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Medium 9781855757080

CHAPTER EIGHT: Ethical principles in conducting research with children and adolescents

Judith Trowell Karnac Books ePub

Ethical principles in conducting
research with children and adolescents

Euthymia D. Hibbs Ph.D.

“…..The regimen I adopt (medicine) shall be for the benefit of my patients according to my ability and judgment, and not for their hurt or for any wrong. I will give no deadly drug to any, though it be asked of me, nor will counsel such…. Whatsoever house I enter, there I will go for the benefit of the sick, refraining from all wrong doing, or corruption, and especially from any act of seduction, of male or female, or bond or free. Whatsoever things I see or hear concerning the life of men, in my attendance on the sick or even apart there from, which ought not to be noised abroad, I will keep silence thereon, counting such things to be as sacred secrets.”

—The Hippocratic Oath (460 BC).

The need to deliver treatments to patients ethically has concerned health care providers and scientists for over 2000 years. As in 460 BC, current health professionals and specifically investigators confront the same ethical issues. In recent years, research ethics has achieved a higher profile as a result of the emphasis on human rights, and because of well-publicized breaches of research ethics at some prominent institutions. The fundamental principle of modern research focuses on respecting human dignity, which aspires to protect the multiple and interdependent interests of the person from bodily to psychological to cultural integrity (Tricouncil Ethics Statement, 1998). Thus, respect for human dignity entails confidentiality, concern for the welfare of the consumer, the proper handling of human participants, and restraint from exploiting patients or their relatives, when working with research participants.

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Medium 9781591200925

5. What to Expect from Diet Supplements

Clouatre PhD, Dallas Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 5

Diet supplements are nutritional substances that manipulate digestion, absorption, and metabolism to reduce appetite and increase caloric expenditure. Some of these nutrients interfere with fat storage or increase the use of body fat as an energy source. Others, through a process called partitioning, convince the body to use most of the calories consumed to feed lean tissues and for energy rather than to add to fat stores. The appropriate use of such nutritional substances has resulted in weight loss and in the increased ability to prevent new weight gain by thousands of individuals.

Certain nutrients are key factors in determining the bodys tendency toward obesity or leanness. A truly effective weight control program must address the issue of fat metabolism at the biochemical level. It must take into consideration not just calories, but also the many factors that can impair fat metabolism. By choosing to include these nutrients in the diet, we can gain a measure of control over our metabolism and acquire some say in how much our body gains or loses fat.

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Medium 9781449313876

14. Wireless Communication

Michael Margolis O'Reilly Media ePub

Arduino’s ability to interact with the world is wonderful, but sometimes you might want to communicate with your Arduino from a distance, without wires, and without the overhead of a full TCP/IP network connection. This chapter covers various simple wireless modules for applications where low cost is the primary requirement but most of the recipes focus on the versatile XBee wireless modules.

XBee provides flexible wireless capability to the Arduino, but that very flexibility can be confusing. This chapter provides examples ranging from simple “wireless serial port replacements” through to mesh networks connecting multiple boards to multiple sensors.

A number of different XBee modules are available. The most popular are the XBee 802.15.4 (also known as XBee Series 1) and XBee ZB Series 2. Series 1 is easier to use than Series 2, but it does not support mesh networks. See http://www.digi.com/support/kbase/kbaseresultdetl.jsp?id=2213.

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Medium 9781574413090

III. Involution

Caki Wilkinson University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781855751170

CHAPTER 2. Seminar two

David Campbell Karnac Books ePub

The second two-day seminar took place four months later, in March 1993. I was debating with myself whether it would be better to begin by looking at the participants' homework or do something unexpected to focus the group on specific themes: I decided on the latter. Therefore, I asked the group to divide equally into two groups: the “A's” and the “B's”. My intention was to allow them to have an experience of interviewing or consulting to each other, and the content of the consultation was designed to allow them to explore issues that I believed would help them appreciate life in an organization.

This is an example of using a structured exercise to create a context within the seminarin this case, one of exploring the participants' own experience of being in an organizationin which they learn by drawing on their own experience.

My instructions were that the A's should interview the B's for about twenty minutes to help them understand something about their own (B's) experience of their organization or their “organizational awareness”. I wrote some questions on a flip-chart, suggesting that these might be helpful in their interviewing:

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Medium 9780253006349

1 Introduction: Big Moll and the Science of Scientific Charity

Brent Ruswick Indiana University Press ePub

In June 1881 a council of concerned Indiana citizens filed a petition with the Board of County Commissioners of Marion County, asking that they investigate the rampant abuse and negligence rumored to be infesting the Marion County Poorhouse. Thomas A. Hendricks, a former Indiana governor, U.S. senator, vice presidential running mate to Samuel Tilden, and later vice president to Grover Cleveland, headed the petitioning council. Their case rested on four contentions: that the poorhouse overseers did not differentiate between the different types of people residing in their facility, that their negligence and improper training had resulted in abuse of the inmates, that the poorhouse was part of the local Republican machine and coerced its residents to vote the party ticket, and that biology and statistics proved that the poorhouse’s system perpetuated pauperism, or willful dependence upon private charity and public welfare.

In spite of concerns voiced to the board by the Reverend Oscar C. McCulloch, a member of the committee that wrote the petition, that the inmates feared “they will be thrown in the dungeon” of the poorhouse if they offered critical testimony, several residents chose to share their experiences.1 Their remarks brought forth sordid examples of neglect, especially of beatings, solitary imprisonment in the cellar, rancid food and drink, as well as inadequate ventilation, heating, blanketing, medical care, and other injustices. Ed Akins testified that “he had been given the diabetes from drinking a peculiar kind of tea” offered to him by the steward, Dr. Culbertson. With the approval of Peter Wright, a farmer who with his wife and daughter supervised the institution, more a poor farm than poorhouse, Culberson then refused to provide the necessary medicine to Akins.2 Samuel Churchwell recounted how his two-year-old child had been separated from its mother, left so underclothed during winter that “its legs had been frozen,” starved to the point of being unable to recognize its parents upon being returned to them, then caught a cold and died.3 A newborn died when, allegedly, the professionally inexperienced Dr. Culbertson (whose legal record already included a conviction for assault and battery) waited two days before attending to its illness. Reports suggested that other than to receive beatings or solitary confinement, the insane residents warranted even less attention than the infants.4

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Medium 9780946439348

9. A Contribution on Fetishism (1934)

Michael Balint Karnac Books ePub

IN his paper on ‘Fetishism’2 Freud has pointed out that the fetish usually signifies a penis-substitute. Here I should like to describe two further interpretations of the fetish that came to light in a case analysed by me, and which led me to suppose, after looking through the literature on the subject, that they play an essential part in nearly every case.

There are very many people for whom one or other quality of the love-object is of special significance in their love choice, sometimes representing even a conditio sine qua non. These people are certainly not quite free: that is, strictly speaking, not perfectly healthy, but still not really perverse. Only those can be called fetishists in the real sense who do not need a sexual partner, but only a fetish, and whose sexual activity has not the act itself as its aim.

These people, as is generally known, are with few exceptions men. The actions that give them gratification consist nearly always in putting on the fetish, or in putting part of their body into the fetish. Very many fetishes are by nature hollow or are used as receptacles in the perverse actions; such are shoes, corsets, articles of clothing, underwear in general, especially drawers, then fur articles, handkerchiefs and, for instance, in a remarkable case described to me by Dr. Pfeifer, the hollow part of an artificial leg. The interpretation of these objects as the vagina and the womb respectively is quite as obvious as the penis interpretation of the use of the body itself or part of the body. Thus fetishists are men who dare to consummate coition only symbolically—distorted by two parallel displacements. In the case I analysed this was readily admitted. But much harder to make conscious was the fact that the part of the body used represented also the penis of the father, to whom coition was allowed, and perhaps, at the bottom, the patient himself, as quite a small child, in the sense of Ferenczi’s Gulliver fantasies.3 Here we have arrived at castration anxiety and the mastery of it; that is to say, Freud’s interpretation.

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Medium 9781855755901

CHAPTER SIX: A clinical paradox of absence in the transference: how some patients create a virtual object to communicate an experience

James Rose Karnac Books ePub

James Rose

Introduction: a clinical paradox

It is comparatively common that someone will come to an initial therapeutic consultation describing themselves as depressed; I suffering from a lack of confidence and feeling devoid of ambition. There seems to be nothing inside them. Their psychic life can appear to be pervaded with an anomie to the point that it seems surprising to the assessor that they have bothered to come to the consultation at all. Often there is evidence of disrupted family history early bereavements, and separations. Despite the seemingly traumatic nature of these losses, these are often dismissed as unimportant because they happened “so long ago”. In short, the assessor can see many reasons for their depressed state of mind, but there is an apparent gulf between that person’s and the assessor’s understanding that seems unbridgeable. It can leave the assessor feeling hopeless and impotent, feeling that he has nothing to give or contribute. There is, thus, an apparent emptiness in the counter-transference, which can seem the result of a deficit of functioning in the subject and it can appear that this person will not be able to use treatment because of their incapacity to symbolize or to reflect upon their experience, i.e., that there is something missing in them.

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Medium 9781601323101

Session - Big Data Search and Mining Methods

Hamid R. Arabnia, Mary Q. Yang, George Jandieri, James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park, Ashu M. G. Solo, and Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF
Medium 9781449303822

Triggering Audio Playback into a Call Using DTMF

Leif Madsen O'Reilly Media ePub

During a call you want to play back audio to a caller when they send a particular sequence of DTMF tones.

First we start with the creation of a new applicationmap:

Then we create our Macro() for triggering the message injection in extensions.conf:

Our Macro() calls via a Local channel another context which does the audio injection:

And then to enable it we need to add the following line into the dialplan that is executed by the channel that will be triggering the audio playback:

In this solution weve developed a system using the features.conf file to trigger playback of audio via DTMF[5] to a channel without disconnecting the existing call. Weve configured the feature called play_message (which could be any name not already in use), and assigned the #1 DTMF key combination to be the trigger. The option defined as self/caller means that the channel placing the call will be the one able to trigger the playback, and will also be the channel that hears the audio that is injected into the call. This is all done via the PlayMessage macro well be defining in the dialplan.

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Medium 9780253010285

5 Turkey Run and the White Horse Tavern

Mike Roos Quarry Books ePub

Pete Gill shoved his way through the front door of his rented bungalow on the edge of the little town of Marshall, Indiana. “Glenda! I’m home!”

“Daddy!” Four-year-old Ellen came running to her father.

“Hey, my little darling! How was your day?” Pete swung his daughter up into his arms and gave her a loving kiss on the cheek.

“I found a shamrock, Daddy!” Ellen revealed a single shaft of clover in her small palm.

“You did! Well, that’s our good luck charm, honey. Hold on to that! We’re gonna need it! Where’s your little brother?”

“Joey’s sleeping.”

“That’s good.”

Pete’s wife, Glenda, appeared at the kitchen door. “So soon?”

Pete pecked Ellen again and set her down to run back to her room. “Don’t lose that shamrock, baby!” Pete kept his eyes away from his wife’s. “I quit, Glenda,” he mumbled.

His wife stared at him, dumbfounded. “Aw, Pete! Are you crazy? Not again!”

“I’m out. Done with it.” Pete dropped his body onto the couch.

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Medium 9781855755789

CHAPTER THREE: Professional relationships

Carina Eriksen Karnac Books ePub

As is the case with all employees, good working relationships are important for productivity and job satisfaction. Aircrew face a set of unique challenges when it comes to forming relationships with their work colleagues. Each time they start a new duty trip, crew are likely to be travelling with a different set of people. Reporting for work each day usually includes meeting colleagues for the first time. When the trip is over crew members say their farewells and there is no guarantee that they will ever work with each other again. First impressions can be lasting and they often shape, for better or for worse, the nature of the group dynamics onboard an aircraft. This set up provides limited opportunities to develop stable and long lasting relationships through the work environment. Though for some people, travelling with new colleagues is an ideal opportunity to engage with a variety of different personalities, for others, working each time with a group of‘strangers’ can be difficult. This chapter attempts to provide a realistic account of professional relationships as experienced by crew themselves.

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Medium 9781615424351

Wiki Services

Charles Edge Take Control Books ePub

A wiki is a Web application that allows various people to add to, modify, and delete from the same content. Wikipedia is the most popular example of a wiki, but wikis can be used for knowledge management, documentation, shared process lists, note taking, and more. Unlike blogs, which tend to use a chronological posting approach, wikis have little implicit structure, allowing users to organize the site in any way they want.

Wikis are tremendously flexible. How you use them is limited only by your imagination. Wikis are easily accessible from any device that can browse the Web, so users can access them from anywhere, at any time.

In an educational setting, because wikis work well even from iOS devices, and since wiki pages include many basic formatting options, a wiki might be the best way for students to collaborate on projects. Plus, because files can be uploaded to a wiki and accessed via WebDAV, I’ve helped a variety of schools set up wiki pages for different classes, enabling students to submit projects for each class and teachers to comment on the work right within the wiki.

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Medium 9781442267893

Permanent Collection: Increasing the Visibility of African American Art in a University Museum

Collections Altamira Press ePub

Bridget R. Cooks

Associate Professor, Program in African American Studies and Department of Art History, University of California, Irvine, 2000 Humanities Gateway, UC Irvine, Irvine, California 92697; email: b.cooks@uci.edu

Abstract   This article presents a case study of how a university museum increased its collection of art by African Americans through a collaboration involving a curator, faculty member, and undergraduate students. The article offers an examination of what students want to see in the permanent collection of their university museum and shares student definitions of African American art. Further, the acquisition project provided insight into the relationship between education in the classroom and the museum, object interpretation, cultural representation, art, and race.

Since the 1960s, American art museums have faced an identity crisis. As the fight for racial and gender equality in America’s civic life has increased, the demand for multicultural recognition within the nation’s institutions has grown. Museum directors, curators, and educators have been caught between maintaining a traditional, and often culturally exclusive, practice of collecting, preserving, and presenting historically significant objects for the benefit of the public, or, listening to the diverse constituents outside of the museum broadly referred to as “the public” and “the community.” In the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, the museum’s responsibility to engage new audiences became a mandate for funding through public grants and private foundations.

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Medium 9781847770684

Sculptor

Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

The lunar mysteries seem so far away and the sun is also hidden. Someone below is shaking a carpet, someone is clipping the lawn,

Good labours these, and behind the many windows men are sporting with what their minds contain, making them almost computers. Noises are what this world is really mapped with, the scrape on a scythe, a man whistling, a bird pecking for food, a carpet-sweeper next door. Down the lane are coming taxis and lorries. Next door a very old woman opens the door and smiles at remaining flowers.

Something is plucking her too, beyond the daybreak.

I am my senses letting the day come in.

Sculptor

Not his hands but his face, watch,

It opens suddenly, suddenly,

He knows that something will happen

And with the most gentle touch

And a fierce inward cry

He waits for the clay to open.

Then he is most eloquent,

Hands move, depart, return,

Slowly a statue appears.

Against his clay he is a faint

Force, yet he can make it burn

Like a hundred blazing fires.

He is different with bronze,

Must build up, build up.

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