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5. The Cow: Livestock and White-Tailed Deer Habitat

Timothy E. Fulbright Texas A&M University Press ePub


The Cow: Livestock and White-Tailed Deer Habitat


▼ Cattle grazing can reduce grass cover and increase forbs in productive plant communities dominated by mid- to tall grasses, but whether or not the increase in forbs may result in improved deer nutritional status or productivity is unclear.

▼ Cattle grazing during winter may reduce forage available to deer, even at moderate stocking rates.

▼ As a general rule, rangelands dominated by native vegetation and grazed by domestic livestock should be managed so that livestock consume 25 percent or less of annual production of herbaceous vegetation to avoid degradation of white-tailed deer habitat and to minimize diet overlap between livestock and deer.

▼ Introduction of exotic deer species is a threat to white-tailed deer populations because exotics are highly competitive with white-tailed deer and can potentially displace them.

Livestock Grazing and Deer

Most rangelands are grazed by domestic animals, although in recent years livestock have been removed on some private ranches in Texas. About 20 percent of respondents in a recent survey of landowners and hunting lessees in South Texas said livestock have not grazed their lease or ranch in the past three years (Bryant, Ortega-S., and Synatzske, n.d.). Contrasting viewpoints exist among natural resources managers in regard to cattle grazing and white-tailed deer. Aldo Leopold (1933) espoused the view that cattle can be used as a tool to improve deer habitat, although he cautioned that livestock grazing can also destroy habitat. Another, similar view is that cattle grazing and deer are complementary and grazing the two together is more efficient use of rangeland. A third view is that livestock grazing is simply destructive to wildlife habitat. An overall goal of this chapter is to present what is known from the scientific literature regarding livestock grazing and white-tailed deer and allow readers to follow the chain of evidence to develop, change, or reinforce their own view on the topic. Our interpretation of the relevant literature is that production of livestock and of white-tailed deer are compatible land uses only when numbers of each are properly adjusted based on available forage. We focus on seven aspects of livestock grazing in this chapter: (1) diet overlap between deer and livestock; (2) effects of livestock grazing on plant communities; (3) social interactions between deer and livestock; (4) grazing systems and deer; (5) calculation of correct cattle stocking rates to benefit deer habitat; (6) livestock water developments, such as earthen stock ponds, and fencing; and (7) effects of grazing on predation on deer. The effect of exotic ungulates on white-tailed deer is a topic related to livestock grazing. Continued introduction and increase of exotic deer and other ungulates may negatively impact white-tailed deer populations.

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7 Montse (July 1994)

Karnac Books ePub

Rosa Castella

I supervised this case with Donald three years ago.1 The patient is a 35-year-old woman. After that supervision I followed Donald's suggestions: explaining to her in the first place that she lived in projective identification, that I was a visitor to the claustrum, and I described to her the world she lived in. The next day she brought me this drawing. As we'll see later on, this is a woman who writes, paints, etc…. She has a very creative side. These are the drawings she used to do before; I brought them so that we can appreciate the change.

In the second place I started to treat her like a little girl, explaining that I was her mummy-therapist and she my patient-child. Soon afterwards she brought me this drawing.

D.M.: It is an unpretentious drawing—a normal one for an 8-year-old girl.

Another thing that Donald advised was to increase her responsibility for her self-aggression. She had tried to commit suicide twice before; she had thrown herself in front of cars and had had to be admitted to hospital with concussion.

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CHAPTER THREE: Object relations development theories: an overview

Delisle, Gilles Karnac Books ePub

Psychoanalysis has sometimes been accused of having become a hermetically sealed system, unwilling to be open to the influence of other approaches. However, even though its history is one of violent theoretical and clinical disputes, such as the huge disagreements between Melanie Klein and Anna Freud, contemporary psychoanalysis is nevertheless pluralistic. Its practice has evolved so much that today one might be justified in asking whether classical analysis in its present form may be threatened with extinction. However, regardless of how it is practised, psychoanalytic theory is today part of our universal heritage. We can reasonably selectively employ certain of its more illuminating points without actually having to adopt the whole of its theoretical basis, framework, and techniques.

In this chapter the reader will be given a quick summary of key psychoanalytic theories of development that will be used to inform the analysis of the essential issues of development in the following chapters. In a notable piece of work in 1983, Greenberg and Michell proposed that these diverse theories could be seen through the lens of their respective strengths and weaknesses, and additionally from the angle of their similarities. These authors approach the plurality of psychoanalytic theory using a preliminary epistemological differentiating tool to answer the question: what came first and what has grown out of it? Greenberg and Mitchell classify psychoanalytical theories of development under three major ideological lines: instinct or drive theories, relational theories, and mixed theories. While this system of classification is not unanimously accepted by the psychoanalytic community, for our purpose it will serve to underline one of the seminal points of object relations developmental theory.

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Chapter One - The Psychical Reality of Linking

Karnac Books ePub

René Kaës

In this study, I propose to develop some aspects of the concept of linking by focusing on the psychical reality which is proper to it. This approach differentiates the psychoanalytical conception of linking from all other ways of conceptualising it, psychosocial, sociological, and anthropological. But it also distinguishes it from what the practice of individual treatment teaches us about the unconscious psychical reality of the subject.

The subject that usually receives the care and attention of psychoanalysts is a “singular” subject. They treat it and think of it “one at a time” or, as we also say, “individually”. Within the “individual” treatment setting, what interests us is the unconscious psychical reality of the subject: how its inner world and inner conflicts are organised, how its history is played out in its transformations and impasses, and the process of its subjectivisation.

Analysands as well as their own thought-work have taught psychoanalysts about the structure and functioning of this inner world. But in order to put together this knowledge about the unconscious using what is known by the unconscious, they have had to isolate the space of inner psychical reality from its social and intersubjective “surroundings”. By suspending the inner world's extrapsychical and metapsychical factors, the rigorous artifice of the psychoanalytical method as applied to individual treatment has enabled the effects of the unconscious to become knowable in themselves, and has made the treatment effective in acting on them as such.

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Medium 9781523095100

Chapter 5: When the Workplace Works For Everyone

Bush, Michael C.; , Great Place to Work Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

At Great Places to Work For All, all employees are able to bring the best of themselves, even as they enjoy healthier, more fulfilling lives.

I look forward to coming to work every day. I do my best to recognize and do what needs to be done without being told. I do these things because Matrix has made an investment in me and my future. It is a friendly environment and is conducive to learning. They teach me core values that help me to live a better life and be a more positive person.


I love coming to work and interacting with my team and other employees. The policies are fair and we are always treated respectfully. We are given tasks that are meaningful, rewarding, and, for the most part, can make us feel like we are making a difference. I don’t feel like I’m coming to a job; I feel like this part of my life is an extension of my family. It really makes it easy to come in and put everything into my work here.

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