Medium 9781780645421

Sustainable Island Tourism: Competitiveness and Quality of Life

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Tourism continues to grow, and as the industry develops, it is important for researchers and practitioners to fully understand and examine issues such as sustainability, competiveness, and stakeholder quality of life in tourism centres around the world. Focusing on the unique perspective of island tourism destinations, this book outlines impacts on, and potential strategies for protecting, the natural environment, local economy, and local culture. A timely and important read for researchers, students and practitioners of tourism, this book also provides a valuable resource for researchers of sustainability and environmental science.

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Part I: Sustainable Island Tourism

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Part I

Sustainable Island Tourism

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1

Sustainability and Tourism

Development in Island Territories

PATRIZIA MODICA1* AND MUZAFFER UYSAL2

1

University of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy; 2University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA

1.1

Introduction

This chapter analyses the concept of sustainability and island development, related problems and constraints in tension between heritage and landscape conservation and economic development. What type of tourism in island destinations is more suitable? Either mass or elite tourism, both need a solid base of sustainable principles and management practices. Islands are very peculiar, due to several circumstances, e.g. cultural and political. Moreover, the condition of isolation makes these destinations unique places in the world, with regard to the natural environment and related ecosystem, which deserves attention to guarantee a balance between the need for both conservation and development. Specifically, tourism development has been considered a viable green economic growth for decades, since the WBGU (1996) declared mass tourism as one of our planet’s seven syndromes. The unique and fragile equilibrium in the natural, social, cultural and economic domains that characterizes island destinations devoted or developing tourism activities, constitutes the reason to undertake the current study.

 

Part II: Competitiveness and Quality of Life

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Part II Competitiveness and Quality of Life

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4

The Various Faces of

Competitiveness in Tourism:

A Survey of the Extant Literature

ROBERTICO CROES1* AND MARKETA KUBICKOVA2

1

University of Central Florida, USA; 2University of South Carolina, USA

4.1

Introduction

This chapter provides a glimpse into the debate concerning tourism competitiveness.

While the chapter does not provide a complete review of the literature on this topic, it does present a survey of the issues that inform the current debate on tourism competiveness. The extant tourism competitiveness literature is rather fragmented and dispersed, and spans a wide range of tourist destinations and products. The result of this situation is that current research results do not make for easy comparison, and the existing knowledge on destination competitiveness is still scarce. In light of this, the current chapter sets out to reveal the conceptual and empirical discussion pertaining to tourism competitiveness and the foundational challenges it faces.

 

Part III: Sustainability and Alternative Resource Use

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Part III Sustainability and Alternative

Resource Use

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8

Developing a Sustainable

Caribbean Tourism Product

ALLAN WRIGHT*

Central Bank of Barbados, Caribbean Centre for Money & Finance and CEMLA

8.1

Introduction

There are various definitions of sustainability. Lowitt and Grimsley (2009) define it as encompassing environmental and social responsibility. According to Natural

Capitalism Solutions, sustainability is the cautious and efficient protection of resources by businesses, communities and citizens. It is the practice of satisfying our needs in manners that take into account future generations and that invigorate natural and cultural assets.

Tourism sustainability has a more specific definition. The Caribbean Tourism

Organisation defines sustainable tourism using the definition from the OECDS:

Sustainable tourism is the optimal use of natural and cultural resources for national development on an equitable and self-sustaining basis to provide a unique visitor experience and an improved quality of life through partnerships amongst government, the private sector and communities.

 

Part IV: Challenges and Future Research Directions

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Part IV Challenges and Future Research

Directions

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11

Island Tourism: Challenges and

Future Research Directions

MUZAFFER UYSAL1* AND PATRIZIA MODICA2

1

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA; 2University of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

11.1

Introduction

Tourism consumption usually takes place in physical settings. Islands as physical settings are also popular destinations for millions of travellers. However, the level of development, tourism infrastructure and accessibility, resource base and governance may show a great degree of variation from island to island. Each island destination is unique and has its own challenges and developmental opportunities (e.g. Jayawardena,

2005; Cave and Brown, 2012; Meyer-Arendt and Lew, 2013; Croes, 2016). ‘The challenge to sustainable management is to keep those unique elements that are part of the mystique that attracts tourists’ (Sheldon, 2005, p. 10). Thus, in this book we do not offer a definition for islands, rather, we let our contributors contextualize their choice of islands from the perspective of their research approaches. We had no priority conditions set on the scope of the chapters. However, our main goal was to create an edited volume that could bring together the interplays of sustainability, competitiveness and quality of life of stakeholders in the context of islands as destinations. As the field of tourism displays maturity and scientific sophistication, it is important that we as tourism researchers fully understand and further examine the breadth and depth of the salient aspects of sustainable island tourism issues such as policy matters, public and private interface, competitiveness and quality of life of stakeholders that engage in production of tourism goods and services and planning and development decisions.

 

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