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Medium 9781855753730

5. teenagers

Hollins, Martin; Hollins, Sheila Karnac Books ePub

5

The 11 to 16 age group is socially defined by attendance at secondary school or its equivalent. For the young people themselves, it will be characterized by the physical and emotional changes of puberty and adolescence. As in previous chapters, we present a brief summary of the typical mental and physical development of 11- to 16-year-olds, for reference. As parents of a young disabled person, we will know quite a lot by this stage in their lives, about how different they are from this usual pattern of development. There will probably be delays in both cognitive and emotional aspects of their development, which results in distinctive emotional and behavioural responses and causes personal and social difficulties. We consider these later in the chapter.

This is a period of significant change for any child approaching adulthood. At puberty there are important physical changes due to sexual maturity, including the external body changes of hair growth, the development of breasts in girls, and the lowering of the pitch of the voice (“breaking”) in boys. There is also a growth spurt, increased sweating, and the common onset of the teenager’s nightmare—acne! All this is the result of the changing activity of sex hormones, which stimulate the development of the sexual organs leading to the adult ability to reproduce. This is signalled very clearly for females in the onset of the menstrual cycle, while males have the more unpredictable emissions of “wet dreams” and learn to manage having erections. The age at which this happens varies quite widely and has been getting earlier in all industrialized societies, probably due to improved nutrition and health. It begins in girls about two years earlier than in boys. The sex hormones also have emotional effects, which can result in mood changes in girls—for example, at the time of a girl’s period—and impulsive or aggressive behaviour in boys. These changes can have significant impacts on all aspects of young people’s lives, including their body image and social relationships. These impacts differ between boys and girls and between those who mature earlier or later than their peers.

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Medium 9781574414608

9 The Wild Bunch

Gregory V. Short University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter Nine

The Wild Bunch

“If citizens really wanted to eliminate war, they could enact a law that would require their political, religious, and financial leaders to personally lead them into battle.”

For the next couple of months, I found myself sloshing through the rice paddies, searching villages, and patrolling the surrounding darkness. Being the middle of summer, the work was hot and rugged. Since I was used to climbing up and down the mountains, I was a little surprised to discover how tough it was to wade through a rice paddy with fifty pounds on my back. The mud was so thick and gooey that it would literally ooze up my legs and into my crotch area. On more than one patrol, I would have to stop, strip off my gear, and walk back out into the paddy in order to get my damn boots. Between the incessant heat, humidity, and the insects, I began to appreciate what our other units had been facing in the lowlands and especially what the U.S. Army units had to endure in the Mekong Delta. There may not have been any heavy artillery or rocket barrages to dodge, but the living conditions were far worse than what I had faced up north. And yet in many other ways, it could be just as deadly.

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Medium 9780253013835

13 The Future of Derrida: Time between Epigenesis and Epigenetics

CLAYTON SCOTT CROCKETT Indiana University Press ePub

Catherine Malabou

THE TITLE OF my chapter, “The Future of Derrida,” was John D. Caputo’s idea. In suggesting such a title, a beautiful one indeed, Caputo has made clear that, for him, my intellectual journey—starting with Hegel, going on with Heidegger, and then turning, in a move that might have appeared as a rupture, toward neurology and neuroplasticity—was not an estrangement from deconstruction but on the contrary a way of bringing it forward in trying to adapt it to the political as well as scientific and philosophical realities of the twenty-first century. Caputo knows that everything I have written since The Future of Hegel was originally oriented toward the possibility of affirming the future of Derrida.

Clayton Crockett, who has been a friendly and demanding reader of my work during the last ten years, recently presented, in his stunning book, Radical Political Theology, a strikingly accurate and promising political elaboration of the concept of plasticity. This concept, in his view, should help us to lay foundations for a new materialism and define the future of deconstruction as an orientation toward an immanent, rather than transcendent, form of freedom.

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Medium 9781855753709

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: How NOT to escape from the Grünbaum Syndrome: a critique of the “new view” of psychoanalysis

Karnac Books ePub

Morris N. Eagle and Jerome Wakefield1

Introduction

This chapter discusses the “new view” claims that Grün-baum’s critique of Freudian psychoanalysis is irrelevant to contemporary clinicians because the latter have relinquished the traditional idea that analysts uncover hidden mental contents in the patient’s mind. Rather, it is claimed, contemporary analysts construct new meanings and narratives. We argue that this response to Grünbaum’s criticisms is not only incorrect in its assumptions, but if it were correct, would be more devastating to psychoanalysis than Grünbaum’s critique itself. It severs the foundational link between self-knowledge and insight and therapeutic cure and essentially embraces a central role for suggestion. We also argue that the “new-view” theorists confuse vagueness with indeterminacy of mental contents and end up by, in effect, renouncing the idea that psychoanalytic interpretations are the kinds of things that can be confirmed or disconfirmed. This is a case where the attempt to escape criticisms entails a state of affairs that is worse than the criticisms themselves.

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Medium 9789351380900

Ch_11_F

Sangit Kumar Ragi Laxmi Publications PDF

Chris Argyris (1923–2013)  245

effectiveness. Chris studied the behaviour of the senior executives in order to know how they influence the effectiveness of the organization. A book came out to this effect in 1962 with the title Interpersonal Competence and Organizational

Effectiveness. But the most significant works of him came out in a joint exercise with scholars like Robert Putman, D.M. Smith and Donald Schon. He laid the idea of action science and the famous concepts like organizations by learning, single-loop and double-loop learning. Some of the famous works of Argyris, other than those mentioned above, are: Organization and Innovation (1965),

Theory in Practice (1974) and Organizational Learning: A theory of Action

Perspective I (1978) and Organizational Learning II (1996) with Donald Schon,

Action Science, Concepts, Methods and Skills for Research and Intervention (1985) with Robert Putman and Diana Mclain Smith.

Argyris is indeed credited with several conceptual contributions to the field of the business organization. He believed in the strength and maturity of the employees and suggested that the management should treat them as an adult and mature person. He held that if the employees are treated positively and as mature they would behave in more responsible ways and will display a better sense of participation and commitment to the goals and objectives of an organization.

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Medium 9781855754508

CHAPTER TEN: My Big Fat Greek Wedding

Kradin, Richard Karnac Books ePub

A 42-year-old woman presented with concerns about her inability to make commitments in relationships. She reported the following dream in the first session. Toni was a modestly overweight but attractive and energetic woman. She had previously been in therapy but quit because “I wasn’t learning anything that I didn’t already know and I’m not in a position to waste money”.

I am with a friend in Greece. We are at the top of a hill descending to the sea. She is in front of me. I suggest that she leave her baggage behind but she loses her footing, falls, and the baggage pushes her down the hill towards the sea.

Associations

Toni prided herself on her keen intellect. After reporting the dream, she quickly added, “Now I guess you are going to tell me that I am moving too fast and likely to have an accident. But, she quickly added, “I didn’t fall; it was my friend, not me”.

Some patients instead of offering associations to their dreams rapidly reel off interpretations. But these are rarely on the mark. They are meant to short circuit inquiry and to ward off feelings of envy of the analyst, who they fear knows something they do not.

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Medium 9781847770684

The Wood (UD, 282/2)

Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

The Wood

This was the dark and the deceptive place

You went to it in search of solitude.

Better, you thought, the branches on your face

Than smiling pictures from a risen mood

Yet it was darker than you had expected,

No child’s dream of an invented wood.

And when you had gone far too deep to turn

Always it was yourself you found, detected

A person whom no open plains discern

Not bad enough to be entirely lost

Nor innocent enough to feel safe there,

You had forgotten they are frightened most

Who trail their own faint shadows everywhere.

For a Painter

For J.

You in colours, I in sound

That words when rubbed together make,

Each of us waiting for the found

Image that will not fail or break.

From silences I start to sing

But is your spectrum the same thing?

For on our own and out of sight

We feel the energy take its form

The mind, the fingers keep it warm,

The shadows step aside for light

But is the impulse of my lines

The same that shapes your own design?

So many distances to leap

Across: for you, hard surfaces

For me, words meaning less and less

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Medium 9780856832468

16 THE NATURE OF POETRY

Kenneth Verity Shepheard-Walwyn ePub

Genuine works of art carry their own aesthetic theory implicit within them and suggest the standards according to which they are to be judged.

Goethe, letter, 1808

THE ABILITY to see objects as representations of other things is a sublimation of visual perception, an ability and benefit of the human condition. By extension we may similarly ‘see’ beyond the metaphor in poetry. With this faculty we may penetrate the surface of things to the core of existence – the centre which is everywhere. The image becomes more transparent as the view moves ‘in’ from the individual state to the universal.

It is held by many that an ‘aesthetic distance’ should be maintained to avoid emotional involvement, a pre-requisite for the ‘aesthetic attitude’. A question arises: What is aesthetics? Our word aesthetics derives from the Greek aisthetikos: ‘one who is perceptive of things through sensations, feelings and intuitions’. The word aisthesis means ‘primary, rudimentary sensation’. At first sight there is nothing here to suggest the great tracts of theory and philosophy associated with Aesthetics.

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Medium 9781626560772

15 What is her history with you?

Arneson, Steve Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The final question to consider from your boss’s perspective has to do with your complete history of working with her. Has her opinion of you evolved over time? Has the relationship improved lately, or is it in steady decline? If it’s the latter, can you point to a specific incident that caused the relationship to go off the rails? Your track record with your boss provides a number of insights that can be quite revealing, especially taken in context with all you’ve learned thus far about her motives and views of you. Let’s look at three historical dynamics in particular: 1) how the relationship started, 2) how it evolved, and 3) where it is now.

Let’s start with how you got together in the first place. Did she hire you? Did she join the team after you? Was she a peer who became your boss? Each of these scenarios has different implications for what she wants from you. If she hired you, she probably believes she was clear about what she wanted from you. Think back to those conversations. Did you get a clear sense of mission, and if so, have you strayed from it? You may have forgotten this, but chances are she hasn’t. In the interviews, did you trust your instincts about her or ignore them? Were there signs even then that you overlooked just to get the job? If so, you can’t really fault her consistency—she sent signals about what kind of boss she would be (this isn’t particularly helpful now, but it’s a good lesson for next time).

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Medium 9781780643304

5 Using Weed Risk Assessments to Separate the Crops from the Weeds

Quinn, L.D., Editor CAB International PDF

5

Using Weed Risk Assessments to

Separate the Crops from the

Weeds

Jacob N. Barney,* Larissa L. Smith, and

Daniel R. Tekiela

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA

Abstract

The characters of the ideal bioenergy crop are shared by many of our worst invasive plants, and we are in need of methods to identify their invasive potential prior to large-scale introduction. Unfortunately, predicting which species will be invasive and in what location is often viewed as a near impossible task to most ecologists. Despite the underlying complexity of invasions, and the predictability challenge, weed risk assessments (WRA) have emerged as promising biosecurity tools designed to prevent the introduction of new invaders. WRAs are simple questionnaires on the species traits, introduction history, impact, and management that yield high or low risk scores, generally employed prior to the introduction of new species. WRAs have been used widely across the globe and boast >90% accuracy in predicting invasive species. We examined Australian and US WRA tools, and compared the WRA outcomes of several bioenergy crops against invasive species introduced for agronomic purposes and several traditional row crops. Candidate bioenergy crops were found to vary tremendously in their WRA scores, while current invaders all received high risk scores. Interestingly, several row crops received high risk scores, which we attribute to feral populations or weedy variants. We also examined how the WRAs would respond to infraspecific variation for several crops. Overall, the WRAs were not capable of distinguishing cultivar-level information, nor did they do well for species with little available information.

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Medium 9781782204176

Mentalization

Oestergaard Hagelquist, Janne Karnac Books ePub

Mentalization

Mentalization is a mental activity, concerned with perceiving and understanding one's own behaviour and the behaviour of others based on mental conditions or states.

Mental conditions include feelings, needs, goals, intentions, etc. Peter Fonagy and a wide range of colleagues have over the last decades developed processing models where using mentalization is the central focus.

Mentalization is especially suited for working with vulnerable children and adolescents because it offers a comprehensive theory of the child's development, and a description of the implications of children experiencing trauma and neglect during their development. One of the benefits of using mentalization is that it is an ability that can be learned. This offers positive expectations for development possibilities to traumatised and negleted children and adolescents. In brief, mentalization can be defined this way:

What to do?

On the surface, mentalization appears to be an obvious and simple concept. However, often when working with the concept, it is sometimes difficult to understand and maintain the meaning of the term. The model on the next page will help create an image of what mentalization is.

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Medium 9781780644608

22: Impacts and Solutions in Mountain Tourism: Overview, Contextual Development and Areas of Focus

Richins, H.; Hull, J.S. CABI PDF

22 

Impacts and Solutions in Mountain Tourism: Overview, Contextual

Development and Areas of Focus

John S. Hull* and Harold Richins

Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada

Introduction

Chapter 22 provides an introduction to Part V, which explores the diversity of impacts, approaches and solutions in mountain tourism, through utilization of a number of case studies and relevant writings. By gaining a greater understanding of the complex effects and approaches used to achieve viable outcomes and successful results, this may also provide substantially greater possibility in minimizing adverse consequences in mountain tourism.

Introduction to literature on Impacts and Solutions in Mountain Tourism

Regional development and mountain tourism

Policy makers argue that tourism is an important tool for regional development that has the potential to improve quality of life in mountain destinations by providing employment opportunities for local residents, important tax revenues for governments, and economic diversification for local economies (Godde et al., 2000;

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Medium 9780253352149

Nine The War in Northern Waters

H. P. Willmott Indiana University Press ePub

THE OUTSET OF WAR provided evidence of the elements of constancy and change in naval warfare. In past conflicts British sea power had been used in three roles: to enforce the close blockade of enemy bases and ports, to clear the seas of enemy warships and trade, and to carry the war in which Britain found itself to enemy overseas possessions. The mine and the submarine by 1912 had forced the British Navy to abandon close blockade in favor of observational blockade, but with reference to the elements of constancy, the outbreak of war in August 1914 saw British sea power set about its historic tasks. In clearing the seas Britain’s positional advantage astride German and Austro-Hungarian sea-borne lines of communication with the outside world ensured that enemy oceanic trade very quickly dwindled. The first six months of war saw 383 German and Austro-Hungarian steamers of 978,152 tons detained, sunk, or captured by the Allies and another 788 ships of 2,970,458 tons seek the security of neutral ports. The two Central Powers lost the services of some 61 percent of their merchant fleets in this single, opening phase of the war.

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Medium 9781601323262

Singularity Size Optimization in Data Deduplication Technique

Hamid R. Arabnia, Lou D'Alotto, Hiroshi Ishii, Minoru Ito, Kazuki Joe, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Georgios Sirakoulis, William Spataro, Giuseppe A. Trunfio, George A. Gravvanis, George Jandieri, Ashu M. G. Solo, Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF

Int'l Conf. Par. and Dist. Proc. Tech. and Appl. | PDPTA'14 |

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Computer Sciience, Tokyo University off Technologyy

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Hachioji Tokkyo, 192-09822, Japan�

Abstract Recently,

R masssive data grow wth and data dduplication in enterprise system ms have led too the use of dedduplication technniques. Since w we keep multipple versions off files, there may bbe a large voluume of mostly or exactly ideentical data. Dedupplication is a powerful sttorage optimizzation technique thhat can be aadopted to maanage maintennance issues in data growth.. We evaluaated the effeect of deduplicatioon by analyzinng how the singgularity size aaffects the effect off deduplication for variablee-length blockks. We clarify that the effect of deduplicationn is affected bby the singularity size and the number of ccreated blockss. We traced the change in the dedupliccation rate, w which indicates thee reduce ratioo of file data voolume, by chaanging the singularrity size from 4 bits to 23 bitts. The result shows s that the opttimum singulaarity size is 15 bits and thaat the deduplicatioon rate is imprroved around 7 % at the opttimum singularity size comparred with at smaller or llarger singularity ssize.

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Medium 9781780647326

10 A Political Ecology of Community Gardens in Australia: From Local Issues to Global Lessons

WinklerPrins, A.M.G.A. CABI PDF

10 

A Political Ecology of Community

Gardens in Australia: From Local Issues to Global Lessons

Jason A. Byrne,1* Catherine M. Pickering,1

Daniela A. Guitart2 and Rebecca Sims-Castley3

1

Environmental Futures Research Institute, Gold Coast,

Queensland, Australia; 2Griffith School of Environment,

Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia; 3Independent scholar

10.1  Introduction

The local impacts of global urbanization (e.g. dwindling green spaces, food insecurity, land shortages, loss of biodiversity) have triggered resurgent interest in various forms of urban agriculture (Godfray et al., 2010; Evers and Hodgson,

2011). In many rapidly growing cities across the

Global North (GN) and Global South (GS), residents are clamouring for better access to places to grow safe and healthy food, for spaces that foster social inclusion, and improved environmental quality (Guitart et al., 2015). Urban cultivation initiatives are often framed around the social benefits of local food growing and typically seek to be ‘sustainable’ (Chapters 8 and 9, this volume). These twin goals have important implications for land-use planning and policy, implications that we address in this chapter.

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