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Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition, Volume 5

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"Highly recommended." —Choice

"... an important event for the world of philosophy. For the first time we have available in an intelligible form the writings of one of the greatest philosophers of the past hundred years." —The Times Literary Supplement

Volume 5 of this landmark edition covers an important transition in Peirce's life, marked by a rekindled enthusiasm for speculative philosophy. The writings include essays relating to his all-embracing theory of categories as well as papers on logic and mathematics.

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1. Determinations of Gravity at Allegheny, Ebensburgh, and York, Pa., in 1879 and 1880

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Determinations of Gravity, 1884

1

Determinations of Gravity at Allegheny,

Ebensburgh, and York, Pa., in 1879 and

1880

Item 1

P 290: Coast Survey Report 1883,

473-87

I.—GRAVITY AT THE ALLEGHENY OBSERVATORY.

The Allegheny Observatory is situated in—

Latitude 40° 27' 41:6 north,

Longitude 5h 20m 2?93 west of Greenwich.

It stands 1,140 feet (=348 metres) above the mean sea-level.1 From a few yards in front of the observatory the descent is very sharp into the valley of the Ohio, and as this has been formed by erosion, it must be supposed to diminish the acceleration of gravity, perhaps by the one hundred thousandth part. Unfortunately the necessary calculation, which a topographical sketch would enable us to perform at once, remains impossible for the present.

The operations were conducted nearly as described in my "Measurements of Gravity at Initial Stations." The Repsold reversible pendulum was oscillated in vacua on the Geneva support, in the cellar of the observatory, the feet of the support resting on iron bars laid upon other bars let into the great pier of the equatorial at one end and into a stone wall at the other.

 

[STUDY OF GREAT MEN]

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27

Study of Great Men, 1883-84

First Rank

38

39

40

41

42

Caesar

Columbus

PConfucius

Copernicus

Cromwell

68 Dante

76 Euler

Provisionally

Admitted

Calderon

.Calvin

Camoens

.Cauchy

Cellini

Cervantes

IChampollion

ICharlemagne

Charles Martel

Charles XII

PChasles

PChaucer

Chrysostom

.Cid

.Clive

Colbert

PPComte

???Charlotte

Corday

60 Cuvier

61 Cyrus

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

69

71

72

70

73

74

IDarwin

King David

Democritus

IDescartes

De Witt

Diirer

77 ?Geo. Eliot

78 X Queen

Elizabeth

?-R. W. Emerson

Epaminondas

79 Epicurus

80 Euclid

81 Euripides

62

63

64

65

66

67

Canova

Carlyle

ICavour X

Cecil

Charles V X

Chopin

= Cicero X

Coleridge

Constantine X

= Captain

Cooke X

Cortes X

Coulomb

Admirable

Crichton

Dalton

=Danton

= Darius

266 Sir Humphrey 75

Davy X

Deschapelles X

267 Diez X

Dirichlet

88 =Farragut X

= Froissart

91 Galen

92 Garibaldi

Vasco da Gama

Garcilaso de la

Vega

100 '.Gladstone X

Gluck

Godefroi

??-D. Garrick

93 Germanicus

94 PGilbert

95 PGiotto

Provisionally

xcluded

Cleopatra

280 Clausius

Dickens

Diderot

Dryden

75 Drake

Ehrcnberg

82 (Erasmus X

Erigena van Eyck

??Fabricius

Faraday

.Fichte

B. Franklin

 

[ONE, TWO, THREE]

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292

W R I T I N G S OF C H A R L E S S. P E I R C E , 1884-1886

One, Two, Three: Kantian

Categories

Item 47

MS 572: Summer 1886

This is the day for doubting axioms. With mathematicians, the question is settled; there is no reason to believe that the geometrical axioms are exactly true. Metaphysics is an imitation of geometry, and with the geometrical axioms the metaphysical axioms must go too.

We have no reason to think that the sum of the three angles of a triangle is exactly equal to two right-angles. All that we can say is that the excess or defect is proportional to the area of the triangle, and that it is excessively minute even for the most enormous triangles of astronomy. The sum of the three angles of a triangle of unit size is a physical constant nearly equal to 180 degrees; but its exact value is unknown to us.

Since we have no reason to think that this constant is exactly equal to 180 degrees, and there is an infinite multitude of other values that it can equally well have, the odds are at present infinity to one against its being exactly 180 degrees, so that that hypothesis ought to be entirely dismissed from our minds.

 

Chronological List, 1884–1886

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Chronological List

1884-1886

Three kinds of materials are included in this list which (save the twentyfive manuscripts at the beginning) covers the middle of 1884 through the end of 1886:

1. All of Peirce's known publications, identified by P followed by a number. For these numbers and for further bibliographical information, see A

Comprehensive Bibliography of the Published Works of Charles Sanders

Peirce, 2nd ed. rev., ed. Kenneth Laine Ketner (Bowling Green, OH: Philosophy Documentation Center, 1986), the letterpress companion volume to the 161-microfiche edition of Peirce's published works.

2. All of Peirce's known manuscripts, typescripts, and annotated offprints, identified by MS followed by a number. These numbers reflect the Peirce

Edition Project rearrangement and chronological ordering of the Peirce

Papers, the originals of which are in the Houghton Library of Harvard

University, and of papers found in other collections. Parentheses after the

MS number give either the name or location of those collections, or they identify the Harvard manuscript number. For the latter, see Richard S.

 

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