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Medium 9781574412659

28. The Professions

Jacques D. Bagur University of North Texas Press PDF

28. T he professions


Americans have always been litigious because of the heavy emphasis on rights, property, and individualism. Attorneys always appeared along with merchants and doctors at the inception of towns because disputes over land titles were characteristic of the expanding frontier. Jefferson’s attorneys provided debt collection, probate (estate), and land title services and represented their clients in civil and criminal matters in the state district courts and the federal district and state supreme courts at Tyler. Non-advocacy services such as debt collection constituted the bulk of legal business. Most of the civil cases concerned debts and land disputes. Arguments in criminal cases were often like the present, with appeals based on assertions of procedural errors.

Law degrees were not required, and prospective attorneys learned the trade by working in law offices. Men succeeded in the profession on the basis of natural ability and intelligence. Almost all were involved in political affairs; some went on to become judges and political office holders; many participated in other lines of business, with newspaper editorship as one of the preferred occupations.

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Medium 9781576751268

The Laws of Time Management

Tracy, Brian Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

88. The Law of Clarity

89. The Law of Priorities

90. The Law of Posteriorities

91. The Law of the Most Valuable Asset

92. The Law of Planning

93. The Law of Rewards

94. The Law of Sequentiality

95. The Law of Leverage

96. The Law of Timeliness

97. The Law of Practice

98. The Law of Time Pressure

99. The Law of Single Handling

100. The Law of Competence

Everything you are today and everything you become in the future will be determined by the way you think and the way you use your time. Your attitude toward time is a critical factor in all you do and everything you accomplish.

When I began to study successful people, I found that they all had a common characteristic. They were all described as being “extremely well organized.”

Successful people have developed the ability to get a lot more done in the same period of time as unsuccessful people. They have clear goals and objectives, clear and specific plans, and well-organized calendars that enable them to focus continually on the most valuable uses of their time.

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Medium 9781475811414

Who Will Serve? An Analysis of Superintendent Occupational Perceptions, Career Satisfaction, and Mobility

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub


ABSTRACT: This article presents the findings of a random national sample of 1,719 superintendents, using a 67-item survey instrument called the Superintendents’ Professional Expectations and Advancement Review (SPEAR), which measures superintendents’ occupational perceptions, career satisfaction, and job mobility. The study’s major findings include that superintendents perceive the quantity of applicants for the superintendency to have decreased in recent years and are concerned about high turnover of superintendents. However, superintendents are less worried about the quality of applicants for vacancies. Contrary to popular perception, superintendents report significant career satisfaction, particularly in the nation’s largest districts. The study concludes by offering possible explanations for the widespread public perception of a crisis in the superintendency.

The public school superintendency remains a pivotal position in U.S. education, despite the pressures, insecurities, and rising shortages affecting this educational role (Carter & Cunningham, 1997; Houston, 1998). In the New York Times, Daley (1990) stated:

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Medium 9781855754546

Chapter Nine - Epilogue

Jacobs, Michael Karnac Books ePub



And the rest…?

There are of course other characters in Shakespeare who might merit the type of examination given to those discussed in previous chapters. Psychoanalytic writing includes a scattering of references to some of those who come to mind—Richard II, Richard III, Titus Andronicus, even the narcissistic Malvolio—but there is not generally the interest in them that has been generated in the characters examined here.

Yet Hamlet? “Ay, there's the rub!” (Hamlet, 3(i): 65). That is a completely different picture, and the reader may wonder why there is not a chapter devoted to him within these covers.

The answer is that there are so many articles and books interpreting Hamlet that it is impossible in a single chapter to do either him or psychoanalysis justice. He merits a book to himself, as indeed (referring back to my Prologue) when teaching “Shakespeare on the couch”, nearly the whole of my second course was given over to his play.

Hamlet takes us into the whole question raised by Freud, and pursued in Freud's defence by Ernest Jones (1949), of the Oedipal issues that may have been behind his inability to exact revenge for his father's apparent murder. But, if for some it is the Oedipus myth that helps us unpack his dilemma, for others it is the Orestes myth. Other analysts have challenged the Freud–Jones view, and suggested alternative reasons for Hamlet's inability to act. Apart from the problem of parricide there is the question of matricidal wishes, which may also be present; there are issues of intergenerational conflict, of parental watchfulness and interfering oversight, not just in Hamlet's case, but with regard to Ophelia too. There is much in the way the women in the play—Gertrude and Ophelia—can themselves be understood. Some writing has discussed the mutuality of the Oedipus complex in relation to Gertrude, Hamlet's mother. Ophelia is of immense interest, too: apart from Hamlet's ambivalent relationship to her, there have been discussions in psychoanalytic literature of what drove her mad. In addition, there is the question of Hamlet's madness, and whether it was feigned or not; and if it was feigned what the effect of his role-playing madness might have been, both on Hamlet and on the way others treated him. There is the trickery of the play within the play, which itself leads to speculation about its link to dreaming within dreams. There is speculation, too, about the role of the trickster and Hamlet, and of the shape-shifting figure.

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Medium 9781576757567

4. Street Retreat: The Debt of Love

Barasch, Marc Ian Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

We’re all in the gutter,
only some of us are looking at the stars.

—Oscar Wilde

LAST SUMMER I SAW AN IMMENSELY FAT WOMAN—350 POUNDS at least—struggling to step onto a Manhattan bus. Wheezing with effort, perspiring through her floral print dress, she couldn’t hoist her foot onto the platform. Her knee, encased in layers of flesh, wouldn’t bend. The driver, with an exasperated sigh, bolted from his seat to try to shoehorn her through the door.

The passengers gaped and craned, their expressions ranging from embarrassment to scorn to a sort of horrified fascination. As schedules unraveled and tempers frayed, the irritation grew more audible. The thought flashed through my mind as it did through nearly everyone’s: How could anyone allow herself to get so obese? Then I saw the expression on the woman’s face: mortification. And my heart broke—for all her hard days and for all my hard thoughts.

Why was my first response not compassion but a series of assessments that went off like a string of mental firecrackers before I even knew I’d lit the match? My judgment was so fused with my perception as to be inseparable: She became what I beheld. I was painfully aware of my mind—the mind itself—as a difference engine, cranking out the petty distinctions that keep people apart. And I wished I could dismantle the whole stupid contraption once and for all.

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Medium 9781743603604

Rebirth in Rome

Berendt, John Lonely Planet Publications ePub

The first time I visited Rome I stayed in a rickety budget hotel just off the Piazza del Popolo. There were tall shuttered windows with a couple of cracked panes, a door with a decorative pediment that I am sure included cupids, a bathroom of sorts several floors down, a beautiful receptionist, and the sound of a saxophone drifting up from the corner of Via Angelo Brunetti in the evenings.

At night, when the saxophonist had gone home and the traffic finally ceased, I lay awake listening to the sound of the fountains in the piazza, thrilled to be in Rome. It was my first serious sojourn abroad, and the first foreign city that I would come to know well. Now, thirty years on, I have returned to Rome, just in time for one of life’s great transitions.

On that first visit I sallied forth every morning on an old scooter someone had lent me to explore the city. I careened between ancient ruins and baroque sculptures and delicious meals, between Roman triumphal arches, the soft thighs of Bernini’s Proserpina in the Galleria Borghese and divine croissants in a bar in Via Ripetta. I discovered – in those days everything was a discovery – Santa Maria in Trastevere, barnacled with age, its gold-hued interior freighted with incense and prayer. I made a pilgrimage to Velasquez’s portrait of Innocent X in the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj and another to Sant’Anselmo on the Aventine Hill where Benedictine monks filled the Roman dusk with Gregorian chants. I climbed the steps of the Capitoline Hill at night to Michelangelo’s exquisite piazza and the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius bathed in moonlight. I gazed down on the ruins of the Forum from the spot where Gibbon had conceived the idea of writing The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire and where John Wilkes and his mistress, Gertrude Corradini, overcome by desire, disappeared behind some ruins while their guide distracted Gertrude’s mother.

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Medium 9780892724437

Jordan Pond Gate Lodge

Thayer, Robert Down East Books ePub

The gatehouse was patterned after a European hunting lodge.

Commissioned in 1932 by John D. Rockefeller Jr., this gatehouse (and another in Northeast Harbor) serves as an entry point to the carriage

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Medium 9781847770684


Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

As sun sees all

It lights upon, as birds tower to the sky

With the confident largesse of their call,

As animals burrow towards the greenery

Of grass and flowers, and as petals lie

So is love and so am I.

For Their Own Sake

Come down to the woods where the buds burst

Into fragrances, where the leaves make havoc

Of cloudy skies. Listen to birds

Obeying their instincts but also singing

For singing’s sake. By the same token

Let us be silent for silence’s sake,

Watching the buds, hearing the break

Free of fledgelings, the branches swinging

The sun, and never a word need be spoken.


His night has come to an end and now he must break

The little sky which shielded him. He taps

Once and nothing happens. He tries again

And makes a mark like lightning. He must thunder,

Storm and shake and break a universe

Too small and safe. His daring beak does this.

And now he is out in a world of smells and spaces.

He shivers. Any air is wind to him.

He huddles under wings but does not know

He is already shaping feathers for

A lunge into the sky. His solo flight

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Medium 9781591202684

CHAPTER 8: Alleviating Muscular Dysfunction

Prousky M.Sc. N.D., Jonathan E. Basic Health Publications ePub

People with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) typically complain of muscle aches and pains (referred to as myalgias in the medical literature), as well as muscular fatigue and weakness. Since muscular dysfunction is such a common problem among many with CFS, natural treatments should be instituted to not only reduce muscle pain but to also increase the ability to perform daily activities, such as walking, completing household chores, and simply moving around. Carrying out these common activities depends on a normal and healthy muscular system.

Research confirms the likely relationship between chronic fatigue and muscular dysfunction. One CFS case documented early intracellular acidosis (a state in which there is not enough oxygen) following moderate exercise.1 Another, decades-old study evaluated clinical, pathological, electrophysiological, immunological, and virological abnormalities in fifty patients with postviral fatigue syndrome.2 Many of the patients demonstrated prolonged weakness in several bodily areas (arms and legs) following specific exercises. Muscle biopsies were performed on twenty of the patients and the results demonstrated necrosis (death) in many muscle fibers, as well as evidence of early intracellular acidosis. A more recent study found an increased amount of oxidative stress and marked alterations of muscle function among chronic fatigue patients who were subjected to incremental exercise.3

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Medium 9781741791525

Southeastern Iranایران جنوب شرقی

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

     Includes »



     Around Kerman





Southeastern Iran is frontier territory. It combines harsh landscapes, periodic banditry and warm welcomes to form a unique and exotic travelling experience. There are some dangers; see the box,Click here, before heading this way. The region stretches east across ancient Kerman province, through high deserts scarred by brown snow-capped mountain ranges and coloured by occasional oasis towns and seasonal lakes. Kerman, the main city, is, in effect, the cultural border separating the Persians and the more eastern-oriented Baluchis, whose dress and customs feel more Pakistani.

Following old caravan routes southeast across the edge of the forbidding Dasht-e Lut, most travellers will stop in historic Bam and, if heading to Pakistan, in Zahedan, where smugglers criss-cross the deserts and the rule of law is tenuous. Kerman city is the launch pad for the surrounding historic towns and incredible desert landscapes, including Mahan and the Kaluts.

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Medium 9781574414516

Metals: Identifying with a Magnet

Georgia Kemp Caraway University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781475811742

Invisible, Limited, and Emerging Discourse: Research Practices That Restrict and/or Increase Access for Women and Persons of Color to the Superintendency

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

C. Cryss Brunner

Invisible, Limited, and Emerging Discourse: Research Practices That Restrict and/or Increase Access for Women and Persons of Color to the Superintendency

ABSTRACT: The intent of this article is to provide some evidence that decisions about the use of data are critical and can result in discourse that is inaccurate about and unsupportive of women and persons of color. Evidence is gathered through an examination of the published data used in The Study of the American School Superintendency (Glass, Bjork, & Brunner, 2000) published and funded by the American Association of School Administrators (AASA). In sum, the article illustrates how choices about which and how much data to publish can result in the reification of the status quo and/or generation of a tremendously powerful new discourse that establishes the inclusive norms for a new genre of superintendency.

It is well documented that constructions of gender and race have been particularly effective in limiting superintendency access for women and persons of color (Bell & Chase, 1993; Blount, 1998; Brunner, 1999; Grogan, 1996; Shakeshaft, 1989; Skrla; 2000; Tallerico, 2000). In fact, around 13% of the representative sample in the American Association of School Administrators’ (AASA) 10-year study of the superintendency (Glass, Bjork, & Brunner, 2000) were women and around 5% were persons of color. While the percentages of women and persons of color in the superintendency increased slightly in the past decade, the numbers across the entire 20th century remained low and fairly stable (Blount, 1998). Even as concerns are voiced about shortages of school administrator (including superintendency) candidates (Anthony, Roe, & Young, 2000; Houston, 1998; McAdams, 1998), the underrepresentation of women and persons of color in these positions remains significant.

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Medium 9781574413052

Chapter 3 Murdering, Robbing, and Ravishing

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF



Murdering, Robbing, and Ravishing


y Long­ley’s scenario, he left Washington County in the spring of 1869 and headed for Arkansas. At some point, as he reached the Texas-Arkansas-Louisiana border area, he said that he fell in with a Tom Johnson, whose family lived in Lafayette County, Arkansas, just east of the Texas state line where Texarkana is located. Johnson was allegedly a “noted horse thief” and a member of the gang of terrorists led by the notorious Cullen Baker. When Long­ley asked where he might find accommodations that night for himself and his horse,

Johnson invited him to his father’s farm.1

Cullen Montgomery Baker was known as the “Swamp Fox of the

Sulphur,” leading a band of cutthroats all over northeastern Texas, western Arkansas, and northwestern Louisiana. Repeated raids on blacks, on white supporters of the Union, and on Union troops themselves, dealing death and terror, led Union army troops in the area to focus on his gang, in addition to other marauding groups. Allegedly,

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Medium 9781786391216

16: Natural Variations in Maize Kernel Size: A Resource for Discovering Biological Mechanisms

Larkins, B.A. CABI PDF


Natural Variations in Maize Kernel Size:

A Resource for Discovering Biological



Xia Zhang1 and Shawn K. Kaeppler2,*

Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing,

China; 2Department of Agronomy and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center,

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

16.1 Introduction

Seed size is a trait that has been selected during the domestication and improvement of multiple crop species. In maize, the caryopsis or kernel is a fruit composed of the maternal pericarp surrounding the zygotic seed tissues. Kernel size increased dramatically during the domestication of maize (Zea mays ssp. mays) from its wild progenitor, teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis) (Doebley and Stec, 1993). Today, maize is one of the most important crops worldwide, providing food for human consumption, feed for livestock, and raw materials for industrial products. Given the increasing size of the human population and concomitant demand for food and renewable resources, crop scientists are striving to increase the productivity and sustainability of maize and other primary agricultural crops. Yield components, such as kernel size, are among targets to increase yield potential in maize. In industrialized countries, maize kernel size and shape are of great consequence to growers because of their relevance to mechanized cultivation, harvesting, and processing.

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Medium 9781780644172

8 Porcine Rubulavirus

Munir, M. CABI PDF



Porcine Rubulavirus

Mikael Berg1, Sandra Cuevas-Romero1,2 and Jorge Moreno-López1

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; 2Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Disciplinarias en Microbiología Animal, INIFAP, Mexico DF


This pig disease appeared in the early 1980s, but problems associated with the virus still remain. The dense population of pigs in the Mexican states of Michoacán, Jalisco and Guanajuato are the main focus of porcine rubulavirus may infection. The epidemiology of this disease is not fully clear. Bats may be a natural reservoir and may spread the virus to pigs, as has been reported for other emerging paramyxoviruses, and may explain why the virus seems to be localized. However, it is also clear that the virus circulates in pigs and so various trade precautions are important. In terms of viral genetic variation, the different isolates that have been found vary between years, but not extensively. In fact, some very recent isolates are very similar to old prototype isolates from the early 1980s. However, information on this is scarce and this needs to be studied in more detail. A least three genetic variants, based on the sequence of the haemagglutinine–neuraminidose gene, do circulate, but more may be found when the other genes and more isolates are studied. One obvious way to control this disease would be to develop an effective vaccine. There are some vaccine concepts that have been tested and can be put into field practice, and these are described and discussed in this chapter.

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