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Sourcebook for Research in Music, Third Edition

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Since it was first published in 1993, the Sourcebook for Research in Music has become an invaluable resource in musical scholarship. The balance between depth of content and brevity of format makes it ideal for use as a textbook for students, a reference work for faculty and professional musicians, and as an aid for librarians. The introductory chapter includes a comprehensive list of bibliographical terms with definitions; bibliographic terms in German, French, and Italian; and the plan of the Library of Congress and the Dewey Decimal music classification systems. Integrating helpful commentary to instruct the reader on the scope and usefulness of specific items, this updated and expanded edition accounts for the rapid growth in new editions of standard works, in fields such as ethnomusicology, performance practice, women in music, popular music, education, business, and music technology. These enhancements to its already extensive bibliographies ensures that the Sourcebook will continue to be an indispensable reference for years to come.

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1. Introductory Materials

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CHAPTER ONE

Introductory Materials

As a preliminary to the bibliographies that constitute the main body of this volume, this chapter presents some general information pertaining to research in music. First there is a list of standard English terms that relate to the scholarly study of music or to general bibliography and library research, with definitions. Next follow lists of such terms in the three other most important languages of research in music, German, French, and Italian, together with English equivalents. The final lists are general outlines of the music classification numbers in the two standard library cataloging systems in North America, the Library of Congress Classification system and the Dewey Decimal Classification system.

1.1 COMMON ENGLISH BIBLIOGRAPHICAL TERMS

The terms that follow have been brought together because of their application to scholarship in general and the scholarly study of music in particular. Some (e.g., abstract, anthology, catalog, discography) will be quite familiar and are generally known, while others might be confusing (congress report, journal, magazine, periodical). Many, even most, are likely to be less familiar because they are new or relate to the study of books (codex, foliation, incunabula, siglum, watermark), manuscripts (autograph, choirbook, holograph), printing (colophon, facsimile, frontispiece), research libraries (archive, carrel, microforms, serial, stacks), or scholarship (collate, historical set, iconography, Urtext). Some are technical or specialized enough so that they are not to be found in most dictionaries. For further information and other terms, see Michael Levine-Clark and Toni M. Carter, eds., A.L.A. Glossary of Library and Information Science, 4th ed. (Chicago: American Library Association, 2012); Jean Peters, The Bookman’s Glossary, 6th ed., rev. and enl. (New York: R. R. Bowker, 1983); and Willem Elbertus Clason, ed., Elsevier’s Dictionary of Library Science, Information and Documentation in Six Languages: English/American, French, Spanish, Italian, Dutch and German, 2nd ed. (Amsterdam, London, and New York: Elsevier, 1992).

 

2. General Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides

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CHAPTER TWO

General Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides

This chapter consists of lists of the most important current basic sources, to be used as the point of departure for researching virtually any topic in the field of music. The sources listed in the various categories should be consulted, as appropriate, along with related works on the subject in question—period or regional music histories, biographies, histories of genres or forms, general and specialized music dictionaries and encyclopedias, chief texts on the subject, etc.—for the preliminary compilation of a working bibliography. Sources may be found under subject headings in a particular library’s catalog and also by browsing in appropriate areas of its stacks. These, however, are just two of many initial steps that need to be taken, casual and unsystematic ones at that, and they rarely if ever uncover materials such as periodical articles, chapters in jointly authored publications or Festschriften, prefaces in volumes of collected sets and monuments, etc. One methodical way to begin to find materials of this sort is to consult the relevant bibliographical tools listed below.

 

3. Dictionaries and Encyclopedias of Music

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CHAPTER THREE

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias of Music

The dictionaries and encyclopedias of music listed in this chapter have been divided by type into (1) the recent large sources and selected concise ones that contain articles on people as well as on terms, (2) selected sources, international and North American, that contain only biographical articles, (3) the chief sources that contain only articles on terms, and (4) selected specialized dictionaries—those treating specific areas or subjects, regardless of approach. In all but one category, the names of certain older sources of historical interest are also included.

3.1 GENERAL DICTIONARIES AND ENCYCLOPEDIAS

These sources are “general” dictionaries and encyclopedias of music in that most of them include articles on both biographical and nonbiographical subjects, on people as well as terms, forms, genres, countries, etc. Beyond that, however, there are considerable differences among them in size, comprehensiveness, and recentness. There are sometimes specified limitations (e.g., Dictionary of Contemporary Music, Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, and New Grove Dictionary of American Music). Less obvious in the international sources is that there are often differences of emphasis, e.g., more detailed coverage of subjects pertaining to the country in which the work originated.

 

4. Journals and Periodicals and Their Indexes

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CHAPTER FOUR

Journals and Periodicals and Their Indexes

This chapter begins with a representative listing of scholarly research journals in music that are currently being published. The oldest is the durable Musical Times; among the newest are several journals (e.g., Journal of Music History Pedagogy) that began publication in the last few years. It is in journals of this sort that new research is most likely to be reported, rather than in the host of periodicals concerned with current musical events, individual instruments, the opera scene, etc.

The list is by no means complete, but a fairly broad selection has been made. The most thorough is in the area of musicology, but other types of research journals are included, as indicated by the subdivisions of this listing. These subdivisions, however, are not rigid; e.g., a general musicological journal may carry an article of a more theoretical or ethnomusicological nature. Furthermore, among the musicology journals listed as being of a general nature, some are more so than others, in which, for example, a period or national emphasis is apparent.

 

5. Area Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides 1: Fields of Musical Study

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CHAPTER FIVE

Area Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides 1: Fields of Musical Study

This chapter begins with lists of basic sources in eight disciplines or broad fields of musical study: general musicology, ethnomusicology, music theory, music education, music therapy, music history, primary sources in music, and performance practice. Following these broad categories are lists of sources in more specialized and, in some cases, newer fields of musical study: American art music; black music; dance music; music and gender-sexuality studies; women in music; American folk and popular music; world music; music technology and media studies; and the music industry and music business.

5.1 MUSICOLOGY

Musicology, since its early recognition and definition in the late 1800s, has produced an extensive literature concerned with itself as a discipline. The following bibliography is a list of basic discussions of the theory and practice of musicology, intended to serve as an introduction to its content, organization, and history. The emphasis is largely on more recent sources, but selected older classics have also been included.

 

6. Area Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides 2: Musicians, Instruments, and Repertories

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CHAPTER SIX

Area Bibliographies, Indexes, Catalogs, and Guides 2: Musicians, Instruments, and Repertories

This chapter includes lists of basic sources for biographies of musicians, musical instruments and their repertories, and musical genres and forms.

6.1 BIOGRAPHIES OF MUSICIANS

The first section lists sources of biographies, primarily bibliographies and indexes of biographies, organized primarily by type of musician (composer, conductor, performer, etc.). Many are annotated—some lightly and others extensively. They are useful particularly for locating titles published prior to the beginning coverage year of online databases. The following section contains a selected list of biographies of Western European art music composers in English. The last section begins with the two primary series of composer biographies and research materials, the Bio-Bibliographies in Music and the Routledge Music Bibliographies, and concludes with other series of composer biographies of various types.

 

7. Sources of Music

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CHAPTER SEVEN

Sources of Music

7.1 PRIMARY SOURCES OF EARLY MUSIC: MANUSCRIPTS AND PRINTS

In the “General” list of bibliographies of primary sources, RISM stands out from all the others in its all-inclusiveness. When finished, its series A and B will constitute an international index of all known sources of manuscript and printed music and writings about music up to 1800 (for further information, see Duckles, Music Reference and Research Materials, where the individually annotated volumes in the series are listed under the full title: Répertoire international des sources musicales). Wettstein’s Thematische Sammelverzeichnisse, an annotated list of catalogues of selected music collections in libraries and archives arranged alphabetically by city, is the only such source in print.

The New Grove article “Sources, MS” is also large in scope, listing in numerous separate bibliographies the manuscript sources of Western vocal music through the Renaissance. The three other New Grove articles list both manuscript and printed sources of early instrumental music. The Census-Catalogue is a more thorough treatment of polyphonic music in the period 1400–1550. The Brown and Vogel works are fundamentally important as representative bibliographies of early printed music. The two Eitner sources, though largely superseded by RISM, are still of some value.

 

8. Discographies and Recordings

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CHAPTER EIGHT

Discographies and Recordings

These items were selected from many such sources and represent a wide spectrum of musical traditions, from “classical” to world music to popular music. The first category is “Bibliographies of Discographies,” works that are—or contain, in the case of Brian Rust’s Guide—lists of discographies. Two items that are not discographies—Vinyl: A History of the Analogue Record and Wax Trash and Vinyl Treasures: Record Collecting as a Social Practice—are included because they describe the history of recorded sound and the history and social ramifications of collecting.

The second category, “Internet Sources for Recordings,” consists of twelve stable online streaming sources of music. Some are available by subscription only, such as the Alexander Street Press databases; others, such as World Music Central, are free for the user.

The third category, “Specialized Discographies,” lists some important sources with special emphases—classical, opera, choral, early music, women composers, etc.—some of them annotated, some not. The “Ethnomusicology and World Music” section contains discographies not only of subjects of academic studies but also guides to popular world music. The “American Popular Music” section lists sources on rock, hip-hop, the various styles of jazz and the blues, folk music, and popular song.

 

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