Medium 9781591201977

121 Ways to Live 121 Years . . . And More

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This handbook for living a long and healthy life provides hundreds of practical tips.

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1. Knowledge Is Power

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2. The New Numbers to Know

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3. Meats and Sweets Are Not Healthy Treats

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Dietary factors, second only to tobacco as a preventable cause of cancer, account for about 30 percent of all cancers in Western countries and approximately 20 percent in developing countries. Announcing findings in 2005 of its twenty-year-long study tracking 150,000 Americans, the American Cancer Society found that men and women who ate the highest amounts of red meat (compared with those who ate more poultry, fish, and non-meats) had a 53 percent higher risk of distal colon cancer. Also in 2005, a study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health, in which 1 million Koreans were tracked for ten years, reported that high sugar consumption could be a risk factor in developing several types of cancer. These researchers suggest that glucose intolerance may be one way that obesity increases cancer risk and that rising obesity rates may increase future cancer rates.

“More than 11 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year. It is estimated that there will be 16 million new cases every year by 2020.”

 

4. Smoke Out Stroke

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5. Packing on the Pounds Increases Diabetes Risk

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6. Know the Signs

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Worldwide, a substantial number of men and women who have coronary artery disease die within twenty-eight days after experiencing symptoms; of these, two-thirds die before reaching a hospital. It is critical that everyone recognizes the warning signs of a heart attack, which may include:

• Chest discomfort—Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back. The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain.

• Discomfort in other areas of the upper body—Can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach.

• Shortness of breath—Often comes along with chest discomfort. But it also can occur before chest discomfort.

• Other symptoms—May include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or light-headedness.

If you think you are experiencing heart attack symptoms, do not delay. Minutes matter! Call 911 immediately. While waiting for an ambulance, chew one adult-strength (325 mg) aspirin tablet: Aspirin reduces the risk of death by up to 23 percent if administered when a heart attack is suspected, and for thirty days thereafter. The use of aspirin as first aid for a heart attack could potentially save 10,000 lives each year in the United States alone.

 

7. Exercise the Body to Keep the Brain Fit

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8. Bean-Nutty to Fight Cancer

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9. DASH for Life

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10. Diabetics at Increased Risk of Heart Disease

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11. Attitude & Alzheimer’s

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12. Eat Your Heart Out

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13. Prevent Prostate Problems

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Prostate cancer is a major cause of death among men. It has claimed the lives of 56,000 European men (in 1998), along with 29,900 American men (in 2004). To date, there have been no obvious preventive strategies; however, in 2005 scientists from the Northern California Cancer Center proposed that vitamin D may cut prostate cancer risk. The researchers found that in men with certain gene variants, high sun exposure reduced prostate cancer risk by as much as 65 percent. Previous research has shown that the prostate uses vitamin D, which the body manufactures from exposure to sunlight, to promote the normal growth of prostate cells and to inhibit the invasiveness and spread of prostate cancer cells to other parts of the body.

The scientists propose that men may benefit by increasing vitamin D intake from diet and supplements (whereas excessive exposure to sunlight may result with the negative effect of sun-induced skin cancer). Foods rich in vitamin D include egg yolks, liver, and cod-liver oil. Margarine and cereals are often fortified with this nutrient as well.

 

14. Fish Around and Cut Your Stroke Risk

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15. Delaying Diabetes

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16. Brush and Floss to Save Your Brain

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17. Fit In When You’re Young

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18. Women Be Wary

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While the Pap smear is a test doctors routinely conduct to check women for cervical cancer, this test may not find abnormal cells in the cervix until cancer has already developed. A new test, the human papilloma virus (HPV) test, detects elevated levels of the infectious pathogen that is the cause of nearly all cases of cervical cancer.

HPV is harbored by an estimated 80 percent of sexually active adults, but the majority of infections clear up without incident. If you are younger than thirty, experts now recommended that you have the HPV test if your Pap smear test is unclear. If you are thirty or older, experts recommend you have the HPV test at the same time as your Pap test. A new vaccine for cervical cancer is now available. The vaccine targets HPV types 16 and 18, thought to cause 70 percent of cervical cancers, and HPV types 6 and 11, associated with 90 percent of genital warts cases.

Find out more about sexually transmitted diseases by visiting the World Health Network at www.worldhealth.net, the website of the A4M.

 

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