baton that nicely communicates the new dynamic and the more lyrical feel of the third bar.

Many passages in this movement (the eight bars preceding 1 are a good example) contain a simultaneous contrast between a highly lyrical line that dominates the texture and a subtle, but highly rhythmic, figure below. The baton must reflect both of these qualities simultaneously by elegantly maintaining legato and style for the melody without ever sacrificing complete accuracy and solid mathematics.

Even though Barber does not specify it, the first note in the fifth bar after 2 should be played rather short and quite delicately. This note functions as the final note of the previous phrase, and for this reason it needs to be executed as a logical part of the diminuendo just preceding it; a small space follows this note, helping to define the beginning of the next phrase.

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Medium 9781782202585

Contents

Karnac Books ePub

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABOUT THE EDITORS AND CONTRIBUTORS

INTRODUCTION

PROLOGUE

CHAPTER ONE

Hope and hopelessness: an introductory overview

Salman Akhtar

PART I: DEVELOPMENTAL REALM

CHAPTER TWO

The encounter with hopelessness in childhood

Ann Smolen

CHAPTER THREE

Adolescent hope and hopelessness

Rose A. Vasta

CHAPTER FOUR

Hopelessness and midlife

Jon P. Ellman

PART II: CULTURAL REALM

CHAPTER FIVE

Literary depictions of hopelessness: a short story, a novel, and a poem

Eve Holwell

CHAPTER SIX

The illusion of a future: hopelessness in contemporary cinema

Sylvia Chong

PART III: CLINICAL REALM

CHAPTER SEVEN

From hopelessness to despair

Jeanne Bailey

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Medium 9781576752814

4: The Roots of American Preeminence

Garrison, James Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT AMERICA’S COMMITMENT to light and ascent to power, the question must be asked: Why did the United States rise to empire and to world supremacy? Why did the United States, rather than Brazil or China or Russia, achieve this preeminence? What strands of the American past, when taken together, explain its extraordinary success as a nation and as an empire?

This is virtually an impossible question to answer in the present. Historians in the future will have to look back on the American empire as we do upon Britain, Athens, or Rome before any clarity will emerge. Even then, they will argue about America as they still do about the whys and wherefores of the rise and fall of other empires. People are constrained by history because they are contained within history. This constraint deepens the pathos of the experience but inhibits the capacity for perspective.

Nevertheless, there are three essential reasons for the American success, which explain something of its uniqueness among the nations and its inordinate aggregation of imperial power: its British heritage, its Athenian heritage, and its relentless application of military force.

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Medium 9780253014696

4. “And the Crooked Shall be Made Straight”: Twisted Messianic Visions, and a Maimonidean Corrective

Edited by Michael L Morgan and Steven W Indiana University Press ePub

Menachem Kellner

One might expect that belief in one God who created all human beings in the divine image should lead to a universalist ethic, according to which all human beings are equal in the eyes of God and equally beloved by God. One might also expect that a messianic belief grounded in such a view of humanity should lead to a view of the messianic era in which all human beings stand equally before God.

But, as it turns out, many Western monotheists have managed to avoid the universalist consequences of the notion that all human beings are created in the divine image, often by arguing that if there is only one God, then there is only one “approved” way of approaching that God. Anyone who seeks to approach God in any other way is often seen as being excluded from communion with God and even as less than fully human.1

With respect to messianism, classical Christianity and Islam, as part of their self-definition as universal religions, excluded unbelievers from enjoying life in the hereafter, on some views condemning them to eternal damnation.2 Classical Judaism, which never defined itself as a universalist religion, was able to accord the righteous of the nations a share in the world to come and was thus never tempted to declare “outside of the synagogue there is no salvation.” But—and this is a large but—some strands of classical Judaism that recognized a this-worldly eschaton, the messianic era, as opposed to the purely other-worldly eschaton typical of classical Christianity and Islam, were content to exclude Gentiles from a full share in messianic benefits.3

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Medium 9781855756809

CHAPTER SEVEN: The Good Angel, the Bad Devil, the Smiling Man's Voice and Mother-God

Steinman, Ira Karnac Books ePub

Judith was a tall, thin, blonde woman in her early twenties when I first met her, while I was working in a psychiatric emergency room. Her much loved psychiatrist, whom she had seen for five years, was on holiday. She had cut herself four times prior to coming to the emergency room.

When she explained what had happened, and I had taken appropriate medical action (for these were more than superficial cuts), I asked why she had cut herself. She had no idea. Did the number of cuts (four) have any significance for her? Were there any feelings going through her prior to and at the time of cutting herself? She stopped short and looked perplexed: for whatever reason she was not accustomed to exploring the meaning of her behaviour. She hadn't questioned, merely acted.

She quickly began to wonder what she had been doing and why she had been acting so strangely. The number four meant four years old to her. Did such an age mean anything to her? Judith didn't know. And underlying feelings? She responded with the obvious, that she was angry that her therapist was away. Why cut? Again, she didn't know, but it was a release of her feelings.In our short interview, my approach of trying to decipher the psychological origins of her cutting herself and attempting to make sense of previously unexamined actions was so different from the supportive handholding treatment she was accustomed to that she began to discuss with her therapist and parents the idea of beginning treatment with me. Several months later, when the treating psychiatrist concurred, she began a more exploratory insight-oriented psychotherapy with me which revealed much more clearly what her thinking was and how it arose.

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Medium 9781855751040

3. Psychotherapeutics: what makes people better?

Klein, Josephine Karnac Books ePub

Psychotherapeutics considers what makes people better. But first we need to decide what we mean by “better”. Thinking about it in a common-sense sort of way without much conscious reference to what others have said, I come up with three—or three-and-half—sets of criteria.

The first set of criteria is around the general idea that people who are “getting better” are more able to talk appropriately about themselves and their world, at appropriate depth, with appropriate depths of feeling, and—very important—they are able to do this outside the consulting-room, as well as when they are talking to a psychotherapist. It is part of this set of criteria, too, that they do not only talk more appropriately but also act more appropriately (within fairly wide limits, and don’t lets quibble). By “more appropriate” I mean some mixture of what they and I consider more appropriate and what is considered more appropriate in the society in which they normally participate. These are criteria of appropriate behaviour.

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Medium 9780253010469

8 Passing Through: Historic Preservation in Pike County’s Patoka Bottoms

Nancy R Hiller Quarry Books ePub

Edith Sarra

The place was, and still is, south of where county roads 300 West and 200 South intersect, approximately eleven miles below Petersburg in Pike County, Indiana. If you were to turn west from State Road 57 onto County Road 200 South, just north of the Gibson County line, and follow that road until you reach the first crossroads, you could turn again, south this time, and find yourself, as I did ten years ago, on what the late nineteenth-century histories of Pike and Gibson Counties call “the old state road.”

The origin of this road is difficult to pinpoint. A survey of Pike County Commissioners Reports (1817–1826) suggests it may have been constructed as early as 1825. For more than a century, until it was bypassed in 1936 by State Road 57, it served as the main route between Petersburg, the Pike County seat, and what is now Oakland City in eastern Gibson County. Follow this road south and it will plunge you soon enough into a wide floodplain flanked on either side by crop fields. An old set of oil well storage tanks stands off to the left here, just beyond where the road makes a short switchback along the bluff as it drops into the broad valley of the Patoka River’s South Fork.

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Medium 9781576753569

Chapter 4: The 4-D Cycle in Action

Cooperrider, David; Whitney, Diana D. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

No two Appreciative Inquiry processes are alike. Each is designed to address a unique strategic challenge faced by the organization or industry Each is designed to optimize participation among stakeholders. This means that the four D’s of AI—discovery, dream, design, and destiny—can take many forms of expression. In this chapter, we provide a further explanation of each of the four D’s along with an example of how the AI process has been carried out in one organization.

The core discovery task is disclosing positive capacity. AI invites systemwide dialogue and learning through a process of appreciative interviewing. When asked how many people should be interviewed or who should do the interviews, we increasingly say“everyone”because, in the process, people reclaim their ability to admire, be surprised, be inspired, and appreciate the best in others and in their organization.

At the heart of discovery is the appreciative interview. The uniqueness and power of an AI interview stem from its fundamentally affirmative focus. What distinguishes AI at this phase is that every question is positive. During appreciative interviews, people uncover what gives life to their organization, department, or community when at its best. They discover personal and organizational highpoints, what people value, and how they hope and wish to enhance their organization’s social, economic, and environmental vitality.

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