43532 Chapters
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Medium 9781780642109

15: Land-use Change Impacts on Soil Processes in Tropical and Savannah Ecosystems: Emerging Themes and Future Research Directions

Brearley, F.Q., Editor CAB International PDF

15 

Land-use Change Impacts on Soil

Processes in Tropical and Savannah Ecosystems:

Emerging Themes and Future Research

Directions

Andrew D. Thomas,1* Marife D. Corre,2 Luitgard Schwendenmann,3

Edzo Veldkamp,2 Kazumichi Fujii,4,5 Krista L. McGuire,6,7

David D. Mkwambisi,8 L. Ronald Ng Cheong,9 Jennifer S. Powers10,11 and Francis Q. Brearley12

1

Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University,

Aberystwyth, UK; 2Büsgen Institute – Soil Science of Tropical and Subtropical

Ecosystems, Georg-August University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany;

3

School of Environment, The University of Auckland, Auckland,

New Zealand; 4Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute,

Tsukuba, Japan; 5Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University,

Kyoto, Japan; 6Department of Biology, Barnard College, Columbia University,

New York, USA; 7Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology,

Columbia University, New York, USA; 8Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lilongwe, Malawi; 9Mauritius Sugarcane Industry Research

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Medium 9781782204053

Wednesday, 31 December, 1902

Stein, Itzik Karnac Books ePub

That morning he started the preparations for the journey. For this he had the help of Pinchas Leib, a secretary who had been with the family since time immemorial. By the middle of the week they had worked out the route, the places where they would stay, the means of transport they would use and the meetings they would have before arriving at their destination.

On the day of departure, Rashab got into the carriage reluctantly. His face accentuated his sadness, his lips remained closed, his arm immobile. His wife bade him farewell in tears and his mother, Yosef Yitzchak's grandmother, wished him a speedy recovery and a safe return.

A crowd had gathered outside the house, which was also used as a synagogue, house of study and library. Dozens of students waited in silence: women who had left their chores and men who had postponed the start of their working day came up to the rabbi to say goodbye. There were old people and children, Jews and gentiles, dogs and cats, all standing still.

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Medium 9781576757635

Chapter 2 The Journey to “U”

Scharmer, C. Otto Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Theory U Interview with Brian Arthur at Xerox PARC Francisco Varela on the Blind Spot in Cognition Sciences The Inner Territory of Leadership

As just discussed, the blind spot concerns the structure and source of our attention. I first began noticing this blind spot in organizations when I spoke with Bill OBrien, the former CEO of Hanover Insurance. He told me that his greatest insight after years of conducting organizational learning projects and facilitating corporate change was that the success of an intervention depends on the interior condition of the intervener. That struck a chord! So its not only what leaders do and how they do it but their interior condition, that is, the inner place from which they operate—the source and quality of their attention. So what this suggests is that the same person in the same situation doing the same thing can effect a totally different outcome depending on the inner place from where that action is coming.

When I realized that, I asked myself: What do we know about that inner place? We know everything about the what and the how, the actions and the processes that leaders and managers use. But what do we know about that inner place? Nothing! I wasnt even sure whether there were only one or many of these inner places. Do we have two? Ten? We dont know because its in our blind spot. Yet, what I have heard time and time gain from very experienced leaders and creative people is that it is exactly that kind of blind spot that matters most. It is that blind spot that sets apart master practitioners and leaders from average performers. Which is why Aristotle 2300 years ago made a distinction between the normal scientific what knowledge (episteme) and the practical and technical how knowledge (phronesis, techne) on the one hand and the inner primary knowing of first principles and sources of awareness (nous) and wisdom (sophia), on the other.1

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Medium 9781605092683

The Meeting

Blanchard, Ken Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The following Saturday, Debbie’s husband, John, invited her to play tennis with friends, but she bowed out so that she could work on the mentor-ship application.

“Thanks for the invite, honey, but I don’t want to miss the Monday deadline on this paperwork,” she said. The application contained all the usual demographic questions but didn’t stop there. There were quite a few personal questions and several unexpectedly challenging ones about why she wanted to be in the program. The final question was the one that made her really stop and think.

Debbie suspected that a good answer to this simple, straightforward question would help her get into the program. She worked for quite some time trying to articulate her reply. She felt she should know the answer because being a leader had long been her primary career objective. Yet she had never given the meaning of leadership much thought. Her first few attempts were, by her own standards, awkward or simplistic:

A leader is the person in charge.

A leader is the person in the position that others report to.

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Medium 9781609948221

A Case Study: Sometime Later in the Week

Block, Peter Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

 

THIS IS BOTH a break in the action and a test. At the conclusion of this drama of industry in action, you will be asked two questions: “What is the problem?” and “What is the solution?”

 

February 11 My requirements seem simple enough. All winter I’ve been staring at two telephone poles and their wires winding up the center of my front yard. I finally call the power company to request that the power line to my house be put underground. They tell me that a field technician will have to make a site visit to determine feasibility and cost. I will have to call the field technician between 7 and 9 in the morning or 3 and 4 in the afternoon. The field technicians cannot call me; they have too many requests and are in the field.

February 12 The next morning, I call Arthur, the field technician. His cell phone says he is busy; please leave a voice mail. I say my message is urgent; he calls me back that afternoon. I ask when he can come to the house. He says that this week is booked and he does not schedule next week until Thursday. Besides, the phone company needs to be there at the same time because it is their pole. I ask who coordinates with the phone company. The customer, he says.

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Medium 9781628872446

2 NORTHERN NEW MEXICO IN DEPTH

Laine, Barbara FrommerMedia ePub

2

Northern New Mexico in Depth

Although Santa Fe has claimed the title of “The City Different,” all of northern New Mexico really qualifies as being different from mainstream America. When you wake up in Santa Fe, Taos, or even Albuquerque (probably the closest New Mexico gets to a “normal” community), you know you’re not in Chicago, or Long Island, or even Los Angeles. The only similar example we can think of is the French Quarter of New Orleans, but even that’s nothing like New Mexico.

In many ways, visiting northern New Mexico is like visiting a foreign country. The landscape is rugged and unforgiving, the weather unpredictable, and the customs, at least to some, are strange. Maybe that’s why so many people love it.

From the moment you set foot in this 121,666-square-mile state, you’re met with wildly varied terrain, temperature, and temperament. On a single day, you might experience temperatures from 25° to 75°F (-4° to 24°C). From the vast heat and dryness of White Sands in the summer to the subzero, snow-encrusted Wheeler Peak in the winter, New Mexico’s beauty is carved by extremes.

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Medium 9781780490489

CHAPTER FIVE: The ecology of the unconscious

Karnac Books ePub

Margaret Kerr and David Key

The sun shines not on us, but in us. The rivers flow not past us but through us.

—John Muir (1911)

From many years of professional practice leading groups, it is obvious that taking people into wild areas can improve their psychological health. This is now well supported by research (e.g., Davis-Berman & Berman, 1994; Kaplan & Talbot, 1983; MIND, 2007). Other research also suggests that these experiences can lead to “pro-environmental behaviour” (e.g., Palmer et al., 1998; WWF, 2009). Our intention here is to offer a deeper understanding of how experiences of wild and green spaces can heal the self as part of our larger ecology.

We believe that at the heart of this healing process is our capacity to open up both ecologically, as we realize our biological interdependence with the rest of nature, and metaphysically, as we go beyond our narrow egoic sense of self. In emphasizing interrelatedness and immanence, our practice is aligned with feminist (Wright, 1998) and “descending” strands of transpersonal theory (e.g., Sabini, 2002; Washburn, 1995) rather than with the “ascending” perspective of Wilber (Daniels, 2005). It is also informed by Taoist and Buddhist approaches (Preece, 2009; Prendergast, 2003; Watts & Huang, 1975) and the shamanic practices and worldviews of indigenous cultures (e.g., Brody, 2002a; Celi & Boiero, 2002; Siri, 1998; Williams, 2007).

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Medium 9781855750869

56. Dreams of the Unsuspecting. [1916/17]

Ferenczi, Sandor Karnac Books ePub

WE know how difficult it often is to interpret the dream of a patient undergoing psycho-analytic treatment. He is as though’ warned’ ana avoids producing dreams that are easily translatable and which finally he could interpret for himself. It is otherwise with the great mass of people who have no inkling of psycho-analysis. These people tell one another—at table or in any other general conversation— their, so to speak, primordial dreams, unmitigated by any psycho-analytic culture, and have no foreboding that in so doing they are betraying their most intimate and secret desires, even often concealed from themselves, to the sophisticated listener. I once spent several weeks at a Spa and was able to collect a little series of such easily interpreted dreams at meal-times.

‘ Just imagine what I dreamt last night,’ said a lady, who was staying in the pension with her daughter, to a neighbour.’ I dreamt I was robbed of my daughter last night;—while we were walking in the forest some men came towards us and dragged my daughter from me by force. It was dreadful I’ I did not share this opinion of the dream and thought to myself the lady would have liked to be rid of her already more than marriageable daughter. Confirmation was not long awanting. The very next day the lady complained how much nicer the previous season had been; there had been a whole crowd or young people then, now her daughter had no suitable companions, there were none but elderly men. The following day she announced that they intended leaving shortly, as they also did.

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Medium 9780946439935

PART TWO: The Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies: evolution of a marital agency

The Tavistock Institute of Maritial Studies Karnac Books ePub

John Muir, the naturalist, is credited with saying, ‘When we try to pick out anything by itself, we usually find it hitched to everything else in the universe’. Only some of the salient linkages in the evolution of the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies can be identified here—and other writers would be likely to construe the pattern differently. Then, of course, there is serendipity and that crucial chemistry emerging from the interplay, at any given time, of particular people with their distinctive attributes and their destructive as well as creative impulses. Their influence is only implied in what follows though they were, of course, crucial in shaping the TIMS and the events discussed.

The account deals with the evolution of a non-medical therapeutic unit concerned with interactive processes and their understanding in the light of work with couples experiencing difficulty in their relationship. It is therefore concerned with intra- and inter-personal conflict and its function in the individual’s quest for personal development, and with marriage as a paradigm for impediments to related-ness in some other human systems.

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Medium 9780253009302

12 Using Pollen, Leaves, and Paleomagnetism to Date a Juvenile Tyrannosaurid in Upper Cretaceous Rock

RALPH MOLNAR Indiana University Press ePub

William F. Harrison, †Douglas J. Nichols, Michael D. Henderson, and Reed P. Scherer

12.1. Restored skeleton of juvenile tyrannosaurid Jane in Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois.

The juvenile tryrannosaurid from the Hell Creek Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Maastrichtian) in southeastern Montana, informally named “Jane” (BMR P2002.4.1), is determined to be from a zone in the formation that dates to about 66 Ma. The stratigraphic position of the Jane site is established on the basis of palynology and paleobotany by comparison with correlative sections in southwestern North Dakota and is supported by paleomagnetic data. The palynological and paleobotanical data tightly constrain the age and stratigraphic position of this unique fossil.

In June 2001, an expedition from the Burpee Museum of Natural History in Rockford, Illinois, discovered the skeleton of a juvenile tryrannosaurid (BMR P2002.4.1; see Fig. 12.1), approximately 7 m in length, in the Hell Creek Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Maastrichtian) in northwestern Carter County, southeastern Montana (45°46′N, 104°56′W; see Fig. 12.2). The specimen, nicknamed “Jane,” was initially identified as either a young Tyrannosaurus rex (Carr 2005; Henderson 2005; Parrish et al. 2005) or a Nanotyrannus lancensis (Larson 2005), which was known from a single skull found earlier in the same Montana county.

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Medium 9781576755846

19 Locating the Peace Within

The Arbiner Institute Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“Lou,” Avi said, “a few minutes ago you asked how you can get out of the boxes you find yourself in—out of the blame, the self-justification, the internal warring, the apparent stuckness.”

“Yes,” Lou said.

“From this story I’ve just shared, I’d like to highlight for you what I believe were the keys to my being released from the captivity of my own boxes—the getting-out-of-the-box process, as it were.”

Lou nodded in both assent and anticipation.

“First of all,” Avi began, “you need to realize something about the box. Since the box is just a metaphor for how I am in relationship with another person, I can be both in and out of the box at the same time, just in different directions. That is, I can be blaming and justifying toward my wife, for example, and yet be living straightforwardly toward Yusuf, or vice versa. Given the hundreds of relationships I have at any given time, even if I am deeply in a box toward one person, I am nearly always out of the box toward someone else.”

“Okay,” Lou said pensively, wondering why this might be significant.

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Medium 9781910444153

PARTE V: CULTURA Y SOCIEDAD

Alberto Pieczanski Ediciones Karnac ePub

PARTE V

CULTURA Y SOCIEDAD

Andrés Rascovsky

Arnaldo Rascovsky nació en 1906 en Córdoba, Argentina, siendo hijo de Samuel e Isabel Sckolnick. Ingresó a la Facultad de Medicina en Buenos Aires y, trabajando para mantenerse económicamente, consiguió terminar la carrera a la edad de veintiún años. A los veintidós años contrajo matrimonio con Matilde Wencelblat.

Inicialmente ejerció como pediatra en el Hospital de Niños de Buenos Aires y tuvo en sus comienzos una práctica clínica con el gran pediatra Florencio Escardó, quien era amigo suyo. Pronto se interesó por la determinación que ejercía la problemática psíquica y los conflictos familiares en la patología de la infancia.

Arnaldo estaba dotado de una inteligencia y un entusiasmo vital excepcionales, siendo emprendedor, interesado en las ciencias, investigador en fisiología, lector de los clásicos y de la literatura contemporánea. Su curiosidad y la fuerza de su espíritu pasional lo convirtieron en un líder en las distintas áreas de la vida en las que se desempeñó.

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Medium 9781786392756

4 Approaches to (the Economics of) the Bioeconomy

Viaggi, D. CABI PDF

4

Approaches to (the Economics of) the Bioeconomy

4.1  Introduction and Overview

Defining the bioeconomy and its boundaries in economics is a particularly difficult task given the number of interconnections that it embodies, both as a concept and as a sector. The definition of the bioeconomy in itself is largely driven by policy action and the contents of bioeconomy strategies worldwide. The term bioeconomy, on the other hand, is used to identify different ‘types of objects’, notably ranging from a list of sectors to, more ambitiously, a new development model.

In addition, the bioeconomy’s features are largely driven by the connection b

­ etween the bioeconomy and surrounding ­ concepts: sustainability, the circular economy, climate change, ecosystem services, the green economy and agroecology. In this respect, the bioeconomy as a political vision is increasingly referred to as a ‘sustainable and circular bioeconomy’. From a purely conceptual (but also cultural, political and economic) point of view, one stimulating as well as confusing aspect is that the concept itself is developing in a context characterized by the emergence of a number of other ‘bio-concepts’ that, in a way, makes it even more difficult to identify a common understanding of the bioeconomy

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Medium 9781855757516

CHAPTER THREE: Introduction and induction into the GP surgery

Garrett, Valerie Karnac Books ePub

When first being employed or entering a placement in a GP surgery, the counsellor may need to take proactive steps to elicit the services of the lead GP or the practice manager to carry out a formal introduction to the staff and to the workings of both the building and the organizational running of the practice. Knowing how everything works and knowing who to ask for help and information can go a long way towards helping the counsellor feel confident and informed from the beginning. For instance, in some surgeries, there may be a separate waiting area for counselling, or the counselling room may be in an area quite separate from the general workings of the surgery. In this instance, the counsellor may have very little contact with the receptionists, and consequently they may not know who you are when a patient asks to see you. This is easily remedied with a little effort from the counsellor. You may or may not have access to a computer that is linked to other computers in the surgery, and it may be by computer screen that you will be alerted when your patient arrives.

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Medium 9781780490397

CHAPTER FIVE: Reflections on healing intelligence

Mulhern, Alan Karnac Books ePub

The most common answer to the question of how emotional wounds are healed is that it is time that heals. However, this tells us nothing about what does the healing; it simply indicates that healing is an unconscious process, which of course in many cases it is. However, while it is true that, with time, healing intelligence may bring about considerable repair, there are many wounds, simply repressed, which arise again, sometimes many years later, completely fresh. Time does not, therefore, always heal. Others may reply there is a bewildering variety of response to healing. Some people respond very well, others not at all, some resist any healing, others go a long way towards it but falter at some key point. These are accurate observations but it is constructive first to find out which factors promote healing when it does occur and, second, which impede it when it stalls.

It is easily observed how those suffering emotional wounds usually require a human process of interaction to bring about some healing. Considerable reparation may occur if an offender offers sorrow or loving concern to the person he may have offended. Comfort or love from another may assuage an emotional wound. There is a natural repair process in the psyche and, clearly, significant others facilitate this process, especially through loving interaction. The relationship between client and psychotherapist has elements of this. However, there are some wounds that cannot be healed by other people. The parent or the ex-lover who caused the wound may be dead or unavailable. There are even some wounds originating in oneself. All emotional wounds inflicted externally trigger internal defences that can become part of the distortion and suffering of the psyche—that is, part of the wound. Since an external source of healing may not be available, then an internal one now needs to be found. Therefore, once again we arrive back at our original question, except now it is sharpened—what is healing as an inner process? What happens inside the psyche when healing of any sort takes place?

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