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Grid and Cloud Computing and Applications

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GCA is an international conference that serves researchers, scholars, professionals, students, and academicians who are looking to both foster working relationships and gain access to the latest research results. It is being held jointly (same location and dates) with a number of other research conferences; namely, The 2014 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing (WORLDCOMP'14). The Congress is among the top five largest annual gathering of researchers in computer science, computer engineering and applied computing. We anticipate to have attendees from about 85 countries/territories. The 2014 Congress will be composed of research presentations, keynote lectures, invited presentations, tutorials, panel discussions, and poster presentations.

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Session - Cloud Computing, Analysis, and Performance Evaluation + Big Data

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Cyber Analysis Grids for Asynchronous Distributed Cloud Services

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

Cyber Analysis Grids for Asynchronous

Distributed Cloud Services

R. William Maule, Ph.D.

Information Sciences Department, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA

Abstract - Comprehensive application performance assessment across geographically diverse private and public clouds will require an integrated grid of analytics services able to characterize services and processes in both synchronous and asynchronous communication environments. The analysis grid assumes continuous in-line data collection of packets at cloud nodes and aggregates services across the grid. Sampled data from service performance measurement tools are integrated to assess global enterprise performance and cyber operations across distributed public and private clouds. This paper presents analysis variables and data collection attributes important for a comprehensive assessment of cyber operations within a diverse and dynamic global cloud enterprise. Analysis scenarios address asynchronous services, data synchronization, and cyber security assessment. Scenarios are abstracted from current test, measurement and analysis issues ongoing in field experimentation. Variables, attributes and tools to measure application and service performance for implementations of distributed clouds are advanced.

 

Analysis of ICmetrics features requirements in Cloud environment

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

Analysis of ICmetrics features requirements in Cloud environment

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School of Engineering and Digital Arts

University of Kent

Canterbury, UK by30@kent.ac.uk

M.Haciosman, Gareth Howells

School of Engineering and Digital Arts

University of Kent

Canterbury, UK mh521@kent.ac.uk , W.G.J.Howells@kent.ac.uk

Abstract—As web-server spoofing is increasing, we investigate a novel technology termed ICmetrics, used to identify fraud for given web servers based on measurable quantities/features. The novel concept ICmetrics is used to detect spoof websites with the advantages of a higher level of security with increased speed and template free encryption. ICmetrics technology is based on extracting features from digital systems’ operation that may be integrated together to generate unique identifiers for each of the systems or create unique profiles that describe the systems’ actual behavior. Ideally, the nature of the features should be identical for all of the systems considered, while the values of these features should allow for unique identification of each of the system servers. This paper looks at the properties of the several behaviors as a potential ICmetrics features, and explores properties which affects the stability of the system’s performance. We conclude three requirements for ICmetrics system.

 

Cloud Computing Benchmarking: A Survey

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

15

Cloud Computing Benchmarking: A Survey

C.Vazquez, R. Krishnan, and E. John

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at San Antonio,

San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A

Abstract – Cloud computing gives service-oriented access to computing, storage and networking resource. Often, these resources are virtualized. The prospect of being able to scale computing resources to meet user demand has clearly caught the attention of developers and organizational IT leaders over the recent years. Considering the number of cloud computing providers and the different services each provider offers, cloud users need benchmark information that specifically addresses the unique properties of the cloud computing environment such as dynamic scaling. This paper compares five prominent tools (CloudCmp, CloudStone, HiBench, YCSB, and CloudSuite) that present workloads and/or methods for quantitatively comparing cloud computing offerings.

 

Big Parameter Data Analysis for Semi-conductor Manufacture

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

Big Parameter Data Analysis for Semi-conductor

Manufacture

Jain-Shing Wu, Ming-Chun Tsai, Sheng-Wei Chu, and Chung-Nan Lee

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Abstract - Statistics help the manufacturers to maintain the quality in manufacturing process, especially in the mechanical and engineering areas. Monitoring and analyzing the manufacturing data in real time, the quality can be increased almost instantly. However it is a hard task due to huge data or records gathered from wafer manufacturing logs. Fortunately, big data analytics can explore the granular details of the enormous manufacturing data with a variety of parameter values to uncover the abnormal parameters, unknown correlations and other useful information. In this paper, the

Gaussian distribution method and cloud genetic algorithm are used to analyze and find out products/machines with significant defects from manufacturing logs. Experimental results show that our method is efficient in figuring out the abnormal machines and parameters, and comparing with standalone machine, the proposed algorithm has 4.32 times faster.

 

Session - Cloud Computing and Grid - Related Issues

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A Highly Available Generic Billing Architecture for Heterogenous Mobile Cloud Services

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

A Highly Available Generic Billing Architecture for Heterogenous

Mobile Cloud Services

P. Harsh1 , K. Benz1 , I. Trajkovska2 , A. Edmonds1 , P. Comi3 , and T. Bohnert1

1 InIT Cloud Computing Lab, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Kanton of Zurich, Switzerland

2 Dpto. Ingeniería de Sistemas Telemáticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

3 Innovation & Research, Italtel S.p.A., Castelletto, Milan, Italy

Abstract— Rating, Charging, Billing (RCB) is the fundamental activity that enables a business to generate revenue stream depending on the resource consumption by their consumers. Traditionally, telecom operators have used custom designed, vertically integrated solution for RCB which often results in a complex system that is difficult to adapt to new service offerings. With telecom operator’s desire to capitalize on cloud computing by using their vast amount of infrastructure, the need for a RCB solution that serves the needs of cloudified telcos is needed.

 

Exploring Security and Privacy Risks of SoA Solutions Deployed on the Cloud

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

39

Exploring Security and Privacy Risks of SoA

Solutions Deployed on the Cloud

Abdullah Abuhussein, Harkeerat Bedi, Sajjan Shiva

Department of Computer Science

The University of Memphis

Memphis, USA

{bhussein, hsbedi, sshiva}@memphis.edu

Abstract— It has been widely accepted that service oriented architecture (SoA), has been a promising approach for business development and growth. SoA principles (also known as SoA qualities) attempt to guide development, maintenance, and usage of the SoA. These principles provide benefits like: ease of reuse, service automation, and lowering integration costs. However, they can also lead to security issues. These issues are augmented especially when SoAs are deployed in multi-tenancy third party clouds. SoA has benefited from the existence of cloud computing

(CC) as it provided SoA with a flexible deployment medium.

However, the advantageous collaboration of SoAs and CC has led to a larger set of privacy and security issues (e.g. compliance issues, QoS issues). Additionally, we observe newer kinds of security and privacy risks that are now required to be monitored and mitigated. In this paper we highlight the security and privacy challenges associated with the utilization of the SoA principles on cloud based solutions. We identify the origin and severity of these issues followed by several recommendations to guide the utilization of SoA principles in off-premise clouds.

 

Modeling Cloud/Grid Applications using Functional Representations

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

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Modeling Cloud/Grid Applications using Functional Representations

Noé Lopez-Benitez

Department of Computer Science, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79403, USA

Abstract— Without altering the functionality of the intended flow of execution, a sequence of compositions can be derived from a scientific workflow or directly from the functional code; this sequence can then be used to manage the execution of the workflow in a grid/cloud oriented environment.

A cloud execution model is proposed that considers the submission of composition patterns that can be expanded to integrate interface functions involving orchestration steps such as resource matching, location, and communication information. Expanding the functionality of a given language may potentially provide a holistic programmable approach to develop, deploy, and execute complex applications efficiently using grid/cloud resources.

Keywords: Scientific workflows, partitioning, orchestration, grid/cloud applications, execution management

 

Host load Prediction-based GMDH-EA and MMTP for Virtual Machines Load Balancing in Cloud Environment

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

Host load Prediction-based GMDH-EA and MMTP for

Virtual Machines Load Balancing in Cloud Environment

Chenglei Peng, Qiangpeng Yang, Yao Yu, Yu Zhou, Ziqiang Wang, Sidan Du

School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Abstract - Virtual machines (VMs) dynamic consolidation is effective to improve the utilization of resources and energy efficiency in cloud environment. However, the obligation of providing high quality of service to customers leads to the necessity in dealing with the energy performance trade-off, as aggressive consolidation may lead to performance degradation. Current solutions to the problem of host load detection are generally heuristic based. We propose a novel load balancing approach that combines the Group Method of

Data Handling (GMDH) based on Evolutionary algorithm

(EA) for host load prediction and the Minimum Migration

Time policy (MMTP) for VMs migration. The GMDH-EA algorithm could predict the actual host load in each consecutive future time interval. We evaluate our method using the host load traces in the Google data centers with thousands of machines. The proposed algorithms significantly reduce energy consumption, while ensuring a high level of adherence to the Service Level Agreements

 

SLA-Based Optimal Provisioning Method for Cloud Computing Environments

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

59

SLA-Based Optimal Provisioning Method for Cloud Computing Environments

1

Seunghwan Yoo1, and Sungchun Kim1

Computer Science & Engineering Department, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea

Abstract — In cloud computing, cloud providers can offer cloud consumers two provisioning plans for computing resources, formal reservation and on-demand plans. Usually, cost of utilizing computing resources provisioned by reservation plan is cheaper than that provisioned by ondemand plan, since cloud consumer has to pay to provider in advance. With the reservation plan(Local Adjustment), the consumer can reduce the total resource provisioning cost.

However, the optimal reservation of resources is difficult to be achieved due to fluctuation of consumer’s future demand and providers’ resource prices. So we propose a framework to improve their profits by maximizing the resource utilization and reducing the reconfiguration costs. Then a two-step runtime reconfiguration strategy. The SLA algorithm can provide computing resources for being used in multiple provisioning stages as well as a long-term plan(Global Adjustment), The

 

DiAF: A Dynamic virtual Appliance provision and management Framework for cloud Computing

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

65

DiAF: A Dynamic virtual Appliance provision and management Framework for cloud Computing

Rajendar Kandan1, Mohammad Zakaria Alli2 and Hong Ong2

Advanced Computing Lab, MIMOS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract - Cloud computing has driven the power of aggregating computing resource across geographical location, enabling enterprises an easier way of establishing and managing resources virtually. Most of industries rely on cloud computing for reducing the ownership cost and maximizing the profit. However it requires an efficient solution to build an infrastructure and offer software deployment and maintenance in a much reduced time. Virtual appliance addresses this solution and provides an easier way of deploying software applications in shorter time, removing the burden towards installation and configuration of applications. It acts as a ready built solution to the cloud consumers, eliminating the manual intervention in configuring any software applications. Many open source cloud systems offer this facility for users to build and deploy virtual appliances. We have developed a provisional and management framework (DiAF) which differs from the traditional approach and provide much more efficient way of managing the appliances. DiAF manages the conversion of appliances over different formats and deploys them according to the user requirement. In this paper, we also shared our experience with multi-tier appliance deployment and its results.

 

A Framework for Selecting Cloud Service Providers Based on Service Level Agreement Assurance

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

A Framework for Selecting Cloud Service Providers

Based on Service Level Agreement Assurance

R.El-Awadi1, M. Esam2, M. Rizka3 and A.Hegazy4

1

Information System, AAST, Cairo, Egypt

2

Storage Solution Architect, EMC2 ,Cairo, Egypt

3

Centre of Excellence, AAST, Cairo, Egypt

4

Information Technology, AAST, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract - Cloud Computing has become a promising technology that offers a commoditized service to the software, the platform and the infrastructure where they are delivered as a service. It faces several challenges, one of which is responding to customers’ requirements on-demand. This can be achieved only through creating an agreement which is referred to as the Service Level Agreement (SLA) that guarantees the customers’ rights. In addition, more and more providers are currently emerging, thus it is difficult for customers to select the most reliable one. It is important to have a methodology capable of mapping customers’ requirements, which are termed Service Level Objectives

 

Session - Posters

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Research and Implementation of a New Cloud Server

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

79

Research and Implementation of a New Cloud Server

1, 3, 5

Hua Nie1, Xiaojun Yang2, Chaoqun Sha3, Yanping Gao4, and Keping Long5

School of Computer and Communication Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing.

Beijing, China

2

Dawning Information Industry Co., Ltd. Beijing, China

4

Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Beijing, China

4

Loongson Technology Co., Ltd. Beijing, China

Abstract - Instead of all using TOR schemes, an approach building a cloud server on top of a high-performance fabric is presented in this paper. The advantage is to provide both high performance/cost and performance/Watt compared with the existing method. A FPGA-based system controller integrated with shared networking, shared storage, and interconnect fabric controller is designed and implemented to interconnect a set of lightweight server processors for building a highdensity server. All the processors can share the networking and storage resources through an inter-system interconnect fabric. For the 64-processor prototyping system, the evaluating results show the cloud server not only keeps some traditional cluster advantages such as OS compatibility, but also achieves the better scalability, high performance/cost and high performance/Watt for workloads.

 

Comparison of system monitoring tools for large cluster system

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

81

Comparison of system monitoring tools for large cluster system

1

Sung-Jun Kim1, Joon Woo1

Supercomputing Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information

Abstract – For system management, System administrators always check system log and service status. To reduce these efforts, there is various open-source system monitoring tools.

As system sizes are getting larger, the performance of these tools is getting important. In this paper, we compare opensource monitoring tool’s performance that most popular in the world – nagios and icinga .

Keywords: nagios, icinga, system monitoring, cluster

1

Introduction

To stable manage large cluster systems; administrator should be recognized service status and failure as soon as possible. Normally, administrator are watching log periodically or use various monitoring tools to detect failures.

Nagios has been used at KISTI supercomputing center during the last 7 years; it offers quite a lot of features. But, new systems were installed in accordance with a steadily.

 

Session - Late Paper: Cloud and Trust

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Surveying Trust in the Cloud

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Int'l Conf. Grid & Cloud Computing and Applications | GCA'14 |

85

Surveying Trust in the Cloud

1

R. Goel, PhD1, J. Nies2, and M. Garuba, PhD2

Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, Howard University, Washington, DC USA

2

Systems and Computer Science, Howard University, Washington, DC USA

Abstract - Cloud computing has become a force multiplier for organizations who realize the benefits of shared computing platforms and services because of their convenience, dynamism, elasticity, and scalability to meet the growing demands of organizations. Control and visibility are central tenets to building trust in cloud computing. One critical factor to cloud success is how the infrastructure and policies for control and visibility are managed and presented to the customer. A well-developed trust architecture based upon a strong trust model establishes trust in the cloud. The intent of this paper is to extensively review exiting literature in order to conduct a holistic study of the challenges of establishing trust in cloud computing. Additionally, analysis of the current trust architectures and trust models will form the basis for a comprehensive trust architecture that addresses the concerns with control and visibility.

 

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