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Chapter Six - Adaptation, Containment, Experience: Adorno, Psychoanalytic Developments, and the Potential for Social Critique

Auestad, Lene Karnac Books ePub

“In every era the attempt must be made anew to wrest tradition away from a conformism that is about to overpower it”

(Benjamin, 1968, p. 255)

It is the premise of The Authoritarian Personality that prejudice does not correlate easily with political–economic criteria, but must be defined in terms of character traits still encountered in democratic societies. Hence, a working through of the past must involve a turn toward the subject (Adorno, 1998b, p. 102). In this chapter, I shall discuss the study's usage of psychoanalytic thinking, as well as Adorno's psychoanalytically informed engagement with the theme of prejudice elsewhere. I argue that while this turn has proved most valuable for the understanding of prejudice, the employment of the concept of ego strength as a proposed solution to the problem is problematic for several reasons. It neglects the role of the unconscious as well as that of the other and of society. Advocation of uncritical adaptation is a consequence of this lack. I shall suggest that Bion's conceptions of thinking and containment are better suited to illuminate Adorno's understanding of prejudice in terms of destruction of experience and to describe the conditions for having experience. Bion's models deepen some of Adorno's central concerns, although they insufficiently incorporate the subject's existence as a recipient, rather than initiator, of intentions, acts, and violations. With reference to some of Ferenczi's and Winnicott's formulations, I emphasise the significance of these concerns and their neglect in C. F. Alford's usage of Hanna Segal's theory of symbolisation, ending by asserting the relevance of the search for a form of thinking that is attentive to the object.

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Medium 9781574415681

5. Sexual Violence in the Politics and Policies of Conquest

Edited by Linda Heidenreich with Antonia I. Castañeda UNT Press ePub

Chapter 5

In the morning, six or seven soldiers would set out together . . . and go to the distant rancherias [villages] even many leagues away. When both men and women at the sight of them would take off running . . . the soldiers, adept as they are at lassoing cows and mules, would lasso Indian women—who then became prey to their unbridled lust. Several Indian men who tried to defend the women were shot to death.

Junipero Serra, 1773

In words reminiscent of sixteenth-century chroniclers Bernal Díaz del Castillo and Bartolomé de las Casas, the father president of the California missions, Junipero Serra, described the depredations of the soldiers against Indian women in his reports and letters to Viceroy Antonio María Bucareli and the father guardian of the College of San Fernando, Rafael Verger. Sexual assaults against native women began shortly after the founding of the presidio and mission at Monterey in June 1770, wrote Serra, and continued throughout the length of California. The founding of each new mission and presidio brought new reports of sexual violence.

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Medium 9781855759749

8. Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Migration

Karnac Books ePub

Ledn Grinberg and Rebeca Grinberg

As old as mankind, human migrations have been examined from many points of view. Numerous studies have considered their historical, cultural, sociological, political and economic implications. It is remarkable, however, that this theme has received such little attention from psychoanalysts, especially since so many are immigrants themselves.

The decision of an individual or a group to emigrate arises from internal and external factors. An individual’s past, his predominant psychological characteristics, and the particular moment in his life will determine whether or not he decides to emigrate and, if he does, the quality of the migration. A situation of personal (or collective) crisis can lead to emigration which, in turn, can become the origin of new crises.

Migration triggers different types of anxieties in the person who emigrates: separation anxiety, persecutory anxieties arising from confrontation with the new and unknown, depressive anxieties over loyalties and values which give rise to mourning for objects left behind and for the lost parts of the self, and confusional anxieties arising from failure to discriminate between the old and the new. These, together with the defensive mechanisms and the symptoms they may cause, form a ‘psychopathology of migration’; the course taken will depend on the individual’s capacity for working through the anxieties, the feelings of being uprooted and the feelings of loss.

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Medium 9781574416015

12. “Just Plain Legal Assassination”

Bob Alexander, Chief Kirby W. Dendy and Texas Rangers University of North Texas Press PDF

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“Just Plain Legal Assassination”

whether or not captain jones was riding and hiding his pain is, of course, but speculation. Men raised on the wild and woolly

Texas frontier, as had been Frank, were well attuned to the fragility of life. Perhaps as a career lawman he was even more aware that the

Grim Reaper was always lurking nearby. For good guys and bad guys heartbreaks and heartbeats were but hanging by a thread; a split-second could change all, every plan, every dream. However, the record is clear. Captain Frank Jones was not content to sit around Camp

Leona in a blue funk. During the first part of November 1889 he personally supervised a horseback scout through Zavala and Dimmit

Counties hunting for cow and horse thieves.1

Exposure to the chilly November elements coldly robbed Captain

Jones of vigor and vivacity. He took sick. Somehow, even though feverish and weak, he had managed to make it to Del Rio, where he could be cared for by his older brother William K. Jones, the powerhouse Val Verde County lawyer and public official. Surrendering to illness was grating on Frank Jones’ nerves: “In nearly nine years service I was never before compelled to give up and go under the treatment of a physician and it has been a pretty expensive case.”2 Under the care of a doctor the prognosis was realistically good, but being bedridden was as tough to swallow as Doctor Nicholson’s prescriptive

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Medium 9781935542728

4 How to Plan and Carry Out Interviews

Daresh, John C., Daresh, Bridget Solution Tree Press ePub

Many principals have considerable skill and knowledge meant to improve the efficacy of teachers who, in turn, will work to increase learning in schools. They are excellent at providing strong instructional leadership, and many are very effective managers of their schools. However, there are also many principals—including strong instructional leaders and effective managers—who are not great interviewers of candidates for teaching jobs. That fact does not in itself make a principal an unsuccessful leader, but it may indirectly result in a school with fewer strong and competent teachers. To help avoid this outcome, we discuss processes for planning and conducting effective initial interviews in this chapter.

Effective job interviewing involves much more than sitting in a comfortable chair with a notebook and pencil and chatting with a candidate for a job. It is more appropriate to think of it as an activity in which a carefully planned set of questions is asked of each finalist for a job. It is a way to go beyond all other devices used in gathering information about potential teachers in a school.

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