Medium 9781786393845

One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and Human Well-being

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Contemporary and thought-provoking, this book provides a definition of the concept ofÊOne Welfare: the interconnection between animal welfare, human wellbeing and the environment. The book establishes a conceptual framework, in five sections, resulting from a three month global consultation on a draft proposal comprising nine areas. One Welfare complements the One Health and Eco Health approaches, enabling full integration of animal welfare within other disciplines; a much needed tool to help improve animal welfare, human wellbeing and environmental components and support worldwide sustainable development goals. Integrating this concept into existing projects could help to foster collaboration to improve human and animal welfare globally. This text is of interest to those working in the fields of animal and human welfare, sustainability and conservation, international development and to all those keen to extend the one health approach to animal welfare and human wellbeing.

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The Path to Developing a One Welfare Framework

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The Path to Developing a One Welfare

Framework

Introduction

The content of this book combines the result of personal ideas from the author and collaborating experts, stakeholder discussion outputs, published literature, participants to an electronic global consultation on a One Welfare framework and definition proposal, a global webinar and workshop-type meetings held at Defra and OIE, as well as a number of personal discussions and electronic exchanges with experts in related areas across the world.

Overall, the majority of discussions and exchanges have been extremely positive and supportive of the development of a One Welfare framework.

Many identify this concept as a tool that would encourage and support collaborative efforts into work on the environment and on the health and welfare of humans and animals, while increasing public awareness of the connections that exist between these fields.

Many agreed that One Welfare is a concept that encompasses, in a multidimensional way, a number of areas, including:

 

Section 1 The Connections Between Animal and Human Abuse and Neglect

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Section 1

The Connections Between Animal and

Human Abuse and Neglect

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© CAB International 2018. One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and

Human Welfare (R. García Pinillos)

The Connections Between Animal and Human Abuse and Neglect

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Introduction to Section 1

Section 1 of the One Welfare framework covers all aspects of the links between people and animal interactions where these may result in abuse, neglect or violence. It supports reduction of incidence of crime and violence, in particular domestic violence and maltreatment of vulnerable populations such as elderly people, children and animals, and increases awareness of these issues.

Understanding the links between animal abuse, interpersonal violence

(IPV) and neglect can help to identify and therefore possibly prevent abuse or neglect by recognizing low, medium or high risk conditions in various socio-economic environments. Raising awareness that animal abuse and neglect has an influence that goes beyond just the impact on the animal is crucial. Animals presented for non-accidental injury may be indicators of human abuse in a household animal. This can help prevent individual, family and community violence, and may allow early intervention to avert further interpersonal violence.

 

Section 2 The Social Implications of Improved Animal Welfare

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Section 2

The Social Implications of Improved

Animal Welfare

© CAB International 2018. One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and

Human Welfare (R. García Pinillos)�

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Section 2

Section 2 of the One Welfare framework covers the connection between poor states of human and animal welfare. It examines cases involving animal welfare, socio-economic indicators and offences in different social contexts, including those taking place within underprivileged communities.

Improvements in animal welfare can support interventions tackling social issues (such as homelessness, hoarding, dog fighting and separation anxiety). Integrating animal welfare as part of general livelihood improvement programmes, including disaster and war responses, is seen as key to success.

We all live in a social configuration in which we have a shared life between humans and other animals. Animal and human welfare are interlinked in socio-economic issues, and poor animal welfare can generally be used as an indicator of much wider human well-being. We interact with animals in different ways within rural, urban or working environments.

 

Section 3 Animal Health and Welfare, Human Well-being, Food Security and Sustainability

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Section 3

Animal Health and Welfare, Human

Well-being, Food Security and

Sustainability

Section 3 of the One Welfare framework includes elements correlating the level of human well-being with animal welfare, farming environment and sustainable production practices. It focuses on farming and food-producing livestock, and includes the links between animal welfare and food safety, as well as the beneficial aspects of farm animal welfare improvements to wider areas of societal concern such as climate change, sustainability and global food security.

© CAB International 2018. One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and

Human Welfare (R. García Pinillos)�

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Section 3

3.1  Animal Welfare and Food Safety

Improvements in animal welfare have the potential to reduce food safety risks, principally through reduced stress-induced immunosuppression, reduced incidence of infectious disease on farms and reduced shedding of pathogens that can infect humans by farm animals, and through reduced antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance (de Passillé and Rushen, 2005).

 

Section 4 Assisted Interventions Involving Animals, Humans and the Environment

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Section 4

Assisted Interventions Involving Animals,

Humans and the Environment

© CAB International 2018. One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and

Human Welfare (R. García Pinillos)�

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Section 4

Section 4 of the One Welfare framework describes those activities involving animals, humans and the environment that involve a need for support, rehabilitation and managed animal rehoming programmes. It highlights and encourages forms of such work that take into consideration the benefits for all the parties involved.

At times, animals, humans and the environment are in need of interventions to support their well-being. While they are interdependent, each element is independent of the others, and sometimes interventions can help one while harming another. We should strive to prioritize interventions that benefit all. Interventions can aim to address both the chance for life and the chance for a better quality of life for the parties involved. With a growing body of research supporting the benefits of human–animal interactions

 

Section 5 Sustainability: Connections Between Biodiversity, the Environment, Animal Welfare and Human Well-being

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Section 5

Sustainability: Connections Between

Biodiversity, the Environment, Animal

Welfare and Human Well-being

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© CAB International 2018. One Welfare: A Framework to Improve Animal Welfare and

Human Welfare (R. García Pinillos)

Biodiversity, the Environment, Animal Welfare and Human Well-being

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Section 5 of the One Welfare framework explores the links between environmental and conservation issues, animal welfare and human well-being.

It includes compassionate conservation, aesthetics in the landscape, the impacts of decreased biodiversity, animal–environment conflicts and genetic diversity as support for increased global well-being.

There are countless links between animal welfare, human well-being, conservation, biodiversity and the environment. This section is closely connected to Section 3; however, it focuses on the wider and more global aspects related to conservation, beyond livestock. Overall it captures important topics relevant for the future success of sustainable development goals across the world that are not fully addressed elsewhere.

 

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