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Medium 9781855754324

Playing

Abram, Jan Karnac Books ePub

1   The evolution of a theory for playing

2   The quality of play as a signifier

3   Aggression

4   Anxiety

5   Self-experiencing and friendship

6   Playing and the unconscious

7   Playing in relation to a developmental sequence

8   Playing and psychotherapy

T he ability to play is an achievement in Winnicott's theory of emotional development. In playing, the infant/child/adult bridges the inner world with the outer world within and through the transitional space. The quality of play in the third area—transitional phenomena—is synonymous with creative living and constitutes the matrix of self-experience throughout life. Transposed to the analytic relationship, playing is the ultimate achievement of psychoanalysis, because only through playing can the self be discovered and strengthened.

1   The evolution of a theory for playing

Winnicott's close observation of infants and children meant that he was acutely aware of the role of play in human relationships. He first became aware of the significance and function of playing in the 1930s, and in the last decade of his life he stressed the value of playing, particularly in relation to psychoanalysis and the search for and discovery of self.

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Medium 9780876111925

6. Monterrey

Robinson, Charles M. Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub

6.

MONTERREY

AS TAYLOR MOVED AGAINST MONTERREY, Polk wrestled with the problems of heading a nation at war. Although the halls of Congress might echo with anti-war talk, the American people greeted the conflict with unbridled enthusiasm, and there had been little problem raising volunteers. Nevertheless, dissent remained. The war accelerated the national debt, adding a tremendous burden to a government that only recently had been forced to enact an unpopular tariff in order to ease its financial problems. The country was divided not only between sectional interests, but by the continuing animosity between nativists and Protestants on the one hand, and immigrants and Roman Catholics on the other. Northern abolitionists stepped up their complaint that the war’s primary aim was to expand Southern slavery. While most were Whigs, the occasional Democrat added his voice to the outcry. Perhaps the most notable was Rep. David Wilmot of Pennsylvania, initially a Polk Democrat, who became increasingly uneasy about the president’s policies. In August, as Congress considered a war appropriation bill, Wilmot introduced an amendment drafted by an Ohio abolitionist. Assuming that new territory would be acquired from Mexico at the end of the war, the amendment, known to history as the Wilmot Proviso, proposed to prohibit the extension of slavery into this territory. Although the Wilmot Proviso ultimately was defeated, the debate carried into the next session of Congress, deepening the divisions between parties and regions, as well as boosting feeling against the war.1

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Medium 9781605095257

17. The Writing Marathon

Levy, Mark Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

A ten-minute burst of freewriting may be just what you need to solve a problem. Many times, though, you’ll need longer. Instead of ten minutes, you may need six or seven hours.

Yep, I’m not kidding. Hours.

The bad part of writing nearly continuously for hours: By the end, you find yourself achy and bleary-eyed. The good part: You may have written yourself into answers that had eluded you for a lifetime.

Because this technique takes a toll on both body and mind, I use it when the stakes are high. Maybe I have to generate material for a book, competitive advantages for a client’s business, or illusions for a show. A deadline invariably looms.

Here’s how the writing marathon works: Fix your subject in your mind, open a blank document, set your timer for twenty minutes, and start typing.

You’re going to be writing throughout the next few hours, but that’s no reason to start slow. Slow writing, in fact, is counterproductive. Keep up the pace, so your internal editor loses its grip. Ray Bradbury says, “In quickness there is truth.”

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Medium 9781609948139

1988

Edmondson, Brad Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Progressive Sweatshop

The Bright Young Lad came up for his job interview in the fall of 1987. Charles M. Chuck Lacy was stuck in an unsatisfying job when a friend, Jeff Furman, told him that Ben & Jerrys needed managers. Chuck was twenty-nine, had an MBA from Cornell, and was newly married. He loved the Green Mountains, and he also liked what he saw at Waterbury. They had courage, he said. Also, they were hilarious.

Ben and Chico called Chuck the bright young lad and saved up jobs as they waited for him to arrive. Chuck spent his first day looking for the keys to the Cowmobile, a mobile ice cream stand, because it hadnt been started in a while. He asked Chico if he could see a copy of the budget, and Chico told him that they didnt really have a very good budget yet, and they definitely should, so why didnt Chuck write a better one? He was appointed director of safety on his second day, after a worker fell off a ladder and broke a bone. It was a baptism of fire, but also exciting, he said. Ben was intense and inspiring and also kind of mysterious. Chico had a magic touchpeople would do anything for him. And the company was just exploding.

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Medium 9780946439690

9. The Paranoid-Schizoid Position

Segal, Hanna Karnac Books ePub

In 1946, two years after the Controversial Discussions, Melanie Klein wrote one of her most seminal papers, ‘Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms’.1 In her earlier work there was a certain contradiction; in various papers she had agreed with Abraham’s view that there was a first oral pre-ambivalent stage and that aggression was mobilized in the oral sadistic stage. She had also spoken of the phase where sadism is at its height, corresponding to the second oral and first anal phase. Later she abandoned this formulation in favour of her concept of the depressive position where love and hatred come into acute conflict. Yet her stated agreement with Abraham’s view was at variance both with her belief that the death instinct is operative from birth and with much of her clinical material.

In her clinical material she often described very primitive part objects of an intensely persecutory nature, such as the ‘Butzen’ of Rita.2 (See Chapter 4, page 47ff). In The Vsycho-Analysis of Children she writes about an adult male homosexual patient, Mr B,3 who had severe hypochondriacal anxieties and ideas of persecution and reference (delusions that everything has reference to oneself). For instance, when he was staying in a boarding house, a slight gastric indisposition made him believe that he had been poisoned by a loaf of bread which a woman had bought for him. He also thought she was pursuing him sexually and plotting against his life. He hated and feared women’s bodies because of their ‘sticking-out’ parts - breasts and buttocks. In the analysis it appeared that his unconscious phantasy was that women’s breasts and buttocks were so full of sadistic penises and excrement that they were bursting. He also had a frightening phantasy of breasts as harpies. Mrs Klein traced these phantasies to a projection of his own intense sadism, oral at first - the breasts becoming harpies - and later anal and phallic. Split off from these bad part objects, he had a phantasy of an idealized penis, first represented by his pacifier and the bottle, then by the penis of an elder brother with whom he practised fellatio. At that time Mrs Klein thought that because of his oral frustration (he had never been breast-fed) he lacked a fixation at the first oral stage and so became fixated at the second sadistic one. But in ‘Personification in the Play of Children’ (1929)4, she states another point of view; she describes in detail the splitting between the ideal and persecutory objects which, she considers, is the basis of paranoia and she asserts that the more extreme such splitting the more primitive the object relationship the earlier the fixation point.

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