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CHAPTER ELEVEN: Gurdjieff, enemy of sleep

Gorman, Max Aeon Books ePub

There can be no doubt that it was the work of George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff to make a very significant contribution to the esoteric education and development of Western man, or more accurately, a number of Western men and women, during the first half of the twentieth century. He died in 1949, having helped, by his great abilities and truly remarkable efforts, his students to shake off some of their sleep and to increase their consciousness.

Nevertheless, his disciples recognised by common assent that not one of them had reached that state of full awakening that they had sought, and which was the ultimate object of his teaching.

Thus no successor to Gurdjieff was, or indeed could be, appointed. Whether by intention or accident, the teaching was incomplete. Without the teacher nothing further could be done.

However, some of his students did not recognise that, despite Gurdjieff’s clear warnings and indications on the subject, either appointing themselves or accepting others as ‘teachers’. But the more discerning of them realised that their only hope of further progress lay in finding and contacting the Source which had educated and sent them Gurdjieff.

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XVIII. CONTRIBUTION TO A DISCUSSION ON TIC (1921)

Abraham, Karl Karnac Books ePub

A NUMBER of different phenomena were originally included under the name ‘Tic’, as, for instance, ticdouloureux (trigeminal neuralgia), facial spasms, and many compulsive symptoms, as well as the symptoms still designated as tics to-day. Nowadays it is only the separation of tics from compulsive actions which raises difficulties from the point of view of differential diagnosis, Neither Meige, Feindel, nor Ferenczi solve this difficulty. The characteristics of a tic as given by the first two authors apply equally well to compulsive actions. The incapability of mastering a stimulus, which Ferenczi describes, is very well observed, but this likewise occurs in the obsessional neurotic. Again, narcissistic phenomena on which Ferenczi lays, particular stress can be seen in all hysterical and obsessional patients. Regression to narcissism, however, certainly never goes so far in the person suffering from a tic as in the psychotic patient. Ferenczi is quite right in calling attention to the similarities between tics and catatonia, but he overlooks the much more fundamental differences between the two conditions. There can be no question of a tic ending in dementia. On the other hand, the assumption of an increased organ libido and the conception of a ‘pathoneurotic tic ‘seem to be very useful.

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CAPÍTULO 2 - Ella: el enigma del deseo

Galit Atlas Ediciones Karnac ePub

Una mujer entra en la habitación. Tiene poco más de treinta años, es guapa y su largo cabello negro cae sobre sus hombros. En su mano lleva un bolso rojo y grande, y mira alrededor. “Me gusta tu oficina, está bien decorada”, dice con una sonrisa. Se sienta en el sofá con las piernas abiertas y coloca el gran bolso entre ellas. “Hola”. Me mira, sonríe e inmediatamente se agacha y abre el bolso, empieza a buscar en él, sacando objetos y volviéndolos a colocar luego en el bolso. Entonces ella me mira y ríe ruborizándose. “Estoy buscando algo…No importa…”. Deja el bolso abierto entre sus piernas, se reclina y empieza a llorar. Así fue como conocí a Ella.

En este capítulo, abordo la experiencia psicológica del anhelo sexual y del deseo. Propongo una forma de entender la experiencia erótica como un estado de conciencia que nos vincula con el material registrado en el cuerpo. Examino cómo los aspectos Enigmáticos y los que he denominado Pragmáticos coexisten y juegan una parte dual en la otredad de los estados lujuriosos de la mente. Este capítulo amplía el alcance de la sexualidad al incluir tanto lo Enigmático como lo Pragmático, planteando interrogantes sobre la naturaleza de nuestros anhelos sexuales y trayendo estas incógnitas a la consulta.

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CHAPTER 7: THE ECONOMICS OF PARTNERSHIP

Eisler, Riane Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Our ideas and stories are the blueprints for our future. Of course, ideas and stories don’t arise in a vacuum. They come out of particular times and places. In the eighteenth century, a powerful idea gained momentum. People began to believe that the human yearning for a better life on Earth can be realized.

For most of recorded history, whether Eastern or Western, the vast majority of people were poor, and as they had been taught to do, accepted poverty as their inevitable lot. None other than Aristotle had declared that everyone is born to his or her station in life: slaves are meant to be slaves and women are meant to be subordinate to men. “From the hour of their birth,” he wrote, “some are marked out for subjection, others for rule.”1 Later, the Church taught Christians that suffering is God’s punishment for our evil, selfish nature. As for poverty, had not the Gospel of Matthew quoted Jesus as saying, “Ye have the poor always with you.”

But as the industrial revolution gained steam in Europe, so did the possibility that the world can change. Indeed, the world was changing rapidly, as new ways of work and life were replacing the old.

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7 Proteomics in Studying the Molecular Mechanism of Fibre Degradation

Malik, P.K CABI PDF

7

Proteomics in Studying the

Molecular Mechanism of Fibre

Degradation

N.K. Singh*

University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA

Abstract

The degradation of plant cell walls by ruminants is of major economic importance in the developed as well as the developing world. Rumen fermentation and degradation of cell wall relies on the cooperation between the microorganisms that produce fibrolytic enzymes and the host animal, which provides an anaerobic fermentation chamber. From the 19th century, the efficiency with which the rumen microbiota degrades fibre has been the subject of extensive research. In this chapter, we will discuss various proteomic approaches such as protein fractionation (chromatography, isoelectric focusing), protein separation

(two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis), in-gel digestion to peptides (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization, mass spectrometry or electrospray mass spectrometry), peptide separation (two-dimensional liquid chromatography), complex protein solution digestion to peptides (electrospray ionization or MALDI-tandem MS) and proteomics of fibrolytic bacteria, which can be used to improve our knowledge of the functional framework of plant cell wall degradation in the rumen.

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